Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1997

External Link

Discipline
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Guilty Property: A Qualitative Analysis Of Civil Forfeiture, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol Apr 2014

Guilty Property: A Qualitative Analysis Of Civil Forfeiture, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol

Greg Warchol

The objective of this article is to explore how property seized under the federal civil-judicial forfeiture laws for drug law violations is proceeded against by the government. The methodology is primarily exploratory. A sample of federal civil-judicial drug forfeiture cases is described and then analyzed in regard to the relative importance of the cases’ characteristics. The findings raise serious questions about the use of this policy and the government’s intent behind forfeiture. Implications and suggestions for future research are also presented.


Mental Health Parity: National And State Perspectives: A Report, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Richard Coe, Ann Taylor Oct 2011

Mental Health Parity: National And State Perspectives: A Report, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Richard Coe, Ann Taylor

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This report contains a summary of the available information on the key issues involved in parity initiatives: the experiences at the national level (see “National Parity Initiatives”) as well as the experiences of other states that have developed and/or implemented parity legislation (see “State Parity Initiatives”); the cost experiences resulting in implementing parity for mental disorders (see Costs”); and implications and suggestions for proceeding with the development of mental health parity in Florida (see "Evaluating Benefits from Mental Health Parity” and “Conclusions”).


Knowledge Or Knowledges?, Charles Lemert Nov 1997

Knowledge Or Knowledges?, Charles Lemert

Charles C Lemert

No abstract provided.


Storage For Good Times And Bad: Of Rats And Men, Ted Bergstrom Nov 1997

Storage For Good Times And Bad: Of Rats And Men, Ted Bergstrom

Ted C Bergstrom

How do rats and squirrels decide how much to hoard for the winter when they do not know how long the winter will be? This paper argues that natural selection is likely to result in random differences in the attitudes toward systemic risk by genetically identical individuals.


Saints, Sinners, And Affirmative Action, Peter Dreier, Regina Freer Oct 1997

Saints, Sinners, And Affirmative Action, Peter Dreier, Regina Freer

Regina Freer

No abstract provided.


Review Of Borneo Log: The Struggle For Sarawak’S Forests By William Bevis, Paul Gellert Aug 1997

Review Of Borneo Log: The Struggle For Sarawak’S Forests By William Bevis, Paul Gellert

Paul K. Gellert

No abstract provided.


Street Crime, Labor Surplus, And Criminal Punishment, 1980-1990, Neal Shover, Andrew Hochstetler Jul 1997

Street Crime, Labor Surplus, And Criminal Punishment, 1980-1990, Neal Shover, Andrew Hochstetler

Neal Shover

Conventional wisdom holds that variation in state use of criminal punishment is produced principally by variation in the rate of street crime. Neo-Marxist variants of conflict theory predict that use of punishment by capitalist states also varies with economic conditions generally and with the size of the labor surplus in particular. Many investigators have found support for this relationship, but recurring design and analytic shortcomings of their studies limit confidence in it. We test for the labor surplus/punishment relationship using a theoretically more appropriate sample and methodology. Residual-change regression analysis is applied to crime, demographic, economic, and prison-commitment data ...


Timing And Extent Of Late Quaternary Paleolakes In The Trans-Pecos Closed Basin, West Texas And South-Central New Mexico, David Wilkins, Donald Currey Apr 1997

Timing And Extent Of Late Quaternary Paleolakes In The Trans-Pecos Closed Basin, West Texas And South-Central New Mexico, David Wilkins, Donald Currey

David E. Wilkins

The Trans-Pecos Closed Basin is a hydrographically closed region covering 20,000 km centered on Salt Basin, 160 km east of El Paso, Texas. Geomorphic and limnetic evidence have been used to identify four major highstands for Lake King during the last glacial maximum (LGM). Additional geomorphic features from a second, recently identified, paleolake, Lake Sacramento, have been found in the Beargrass subbasin, a nested subbasin approximately 75 km northwest of Salt Basin. Radiocarbon ages of the organic material in Lake King sediments date four abrupt climate changes and rapid lacustrine transgressions during the LGM with a quasi-periodicity of 2000 ...


Children's Responses To Peer Conflicts Involving A Rights Infraction, Andrea Hopmeyer Gorman, Steven Asher Mar 1997

Children's Responses To Peer Conflicts Involving A Rights Infraction, Andrea Hopmeyer Gorman, Steven Asher

Andrea Hopmeyer Gorman

Examined whether generalization about prosocial style of well-accepted children applies to conflicts involving rights infraction. Interviewed fourth- and fifth-graders about strategies for handling situations in which a peer infringes on their rights. Found that well-accepted children were neither aggressive nor particularly prosocial in conflict situations; they responded with verbally assertive strategies, unlike low-accepted children, who relied on adults. (EV)


Africa And The New World Order, Andrew Ewoh Feb 1997

Africa And The New World Order, Andrew Ewoh

Andrew I.E. Ewoh

What is the plight of Africa under the New World Order? The paper argues that the NWO poses severe economic problems for African nations. It offers two main practical solutions for these problems and plausible policy implications. The analysis concludes by acknowledging that structural adjustment programs as traditionally suggested by the International Monetary Fund and democratization of the polity will not guarantee economic prosperity for the continent.


State Displays Of Confederate Symbols: Legal Challenges And The Political Question Doctrine, J. Michael Martinez Feb 1997

State Displays Of Confederate Symbols: Legal Challenges And The Political Question Doctrine, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Official state displays of Confederate symbols, especially in state flags, have been challenged in court in recent years. In challenging such displays, plaintiffs often have relied upon various constitutional and statutory provisions, including, in order of preference, the Fourteenth, Thirteenth, and First Amendments, as well as various civil rights statutes and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In most instances, however, courts have held that cases involving state displays of Confederate symbols are political questions that should be addressed in a legislative, not judicial, forum. Accordingly, absent the development of a new legal strategy, plaintiffs' time, money and energy probably ...


Comparative Democracy And Income Distribution: Shape And Direction Of The Causal Arrow, Ross Burkhart Jan 1997

Comparative Democracy And Income Distribution: Shape And Direction Of The Causal Arrow, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Few research studies examine the effect of income distribution on democracy cross-nationally in a simultaneous equation environment (with democracy also influencing income distribution). The most recent such study asserts that no linear relationship exists between the two variables, without testing for nonlinear relationships. In this study, I operationalize democracy and income distribution for 56 countries over the years 1973–1988. I find through pooled two-stage least-squares estimation that democracy and income distribution have nonlinear effects on each other (inverted U-shaped curves). I reflect on these findings as they affect public policy.


Student-Designed Bookmarks For Preservation Education, Tony Amodeo Dec 1996

Student-Designed Bookmarks For Preservation Education, Tony Amodeo

Tony Amodeo

The librarian worked with Graphic Design faculty to create an assignment that had students competing in a real-world process to design bookmarks with specific library preservation education messages, from a given list of themes. Librarian did oral critique of first draft of student designs. Winners' designs were printed and distributed throughout the library.


End Of An Era? Affirmative Action And Reaction In The 1990s, Andrew Ewoh, Euel Elliott Dec 1996

End Of An Era? Affirmative Action And Reaction In The 1990s, Andrew Ewoh, Euel Elliott

Andrew I.E. Ewoh

This article looks at the political dynamics of affirmative action policy since its inception m the 1960s We suggest that while key variables created a relatively favorable climate for affirmative action m the first two decades or so of its existence, recent developments suggest that race-conscious programs will be substantially limited in the future, although not eliminated m their entirety. We contend that a changing judiciary, Republican control of Congress, and shifts m public opinion, as manifested in Proposition 209 m California, interact in ways that will make many compensatory programs difficult to maintain.


Protective Labor Legislation And Women's Employment, James Whitney, Pamela Nickless Dec 1996

Protective Labor Legislation And Women's Employment, James Whitney, Pamela Nickless

Jim Whitney

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Work On Early-Recovery Alcoholics Anonymous Affiliation., Paul Caldwell, Henry Cutter Dec 1996

Impact Of Work On Early-Recovery Alcoholics Anonymous Affiliation., Paul Caldwell, Henry Cutter

Paul Caldwell

The impact of work on Alcoholics Anonymous (A. A.) affiliation has not been studied despite the fact that work experiences and workplace dynamics may influence problem drinkers' participation in post-treatment recovery programs such as A.A. This exploratory study recruited individuals (N = 55) from inpatient and intensive outpatient treatment for alcohol problems and assessed their A.A. involvement approximately three months after discharge. An expanded measure of affiliation is used, including participation in a range of A.A. practices and acceptance of major A.A. tenets. Questionnaire and interview data were gathered on employment status, alcohol-related job problems, job stability ...


Wither Baseball After The Strike Of 1994?, James Whitney Dec 1996

Wither Baseball After The Strike Of 1994?, James Whitney

Jim Whitney

No abstract provided.


Experiencing Citizenship: Service-Learning In Political Science, William Hudson Dec 1996

Experiencing Citizenship: Service-Learning In Political Science, William Hudson

William E. Hudson

This practical guide is intended for faculty and service-learning directors, combining the how-to information and rigorous intellectual framework that teachers seek. What distinguishes this volume is that the contributors are writing for their peers. They discuss how service-learning can be implemented within political science and what this discipline contributes to the pedagogy of service-learning. The book offers both theoretical background and practical pedagogical chapters which describe the design, implementation, and outcomes of political science service-learning programs, as well as annotated bibliographies, program descriptions and course syllabi.


Symbolic Politics And Health Care Reform In The 1940s And 1990s, Robert Hackey Dec 1996

Symbolic Politics And Health Care Reform In The 1940s And 1990s, Robert Hackey

Robert B. Hackey

No abstract provided.


Guide For Written Collection Policy Statements: 2nd Edition, Edited By Joanne S. Anderson For The Administration Of Collection Development Committee Of The Association For Library Collections & Technical Services. (Collection Management & Development Guides #7) Chicago And London, American Library Association, 1996. Isbn 0-8389-3455-2, Elizabeth Parang Dec 1996

Guide For Written Collection Policy Statements: 2nd Edition, Edited By Joanne S. Anderson For The Administration Of Collection Development Committee Of The Association For Library Collections & Technical Services. (Collection Management & Development Guides #7) Chicago And London, American Library Association, 1996. Isbn 0-8389-3455-2, Elizabeth Parang

Elizabeth Parang

No abstract provided.


The Crispus Attucks Monument Dedication, Dale Freeman Dec 1996

The Crispus Attucks Monument Dedication, Dale Freeman

Dale H. Freeman

The story of the Crispus Attucks Monument on the Boston Common, dedicated in November, 1888.


"Viewpoint.", Jack Weatherford Dec 1996

"Viewpoint.", Jack Weatherford

Jack Weatherford, Retired

No abstract provided.


The Economics Of Affirmative Action, James Whitney, Robert Moore Dec 1996

The Economics Of Affirmative Action, James Whitney, Robert Moore

Jim Whitney

No abstract provided.


The Nature-Nurture Controversy Revisited: Divorce And Gender As Factors In Children's Racial Group Differences, Jeanne Jenkins, John Guidubaldi Dec 1996

The Nature-Nurture Controversy Revisited: Divorce And Gender As Factors In Children's Racial Group Differences, Jeanne Jenkins, John Guidubaldi

Jeanne E. Jenkins

Examines the influence of divorce and gender as factors in racial group differences among elementary age European-American and African-American children. Method of data collection; Comparison of scores between males and females in various categories; Impact of the father figure on male and female child.


Preservation Awareness For Student Workers: Adding A Quiz To The Agenda, Tony Amodeo Dec 1996

Preservation Awareness For Student Workers: Adding A Quiz To The Agenda, Tony Amodeo

Tony Amodeo

Use of a quiz for library student workers to promote and sustain preservation awareness when shelving, checking out or otherwise handling library materials.


The Mission Of Policing: The Lost Imparative, Joanne Ziembo-Vogl, Devere Woods Dec 1996

The Mission Of Policing: The Lost Imparative, Joanne Ziembo-Vogl, Devere Woods

Joanne Ziembo-Vogl

No abstract provided.


Economic Anxiety: Reification, De-Reification And The Politics Of Ipe, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah Dec 1996

Economic Anxiety: Reification, De-Reification And The Politics Of Ipe, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah

David Blaney

No abstract provided.


A Question Of Values: New Canadian Perspectives In Ethics And Political Philosophy, Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde Dec 1996

A Question Of Values: New Canadian Perspectives In Ethics And Political Philosophy, Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy Of Corporate Taxation., John Williams, Brian Collins Dec 1996

The Political Economy Of Corporate Taxation., John Williams, Brian Collins

Brian K. Collins

Theory: We propose a theory of corporate taxation in the United States that builds on dynamic optimal taxation models. The theory is consistent with structural dependence theories (Lindblom 1977) in that expectations by investors of future tax policy limit policy maker options, primarily because corporate tax policy is time inconsistent. This theory contrasts with pluralistic models of corporate taxation because it recognizes the collective action problem facing business.

Hypotheses: We offer three propositions. First, effective corporate tax rates will be exogenous to aggregate business interests, and instead should cause the organization and activity of business. Second, a shock in effective ...


Social Ethics?, Charles C. Lemert Dec 1996

Social Ethics?, Charles C. Lemert

Charles C Lemert

Most of the sciences of social behavior arose initially out of social ethics. The question asked is whether social ethics can revive itself as a central occupation of social thought. Such a revival faces the challenge of rethinking the normative foundations of late modern, global conditions which themselves are seen as inhospitable to the classic terms of philosophical and social ethic reflection. Though the privileged doubt it, the world is in fact inclining towards stark conditions of economic and natural instability, to say nothing of social discord—towards a triage, or latter-day Malthusian, state. These conditions require a social ethics ...