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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Trends. Political Psychologies Of Welfare, Editor Oct 1997

Trends. Political Psychologies Of Welfare, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the pros and cons of government welfare programs.


Trends. Globalization As A Projective Stimulus Sep 1997

Trends. Globalization As A Projective Stimulus

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses how the political psychology of individuals, groups, organizations, and other entities change in an era of globalization.


Front Matter Jan 1997

Front Matter

Modern Psychological Studies

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Postevent Information In The Recall Of Central And Peripheral Details Of An Eyewitnessed Event, Kathi Kaeler, Yvonne Larson, Gloria Marmolejo Jan 1997

Influence Of Postevent Information In The Recall Of Central And Peripheral Details Of An Eyewitnessed Event, Kathi Kaeler, Yvonne Larson, Gloria Marmolejo

Modern Psychological Studies

Previous research has shown that misleading postevent information can alter the report of a previously witnessed event. The present experiment extends on this research by investigating whether central and peripheral details are affected differentially by misleading postevent information. Sixty-four undergraduate students were shown a series of slides depicting a theft from a convenience store. They were then exposed to a taped narrative which contained some misinformation and some neutral information about two central and two peripheral critical details. Finally, the subjects ' memory for the original event was tested using recognition and source questions. The accuracy data replicated the misinformation effect ...


The Relationship Between Parenting Style And Chilren's Anger, Aggressive Behavior, And Perception Of Intention, Patricia Bardina, Michelle Wilson Jan 1997

The Relationship Between Parenting Style And Chilren's Anger, Aggressive Behavior, And Perception Of Intention, Patricia Bardina, Michelle Wilson

Modern Psychological Studies

This study examined the relationship between parenting style and preschoolers' perceptions of intention, their anger, and their aggressive behavior. Each child was told eight variations of the same story and then was asked to rate the characters' intentions and anger. The parents were given the Modified PARI (Emmerich, 1969) and the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1983) to measure parenting style and the child's aggressive behavior. A regression analysis resulted in a significant Beta score of .41 (p<. 02) between hostility rejection parenting style and the child's perception of intention. Previous research shows a relationship between perception of intention and anger or aggressive behavior (Rotenberg, 1985; Fine, 1980); thus, the results of this study suggest that perception of intention could serve as a mediator between hostile parenting and anger or aggressive behavior.


Sexual Harassment Perception As Influenced By A Harasser's Physical Attractiveness And Job Level, Mark E. Savery Jan 1997

Sexual Harassment Perception As Influenced By A Harasser's Physical Attractiveness And Job Level, Mark E. Savery

Modern Psychological Studies

Seventy-two women participated in a study that compared factors that influenced the perception of sexual harassment Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 66 years (M = 24.03, SD = 8.12). The variables studied were the physical attractiveness of the harasser (low or high), the job level of the harasser relative to the target (equal or superior), and the level of sexual harassment in the stories read by the participants (low or moderate). The Sexual Harassment Perception Scale (SHPS) was used to measure the perception of sexual harassment Analysis of variance indicated that physically attractive males were perceived as less harassing ...


Front Matter Jan 1997

Front Matter

Modern Psychological Studies

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Levels Of Pleasantness And Vividness On Mood And Recall, Ibolya Yolas, Melissa Pelkey, Tiffany Porter Jan 1997

Effects Of Levels Of Pleasantness And Vividness On Mood And Recall, Ibolya Yolas, Melissa Pelkey, Tiffany Porter

Modern Psychological Studies

Undergraduate university students (N=118) participated in the experiment examining the effects of pleasantness level and vividness level on mood and recall. A pleasant and an unpleasant story were manipulated to construct the subdued and vivid version of the story. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the four experimental conditions: (a) pleasant-subdued (b) pleasant-vivid, (c) unpleasant-subdued or (d) unpleasant-vivid A mood scale was administered before and after the presentation of the text. An additional test was used to measure recall. The results indicated significant main effect for level of vividness on mood F (1,111) = 558, p <.05. Mood was found to be a significant predictor variable of recall R = .25 R2= .066, F (1,111) = 786 These findings might be applicable to any area concerned with mood alteration.


A Historical Review Of Disgust, Amanda Burlington, Chad Mcdaniel, David O. Wilson Jan 1997

A Historical Review Of Disgust, Amanda Burlington, Chad Mcdaniel, David O. Wilson

Modern Psychological Studies

Although disgust was identified as a basic emotion 125 years ago (Darwin, 1965), no psychological theory has focused on disgust as a key concept. Although many prominent scientists such as Freud, Darwin, and Ma/son have addressed the topic of disgust in their research, none have focused solely on the causes and consequences of disgust. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the literature concerning disgust and to demonstrate how disgust is a meaningful concept worthy of major focus in psychological research, theories, and application.


An "Authentic Wholeness" Synthesis Of Jungian And Existential Analysis, Samuel Minier Jan 1997

An "Authentic Wholeness" Synthesis Of Jungian And Existential Analysis, Samuel Minier

Modern Psychological Studies

Eclectic approaches to psychotherapy often lack cohesion due to the focus on technique and procedure rather than theory and wholeness of both the person and of the therapy. A synthesis of Jungian and existential therapies overcomes this trend by demonstrating how two theories may be meaningfully integrated The consolidation of the shared ideas among these theories reveals a notion of "authentic wholeness' that may be able to stand on its own as a therapeutic objective. Reviews of both analytical and existential psychology are given. Differences between the two are discussed, and possible reconciliation are offered. After noting common elements in ...


The Presence Of A Dog Increases Greetings: A Study In Social Intervention, Emily Dunlap, Lori Graham, April Burton, Chassity Roberts Jan 1997

The Presence Of A Dog Increases Greetings: A Study In Social Intervention, Emily Dunlap, Lori Graham, April Burton, Chassity Roberts

Modern Psychological Studies

Pet dogs served many useful purposes, especially by provoking social interaction in the lives of their owners. The purpose of this study was to show that a person accompanied by a dog received more greetings from passersby than a person without a dog. This was a field study using a female confederate, a dog, and three observers. Subjects passing in front of the confederate were recorded as a greeter or a non-greeter. Results formulated by the Chi Square showed that when the confederate was with the dog, they were greeted significantly more than when they were not accompanied by the ...


Effects Of Orientation And Meaning On Mental Rotation, Peter D. Elgin, Susan T. Davis Jan 1997

Effects Of Orientation And Meaning On Mental Rotation, Peter D. Elgin, Susan T. Davis

Modern Psychological Studies

Reading is a complex ability, for the most part, and performed automatically, especially when the visual stimulus is upright. The present study examined the contribution of mental rotation to reading; participants were timed as they read lists of consonant-vowel-consonant trigrams (CVCs) of varying orientations and meaning. An ANOVA revealed a significant interaction between orientation and meaning, F(3,126)=8.41, MSE=8238 77.99. CVCs misoriented by 180 required the longest response time in the low-meaning condition. However, in the high-meaning condition, CVCs misoriented by 270 ° required a longer response time than those misoriented by 180 o. These paradoxical ...


Racial Identity In Biracial Adolescents From One African-American And One Caucasian-American Parent, Lanice Stanley Jan 1997

Racial Identity In Biracial Adolescents From One African-American And One Caucasian-American Parent, Lanice Stanley

Modern Psychological Studies

Racial identity development in biracial children within American society is essential for the discovery of selfconcept. Identity development in adolescents with one African American and one Caucasian-American parent is a complex process deriving from social influences and individual self-conceptualization. Three approaches of identity preference are found to be the most common in biracial youth. The first is the denial of one race, the second is over-identification of the favored culture, and lastly the incorporation of both racial backgrounds as a separate identity.


What Does The Client See? A Review Of Psychotherapists' Nonverbal Behavior, Iris Taber Jan 1997

What Does The Client See? A Review Of Psychotherapists' Nonverbal Behavior, Iris Taber

Modern Psychological Studies

Nonverbal communication between a psychotherapist and a mental health consumer is an extremely powerful tool in the course of psychotherapy. Clients generally assume therapists attend to their nonverbals but therapists may be unaware of the extent to which their nonverbals influence therapy. This paper examines the influence of the therapist's nonverbals on the therapeutic relationship. In research conducted by Davis & Hadiks (1994) using the Nonverbal Interaction and States Analysis (NISA), client and therapist movements were compared and rated on the same scale. These data indicated that body position patterns facilitated the development of rapport and self-disclosure in a therapy ...