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1997

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Articles 601 - 630 of 630

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy Jan 1997

Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study applied the Transtheoretical model of change to a court ordered/DUI client population to aid counselors in developing a more effective differential treatment model. Clients were individuals convicted of DUI and referred for treatment to one of 4 community mental health centers. at their first meeting, 150 clients completed surveys measuring stage of change (SOC), processes of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance concerning their drinking. Demographic data was also taken. After treatment, number of sessions attended and successful or unsuccessful discharge was recorded.;Results found significantly more men (122) than women (28). There were significantly more men (81 ...


Faculty Instructional Development And Oral Communication In Freshman Seminars At The College Of William And Mary, Tamara Louise Burk Jan 1997

Faculty Instructional Development And Oral Communication In Freshman Seminars At The College Of William And Mary, Tamara Louise Burk

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Anxiety Sensitivity And Panic Among College Students: Cognition, Emotion, And Somatic Symptoms, Carla Lynn Messenger Jan 1997

Anxiety Sensitivity And Panic Among College Students: Cognition, Emotion, And Somatic Symptoms, Carla Lynn Messenger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski Jan 1997

The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-care training on the self-concept, self-care behavior, and metabolic control of diabetic children. The author hoped to obtain information to help improve training programs for children with diabetes.;Forty-nine diabetic children, ages eight to 13, participated in the study as they received basic self-care training from their physicians. Twenty-seven of the children also attended a week long summer day camp where they received additional instruction in diabetes self-care.;The subjects completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Self-Care Questionnaire two times at a four month interval to measure ...


The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble Jan 1997

The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether African-American adolescent high school students who have (or have had) at least one parent incarcerated differed on several variables as compared to African-American adolescent high school students who lived with both parents and those who did not have an incarcerated parent but who lived with only one parent.;John Marshall High School in Richmond, Virginia was the institution studied for this project. John Marshall was chosen for several reasons: the student researcher had access to this population and it was believed that a majority of the students at this institution came ...


Influencing The On-Task And Off-Task Behaviours Of Children Who Have Attention Problems Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Through The Use Of A Token Economy And Self-Management, Renee Ball Jan 1997

Influencing The On-Task And Off-Task Behaviours Of Children Who Have Attention Problems Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Through The Use Of A Token Economy And Self-Management, Renee Ball

Theses : Honours

Attention problems have been identified as a major contributor to below average academic competence in Western Australian students. The present study used an A B C D A' single-subject experimental design to investigate the effects of a token economy, managed first by the researcher, and then by participants, on off-task behaviour. Phase A was a baseline, phase B was a token economy managed by the researcher, phase C was a token economy managed by the participant, phase D was the thinning of the reinforcers (still managed by the participant), and phase A' was a return to baseline. Two participants were ...


The Comparison Of The Academic And Behavioral Characteristics Of Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury And Children With Learning Disabilities, Leah R. Pace Jan 1997

The Comparison Of The Academic And Behavioral Characteristics Of Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury And Children With Learning Disabilities, Leah R. Pace

Masters Theses

This study investigated the differences of academic and behavioral characteristics of children with a suggested history of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and children with learning disabilities (LD). Parents were given a survey which asked about their child's history of any blow or hit to the head. Teachers were also given a survey which included a rating scale for specific academic and behavioral characteristics. Results indicated that the MTBI group was not different from the LD group. However, there was a significant difference between those children who had a blow or hit to the head that resulted in a ...


Sociocultural Factors In The Loss Of One's Mother Tongue: The Case Of Korean Immigrant Children, Cheong Rhie Huh Jan 1997

Sociocultural Factors In The Loss Of One's Mother Tongue: The Case Of Korean Immigrant Children, Cheong Rhie Huh

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Acculturation And College Attendance In Hispanic Students, Alma D. Najera Jan 1997

Acculturation And College Attendance In Hispanic Students, Alma D. Najera

Masters Theses

This study investigated the relationship between acculturation and college attendance of Hispanic high school students. Acculturation is mainly associated with the degree to which one experiences cultural change toward the majority culture. It was theorized that acculturation would have a postive association with college attendance. Acculturation level, socioeconomic status and college attendance were the varibles utilized. The students filled out a questionnaire that was composed of 12 questions and five-self report questions. The Twelve qestions were taken from the Short Acculturation Scale, two questions regarding socioeconomic status were taken from the Hollingshead Scocioecomic Scale, with the remaining questions inquiring about ...


An Analysis Of Parental Involvement At Iep Conferences For Students With Hearing Impairments, Kristina S. Kroeker Parker Jan 1997

An Analysis Of Parental Involvement At Iep Conferences For Students With Hearing Impairments, Kristina S. Kroeker Parker

Masters Theses

Legislation of the 1970's and 80's mandated parental involvement in the development of special education plans for children with disabilities. The literature has indicated that parents are often passive recipients of information (Goldstein, Strickland, Turnbull, & Curry, 1980) even though parent involvement in a child's education has been associated with academic success (Epstein, 1990). An observational analysis of eighteen IEP conferences for children with hearing impairments receiving services through the Eastern Illinois Area Special Education Cooperative was completed. Observers recorded the frequency of verbal participation by the parents, and parents and teachers completed questionnaires addressing satisfaction and perceptions of involvement following the meeting. Relationships among parent variables, levels of verbal participation, parent ratings of satisfaction, and teacher ratings of parent involvement were analyzed using Pearson correlational data. Results indicate that for the population observed, parent satisfaction levels were high regardless of verbal participation levels. The length and size of the meetings as well as the age of the child were associated with parent satisfaction ratings. Parent levels of verbal participation ranged from 31 to 81 percent, and appear to be higher than ratings reported in previous observational studies (Turnbull & Hughes, 1987). Levels of verbal participation were not significantly correlated with measures of parent satisfaction, nor with teacher perceptions of parental involvement. Three main trends were indicated by the results obtained: 1) The number of participants at meetings was associated with the length of the meeting; 2) longer meetings were associated with lower percentages of verbal participation from parents; and 3) reports of active parental preparation prior to the IEP meeting was associated with higher teacher ratings of parental involvement. Limitations of the study include a small sample size, a limited variety of subjects (mostly married white women with high school or higher education levels), and vague parental responses ...


Relations Of Burnout To Elementary School Teachers, Special Education Beliefs, And Referral Expectations, Nichole A. Ledermann Jan 1997

Relations Of Burnout To Elementary School Teachers, Special Education Beliefs, And Referral Expectations, Nichole A. Ledermann

Masters Theses

The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1996), a teacher survey of expectations and preferences concerning case study evaluation referral, and demographic questions were completed by regular education elementary school teachers (n=88) in a midwestern city suburb. Results suggested that symptoms of burnout were not evident among this sample of professionals according to Maslach et al. (1996) criteria. Spearman Rho correlations between the MBI subscales and expectations or preferences to have students referred, tested and placed into special education services were not significant. Significant correlations were replicated among the subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results suggested that ...


Co-Opertition: Competitive Communication Behavior During A Cooperative Task, Daniel M. Hlavac Jan 1997

Co-Opertition: Competitive Communication Behavior During A Cooperative Task, Daniel M. Hlavac

Masters Theses

A combined effort of two classes at separate universities was examined. Each class boasted six groups which were paired with another group at the other university. These teams used computer mediated communication to engage in a cooperative task. The communications between groups were analyzed using conversational analytic techniques to reveal a competitive communication pattern. The results show that a lack of communication can produce competitive behaviors even in situations intended to nurture cooperation. Future concerns should focus on teaching groups to use computer mediated communication (CMC) to its fullest potential by recognizing and accounting for the critical differences between CMC ...


Referral Biases In The Schools, Camela P. Hayes Jan 1997

Referral Biases In The Schools, Camela P. Hayes

Masters Theses

Biases influencing teachers' referral decisions for special education services were examined. Specific biases identified and addressed pertained to students' type of problem behavior, gender and socio-economic status (SES). Subjects included 120 regular elementary school teachers from the western Chicagoland area. A total of 8 vignettes describing a child with varying behavior difficulties, gender and SES, along with 2 questionnaires were utilized. An Analysis of Variance revealed that teachers are less tolerant of students who are disruptive and are more apt to refer them than students with emotional difficulties less overt in their manifestation. The effects of SES on referral decisions ...


Links Between Education And Crime: A Critical Perspective, Dennis A. Forleo Jan 1997

Links Between Education And Crime: A Critical Perspective, Dennis A. Forleo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I will investigate the correlation between educational philosophy, educational attainment, the drop out rate and crime. I suggest that insufficiencies in funding and the current educational philosophy leads to practices that increase the likelihood of dropout, and that dropping out is related to the commission of crime. I understand that there is much more to this topic than I will be addressing here, for example, adult re-education and continuing education, correctional education, and other such types of post-adolescent educational programs. So to cover an area that deals with the greatest number of students, but does not get ...


Social Support, Prior Interracial Experiences, And Network Orientation: Factors Related To Later Adjustment Among Black Freshmen At A Predominantly White University, Calvin Graham Jan 1997

Social Support, Prior Interracial Experiences, And Network Orientation: Factors Related To Later Adjustment Among Black Freshmen At A Predominantly White University, Calvin Graham

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

African-American students (mostly Freshmen) enrolled for the first year at a four-year university completed information about the racial composition of their high school, family income, living arrangements, and stressor prior to entering school. At two times during the first semester they completed measures of social support, network orientation and adaptation to college. Information about Grade Point Average (GPA) for the following term and attendance at the University one year later were also obtained. Racial composition of high school had some affect on social support at the university: Students from integrated and mainly Black high schools reported more social support satisfaction ...


A Behavioural Checklist For The Measurement Of Self-Esteem In The Classroom, Dawn Metcalfe Jan 1997

A Behavioural Checklist For The Measurement Of Self-Esteem In The Classroom, Dawn Metcalfe

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The study sets out to develop a behavioural checklist for the measurement of self-esteem in the classroom. The importance of self-esteem to learning and adjustment to life's situation is well recognised by educational practitioners and theorists. This study examined the concept of self-esteem and the need for an objective instrument to measure the concept in children aged 6 to 12 years. The development of the instrument was in four phases and in every phase the input and feedback of classroom teachers was considered crucial The resulting instrument therefore comprises descriptions which are entirely teacher-generated. At several points in the ...


Combining Adventure Therapy And Reality Therapy As A Treatment Approach With Adolescents, Shawn C. Becker Jan 1997

Combining Adventure Therapy And Reality Therapy As A Treatment Approach With Adolescents, Shawn C. Becker

Graduate Research Papers

Adolescence is often considered a time filled with emotional conflict and stress. That stress often gives rise to psychological and behavioral problems for a large number of adolescents (Zigler & Stevenson, 1993). Teens experience poor self-concepts, decreases in self-esteem, depression, and a general inability to cope with the stress experienced during this time period. It is reported that many youth also lack support and guidance from their peers, families, and schools which would normally provide security in the development of successful personal identities (Clagett, 1992).

Current therapeutic approaches need to address these adolescent issues and needs in order to help individuals ...


A Comprehensive Review Of Treatment Options For Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kristin Vanderah Jan 1997

A Comprehensive Review Of Treatment Options For Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kristin Vanderah

Graduate Research Papers

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a disorder affecting between 3 and 5 percent of school-age children, manifests as a combination of three core skill deficits: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The deficits have been found to present children with many difficulties in both home and school settings. Thus, comprehensive treatment for individuals with ADHD is of paramount importance to their development and their academic and social experiences. The content of this paper is comprised of a review of the recent research that has been published regarding the three major theoretical orientations of ADHD interventions (pharmacological, behavioral, and multimodal treatment). All of ...


Rationale For Using Group Therapy With Couples Affected By Domestic Violence, Joyce C. Fehr Jan 1997

Rationale For Using Group Therapy With Couples Affected By Domestic Violence, Joyce C. Fehr

Graduate Research Papers

This paper defines battering and batterers, highlights some of the treatment interventions already in place for batterers, and provides a rationale for using couples group therapy for those people who choose to remain in a relationship after there has been at least one incidence of domestic violence resulting in the arrest of one of the partners. The paper describes what this type of group format might look like, and takes a look at the criticisms of couples group therapy and the cautions associated with such a group. Finally, this paper summarizes the future direction of domestic violence treatment.


Understanding And Treating Selective Mutism In Children : A Guide For Counselors, Chelsea R. Carter Jan 1997

Understanding And Treating Selective Mutism In Children : A Guide For Counselors, Chelsea R. Carter

Graduate Research Papers

Selective mutism is a clinical disorder in which a child remains silent in chosen situations despite the ability for speech. Though there are cases of selective mutism in adults, the major population in which this disorder is diagnosed is in children. This paper will focus on these children who meet the criteria for a diagnosis of selective mutism.

There are three major theoretical schools of thought regarding selective mutism. The first deals with hostility and control; the second, anxiety and social phobia; and the third, family communication in regard to the onset and maintenance of this disorder. This paper explores ...


Higher Education And National Development Planning In Africa, Andrew Ewoh Dec 1996

Higher Education And National Development Planning In Africa, Andrew Ewoh

Andrew I.E. Ewoh

No abstract provided.


Experiencing Citizenship: Service-Learning In Political Science, William Hudson Dec 1996

Experiencing Citizenship: Service-Learning In Political Science, William Hudson

William E. Hudson

This practical guide is intended for faculty and service-learning directors, combining the how-to information and rigorous intellectual framework that teachers seek. What distinguishes this volume is that the contributors are writing for their peers. They discuss how service-learning can be implemented within political science and what this discipline contributes to the pedagogy of service-learning. The book offers both theoretical background and practical pedagogical chapters which describe the design, implementation, and outcomes of political science service-learning programs, as well as annotated bibliographies, program descriptions and course syllabi.


Law Review Story, Lisa Pruitt Dec 1996

Law Review Story, Lisa Pruitt

Lisa R Pruitt

This essay is the story of the author’s election as editor-in-chief of the Arkansas Law Review and of her tenure in that role. The story implicates a range of legal issues including hate speech, sexual harassment, sex discrimination, defamation, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. It is also the tale of the author’s feminist epiphany and of the law school’s failure to respond to the harassment. It was published in the 50th anniversary issue of the Arkansas Law Review.


The Nature-Nurture Controversy Revisited: Divorce And Gender As Factors In Children's Racial Group Differences, Jeanne Jenkins, John Guidubaldi Dec 1996

The Nature-Nurture Controversy Revisited: Divorce And Gender As Factors In Children's Racial Group Differences, Jeanne Jenkins, John Guidubaldi

Jeanne E. Jenkins

Examines the influence of divorce and gender as factors in racial group differences among elementary age European-American and African-American children. Method of data collection; Comparison of scores between males and females in various categories; Impact of the father figure on male and female child.


Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan Dec 1996

Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan

Scott T. Allison

Two studies explored perceptual biases on how resources are shared among groups of people. Intentional and unintentional processes were uncovered.


Effects Of A Sexual Assault Peer Education Program On Men's Belief In Rape Myths., John D. Foubert, Kenneth A. Marriott Dec 1996

Effects Of A Sexual Assault Peer Education Program On Men's Belief In Rape Myths., John D. Foubert, Kenneth A. Marriott

John D. Foubert

An all-male sexual assault peer education program was shown to lead to a decline in rape myth acceptance for two months among fraternity men.


The University Library And Campus Web Development: A Case Study, Jeffrey A. Franks Dec 1996

The University Library And Campus Web Development: A Case Study, Jeffrey A. Franks

Jeffrey A Franks

Describes a new organizational structure that placed the campus web master and oversight for campus web development under the auspices of the University Libraries at the University of Akron in the late 1990's. Discusses rationale and advantages.


Forming A Reference Service Philosophy, Jeffrey A. Franks Dec 1996

Forming A Reference Service Philosophy, Jeffrey A. Franks

Jeffrey A Franks

Describes a process for discovering a reference department's shared values and their role in shaping the unit's reference service philosophy.


Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan Dec 1996

Intended And Unintended Overconsumption Of Physical, Spacial, And Temporal Resources., Carin Herlocker, Scott Allison, John D. Foubert, James Beggan

John D. Foubert

Two studies explored perceptual biases on how resources are shared among groups of people. Intentional and unintentional processes were uncovered.


Promoting Identity Development: A New Role For Academic Faculty, Scott E. Hall, Susan J. Sears Dec 1996

Promoting Identity Development: A New Role For Academic Faculty, Scott E. Hall, Susan J. Sears

Scott E. Hall, Ph.D., LPCC-S

This study examined the influence of a structured curricular intervention on the personal and social identity development of college students. The authors implemented a pretest/posttest design using the revised version of the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status-2 (EOMEIS-2). Significant posttest results supported faculty’s role in developing students’ capabilities beyond the intellectual domain. Finally, the authors discuss collaboration between academic faculty and student affairs practitioners in contributing toward students’ identity development.