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1997

Medicine and Health Sciences

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Articles 1 - 30 of 128

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Mental Health Parity: National And State Perspectives: A Report, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Richard Coe, Ann Taylor Oct 2011

Mental Health Parity: National And State Perspectives: A Report, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Richard Coe, Ann Taylor

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This report contains a summary of the available information on the key issues involved in parity initiatives: the experiences at the national level (see “National Parity Initiatives”) as well as the experiences of other states that have developed and/or implemented parity legislation (see “State Parity Initiatives”); the cost experiences resulting in implementing parity for mental disorders (see Costs”); and implications and suggestions for proceeding with the development of mental health parity in Florida (see "Evaluating Benefits from Mental Health Parity” and “Conclusions”).


Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa Dec 1997

Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Innovations in education occur in an attempt to bring about improvement in the educational process. But not all innovations tum out to have positive effect on the educational process. Kirk (1988) noted that it is possible to present an innovation that embodies some new idea without it ever bringing about any genuine change in what people think or do. Block-scheduling developed about five ago is one innovation that has attracted attention in recent years and is gaining ground with an increasing number of schools block-scheduling. The schedule has as its aim, a reduced number of periods per day, (usually four ...


The Relationship Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Behaviors Of Women Who Have Undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Heather Ferrillo Dec 1997

The Relationship Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Behaviors Of Women Who Have Undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Heather Ferrillo

Nursing Master’s Theses

Due to the increasing number of women who are diagnosed with heart disease and who are undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, it is important to explore the psychosocial aspects involved in the recovery process of these women. This study examined the relationship between locus of control and health behaviors of women who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting.


Personality Types Of Registered Nurses Employed In A Rural Community Hospital, Tina Snodgrass Dec 1997

Personality Types Of Registered Nurses Employed In A Rural Community Hospital, Tina Snodgrass

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of this study was to identify the personality types of registered nurses in a rural community. An extensive literature review revealed that no studies, utilizing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to identify personality types, had been conducted with rural nurses. Jung's Psychological Type Theory was the theoretical framework for the study. The MBTI operationalizes Jung's theory and was utilized to determine the most frequently occurring personality types of the nurses. A descriptive study was conducted at a 68 bed acute care hospital. The sample consisted of 40 experienced registered nurses working in staff positions within the ...


The Biography Of A Scale: Contextual Factors That Influence The Measurement Of Family Functioning, Ludwig Geismar Dec 1997

The Biography Of A Scale: Contextual Factors That Influence The Measurement Of Family Functioning, Ludwig Geismar

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The subject of instrument relevance is addressed by examining issues that have arisen in the use of a single scale over a forty year period. The issues revolve around the impact of varying social conditions, changing ethos, differential respondent receptiveness, and evolving research technology. Extended use of an instrument, it is argued, yields information that transcends the conventional techniques for testing instrument adequacy. The lack of opportunities in social work for accessing information on extended use of measurement tools is due, among other factors, to a preoccupation with working on subjects that are new and original and to a lack ...


Information Interface - Volume 22, Issue 4 - November/December 1997, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library Nov 1997

Information Interface - Volume 22, Issue 4 - November/December 1997, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library

Information Interface (1976 - 2009)

News and information about Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library of interest to users.


Experiencing Humour: A Critical Care Phenomenon, Jan Skinner Nov 1997

Experiencing Humour: A Critical Care Phenomenon, Jan Skinner

Theses

Humour, whilst frequently occurring within the Critical Care environment, has been traditionally viewed as both macabre and in poor taste. However, for the Registered Nurse working in this setting, humour plays a vital role in the day to day functioning at the unit level, and is identified as an important component in the development of interpersonal relationships between both co-workers and clients. Therefore, by describing this experience, the thesis seeks to elucidate this concept of humour and the experience of this phenomenon for the Registered Nurse working within the Critical Care environment.

On reviewing the literature it becomes evident that ...


The Ontological Argument For Colombian Narcoguerrillas In United States (Us) Anti-Drug Programs Oct 1997

The Ontological Argument For Colombian Narcoguerrillas In United States (Us) Anti-Drug Programs

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some conceptual fallacies in US anti-drug programs towards Colombia.


The Leader Who Serves (Scottsdale, Az), C. William Pollard Oct 1997

The Leader Who Serves (Scottsdale, Az), C. William Pollard

C. William Pollard Papers

In this address to the Baptist Healthcare Association (Scottsdale, AZ), Pollard applauds religious healthcare institutions for their commitment to the physical and spiritual welfare of the human person. With this holistic approach, they refuse to submit to the logic of simple economic efficiency and thus serve as a prime example of servant leadership.


1997 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library Oct 1997

1997 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library

Scholars and Artists Bibliographies

This bibliography was created for the annual Friends of the Michael Schwartz Library Scholars and Artists Reception, recognizing scholarly and creative achievements of Cleveland State University faculty, staff and emeriti


Health Care Marketing And The Internet, C. David Shepherd, Daniel Fell Oct 1997

Health Care Marketing And The Internet, C. David Shepherd, Daniel Fell

Faculty Publications

This article presents research on the growing number of health care providers using the Internet as a health care marketing tool in the U.S. The author notes that the Internet is changing the way consumers seek healthcare related information as well as the way it can be provided to them. The results of the study suggest that consumers will increasingly rely on sources like the Internet for information, that health information will be a commodity on the Internet, that the Internet will help build relationships between providers and consumers and that marketers will be expected to develop and manage ...


The Effect Of Self-Focused Attention On Psychopathology, Keith Payne Oct 1997

The Effect Of Self-Focused Attention On Psychopathology, Keith Payne

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

This study investigated whether self-focused attention is related to psychopathology in general or if, instead, specific types of self-focus are associated with specific disorders. Self-focus was measured as private self-consciousness, public self-consciousness, emotional self-reference, or performance self-reference. Personality measures included depression, phobias, 'health concern, obsessiveness, and disordered eating. Public self-consciousness was related to greater depression, obsessiveness, and disordered eating. Private self-consciousness was positively correlated with depression and obsessiveness. Performance self-reference was related to lower levels of depression and obsessiveness. The findings indicate that different types of self-focused attention are involved in different disorders. Results are interpreted with reference to self-awareness ...


Labor's Response To Hospital And Workplace Transformation, Enid Eckstein Sep 1997

Labor's Response To Hospital And Workplace Transformation, Enid Eckstein

New England Journal of Public Policy

The health care industry and the nation's hospitals are in the throes of revolutionary change. The shift to managed care resulted in fundamental changes in the delivery of care and the structure of health care, For the past ten years, hospitals have actively been merging and creating large-scale integrated delivery systems. Employers, eager to expand market share and reduce costs, are engaged in radical reorganization of the hospital and the structure of work from which no group is immune. Physicians, nurses, technicians, and housekeepers are all affected by these changes. Hospitals are reducing their personnel, shifting work outside the ...


From Welfare To What?: The Limitations Of Low-Income Work, Lande Ajose Sep 1997

From Welfare To What?: The Limitations Of Low-Income Work, Lande Ajose

New England Journal of Public Policy

The premise of the welfare law enacted by Congress is that people living in poverty could vastly improve their economic status if only they were employed. The author argues that economic security for welfare recipients will not be realized simply by increasing the labor-force attachment. Home health aides comprise an occupation that could absorb many of the large pool of workers expected to join the labor market because demand for their services is high and barriers to entry are low. However, as this survey shows, the home health field offers limited promise to welfare recipients because, significantly for women rolling ...


Job Mobility Of Entry-Level Workers: Black And Latina Women In Hospital Corridors, Maria Estella Carrión Sep 1997

Job Mobility Of Entry-Level Workers: Black And Latina Women In Hospital Corridors, Maria Estella Carrión

New England Journal of Public Policy

Based on data from interviews with fifteen black and fifteen Latina women in entry-level jobs, this article discusses job access strategies, patterns of job mobility, and barriers to upward job mobility for low-income minority women in the hospital industry. Concentrated in the lowest wage levels and job tiers, they are quite diverse in subgroup composition, in age, and in training requirements. The research confirms that deficiencies in schooling and skills remain the major obstacles minority women confront when they apply for hospital jobs and restrict their opportunities once they are within the hospital labor market. Efforts to provide training and ...


Nursing: A New Day, A New Way, Lin Zhan, Jane Cloutterback Sep 1997

Nursing: A New Day, A New Way, Lin Zhan, Jane Cloutterback

New England Journal of Public Policy

The U.S. health care environment is changing rapidly. Its structure, financing, and delivery are being reconfigured toward an integrated system based on managed care. Increasingly, national interest in health promotion and disease prevention is moving care away from a disease-oriented, institutionally based model to a population-focused, wellness-oriented, and community-based system. Health care consumers are diversifying in age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The approach emerging from these changes and others requires nursing to rethink, redesign, and retool its workforce to meet new challenges. This article analyzes nursing education, practice, and operations. The authors discuss the dilemmas and complexity of developing ...


We Are The Roots: The Culture Of Home Health Aides, Ruth Glasser, Jeremy Brecher Sep 1997

We Are The Roots: The Culture Of Home Health Aides, Ruth Glasser, Jeremy Brecher

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article focuses on the contributions of its workers' culture to the success of Cooperative Home Care Associates (CHCA). It examines what the home healthaides bring to the culture of the company, how their contribution develops through their experience with the company, and how their heritage contributes to their CHCA work and to the company as an organization. This is one segment of a larger study that will deal with the background and history of CHCA, the vision of the founders and its implementation, the role of organizational policy, and the contribution of management philosophy to its accomplishment.


Improving Workforce Conditions In Private Human Service Agencies: A Partnership Between A Union And Human Service Providers, James Green Sep 1997

Improving Workforce Conditions In Private Human Service Agencies: A Partnership Between A Union And Human Service Providers, James Green

New England Journal of Public Policy

In 1995 the Service Employees International Union Local 509 and four Massachusetts human service providers signed an unusual agreement to forge a partnership in which employers would remain neutral while the union approached its workers with an offer to advocate in the state legislature for greater funding for private human service employees and to promote cooperative relations with their employers. This study examines the context of the agreement and the pressures on public employee unions and small human service providers whose workforce copes with low wages, high turnover, meager benefits, and poor public image as well as the give-and-take between ...


Workplace Education At The Bottom Rungs, Andrés Torres Sep 1997

Workplace Education At The Bottom Rungs, Andrés Torres

New England Journal of Public Policy

In the late 1980s, observers of the Massachusetts hospital industry were predicting a severe shortfall in skilled technical workers. The Worker Education Program (WEP) emerged as one of several responses to this projected labor shortage. It was premised on the idea of an internal solution to the need for workforce development, shifting the focus from external recruitment to upgrading of incumbents — nutrition, maintenance, clerical, and secretarial staff— and from traditional classroom training to workplace education. Other features of the WEP model made it an extremely interesting experiment: it was operated by labor-management partnership, it was located statewide in nine different ...


Performance And Accountability In Human Services: Ownership And Responsibility Of Professionals, Anna-Marie Madison Sep 1997

Performance And Accountability In Human Services: Ownership And Responsibility Of Professionals, Anna-Marie Madison

New England Journal of Public Policy

The recent frenzy of grant makers and government agencies in requiring impact evaluations of all grant recipients has created consternation among human service providers. To ensure their agencies' survival and worker job security, the leaders are faced with meeting the demands offunder-driven programming. Agencies seeking funding must comply with funder-defined needs and accountability criteria rather than their public missions. This article describes the use of mission-based performance evaluation rather than funder compliance to demonstrate accountability for mission accomplishment.


The Potential Impact Of Workforce Development Legislation On Cbos, Edwin Meléndez Sep 1997

The Potential Impact Of Workforce Development Legislation On Cbos, Edwin Meléndez

New England Journal of Public Policy

The proposed congressional legislation revamping the employment and training system will result in budget cuts, program consolidation, and block grants for the states. These changes are potentially harmful to community-based organizations (CBOs) because (J ) they eliminate categorical funding that traditionally has required contracting with organizations which specialize in servicing the disadvantaged, and (2) they introduce stricter performance standards that may be unattainable for many small-scale operations. However, the adoption of best practices in serving non-English-speaking and poor populations, increasing connections to emerging government intermediaries in labor markets, and establishing greater linkages to postsecondary educational institutions may offer CBOs the opportunity ...


Research To Practice: Unrealized Potential: Differing Outcomes For Individuals With Mental Retardation And Other Disability Groups, Sheila Fesko Sep 1997

Research To Practice: Unrealized Potential: Differing Outcomes For Individuals With Mental Retardation And Other Disability Groups, Sheila Fesko

Research to Practice Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

A national study examined job search practices used by community rehabilitation providers and state vocational rehabilitation counselors. Employment outcomes for individuals with mental retardation are contrasted with those for individuals with other disabilities.


The New York State Collegiate Track And Field Association, Edward D. O'Gorman Sep 1997

The New York State Collegiate Track And Field Association, Edward D. O'Gorman

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this research was to describe in detail the history of the New York State Collegiate Track and Field Association. The sources of data used for analysis were the oral histories of 12 current and former (retired) coaches of the Association, meeting minutes and the constitution of the Association, as well as any available correspondence between athletic directors and coaches. There were 25 questions asked during the interviews conducted of the coaches ranging from philosophical problems to general administrative problems the Association may have encountered over the past 47 years. The researcher verified statements made by former and ...


Attitudes Toward Sexuality And Sexual Behaviors Of Asian-American Adolescents: Implications For Risk Of Hiv Infection, Connie S. Chan Sep 1997

Attitudes Toward Sexuality And Sexual Behaviors Of Asian-American Adolescents: Implications For Risk Of Hiv Infection, Connie S. Chan

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

Until 1990, Asian Americans represented an ethnic minority group that was perceived to be at lower risk than African Americans or Hispanics/Latinos for HIV infection, the presumed causal agent for AIDS. Reasons cited for this perception include behavioral differences in intravenous drug use, sexual behavioral habits, and underidentification of AIDS cases. However, in urban areas such as San Francisco, Toronto, New York, Boston, Los Angeles, and Seattle, where Asians have immigrated and settled in large numbers, cases of HIV infection and AIDS have begun to increase dramatically, perhaps reflecting the rise in the number of AIDS cases in Asia ...


Variation In Environmental Risk Perceptions And Information Sources Among Three Communities In El Paso, Theresa L. Byrd, James Vanderslice, Susan K. Peterson Sep 1997

Variation In Environmental Risk Perceptions And Information Sources Among Three Communities In El Paso, Theresa L. Byrd, James Vanderslice, Susan K. Peterson

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

The authors report the results of a pilot study of environmental risk and sources of environmental information in three socio-economically and culturally distinct communities in Texas.


Information Interface - Volume 22, Issue 3 - August/September 1997, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library Aug 1997

Information Interface - Volume 22, Issue 3 - August/September 1997, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library

Information Interface (1976 - 2009)

News and information about Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library of interest to users.


He Who Has Seen The Wind: The Black Bonspiel Of Willie Maccrimmon, Don Morrow Jul 1997

He Who Has Seen The Wind: The Black Bonspiel Of Willie Maccrimmon, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Abusing Deaf Immigrants And Hearing No Evil, Editor Jul 1997

Abusing Deaf Immigrants And Hearing No Evil, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the on-going abuse of deaf immigrants.


Attempting To Learn From History: Nato, Anti-Drug Policies, And Intelligence Assets, Editor Jul 1997

Attempting To Learn From History: Nato, Anti-Drug Policies, And Intelligence Assets, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some political psychological aspects of being allied with security organizations infiltrated by adversaries.


Congress Crafts Child Health Insurance Program, George Washington University Medical Center, Center For Health Policy Research Jul 1997

Congress Crafts Child Health Insurance Program, George Washington University Medical Center, Center For Health Policy Research

Center for Health Policy Research

No abstract provided.