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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1997

Psychology

Psychology

Iowa State University

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Coping With Pediatric Cancer: The Importance Of Family Member Coping On The Outcomes Of Other Members , Kenneth L. Dodge Jan 1997

Coping With Pediatric Cancer: The Importance Of Family Member Coping On The Outcomes Of Other Members , Kenneth L. Dodge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relations across time between stressful life events, coping, and mental and physical health symptoms among families of pediatric cancer patients. Coping was measured both in the form of self report and through assessing the perceptions each family member held regarding the coping of other family members. The results of this study showed that the relations between predictor and outcome measures differed significantly across the four groups of participants: Cancer patients, siblings, mothers, and fathers. In general, the coping of parents was a better predictor of child outcomes than was the self reported coping of the children ...


Treatment Acceptability Of Paradoxical Interventions: The Role Of Dissonance , Michael Christopher March Jan 1997

Treatment Acceptability Of Paradoxical Interventions: The Role Of Dissonance , Michael Christopher March

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Paradoxical interventions are psychotherapeutic directives that appear counterintuitive in comparison to more conventional treatment approaches. Concerns regarding the potential manipulative nature and ethical viability of these interventions have been expressed in the literature. This survey study was designed to test the impact of two experimentally manipulated variables (reactance potential of the client, presence or absence of a therapeutic rationale), presented as components of written therapy vignettes, on psychologists' ratings of treatment acceptability of a paradoxical intervention. It was hypothesized that cognitive dissonance would mediate this relationship. The paradoxical strategy was predicted to be perceived as contradictory to psychologists' usual treatment ...


Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta Jan 1997

Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated a model of predictors of career aspirations among two groups of women: students in mathematics, physical science, and engineering majors and students in biological science majors. Based on theories of women's career development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role model influence, and role conflict would influence the career aspirations of these women. It was further hypothesized that the students' year in school would contribute to this model as a predictor variable. Five hundred forty-six students (representing a 71% response rate) from Iowa State University were surveyed by mail to evaluate ...


Coping, Adjustment, And Self-Concept Among Siblings Of The Chronically Mentally Ill , Marcy Beth Jensen Halvorson Jan 1997

Coping, Adjustment, And Self-Concept Among Siblings Of The Chronically Mentally Ill , Marcy Beth Jensen Halvorson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-four adult siblings of individuals with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were interviewed by telephone regarding the effects that having a sibling with a chronic mental illness has had on them. Specifically, this study examined the effects that problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, perceived social support, premorbid interpersonal closeness with the mentally ill sibling, subjective burden, time since onset of the illness, frequency of contact with the mentally ill sibling, perceived controllability of the consequences of events related to the mentally ill sibling, and perceived severity of the illness had on well siblings' depression, self-concept, relationships and functioning in daily roles. Use ...


Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter Jan 1997

Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent efforts examining the educational and vocational development needs of intellectually gifted students have focused on the possibility of early intervention. There is considerable anecdotal evidence that the gifted begin to think earlier about careers than their peers and that their general vocational preferences may crystallize at an earlier age. Empirical research has produced some support for these assertions, as well as the notion that tests and questionnaires devised for use with older students might be applied in early adolescence with intellectually gifted individuals. Instruments measuring abilities and preferences, factors critical to the development of educational and vocational choice, competence ...


The Functional Organization Of The Brain For Mental Imagery And Image Rotation: An Electroencephalographic Investigation , Harwant Singh Gill Jan 1997

The Functional Organization Of The Brain For Mental Imagery And Image Rotation: An Electroencephalographic Investigation , Harwant Singh Gill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this dissertation was to reveal (by utilizing a set of cognitive tasks that are visuospatial in nature) how complex mental tasks are performed in the brain. Particular attention was devoted to the functional systems subserving the processes comprising the complex internal generation of mental images and their rotation;Utilizing Electroencephalography (more specifically, alpha power reduction), the functional system subserving the processes of mental rotation and mental image generation was identified. In this functional system, the occipital lobes are bilaterally involved in the initial encoding of visual information into a neural representation. These representations are then shunted to ...


An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson Jan 1997

An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Folger and Puck (1976) request-centered relational communication coding system was used to examine the relationship between measures of consultant and consultee control in behavioral consultation and (a) consultee satisfaction; (b) client behavior change; (c) perceived treatment integrity; and (d) perceptions of client behavior change. School psychologists from across Iowa served as consultants to one consultee each across three problem-solving interviews. The Problem Identification Interview was audiotaped and request-response transactions were coded. Requests were coded as either: dominant, dominant-affiliative, or submissive and served as measures of consultant and consultee control. Measures of consultant and consultee control and the outcome measures ...


Educational And Vocational Choices Of Gifted Individuals: Guidance Counseling And Research For Adolescents Into Adulthood , Teresa Anne Argo Boatman Jan 1997

Educational And Vocational Choices Of Gifted Individuals: Guidance Counseling And Research For Adolescents Into Adulthood , Teresa Anne Argo Boatman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The two papers presented herein focused on guidance and research surrounding educational and vocational development of gifted adolescents. The first paper presented educational interventions to optimize talent development through formulating an individualized educational plan to provide the best match of intellectual ability and preferences with educational opportunities. The paper highlights the school psychologist's role as consultant for serving the needs of the gifted learner;The second paper examined the educational and vocational choices, as well as preference profiles, of intellectually talented individuals with dominant mathematical abilities or dominant verbal abilities at age 13 based upon Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT ...


Perinatal Behavioral And Immunological Effects Of Prenatal Diisopropyl Fluorophosphate Exposure In Domestic Fowl , Michael Raymond Baker Jan 1997

Perinatal Behavioral And Immunological Effects Of Prenatal Diisopropyl Fluorophosphate Exposure In Domestic Fowl , Michael Raymond Baker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Experiment 1. Chick embryos received a single DFP exposure (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 [mu]g/kg) on embryogenesis day (E) 11. DFP was fatal to all embryos at 400 [mu]g/kg and above, but did not affect hatch success at lower doses. Prenatal DFP reduced hatch weight and increased weight by posthatch day (PHD) 14. Prenatal DFP produced sex- and dose-dependent changes in distress vocalizations (DVs), but not activity on PHD 1. DFP increased tonic immobility duration (TI) on PHD 14. DFP increased lipopolysaccharide-induced lymphocyte proliferation in blood harvested on PHD 16 in females;Experiment ...