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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 215

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


More On Fobe, Neil Harl Dec 1997

More On Fobe, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The family-owned business exclusion, enacted as part of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 contained numerous omissions and ambiguities as enacted. A letter from the Joint Committee on Taxation to Sen. Charles E. Grassley of Iowa has provided additional insights into JCT’s view of how the statute should be interpreted.


Index To Volume 8, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1997

Index To Volume 8, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Income Averaging, Neil Harl Dec 1997

Income Averaging, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Although the possibility of a return to income averaging had been discussed for several years, enactment of income averaging for farm income came as a great surprise to many. The provision is not effective until 1998, and remains available for 1999 and the year 2000, and sunsets at the end of 2000 unless extended by legislative action.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski Dec 1997

Collecting Birds: The Importance Of Moral Debate, Marc Bekoff, Andrzej Elzanowski

ATTITUDES TOWARD ANIMALS

No abstract provided.


Changes In Eastern South Dakota Crops Patterns: 1950s To 1990s, Thomas L. Dobbs, Lisa M. Carr Dec 1997

Changes In Eastern South Dakota Crops Patterns: 1950s To 1990s, Thomas L. Dobbs, Lisa M. Carr

Economics Pamphlet Series

This report contains background data for a study on possible impacts of the 1996 Farm Bill ("Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996") on crop system diversity. The study, being conducted by the Economics Department at South Dakota State University (SDSU), is focused on the 7-county area of eastern South Dakota shown in the map on the following page. This area constitutes a major portion of the Big Sioux River drainage area in South Dakota. The aquifer underlying the Big Sioux River in these counties provides drinking water for a significant portion of the State's population. Therefore, agricultural ...


Just Food: Organic Farming In Santa Cruz County, Michelle Mascarenhas Dec 1997

Just Food: Organic Farming In Santa Cruz County, Michelle Mascarenhas

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi Dec 1997

Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated differences in six sport specific personal characteristics as a function of skill level. The characteristics included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation, and leadership. A self-evaluation questionnaire was administered to students in beginning, intermediate, and advanced physical education activity classes at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison test statistics were used to analyze differences for each of the six personal characteristics and a mental toughness composite score across the three groups of performers.

The results revealed significant differences in achievement motivation in ...


Off-Farm Work Participation, Off-Farm Labor Supply And On-Farm Labor Demand Of U.S. Farm Operators, Wallace E. Huffman, Hisham El-Osta Dec 1997

Off-Farm Work Participation, Off-Farm Labor Supply And On-Farm Labor Demand Of U.S. Farm Operators, Wallace E. Huffman, Hisham El-Osta

Economic Staff Paper Series

An agricultural household model provides the framework for modeling off-farm work participation and off-farm and on-farm work decisions of farm operators. The empirical results are obtained from fitting the econometric model to data from a large national survey. In the estimated structural off-farm work participation equation, the operator's off-farm wage offer has a strong positive effect and other household income has a negative effect on the probability of off-farm work. For farm operators who participate in off-farm work, the wage elasticity of their off-farm labor supply is positive but of their on-farm labor demand is zero. The income elasticity ...


Toward A Theory Of Food And Agriculture Policy Intervention For A Developing Economy With Particular Reference To Nigeria, Gbolagade B. Ayoola Dec 1997

Toward A Theory Of Food And Agriculture Policy Intervention For A Developing Economy With Particular Reference To Nigeria, Gbolagade B. Ayoola

CARD Working Papers

Following three months as a visiting scholar in the Department of Economics at lows State University, the author documents the results of his discussions regarding the policy process for agriculture and rural development in developing countries. His goal in this study is to initiate a process that will lead to a concise theory of policy intervention specifically suitable for the prevailing conditions in developing countries. He discusses the main features of the Nigerian agricultural polio environment to arouse interest in the analysis of that environment in relation to the advanced agricultural system of the United States.


Informality, Size, And Regulation: Theory And An Application To Egypt, Marcelo M. Giugale, Sherif El-Diwany Dec 1997

Informality, Size, And Regulation: Theory And An Application To Egypt, Marcelo M. Giugale, Sherif El-Diwany

CARD Working Papers

The paper shows how, when the enforceability of regulations is size-sensitive, price competition can lock firms into informality and, thus, smallness, depending on the form of the production function. In that context, exogenous "help" packages targeted to informal firms "promote" micro and small enterprises (i.e., increase their numbers) but do not "develop" them (i.e., foster their growth). The "help" only generates a short-term span of abnormal profits for existing informal firms, and a long-term income transfer toward informal-market consumers. The model is tested in the context of Egypt's micro and small enterprise sector.


Farrowing Behaviour And Stillbirth In Two Environments: An Evaluation Of The Restraint-Stillbirth Hypothesis, D. Fraser, P. A. Phillips, B. K. Thompson Dec 1997

Farrowing Behaviour And Stillbirth In Two Environments: An Evaluation Of The Restraint-Stillbirth Hypothesis, D. Fraser, P. A. Phillips, B. K. Thompson

Reproductive Behavior

A total of 59 farrowings were studied in either a conventional, narrow farrowing crate (0.43 m wide) or a much wider alternative design with sides spaced 1.2 m apart at the sow’s standing height but narrowing near the floor to limit the sow’s lying area. Using video recording, we monitored each “birth interval” (i.e. the period between two successive births) and noted the interval’s length, the sow’s posture and postural changes during the interval, and whether the interval ended with a live-born or stillborn piglet. The wide and conventional crates did not differ ...


Agricultural Research: Benefits And Beneficiaries Of Alternative Funding Mechanism, Wallace E. Huffman, Richard E. Just Dec 1997

Agricultural Research: Benefits And Beneficiaries Of Alternative Funding Mechanism, Wallace E. Huffman, Richard E. Just

Economic Staff Paper Series

The United States has developed a very successful R&D system for agriculture. It is a system with shared cost/financing and performance by the federal and state governments and by the private sector. The paper presents an economic analysis of alternative organization, management, incentive, and funding mechanisms for agricultural research under budget constraints, including some emphasis on thekinds of benefits thatare generated and thegroups that receive them. We conclude that the private sector should bepermitted to carry outresearch that it finds profitable to undertake withminimal competition firom the public sector. The public research institutions should focus on general and ...


Factors Influencing Wetland Use By Canada Geese, David E. Naugle, Jeffrey S. Gleason, Jonathan A. Jenks, Kenneth E. Higgins, Paul W. Mammenga, Sarah M. Nusser Dec 1997

Factors Influencing Wetland Use By Canada Geese, David E. Naugle, Jeffrey S. Gleason, Jonathan A. Jenks, Kenneth E. Higgins, Paul W. Mammenga, Sarah M. Nusser

Statistics Publications

Seasonal and semi-permanent wetlands in eastern South Dakota were surveyed in 1995 and 1996 to identify habitat characteristics influencing wetland use by Canada geese (Branta canadensis maxima). Position of a wetland within the landscape and its area were important landscape-scale features influencing wetland use by geese. Our delineation of potential Canada goose habitat using a wetland geographic information system indicated that distribution and area of semi-permanent wetlands likely limit Canada goose occurrence in regions outside the Prairie Coteau. Periodicity in hydrologic cycles within landscapes also may influence goose use of wetlands in eastern South Dakota.


Cooperatives And Corporate Farming Laws, Neil Harl Nov 1997

Cooperatives And Corporate Farming Laws, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

In 1982, Nebraska voters approved Proposition 300, Nebraska’s anti-corporate farming law. The Nebraska provision has been criticized for its detailed, complex and not completely consistent approach to limiting corporations. The constitutional measure bars corporations or syndicates from acquiring real estate in the state except for family farm or ranch corporations; nonprofit corporations; Indian tribal corporations; and several other categories of corporate enterprises. The Nebraska Supreme Court has now ruled on whether a nonstock cooperative involved in hog production was exempt from the law as a “non-profit corporation.”


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Nov 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Assessing New Technology, Michael Duffy Nov 1997

Assessing New Technology, Michael Duffy

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Every day seems to bring a new technology for farmers. Global positioning, infrared analysis, herbicide resistant seeds, new hybrids, and variable rate applications are a few of the relatively recent agricultural technologies.


Iowa Cropping Practices, 1996, Michael Duffy Nov 1997

Iowa Cropping Practices, 1996, Michael Duffy

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Crop production practices in Iowa are changing rapidly. New technologies and methods are being adopted with such frequency that it is difficult to ascertain current practices. This paper presents summary statistics and initial analysis from a 1996 cropping practices survey. The data were collected as an expansion of the USDA cost and return survey. The Iowa State University Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture provided the funding to expand the survey.


1997 Survey Of Former Iowa Hog Producers: Motivations Of Exiting And Incentives To Return, John D. Lawrence Nov 1997

1997 Survey Of Former Iowa Hog Producers: Motivations Of Exiting And Incentives To Return, John D. Lawrence

Economic Staff Paper Series

Over 14,000 Iowa farmers quit raising hogs between December 1992 and December 1996. This exodus represents 40 percent of the report number of farms with hogs in 1992. This five year period also represents a time of enormous,change in the.pork industry; rapidly changing technology,.. emergence of mega operations, regional shifts of hog production, record high com prices, and the lowest hog prices in over 20 years; There has been a great deal of speculation about why Iowa farmers quit raising hogs, but little is known about what type of individuals and operations left the industry, why they ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll—1997 Summary Report, Paul Lasley Nov 1997

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll—1997 Summary Report, Paul Lasley

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

Results of the 1997 Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll regarding risk, health issues, perceptions of well-being, job and work satisfaction, perceived financial situation, new technologies, and off-farm employment.


The National Pilot Program Integrated Modeling System: Environmental Baseline Assumptions And Results For The Apex Model, Philip W. Gassmann Nov 1997

The National Pilot Program Integrated Modeling System: Environmental Baseline Assumptions And Results For The Apex Model, Philip W. Gassmann

CARD Staff Reports

This paper presents the underlying assumptions and results for the Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX) model, which was applied within an integrated modeling system for the National Polio Program (NPP) environmental baseline simulations for the Upper North Bosque River Watershed area in Texas. The system consists of an economic model linked to an environmental component comprising the field-scale APEX and watershed-scale Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) models. The results are edge-of-field environmental indicators obtained from the APEX model.


Sampling Schemes For Policy Analyses Using Computer Simulation Experiments, Alicia L. Carriquiry, F. Jay Breidt, P. G. Lakshminarayan Nov 1997

Sampling Schemes For Policy Analyses Using Computer Simulation Experiments, Alicia L. Carriquiry, F. Jay Breidt, P. G. Lakshminarayan

CARD Working Papers

Evaluating the environmental and Economic impacts of agricultural policies is not a simple task. A systematic approach to evaluation would include the effect of policy-dependent factors (such as tillage practices, crop rotations, and chemical use) as well as the effect of policy independent covariates (such as weather, topography, and soil attributes) on response variables (such as amount of soil eroded or chemical leached into the groundwater). For comparison purposes, the effects of these input combinations on the response variable would have to be assessed under competing policy scenarios. Because the number of input combinations is high in most problems, and ...


Meeting The "50 Percent" Test For The Fobe, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Meeting The "50 Percent" Test For The Fobe, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Without much doubt, the most complex, convoluted and confusing provision in the family-owned business exclusion (FOBE) is the pre-death requirement that the adjusted value of qualified family-owned business interests (plus pre-death gifts of family-owned business interests within the family) must exceed 50 percent of the decedent’s adjusted gross estate (with various modifications). The calculation involves a fraction with both the numerator and the denominator posing formidable problems of interpretation.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Hedge-To-Arrive Contracts: Two Federal Court Cases, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Hedge-To-Arrive Contracts: Two Federal Court Cases, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Cases filed in recent months involving hedge-to-arrive contracts are continuing to filter out at the trial court level. The cases were filed after a run-up in grain prices in late 1995 and early 1996 boosted the cost of rolling futures contracts forward to later contract months.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Res Ipsa Loquitur For Animals On The Highway?, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Res Ipsa Loquitur For Animals On The Highway?, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

A continuing liability problem since the advent of motorized transportation early in this century for those raising livestock has been who bears responsibility for the damages caused when a vehicle strikes a farm or ranch animal on the highway. The doctrine of negligence is, of course, central to determinations of liability.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Core Conservation Biology Monographs: A Citation Analysis, Chad E. Buckley Oct 1997

Core Conservation Biology Monographs: A Citation Analysis, Chad E. Buckley

Faculty and Staff Publications – Milner Library

Conservation biology is a multidisciplinary subject of recent origins. Analysis of cited monographs from the journal Conservation Biology resulted in a list of 47 monographs which were heavily cited for this discipline. Over half of these were from related disciplines such as ecology, genetics, evolution, population biology, statistics, and natural resource management.