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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Conflict Resolution: Towards Problem Solving, John Burton Dec 1997

Conflict Resolution: Towards Problem Solving, John Burton

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Peacemaking Through Nonviolence, Michael N. Nagler Dec 1997

Peacemaking Through Nonviolence, Michael N. Nagler

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Securitised Ethnic Identities And Communal Conflicts, Tarja Väyrynen Dec 1997

Securitised Ethnic Identities And Communal Conflicts, Tarja Väyrynen

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Transitions To Democratic Constitutions In Ethnic Conflicts, Tore Nyhamar Dec 1997

Transitions To Democratic Constitutions In Ethnic Conflicts, Tore Nyhamar

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


The Quilting Bee: A Research Metaphor , Rhonda C. Sommers Dec 1997

The Quilting Bee: A Research Metaphor , Rhonda C. Sommers

The Qualitative Report

This paper uses the art of quilting as a metaphor for the research process. Two very different stories are revealed by Amish women at a quilting bee as they explore their purposes, thoughts, and experiences in producing their first quilts. The metaphor is used to contrast the goals, involvement of the researcher, and descriptions utilized by qualitative and quantitative researchers. The tales of these Amish women both contribute to an understanding of the art of quilting just as both qualitative and quantitative researchers have contributions to make to the field of education.


Ethnic Boundaries And The Margins Of The Margin, Bent D. Jφrgenson Dec 1997

Ethnic Boundaries And The Margins Of The Margin, Bent D. Jφrgenson

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Results Of A Case Study On Information Technology At A University , Winston M. Tellis Dec 1997

Results Of A Case Study On Information Technology At A University , Winston M. Tellis

The Qualitative Report

In the first article in this series (Tellis, 1997a) the author presented the background on the history and importance of the use of the case method of research. The second article (Tellis, 1997b) presented a proposed methodology based on the literature and an application of the methodology in an information technology case. The current article will present a suggested format for reporting case research results. The article will review the goals and objectives of the research project and present various tables containing the results of the data analysis conducted for the project. The article will finally present conclusions drawn from ...


Reflective Critical Inquiry On Critical Inquiry: A Critical Ethnographic Dilemma Continued , Barry Kanpol Dec 1997

Reflective Critical Inquiry On Critical Inquiry: A Critical Ethnographic Dilemma Continued , Barry Kanpol

The Qualitative Report

This manuscript argues that there is an intimate connection between a "critical" ethnographer's personal history and the data collected. The author traces elements in his personal life, such as school, religion, immigration and forms of discrimination, and connects dominant values within the above to the various studies he has conducted over the last decade. The author reflects back on how he may have unconsciously been seeing the everyday experiences of subjects he was studying as a reflection of his own personal experiences at various times in his life - all which relate to forms of institutional and cultural political resistance ...


Living With Chronic Heart Disease: A Pilot Study , Charlene A. Winters Dec 1997

Living With Chronic Heart Disease: A Pilot Study , Charlene A. Winters

The Qualitative Report

Few studies have addressed the experience of living with chronic heart disease. Understanding how persons appraise and respond to heart disease will foster nurses' ability to provide holistic client care. The purpose of this pilot study was to extend understanding of the experience of living with chronic heart disease and to identify questions for further study. Qualitative inquiry was the interpretive approach guiding this descriptive explorative study. Individuals eligible for participation were (a) 18 years or older, (b) able to read and speak English, and (c) at least 1 year post acute cardiac event and free of chronic illness unrelated ...


Mixing Qualitative And Quantitative Methods In Sports Fan Research , Ian Jones Dec 1997

Mixing Qualitative And Quantitative Methods In Sports Fan Research , Ian Jones

The Qualitative Report

Sports fandom consists of cognitive and affective, as well as behavioural components. Existing sports fan research utilises either strong qualitative, or more often, strong quantitative methodologies. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are outlined, developing the argument that the use of a single methodology often fails to explore all of these components. The use of a mixed methods approach is suggested to counteract this weakness and to enhance research into the sports fan.


Multi-Visual Qualitative Method: Observing Social Groups In Mass Media , George Tsourvakas Sep 1997

Multi-Visual Qualitative Method: Observing Social Groups In Mass Media , George Tsourvakas

The Qualitative Report

In reviewing the bibliography upon which qualitative method is based, the author refers to ethnography, ethnomethdology, symbolic interactionism and cultural studies, and argues that a combination of the qualitative methods is actually possible. To enforce his point, he gives the example of research that was recently conducted about the National Television Channel of Greece. Moreover, through the theoretical review, he asserts that the application of all qualitative methods is a way to transfer ourselves from observation to focusing and depth interviews. He believes that such an application can be really effective while collecting data as well as while analyzing and ...


Application Of A Case Study Methodology , Winston M. Tellis Sep 1997

Application Of A Case Study Methodology , Winston M. Tellis

The Qualitative Report

In the preceding article (Tellis, 1997), the goals and objectives were presented and explained in detail. In this article, the methodology to accomplish those goals and objectives will be examined. The reader will become familiar with the specific techniques that are used in the current study, and supported by the literature that was reviewed in the previous article. That methodology will follow the recommendation of Yin (1994) and has four stages: Design the case study, Conduct the case study, Analyze the case study evidence, and Develop the conclusions, recommendations and implications. The article begins with an introduction, that includes some ...


European Politics Of Citizenship, Juan M. Delgado-Moreira Sep 1997

European Politics Of Citizenship, Juan M. Delgado-Moreira

The Qualitative Report

During the past five years, the European Union has been trying to sponsor a coming of age of European Identity awareness across national borders. In doing so, EU administration intends to square the circle of European Union as the super nation-state of the nation states of Europe. However prompted or justified by the political or economic context, it is noteworthy to what extent the texts of European statutes and policies lack theoretical alternatives to the territorial and relatively homogeneous state. In order for it not to become a threat perceived by the population in identity terms, the apparently forthcoming idea ...


Organizational And Developmental Dynamics Of Project Review Teams In Technology Environmen, Anthony D. Wilbon Sep 1997

Organizational And Developmental Dynamics Of Project Review Teams In Technology Environmen, Anthony D. Wilbon

The Qualitative Report

This paper is the result of a week long participant observation of a technical project review team within a large organization. A detailed log was maintained during the study and the results were analyzed to understand the relationship of the observations to prior research in organizational dynamics. Some of the existing literature implies that the current research on organizational development may be applicable to entities of various sizes. In some cases the observations from this research fell within the framework of the existing theories. However, alterations must be made to the current theories to apply specifically to small work groups ...


Understanding Qualitative Research: A Review Of Judith Meloy's Writing The Qualitative Dissertation: Understanding By Doing , Teresa J. Bowen Sep 1997

Understanding Qualitative Research: A Review Of Judith Meloy's Writing The Qualitative Dissertation: Understanding By Doing , Teresa J. Bowen

The Qualitative Report

No abstract provided.


Keeping Things Plumb In Qualitative Research , Ronald J. Chenail Sep 1997

Keeping Things Plumb In Qualitative Research , Ronald J. Chenail

The Qualitative Report

As qualitative research projects are conceptualized and conducted, they can grow out of alignment as researchers make choices as to their Area of Curiosity, Mission Question, Data Collected, and Data Analysis. This phenomenon of being muddled is a natural, and sometimes necessary, part of the overall process. The important part of being in a muddle is to recognize it and to work to tidy it up. In this paper, a way to keep qualitative research projects plumb is presented. A case study is also shared to show how one project was found to be out of alignment and how it ...


School Of Social And Systemic Studies Department Of Family Therapy M.S. Program Student Handbook 1997-98, Nova Southeastern University Aug 1997

School Of Social And Systemic Studies Department Of Family Therapy M.S. Program Student Handbook 1997-98, Nova Southeastern University

CPS Postgraduate Course Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Factors Affecting Agreement Between Alcohol Abusers' And Their Collaterals' Reports, Linda C. Sobell, Sangeeta Agrawal, Mark B. Sobell Jul 1997

Factors Affecting Agreement Between Alcohol Abusers' And Their Collaterals' Reports, Linda C. Sobell, Sangeeta Agrawal, Mark B. Sobell

College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Objective: Because of their low cost and ease of use, collaterals' reports are the most frequent source of independent corroboration with alcohol abusers' self-reports of drinking and related events. Although several reviews have shown that we can have confidence in the accuracy of alcohol abusers' reports of their drinking and in the use of collateral reports as an independent validity criterion, neither data source is error free. This study examined factors that influence the level of agreement between collaterals' and alcohol abusers' reports.

Method: Using data from a study of natural recoveries from alcohol-related problems, this study examined how agreement ...


Can Sociological Research Be Qualitative, Critical And Valid? , David Wainwright Jul 1997

Can Sociological Research Be Qualitative, Critical And Valid? , David Wainwright

The Qualitative Report

Qualitative Research is enjoying a new found respectability in medical sociology, derived in part from an increasing willingness to submit to positivist criteria of reliability and validity. Whilst such claims to 'scientific' credibility have raised the status of the approach, this has only been achieved by driving a wedge between ethnographic methods of data-collection and their origins in the phenomenological strands of sociological thought. One consequence of this schism has been to rob qualitative research of its critical potential, transforming it from a means of challenging discursive formations into a mechanism of surveillance. This paper defines the broad contours of ...


Chaos In The Clinic: Applications Of Choas Theory To A Qualitative Study Of A Veterinary Practice , Eleanor Craven Brennan Jul 1997

Chaos In The Clinic: Applications Of Choas Theory To A Qualitative Study Of A Veterinary Practice , Eleanor Craven Brennan

The Qualitative Report

This paper is the result of a twelve hour participant observation study of a local, private veterinary practice in southeastern Pennsylvania. Field notes and semi-structured interviews, the result of naturally occurring conversation between me and practice members, were taken over a twelve week period, one hour of site visit each week. Using a grounded theory methodology, categories of social interaction among veterinarians, veterinary technicians, clerical staff, owners and animal clients were assembled, discarded and re-assembled. The resulting categories were analyzed using the conceptual framework of chaos theory and the principles of uncertainty. It appears that the most striking feature of ...


Choice Points: Creating Clinical Qualitative Research Studies , Paul V. Maione Jul 1997

Choice Points: Creating Clinical Qualitative Research Studies , Paul V. Maione

The Qualitative Report

Today, more psychotherapists are seeing the utility of studying their own and others' therapeutic work. With the growing popularity and acceptance of qualitative methods, the research process takes on special significance for the clinician/researcher. Using qualitative methodologies, therapists can conduct studies that are immediately relevant to their therapeutic work. In this paper, I discuss eight decisions or "choice points" clinician/researchers face when conducting clinical qualitative research studies. The choices I discuss are not all inclusive, yet they are representative of the choices most clinical qualitative projects requi


Introduction To Case Study , Winston M. Tellis Jul 1997

Introduction To Case Study , Winston M. Tellis

The Qualitative Report

This paper is the first of a series of three articles relating to a case study conducted at Fairfield University to assess aspects of the rapid introduction of Information Technology at the institution. This article deals with the nature of the problem faced by Fairfield University, the characteristics of the case methodology, and lays the foundation for the selection of this research technique for the current study. The paper begins with an Introduction section to familiarize the reader with the case organization. The following section on Case Methodology explores the history, and some of the applications of the technique. The ...


Interviewing Exercises: Lessons From Family Therapy , Ronald J. Chenail Jul 1997

Interviewing Exercises: Lessons From Family Therapy , Ronald J. Chenail

The Qualitative Report

Interviewing has become a widely used means for data generation in qualitative research. It is also a popular approach for counselors and therapists in their qualitative research projects. A major reason qualitative research-style interviewing is a favored technique with researching clinicians is that it is so similar to the way in which counselors and therapists interact with their clients in therapy sessions. Given this closeness in form, it would make sense that some of the ways therapists are taught to interview could be adapted to help beginning qualitative researchers learn interviewing skills as well. In this paper, three sets of ...


Nonviolent Interposition In Armed Conflicts, Alberto L'Abate Jun 1997

Nonviolent Interposition In Armed Conflicts, Alberto L'Abate

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


The Two Faces Of Peace Building, Michael Harbottle, Eirwen Harbottle Jun 1997

The Two Faces Of Peace Building, Michael Harbottle, Eirwen Harbottle

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Elise Boulding Jun 1997

Introduction, Elise Boulding

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Peace Building And Conflict Transformation, Kevin Clements Jun 1997

Peace Building And Conflict Transformation, Kevin Clements

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


Field Diplomacy: A New Conflict Prevention Paradigm?, Luc Reychler Jun 1997

Field Diplomacy: A New Conflict Prevention Paradigm?, Luc Reychler

Peace and Conflict Studies

No abstract provided.


The Proposal In Qualitative Research , Anthony W. Heath Mar 1997

The Proposal In Qualitative Research , Anthony W. Heath

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of "qualitative" or "naturalistic" research varies according to the research paradigm, methods, and assumptions. Generally speaking, qualitative researchers attempt to describe and interpret some human phenomenon, often in the words of selected individuals (the informants). These researchers try to be clear about their biases, presuppositions, and interpretations so that others (the stakeholders) can decide what they think about it all. Unlike conventional, positivist research, there is no single accepted outline for a qualitative research proposal or report (Morse, 1991). The generic outline that follows is suggested as a point of departure for qualitative research proposals, and it applies ...


Postscript One: Using "Using The Literature" , Alexander Massey Mar 1997

Postscript One: Using "Using The Literature" , Alexander Massey

The Qualitative Report

No abstract provided.