Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1997

University of Nebraska at Omaha

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 111

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Assessment And Service Learning, International Service Learning Conference, Sheila Bailey Dec 1997

Assessment And Service Learning, International Service Learning Conference, Sheila Bailey

Conference Proceedings

Workshop Objectives:

Participants will...

- Identify the difference between program evaluation and student assessment;

- Identify national efforts in the United States and issues in service learning and assessment;

- Review a tool to create learning activities which link standards, curriculum, learning goals and assessment;

- Identify resources for student assessment, including the National Study Group on Assessment and Service Learning.


The Evolution Of Character Education: From Hellfire And Brimstone To Constructivism, Arati Singh Dec 1997

The Evolution Of Character Education: From Hellfire And Brimstone To Constructivism, Arati Singh

Special Topics, General

Since colonial times, character education has played a kaleidoscopic role in American schools. Seventeenth and eighteenth century Puritan curriculum was synonymous with an exceedingly rigid and religious moral code. Nineteenth century policy makers adopted a Pan-Protestant, and then a generalized Christian philosophy of character education, as they pursued a common school system. As twentieth century American society grew increasingly pluralistic, the religious basis of character education succumbed to a more secular framework. Predictably, this century has seen character education be demoted to just one of many competing items on the national education agenda. Paradoxically, today's violence-filled headlines evince a ...


Lb 1085 Report To The Nebraska Unicameral For Dodge, Douglas, Sarpy, Saunders And Washington Counties: Multi-County Shared Services Project, Center For Public Affairs Research (Cpar) Dec 1997

Lb 1085 Report To The Nebraska Unicameral For Dodge, Douglas, Sarpy, Saunders And Washington Counties: Multi-County Shared Services Project, Center For Public Affairs Research (Cpar)

Publications Archives, 1963-2000

The 1996 session of the Nebraska Unicameral enacted several bills focusing on the organization and cost of local governments. One bill-LB 1085--provided new, more specific language and procedures governing county consolidation and service cooperation. Coupled with the new language and procedures was a requirement that each county complete by January, 1998 a study of whether property taxes might be reduced through the consolidation of offices, services and/or county governments.


Peer Versus Adult Models: Infants Immediate And Deferred Imitation Of Familiar And Novel Events, Robina Enayat Gul Dec 1997

Peer Versus Adult Models: Infants Immediate And Deferred Imitation Of Familiar And Novel Events, Robina Enayat Gul

Student Work

The present study examined the effects of different aged models (adult vs. peer) on infants' memory and imitative behaviors. Thirty infants between the age of 14- to 18-months were included in the study. Fifteen of the infants watched an adult model demonstrate two familiar three-step event sequences and two novel three-step event sequences on simple objects. The other fifteen infants observed a peer model perform the same event sequences on the same objects. Three questions were addressed: (a) Do infants learn to imitate three-step event sequences better from an adult or a peer model? (b) Do infants better recall familiar ...


Relationship History And Friendship Development In Adolescence, Jay L. Ringle Dec 1997

Relationship History And Friendship Development In Adolescence, Jay L. Ringle

Student Work

Adolescents in grades 8, 10, 12, and college (13-22 year olds) completed the Relationship Closeness Inventory (RCI) (Berscheid, Snyder, & Omoto, 1989), a written relationship development narrative, and a graph of major relationship events for a designated friend in a same-sex and cross-sex relationship. Data collection was done in separate sessions for each relationship type, with order of com pletion randomly assigned.

Age and relationship differences were found for total score on the Relationship Closeness Inventory (RCI), indicating that closeness in same-sex relationships increases gradually with age, whereas closeness in cross-sex relationships does not increase until later adolescence. When asked to ...


The Impact Of Service-Learning On Participants In Community-Based Organizations, Kay S. Bailey Dec 1997

The Impact Of Service-Learning On Participants In Community-Based Organizations, Kay S. Bailey

Dissertation and Thesis

Research questions examined variables addressing the impact of service-learning on participants in community-based organizations during the 1997 summer session. The researcher set out to determine whether young people engaged in service-learning programs were likely to be involved in other service organizations, whether they are likely to continue to enroll in service-learning programs, likely to be committed to participation in voluntary service as adults, whether they value their service-learning experience, see value to themselves and to the community, and if differences exist by ethnicity and gender.

A survey instrument was mailed to the six program coordinators in the study for administration ...


The Spirit Of Volunteerism And Volunteerism In American Schools, Garald H. Maring Nov 1997

The Spirit Of Volunteerism And Volunteerism In American Schools, Garald H. Maring

Service Learning, General

In American culture historically and at present, there is a strong tension between "rugged individualism" and commitment to community-mindedness. University of California professor of sociology Robert Bellah et al. (1985) have analyzed this tension in its roots and ramifications from political, literary, philosophical, theological, psychological, and sociological perspectives in their seminal work Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Building upon the findings and perspectives they wrote about in Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life, Bellah et al. (1991) proposed in their sequel entitled The Good Society what they felt were necessary changes ...


Methodological Problems In Evaluating Service Learning Projects, David A. Payne Nov 1997

Methodological Problems In Evaluating Service Learning Projects, David A. Payne

Evaluation/Reflection

The ever increasing use of "service learning" as an adjunct to the ongoing instructional programs in public schools and higher education has challenged the conduct of both formal and informal evaluations. This article considers threats to internal validity in evaluating "learn and serve" projects with particular attention to data collection design and instrumentation. Mixedmethods designs are likely to be most effective, particularly when the intent is to focus on valueadded assessment, and there is considerable variability in the nature and extent of implementation of learn and serve activities.


School-To-Work And Service-Learning, Madeleine S. Hengel, Robert D. Shumer Nov 1997

School-To-Work And Service-Learning, Madeleine S. Hengel, Robert D. Shumer

Bibliographies

This document has been prepared as a brief review of resources and readings on Service-Learning and School-to-Work. The series, "Links, Connecting Theory With Practice," is being developed to give practitioners and researchers who contact the National Service-Learning Clearinghouse (NSLC) a point of reference in beginning to look at topics and current issues in service-learning.

Service-Learning (SL) and School-to-Work (STW) both extend learning beyond the classroom into real world contexts where broader problem-solving and decision-making skills are addressed. While service-learning provides opportunities for students to participate in learning activities within their community that utilize their academic and vocational competencies, School-to-Work helps ...


Florida Learn & Serve 1995-96: What Were The Outcomes?, Joe Follman, Kate Muldoon Oct 1997

Florida Learn & Serve 1995-96: What Were The Outcomes?, Joe Follman, Kate Muldoon

Special Topics, General

This article is taken from a report on the second year of research on quantitative outcomes of K-12 students who participated in service learning projects in Florida in 1995-96. The study involved 29,000 students in 107 subgrants. It illustrates what one state has been able to accomplish .


How Effective A Tool Is Student Community Service, Martha Naomi Alt Oct 1997

How Effective A Tool Is Student Community Service, Martha Naomi Alt

Service Learning, General

Despite the popular appeal among the public, educators, parents, and even students for community service, there is surprisingly little firm evidence that students who engage in service learn more, develop in different ways, or learn different skills than those who do not. What are the implications for policy, further research, and school practice?


Bringing The Gap Between Service And Learning, Julie Hatcher, Robert G. Bringle Oct 1997

Bringing The Gap Between Service And Learning, Julie Hatcher, Robert G. Bringle

Evaluation/Reflection

Learning theorists recognize that not all experiences result in learning, particularly discipline-based learning. John Dewey called for education to be deeply rooted in experience (1916), yet he acknowledged that experience in and of itself is not always educative (1933). Experiences often create controversy, and if the controversy is not reflected upon, it can be a misleading, even harmful experience, which produces a lack of sensitivity and responsiveness in the learner (Dewey 1933). Although an encounter has the potential to develop key perceptions that foster personal growth, it is only when the experience is thoughtfully considered and analyzed that generalizations are ...


Citizenship And Young People's Role In Public Life, Melissa Bass Oct 1997

Citizenship And Young People's Role In Public Life, Melissa Bass

Civic Engagement

Young people play many roles in public life. They are activists and entrepreneurs, officeholders and voters, taxpayers and consumers, advocates and beneficiaries. They are also, first and foremost, citizens.

In its narrowest, most technical sense, citizenship is something that we are born with. In its richest sense, it is something we can work our entire lives toward making real.

Many of our public roles happen to us. We become taxpayers when we get our first jobs. We are customers when we stand in line at the DMV. But some of our public roles require a little more effort. In order ...


The Impact Of School Based Community Service On Nine Grade Students' Self-Esteem And Sense Of Civic Inclusion, Judy Reese Oct 1997

The Impact Of School Based Community Service On Nine Grade Students' Self-Esteem And Sense Of Civic Inclusion, Judy Reese

Dissertation and Thesis

PROBLEM: Community Service (CS) has been enshrined as a panacea for the problems of declining civic involvement among American Youth. Developing a framework to understand the impact of these programs is an essential component to evaluating their effectiveness.

HYPOTHESES: Four hypotheses were tested:
1. CS participation has a positive impact on the self-esteem of students.
2. Participation in CS has a positive impact on the students' sense of civic inclusion.
3. Participation in CS with the elderly has a greater positive impact on perception of the elderly than other types of CS.
4. Students that participate in CS show greater ...


Service Learning: Connecting Citizenship With The Classroom, Mary Ellen Brandell, Shelly Hinck Oct 1997

Service Learning: Connecting Citizenship With The Classroom, Mary Ellen Brandell, Shelly Hinck

Civic Engagement

Has the effective teaching of writing changed for the better, remained much the same, or become worse in the last 20 years? Have the major obstacles to the effective teaching of writing been removed? This 20- year follow-up examines the question.


Service Learning In Maryland: Making Academics More Relevant, Marian Rouse Finney Oct 1997

Service Learning In Maryland: Making Academics More Relevant, Marian Rouse Finney

Special Topics, General

Maryland is the first state in the nation to require every student to perform service as a condition of receiving a high school diploma. During the last 15 years, a strong support system for service learning has emerged in Maryland. The diversity of opportunities for service are broad, challenging, and inviting.


Why The Environment Needs National Service, Brian R. Trelstad Oct 1997

Why The Environment Needs National Service, Brian R. Trelstad

Special Topics, General

On July 20, 1969, when “man” landed on the Moon, the United States achieved a remarkable scientific and technological breakthrough. “One small step for . . . man; one giant leap for mankind”; Neil Armstrong’s voice crackled through Mission Control to the millions around the globe who were watching that moment, transfixed by their television sets. Everyone was watching. Everyone that is, but my mother-and the handful of other mothers around the globe who were giving birth at the same moment-to people like me, a generation of moon children.


Service-Learning And School-To-Work Linkages, Bob Bhaerman Oct 1997

Service-Learning And School-To-Work Linkages, Bob Bhaerman

School K-12

In this brief based on a section of a forthcoming NSEE monograph on The Role of Service Learning in Educational Reform by B. Bhaerman, B. Gomez, and K. Cordell, ti·om the American Association for Career Education (AACE), the concepts of service-learning and school-to-work transition are reviewed: linkages, similarities, and differences between service-learning and school-to-work are noted; and several key issues are discussed.


Youths And Communities: Toward Comprehensive Strategies For Youth Development, William H. Barton, Marie Watkins, Roger Jarjoura Sep 1997

Youths And Communities: Toward Comprehensive Strategies For Youth Development, William H. Barton, Marie Watkins, Roger Jarjoura

School K-12

Society's conventional response to problems of young people such as teenage pregnancy, school dropout, substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, and violence -- is to target a specific problem and develop intervention or prevention programs for individuals who manifest the problem or are at high risk of it. Research shows that overlapping risk and protective factors affect the occurrence of all of these problems and that prevention strategies aimed at enhancing youths' development, reducing communities specific risks, and strengthening protective factors are likely to be more successful than programs addressing the problem behaviors themselves. Among such strategies deserving wider consideration are "comprehensive ...


Proactive Citizenship And Service Learning At Anoka High School, William Mittlefehldt Sep 1997

Proactive Citizenship And Service Learning At Anoka High School, William Mittlefehldt

School K-12

Change is the central process in all schools. Students change because of biological and social forces. Schools change because of the social and economic changes in their students. staff. and communities. The communities that support our schools change in demographics, economics, and politics. Those forces make teaching the value and the skills of citizenship extremely challenging. Change threatens to erode our common ground; it undermines our shared assumptions.


Environmental Action Learn And Serve Program (Ealsp) Evaluation Report, Pioneer Resa Sep 1997

Environmental Action Learn And Serve Program (Ealsp) Evaluation Report, Pioneer Resa

Evaluation/Reflection

The Pioneer RESA's Environmental Action Learn and Serve Program (EALSP) was designed to enhance middle school math and science programs. This enhancement was accomplished through the application of classroom instruction to real-life situations and the involvement of students in active community service. Begun in the 1994-1995 school year, EALSP has had three highly successful years of providing meaningful service learning projects, extensive curriculum development, and essential professional development activities for 25 schools in 14 systems, 50 teachers, and over 2,000 students.


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Vol. 1, No. 1, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Sep 1997

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Vol. 1, No. 1, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 97-2


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 3, No. 1, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Sep 1997

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 3, No. 1, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 97-7


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 2, No. 2, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Sep 1997

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 2, No. 2, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 97-6


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 1, No. 3, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Sep 1997

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1997 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society Vol. 1, No. 3, Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 97-4


Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 1997-2002, Corporation For National Service Sep 1997

Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 1997-2002, Corporation For National Service

Service Learning, General

Created in 1993, the Corporation for National Service is a public-private partnership that oversees three national service initiatives - AmeriCorps, which includes AmeriCorps*VISTA, AmeriCorps*National Civilian Community Corps and hundreds of local and national nonprofits; Learn and Serve America, which provides models and assistance to help teachers integrate service and learning from kindergarten through college; the National Senior Service Corps, which includes the Foster Grandparent Program, the Senior Companions Program, and the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP).


Theory And Generation X, Gary S. Marshall Sep 1997

Theory And Generation X, Gary S. Marshall

Public Administration Faculty Publications

This special issues section of JPAE provides an opportunity to address the experience of the new generation of MPA students who are often labeled the X Generation. The term Generation X was coined by Coupland (1991); "X" in this case refers to the mathematical symbol for indeterminacy or the unknown. The argument implicit in the moniker is that, while all previous generations had some point of reference that provided them with a social anchor, the current generation does not have such an anchor through which to interpret their social experience. As a result, they are often depicted as "slackers" with ...


Public Administration And The Public Interest: Re-Presenting A Lost Concept, Gary S. Marshall, Enamu Choudhury Sep 1997

Public Administration And The Public Interest: Re-Presenting A Lost Concept, Gary S. Marshall, Enamu Choudhury

Public Administration Faculty Publications

This article analyzes how the concept of the public interest has been articulated in the field of public administration. It traces the intellectual development of the term and highlights the differences between a definition of the public interest that emphasizes a “community of meaning” and a definition that emphasizes the “objective control of administration.” The article then goes on to discuss how the current debates concerning the postmodern experience inform a definition of the public interest for the 21st century.


Teaching The Presidential Elections: A Social Studies/Service Learning Teaching Unit For The Middle Grades, Lisa M. Greco Aug 1997

Teaching The Presidential Elections: A Social Studies/Service Learning Teaching Unit For The Middle Grades, Lisa M. Greco

Curriculum

Teaching the Presidential Elections by Lisa M. Greco is the first in a series of exemplary curriculum units on social studies and service learning developed by public school teachers and compiled by the Eastern Regional Information Center, School of Education, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The idea for a series of curriculum units came from the National Service Learning Cooperative and the K-12 Learn and Serve America Clearinghouse who are affiliated with the ERIC Clearinghouse on Social Studies and Social Science Education. Both organizations wanted to showcase models of integrating service learning into history and social studies classes in elementary and ...


A Curriculum Addressing Issues Of Hunger And Food Security For Minnesota Youth, Fighting Hunger In Minnesota Aug 1997

A Curriculum Addressing Issues Of Hunger And Food Security For Minnesota Youth, Fighting Hunger In Minnesota

Curriculum

Children have an incredible capacity for understanding the problems of other children, but often lack the opportunities to participate in the solutions. In order to provide children with that opportunity, Hunger Partners of Minnesota has produced "Kids for Kids: Fighting Hunger in Minnesota." "Kids for Kids" is designed to help children develop an awareness about hunger, understand the extent of the problem in their community and state, and motivate them to respond to their community's needs.