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[Review Of] Elionne Belden. Claiming Chinese Identity, Russell Endo Jan 1997

[Review Of] Elionne Belden. Claiming Chinese Identity, Russell Endo

Ethnic Studies Review

Thirty years ago, when the field of Asian American studies was in its infancy, identity was one of the subjects that received much attention. Since then, a good deal of research on or related to identity has been conducted, and, in the past few years, several significant pieces of work have been published. Claiming Chinese Identity is not among the latter.


[Review Of] Rakhmiel Peltz. From Immigrant To Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish In South Philadelphia, Ayala Fader Jan 1997

[Review Of] Rakhmiel Peltz. From Immigrant To Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish In South Philadelphia, Ayala Fader

Ethnic Studies Review

Rakhmiel Peltz, in From Immigrants to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia, presents one of the few ethnographies available on spoken American Yiddish in his investigation of the elderly children of immigrant Jews in a Philadelphia neighborhood. Drawing on audiotaped ethnographic data which includes life histories, personal narratives, interviews, and naturally-occurring interactions in local contexts, Peltz examines how Jewish residents attempt to maintain their yiddishkayt (`Jewishness') as they become a shrinking minority in what was once a thriving Jewish community.


[Review Of] Charles W. Mills. The Racial Contract, John H. Mcclendon Iii Jan 1997

[Review Of] Charles W. Mills. The Racial Contract, John H. Mcclendon Iii

Ethnic Studies Review

Over the past few years I have read a number of articles by Professor Charles Mills. I have found him to be a stimulating thinker and lucid writer. In fact, I had the opportunity to use his article, "Non-Cartesian Sums: Philosophy and the African American Experience" (Teaching Philosophy, September 1994) in an NEH seminar that I conducted on multicultural approaches to Honor College teaching. Mills is a significant voice among the small cadre of Black philosophers committed to correction of and expansion beyond the Eurocentric myopia of professional philosophy. In his previous scholarship he demonstrates not only that he is ...


[Review Of] Gail Pellet And Stanley Nelson (Producers And Directors). Shattering The Silences, Belinda Acosta Jan 1997

[Review Of] Gail Pellet And Stanley Nelson (Producers And Directors). Shattering The Silences, Belinda Acosta

Ethnic Studies Review

"Our silence will not protect us," poet and feminist Audre Lorde has written, and broken silences recur with startling clarity in Shattering the Silences. The video documentary features professors of color from across the nation discussing their experiences as scholars, as people of color in predominantly white institutions, as women of color in predominantly male departments, and as husbands, mentors, and for some, as the first in their family to pursue a life in academia. Each story is compelling, sometimes painful, and always poignant.


[Review Of] William S. Penn, Ed. As We Are Now, Maurice M. Martinez Jan 1997

[Review Of] William S. Penn, Ed. As We Are Now, Maurice M. Martinez

Ethnic Studies Review

There is an old spoken French Creole proverb that goes: Bay Kou Bile, Pote `Mak Soje' (He who strikes the blow forgets, he who bears the marks remembers). As We Are Now is a book of essays that reveals hidden memories retained in the collective conscience of many of America's indigenous peoples who bear the painful marks of past history. The thirteen contributors discuss and analyze mainstream American responses to the act of cross-fertilization, an act of love by persons from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds who dared to intermarry or bond with an underclass -- people of color. Their ...


[Review Of] Karen Christian. Show And Tell: Identity As Performance In U.S. Latino/A Fiction, J. Alemán Jan 1997

[Review Of] Karen Christian. Show And Tell: Identity As Performance In U.S. Latino/A Fiction, J. Alemán

Ethnic Studies Review

Christian's crucial contribution to ethnic studies is her book's argument that ethnic identity is more performance than essence. Of course, this is an unresolved and essentialized issue, but Christian summarizes the debate well, situating her study in the performance camp as she relies on Judith Butler's theory of performativity to examine the inter-related performances of ethnicity and gender in Chicano/a, U.S. Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Dominican texts. As Christian explains, static U.S. Latino/a identity categories create "collective fictions" that "regulate performances of gender, sexuality, and cultural identity," but alternative performances of ethnicity and ...


[Review Of] Julie Brown, Ed. Ethnicity And The American Short Story, Phillipa Kafka Jan 1997

[Review Of] Julie Brown, Ed. Ethnicity And The American Short Story, Phillipa Kafka

Ethnic Studies Review

Replete with essays, all excellent in diverse ways and covering a broad range of American ethnicities, this cutting-edge text successfully answers questions about claims of uniqueness and difference for ethnic American short stories as the grounds for inclusion in critical discussions of the genre.


[Review Of] Manuel De Jesus Hemandez-Gutierrez And David William Foster, Eds. Literatura Chicana, 1965-1995: An Anthology In Spanish, English, And Calo, Phillipa Kafka Jan 1997

[Review Of] Manuel De Jesus Hemandez-Gutierrez And David William Foster, Eds. Literatura Chicana, 1965-1995: An Anthology In Spanish, English, And Calo, Phillipa Kafka

Ethnic Studies Review

The works included in this anthology, many of them previously printed, reflect six characteristic themes of Chicana/o contemporary literature: "the search for identity, feminism, conservatism, revisionism, homoeroticism, and internationalism" (xix). Organized chronologically according to various literary genres and replete with many useful notes, the anthology contains no index. Further, Literatura Chicana could also be assigned as required reading in American Studies courses, specifically in contemporary American literature courses, even though the editors suggest that the anthology be adopted for university level humanities, Spanish, ethnic, Chicana/o literature courses, in women's studies programs and social science departments.


[Review Of] Daniele Conversi. The Basques, The Catalans And Spain: Alternative Routes To Nationalist Mobilisation, Laura Bathurst Jan 1997

[Review Of] Daniele Conversi. The Basques, The Catalans And Spain: Alternative Routes To Nationalist Mobilisation, Laura Bathurst

Ethnic Studies Review

In this book, Daniele Conversi compares and contrasts two widely known nationalist movements in Spain: the Basques in the northeast and the Catalans in the east. Working from both primary and secondary sources including documentary material such as political pamphlets, communiqu's, periodicals, and nationalists' declarations and writings, as well as sociolinguistic data and personal interviews, he constructs a detailed historical account of the emergence of both movements at the end of the nineteenth century through the 1980s. Included in his book are maps, glossary, extensive notes, index, and large bibliography. Conversi's particular focus is on the leading intellectuals ...


[Review Of] Daniel Friedman And Sharon Grimberg. Miss India Georgia, Kasturi Dasgupta Jan 1997

[Review Of] Daniel Friedman And Sharon Grimberg. Miss India Georgia, Kasturi Dasgupta

Ethnic Studies Review

Miss India Georgia is an intelligent and insightful video documentary that tells the story of four Indian American teenagers, who in `the process of preparing for Atlanta's annual South Asian beauty pageant reflect on the trials and tribulations of their bi-cultural lives. It is a timeless tale told over and over as each new wave of immigrants has come ashore and their children have had to resolve the incongruities of their multiple ethnicities.


[Review Of] Nathan Glazer. We Are All Multicultural Now, Jonathan A. Majak Jan 1997

[Review Of] Nathan Glazer. We Are All Multicultural Now, Jonathan A. Majak

Ethnic Studies Review

Some of the readers familiar with Nathan Glazer's writings may be surprised or intrigued, as the case may be, by his latest book, We Are All Multiculturalists Now. That title seems quite an extraordinary declaration from a man who became known in the 1980s for his neoconservatism as well as for his persistent criticism of certain liberal social policies such as affirmative action. Has he finally seen the light? Not exactly. The book is by no means an apologia nor is it a ringing endorsement of multiculturalism either. Indeed, the reader is held in some suspense till the last ...


[Review Of] Clyde Holler. Black Elk's Religion: The Sun Dance And Lakota Catholicism, David M. Gradwohl Jan 1997

[Review Of] Clyde Holler. Black Elk's Religion: The Sun Dance And Lakota Catholicism, David M. Gradwohl

Ethnic Studies Review

Few, if any, American Indian individuals are more widely known in the United States than the Lakota holy man, Black Elk (1863-1950). His story, particularly as presented by John Neihardt in Black Elk Speaks, has been required reading for legions of students taking classes in literature, religion, anthropology, and American Indian Studies. Scholars in those fields have generated a body of critical literature which has taken on a life of its own as Neihardt's book, originally published in 1931, has been reprinted in paperback editions many times since 1960. During the 1970s, Neihardt appeared on the Dick Cavett show ...


[Review Of] Wahneema Lubiano, Ed. The House That Race Built: Black Americans, U.S. Terrain, Clarence Spigner Jan 1997

[Review Of] Wahneema Lubiano, Ed. The House That Race Built: Black Americans, U.S. Terrain, Clarence Spigner

Ethnic Studies Review

The House that Race Built is a fascinating account of race and racism upon the terrain of United States' culture in the 1990s. Seventeen scholars, brought together at a Race Matters Conference at Princeton University, produced various essays and were evidently given plenty of leeway by the book's editor, Wahneema Lubiano. Various disciplines of law, history, sociology, fine arts, ethnic studies, literature, divinity, and politics are represented. Contributors addressed issues ranging from homosexuality, affirmative action, O.J. Simpson and religion, to perspectives on work vis-a-vis play, culture, Black Nationalism, whiteness, crime, and the black diaspora. A common denominator, in ...


[Review Of] Phillipa Kafka. (Un)Doing The Missionary Position: Gender Asymmetry In Contemporary Asian American Women's Writing, David Goldstein-Shirley Jan 1997

[Review Of] Phillipa Kafka. (Un)Doing The Missionary Position: Gender Asymmetry In Contemporary Asian American Women's Writing, David Goldstein-Shirley

Ethnic Studies Review

Phillipa Kafka's clever book title turns on her deconstruction of what she sees as a simultaneous patriarchal and racist orientation of some contemporary literary criticism, akin to the unquestioned, naturalized supremacy presumed by agents of political imperialism such as missionaries. By focusing on what she sees as feminist and postfeminist writing by contemporary Asian American women authors -- specifically, their attention to gender asymmetry -- she demonstrates that we can read these works as a collective strike against the sexism of much (male) postcolonial, Marxist, and deconstructionist criticism and the racism of much (white) feminist criticism. Her readings of Amy Tan ...


[Review Of] Kyeyoung Park. The Korean American Dream: Immigrants And Small Business In New York City, Robert Mark Silverman Jan 1997

[Review Of] Kyeyoung Park. The Korean American Dream: Immigrants And Small Business In New York City, Robert Mark Silverman

Ethnic Studies Review

Kyeyoung Park illustrates how the Korean American dream emerges from a harsh reality. Park's central argument is that Korean immigrant adjustment is driven by an ideology of self-help. Within the context of this ideology, Korean immigrants see a close connection between entrepreneurial activity and basic survival in America. It is argued that the primacy of establishing one's own small business in order to generate stability and security has an overarching influence on the activities of individual Korean immigrants and the Korean American community in general. From this premise, Park describes how the preoccupation with entrepreneurship for subsistence shapes ...


[Review Of] Cora Govers And Hans Vermeulen, Eds. The Politics Of Ethnic Consciousness, Jonathan A. Majak Jan 1997

[Review Of] Cora Govers And Hans Vermeulen, Eds. The Politics Of Ethnic Consciousness, Jonathan A. Majak

Ethnic Studies Review

Govers and Vermeulen's book seems to be a timely one, considering the resurgence of inter-ethnic strife that is causing so much misery in many parts of the world, especially since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war. The book, however, is not an expose on the politics of ethnic consciousness. Rather, it is a collection of case studies that address certain aspects of ethnic consciousness. Govers and Vermeulen provide the theoretical context for these studies in the introductory first chapter of the book. Indeed, the book can be usefully divided into two main ...


[Review Of] Clara E. Rodriguez, Ed. Latin Looks: Images Of Latinas And Latinos In The U.S. Media, Gabriel Haslip-Viera Jan 1997

[Review Of] Clara E. Rodriguez, Ed. Latin Looks: Images Of Latinas And Latinos In The U.S. Media, Gabriel Haslip-Viera

Ethnic Studies Review

The anthology Latin Looks is an important contribution to the literature on Latinos and their relationship to the mass media in the United States. It builds on the earlier work by Rosa Linda Fregoso, George Hadley-Garcia, Chon Noriega, Luis Reyes, Peter Ruble, Allen Woll, and others. The book focuses primarily on television and film; however, there is no discussion of the films produced in other countries, or the Spanish language films produced in the United States. The images that are developed in music, literature, or magazines are also not discussed, although there is an admission that these are an important ...


[Review Of] Jacqueline Jones Royster, Ed. Southern Horrors And Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign Of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900, George H. Junne Jr Jan 1997

[Review Of] Jacqueline Jones Royster, Ed. Southern Horrors And Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign Of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900, George H. Junne Jr

Ethnic Studies Review

Ida B. Wells (Barnett) was the first writer to document the lynchings of African Americans. Born in 1862, at age sixteen she had to raise her four brothers and sisters after the 1878 deaths of her parents. Still, she managed to attend Rust College and Fisk University. While teaching school in Memphis, Wells first began writing articles for a church newspaper and then contributed to other Baptist newspapers. She used the pen name of "Iola," and the popularity of her articles led to her becoming co-owner of the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight in 1889. It was the lynching of ...


[Review Of] Jeffrey Rubin-Dorsky And Shelley Fisher Fishkin. People Of The Book: Holstein Thirty Scholars Reflect On Their Jewish Identity, Sandra J. Holstein Jan 1997

[Review Of] Jeffrey Rubin-Dorsky And Shelley Fisher Fishkin. People Of The Book: Holstein Thirty Scholars Reflect On Their Jewish Identity, Sandra J. Holstein

Ethnic Studies Review

People of the Book is an important contribution to ethnic studies and identity politics. It is a dense and reflective collection of essays which defines Judaism in personal and scholarly contexts. As one of the contributors, Nancy Miller, says: "It's not easy to write about being Jewish" (168). The editors divide the essays into four parts. After the introductory essay, Part 2, "Transformations," examines how the authors' activism grows out of their Jewish heritage. "Negotiations," looks at Jewish definition in the context of other Jewish and non-Jewish communities, and "Explorations," shows the relationship between being Jewish and pursuing a ...


[Review Of] Brooks Thomas, Ed. Plessy V. Ferguson: A Brief History With Document, George H. Junne Jr Jan 1997

[Review Of] Brooks Thomas, Ed. Plessy V. Ferguson: A Brief History With Document, George H. Junne Jr

Ethnic Studies Review

One hundred years ago the Supreme court of the United States of America ruled in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson that "separate but equal" was the law of the land. The high court finally decided in the 1954 case of Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas, that Plessy was unconstitutional. In his delivery of the Brown decision Mr. Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote: "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of `separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."


[Review Of] Linda Mack Schloff. "And Prairie Dogs Weren't Kosher": Jewish Women In The Upper Midwest Since 1855, David M. Gradwohl Jan 1997

[Review Of] Linda Mack Schloff. "And Prairie Dogs Weren't Kosher": Jewish Women In The Upper Midwest Since 1855, David M. Gradwohl

Ethnic Studies Review

Wit and wisdom permeate this tome from its wonderful title to the end of the last chapter. The idea of Jews even considering the possibility of consuming brisket of prairie dog (without the cream gravy, of course) is hilarious. But behind this humor is the serious question of why the matter would even be considered. The book's title comes from the child of early Jewish immigrants of South Dakota recalling "my parents got tired of eating potatoes, and prairie dogs weren't kosher."


[Review Of] Juan F. Perea, Ed. Immigrants Out!: The New Nativism And The Anti-Immigrant Impulse In The United States, Robert Mark Silverman Jan 1997

[Review Of] Juan F. Perea, Ed. Immigrants Out!: The New Nativism And The Anti-Immigrant Impulse In The United States, Robert Mark Silverman

Ethnic Studies Review

Immigrants Out! offers a response to nativist sentiment in the contemporary discussion of immigration policy. Individually, each chapter in this edited volume charts the development of contemporary nativist sentiment, while identifying the themes that have nurtured nativism historically. Some important relationships are identified between issue oriented politics and more general theses that emerge from nativist thought. For instance, in several passages English-only laws are described as a small, although highly symbolic, component of a broader ideology based on separatism and isolationism. Similarly, proposals to place restrictions on social welfare benefits for immigrants are linked to the more general curtailment of ...


Table Of Contents Jan 1997

Table Of Contents

Ethnic Studies Review

Table of Contents for Ethnic Studies Review, Vol. 20, April 1997.


National Traitors In Chicano Culture And Literature: Malinche And Chicano Homosexuals, Alma Rosa Alvarez Jan 1997

National Traitors In Chicano Culture And Literature: Malinche And Chicano Homosexuals, Alma Rosa Alvarez

Ethnic Studies Review

This article examines the literary representation of a treatment of homosexuality in Mexican/Chicano culture. In this study, Alvarez argues that this cultural treatment is rooted in the gender paradigm central to Mexican/Chicano culture: the narrative of La Malinche.


Editor's Note, Faythe Tumer Jan 1997

Editor's Note, Faythe Tumer

Ethnic Studies Review

This issue of the Journal of the National Association of Ethnic Studies presents an interesting cross section of ethnic groups in the United States: Native American, Vietnamese, Latino, African American. Several of the articles involving these groups raise the persistent question of assimilation versus acculturation and where the health and welfare of the children of immigrants or the younger generation of immigrants lies. Shaw N. Gynan in "Hispanic Immigration and Spanish Maintenance as Indirect Measures of Ethnicity: Reality and Perceptions" has found that the newest generation of Latinos not only are more involved ethnically with their Spanish heritage than earlier ...


[Review Of] Michael Angelo. The Sikh Diaspora: Tradition And Change In An Immigrant Community, Karen Leonard Jan 1997

[Review Of] Michael Angelo. The Sikh Diaspora: Tradition And Change In An Immigrant Community, Karen Leonard

Ethnic Studies Review

This is a peculiarly narrow book, although published as part of a series on Asian Americans entitled Reconceptualizing Culture, History, Politics. The title is misleading, at first referring to "the Sikh diaspora," the settlement of India's Punjabi Sikhs throughout the world, but then indicating "an immigrant community" which turns out to be in the U.S., the upstate New York region around the capital, Albany. Angelo wanted to study Sikhs, a highly visible religious Indian sub-group, to see the effect of interaction with American culture on traditional religious values and attitudes. He found 2,694 Asian Indians in the ...


Giving Oral Expression "Free Rein": Implications For Diversity Of University Hate Speech Code, Tim A. Pilgrim Jan 1997

Giving Oral Expression "Free Rein": Implications For Diversity Of University Hate Speech Code, Tim A. Pilgrim

Ethnic Studies Review

This paper uses history, law, and First Amendment theory to examine the concepts of political correctness, free speech, and hate speech in a search for a solution of how best to deal with hate speech incidents that occur in the university campus community. The paper notes the American tendency toward tyranny of the majority as noted by Alexis de Tocqueville in the 1830s and then proceeds to examine the double-edged sword of free speech. By guaranteeing freedom of speech we promote the right to shout down ethnic and other minority groups; by providing penalties against those who use it to ...


Black Cowboys In The American West: A Historiographical Review, David Goldstein-Shirley Jan 1997

Black Cowboys In The American West: A Historiographical Review, David Goldstein-Shirley

Ethnic Studies Review

Few subjects in the ethnic experience of the United States are as fraught with mythology and misinformation as black cowboys. Although absent from most classic history texts of the American West, black cowboys probably constituted about a quarter of the working cowboys in the nineteenth century, although q uantitative data to establish a number are lacking. This essay reviews the historiography of black cowboys published during the last half-century, noting how much of it is marred either by glossing over the presence of black cowboys or by credulously repeating estimates of their numbers established by earlier work. The essay speculates ...


Hispanic Immigration And Spanish Maintenance As Indirect Measures Of Ethnicity: Reality And Perceptions, Shaw N. Gynan Jan 1997

Hispanic Immigration And Spanish Maintenance As Indirect Measures Of Ethnicity: Reality And Perceptions, Shaw N. Gynan

Ethnic Studies Review

Many supporters of official English have accused U.S. Hispanics of refusing to learn English and rejecting the traditional assimilationist model by clinging to their ethnolinguistic identity. An analysis of U.S. Census data from the last thirty years refutes these claims. The picture of U.S. Hispanic maintenance of ethnolinguistic identity has evolved. Here we show that while adult Spanish loyalty has decreased, youth Spanish loyalty has increased; however, Spanish maintenance does not occur at the expense of English proficiency. Once recent immigrants are subtracted from the Hispanic population, U.S. Census figures show clearly that long-term limited English ...


Community Versus Assimilation: A Study In American Assimilation At Saint Joseph's Indian Industrial School, Sarah Shillinger Jan 1997

Community Versus Assimilation: A Study In American Assimilation At Saint Joseph's Indian Industrial School, Sarah Shillinger

Ethnic Studies Review

No govemment policy has had more of an impact on American Indians than the boarding school movement of the early to mid-twentieth century. This movement isolated American Indian children from their homes and communities and attempted to assimilate them into European-American society. This article studies the effects of this policy on children at the Saint Joseph's Indian Industrial School in Wisconsin. It uses oral history to recapture the voices and experiences of teachers and students. The use of oral history allows a comprehensive understanding of the cultural, social and academic atmosphere of the school.