Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1997

Educational Administration and Supervision

CPRE Policy Briefs

Articles 1 - 1 of 1

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Mar 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Policy Briefs

Beginning in the mid-to-late-1980s, state policymakers began to rethink their strategies for influencing curriculum and instruction in public education and adopted a policy strategy known as standards-based, systemic reform.

The rapidity with which the idea of standards-based, systemic reform took hold is remarkable, if not without historical precedent in the strongly networked field of education. Originally incubating quietly in the enclaves of professional subject-matter associations like the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, efforts to set standards and articulate systemic reforms based on them were soon generated by nearly every state in the union (American Federation of Teachers, 1995) and ...