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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 236

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Analysis Of Costs By Size Of Jail For Selected Counties In Iowa, Mark A. Edelman Dr., Adrian J. Mayer Dec 1997

An Analysis Of Costs By Size Of Jail For Selected Counties In Iowa, Mark A. Edelman Dr., Adrian J. Mayer

Economic Staff Paper Series

The authors offer sincere thanks to the sheriffs and chief jail administrators from Adair, Cass, Chickasaw, Floyd, Kossuth, Mahaska, Webster, and Wright counties for their candor, professionalism, experience, and time during the course of this study. The authors also would extend appreciation to county supervisors in Polk, Marshall, Clarke, Franklin, Wright, Boone, and Muscatine counties for providing additional information from recent jail studies.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


More On Fobe, Neil Harl Dec 1997

More On Fobe, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The family-owned business exclusion, enacted as part of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 contained numerous omissions and ambiguities as enacted. A letter from the Joint Committee on Taxation to Sen. Charles E. Grassley of Iowa has provided additional insights into JCT’s view of how the statute should be interpreted.


Index To Volume 8, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1997

Index To Volume 8, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Morality Of Trading And Purchasing Pollution Emissions Rights: Further Comments On The Dec 1997

The Morality Of Trading And Purchasing Pollution Emissions Rights: Further Comments On The

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The December 12, 1997 Issue of IBPP provides an analysis supporting the trading and purchasing of pollution- emissions rights as means to responsibly confront the threat of global warming. The present article maintains this stance in critiquing a December 15, 1997 article in The New York Times by Michael J. Sandel, a professor of government at Harvard University.


Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq, Editor Dec 1997

Trends. International Trade And The Subversion Of Justice: Japan, The European Union, And Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the moral philosophy, the psychology of moral judgment, and treatises on law often suggest that justice subsumes some combination of behavioral and intentional accountability and equity.


Comments On Walzer's "Judgment Days": Public Accountability For The Egregious Behavior Of Dec 1997

Comments On Walzer's "Judgment Days": Public Accountability For The Egregious Behavior Of

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides commentary on Michael Walzer's "Judgment Days". Walzer's article was published in The New Republic, December 15, 1997, pp. 13-14.


Trends. The Kyoto Protocol: Emissions On Trading Or Purchasing Emissions Rights, Editor Dec 1997

Trends. The Kyoto Protocol: Emissions On Trading Or Purchasing Emissions Rights, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In this analysis, the author discusses the Kyoto Protocol.


Fax: The White House Office Of The Press Secretary December 8, 1997, The White House Dec 1997

Fax: The White House Office Of The Press Secretary December 8, 1997, The White House

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Memorandum for the Secretary of State. A fax disseminate the “Presidential determination on waiver and certification of statutory provisions regarding the Palestine Liberation Organization”.


Income Averaging, Neil Harl Dec 1997

Income Averaging, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Although the possibility of a return to income averaging had been discussed for several years, enactment of income averaging for farm income came as a great surprise to many. The provision is not effective until 1998, and remains available for 1999 and the year 2000, and sunsets at the end of 2000 unless extended by legislative action.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Do Guaranteed-Low-Price Policies Guarantee High Prices, And Can Antitrust Rise To The Challenge?, Aaron S. Edlin Nov 1997

Do Guaranteed-Low-Price Policies Guarantee High Prices, And Can Antitrust Rise To The Challenge?, Aaron S. Edlin

Aaron Edlin

Price-matching policies can be highly anticompetitive. They allow firms to raise their prices above competition levels by discriminating in price between informed and uninformed customers. The resulting high prices can persist even when new firms enter the industry, a fact that gives price matching the potential to be much more socially costly than an ordinary monopoly or cartel. At the same time, widespread entry implies that the agreement among sellers that is typical of a Sherman Act price-fixing case may be absent. In this article, Professor Edlin argues that there is nonetheless an analogy between a seller offering (and agreeing ...


Cooperatives And Corporate Farming Laws, Neil Harl Nov 1997

Cooperatives And Corporate Farming Laws, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

In 1982, Nebraska voters approved Proposition 300, Nebraska’s anti-corporate farming law. The Nebraska provision has been criticized for its detailed, complex and not completely consistent approach to limiting corporations. The constitutional measure bars corporations or syndicates from acquiring real estate in the state except for family farm or ranch corporations; nonprofit corporations; Indian tribal corporations; and several other categories of corporate enterprises. The Nebraska Supreme Court has now ruled on whether a nonstock cooperative involved in hog production was exempt from the law as a “non-profit corporation.”


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Nov 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Almost Everybody Disagrees Almost All The Time: The Genericity Of Weakly Merging Nowhere, Ronald I. Miller, Chris William Sanchirico Nov 1997

Almost Everybody Disagrees Almost All The Time: The Genericity Of Weakly Merging Nowhere, Ronald I. Miller, Chris William Sanchirico

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Suppose we randomly pull two agents from a population and ask them to observe an unfolding, infinite sequence of zeros and ones. If each agent starts with a prior belief about the true sequence and updates this belief on revelation of successive observations, what is the chance that the two agents will come to agree on the likelihood that the next draw is a one? In this paper we show that there is no chance. More formally, we show that under a very unrestrictive definition of what it means to draw priors “randomly,” the probability that two priors have any ...


Strange Bedfellows: Abraham Maslow As Defender Of Human Rights Violations, Jiang Zemin As Humanist Nov 1997

Strange Bedfellows: Abraham Maslow As Defender Of Human Rights Violations, Jiang Zemin As Humanist

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes an instance in which humanistic psychological theory supports the rationale for behavior frequently linked with human rights violations.


Meeting The "50 Percent" Test For The Fobe, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Meeting The "50 Percent" Test For The Fobe, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Without much doubt, the most complex, convoluted and confusing provision in the family-owned business exclusion (FOBE) is the pre-death requirement that the adjusted value of qualified family-owned business interests (plus pre-death gifts of family-owned business interests within the family) must exceed 50 percent of the decedent’s adjusted gross estate (with various modifications). The calculation involves a fraction with both the numerator and the denominator posing formidable problems of interpretation.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Inconsistency As Consistency: An Optimal Policy For Human Rights Oct 1997

Inconsistency As Consistency: An Optimal Policy For Human Rights

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article contrasts two common cognitive approaches employed by United States (US) politicians in furthering human rights throughout the world.


Hedge-To-Arrive Contracts: Two Federal Court Cases, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Hedge-To-Arrive Contracts: Two Federal Court Cases, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Cases filed in recent months involving hedge-to-arrive contracts are continuing to filter out at the trial court level. The cases were filed after a run-up in grain prices in late 1995 and early 1996 boosted the cost of rolling futures contracts forward to later contract months.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Res Ipsa Loquitur For Animals On The Highway?, Neil Harl Oct 1997

Res Ipsa Loquitur For Animals On The Highway?, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

A continuing liability problem since the advent of motorized transportation early in this century for those raising livestock has been who bears responsibility for the damages caused when a vehicle strikes a farm or ranch animal on the highway. The doctrine of negligence is, of course, central to determinations of liability.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1997

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


To The Best Of My Recollection: Memory Malingerers And Congressional Testimony Oct 1997

To The Best Of My Recollection: Memory Malingerers And Congressional Testimony

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article (1) describes some common concepts of clinical research on memory malingering and (2) advocates the heuristic value of these concepts for political committees seeking to devise methods that elicit truthful statements from individuals providing testimony.


1997 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library Oct 1997

1997 Scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library

Scholars and Artists Bibliographies

This bibliography was created for the annual Friends of the Michael Schwartz Library Scholars and Artists Reception, recognizing scholarly and creative achievements of Cleveland State University faculty, staff and emeriti


Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 41, Fall Issue, Aug. 1997, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Oct 1997

Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 41, Fall Issue, Aug. 1997, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Resource Law Notes: The Newsletter of the Natural Resources Law Center (1984-2002)

No abstract provided.


Restating Capitalization Standards And Rules: The Case For "Rough Justice" Regulations (Part Two), John W. Lee, Eldridge Blanton, Veena Luthra, Glenn Walberg, Darryl Whitesell Oct 1997

Restating Capitalization Standards And Rules: The Case For "Rough Justice" Regulations (Part Two), John W. Lee, Eldridge Blanton, Veena Luthra, Glenn Walberg, Darryl Whitesell

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Clark Memorandum: Fall 1997, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School Oct 1997

Clark Memorandum: Fall 1997, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School

The Clark Memorandum


Product Liability And Legal Leverage: The Perverse Effect Of Stiff Penalties, Michael S. Knoll Oct 1997

Product Liability And Legal Leverage: The Perverse Effect Of Stiff Penalties, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Class Action Reform, Qui Tam, And The Role Of The Plaintiff, Jill E. Fisch Oct 1997

Class Action Reform, Qui Tam, And The Role Of The Plaintiff, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.