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1997

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa Dec 1997

Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Innovations in education occur in an attempt to bring about improvement in the educational process. But not all innovations tum out to have positive effect on the educational process. Kirk (1988) noted that it is possible to present an innovation that embodies some new idea without it ever bringing about any genuine change in what people think or do. Block-scheduling developed about five ago is one innovation that has attracted attention in recent years and is gaining ground with an increasing number of schools block-scheduling. The schedule has as its aim, a reduced number of periods per day, (usually four ...


Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi Dec 1997

Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated differences in six sport specific personal characteristics as a function of skill level. The characteristics included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation, and leadership. A self-evaluation questionnaire was administered to students in beginning, intermediate, and advanced physical education activity classes at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison test statistics were used to analyze differences for each of the six personal characteristics and a mental toughness composite score across the three groups of performers.

The results revealed significant differences in achievement motivation in ...


An Assessment Of Generalization Across Settings Of A Parenting Strategies Program For Adhd Children, Barbara M. Todd-Nelson Dec 1997

An Assessment Of Generalization Across Settings Of A Parenting Strategies Program For Adhd Children, Barbara M. Todd-Nelson

Dissertations

When collapsed across gender and subject pools, Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects three to five percent of school-aged children (DSMIV, 1994). Intervening upon environmental contingencies for ADHD-diagnosed children is one of the least intrusive forms of treatment and is often very effective (Atkeson & Forehand, 1978; Forehand & King, 1977; Barkley, 1986; Webster-Stratton, 1993). As noted by many researchers (Allen, Tamowski, Simonian, Elliott & Drabman, 1991; Drabman, Hammer, & Rosenbaum,1979; Stokes & Osnes, 1989), it is necessary to assess generalization of treatment effects across the behavior therapy literature. Few have examined generalization from the home setting to the classroom. Since many referrals occur when problem behaviors are exhibited at school (Al-Issa, 1982 ...


Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller Dec 1997

Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller

Dissertations

Skinner (1958) expressed the need for an increase in the effectiveness and efficiency of education. In particular, he suggested that programmed instruction could provide such efficiency. The present study used a within-subject design to compare the effects of four types of instructional materials: those requiring overt construction responses, overt discrimination responses, covert reading of text with highlighted key words, and covert reading of standard text. The material requiring overt responding produced greater learning than did the covert reading materials, with or without highlighting. There was no difference found between the two types of overt responding; nor were there differences between ...


Updating Undergraduate Graphic Design Programs: Recommendations For Including Communications And A History Of Technology In Graphic Design Education In Order To Better Prepare Graphic Design Students For Their Profession, Jacquie Drews Aug 1997

Updating Undergraduate Graphic Design Programs: Recommendations For Including Communications And A History Of Technology In Graphic Design Education In Order To Better Prepare Graphic Design Students For Their Profession, Jacquie Drews

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

The knowledge required for today's graphic design students to become well-rounded communication professionals is changing due to new technologies and new communication media. Revising educational curricula to satisfy these new needs must be addressed in the undergraduate graphic design programs that are currently being offered by art schools, colleges, and universities.

A review of the literature, along with surveys of selected design firms in the Washington, DC area and professors at institutions offering undergraduate graphic design degrees, shows that communications studies and a background in the history of technology are two additional curriculum areas that would help to better ...


Geographic Information Systems In High School Geography Education: A Feasibility Study, C. Sonia Wardley Aug 1997

Geographic Information Systems In High School Geography Education: A Feasibility Study, C. Sonia Wardley

Master's Theses

This research focused on three aspects of the integration of GIS into the high school curriculum. Firstly, the investigation strove to demonstrate how GIS could enrich the high school geography curriculum in Michigan. Secondly, GIS software programs were evaluated for suitability using three techniques, and thirdly, the study area high schools were assessed for their technological capabilities relative to GIS.

The pedagogical and cognitive benefits of using GIS as a tool were established _ from the pertinent literature and the feasibility of incorporating GIS into the curriculum was examined with the reference to the Michigan geography content standards and benchmarks ...


Flying Universities: Educational Movements In Poland 1882-1905 And 1977-1981, A Socio-Historical Analysis, Gregory A. Lukasik Aug 1997

Flying Universities: Educational Movements In Poland 1882-1905 And 1977-1981, A Socio-Historical Analysis, Gregory A. Lukasik

Master's Theses

In Poland in 1977, a group of intellectuals formed an independent educational enterprise under the name "Flying University." Interestingly, the original "Flying University" was organized by a group of radical professors nearly a century earlier, at a time when the Polish state disappeared from the political map of Europe. I was interested in seeing whether the two were the same, as their common name would suggest, or if they differed in any respect. I attempted to answer this question by focusing on the so-called universities' memberships, ideologies, and objectives.

I have followed the method of interpretive historical sociology (Skocpol, 1979 ...


The Impact Of Sex And Gender-Role Orientation On Student Evaluations Of Professor Competence In Counselor Education And Counseling Psychology, Suzanne M. Hobson Aug 1997

The Impact Of Sex And Gender-Role Orientation On Student Evaluations Of Professor Competence In Counselor Education And Counseling Psychology, Suzanne M. Hobson

Dissertations

The focus of this study was on the potential impact of sex and gender-role orientation on one form of evaluation within higher education. Specifically, this study investigated sex and gender-role orientation as they relate to graduate student end-of-course evaluations of professors in the Counselor Education and the Counseling Psychology fields.

Students enrolled in graduate courses in counselor education or counseling psychology at a large university in the Midwest completed the Instructional Development and Effectiveness Assessment (IDEA) end-of-course rating form, a modified version the Bern Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) short form, and a student questionnaire. Professors also participated by completing the IDEA ...


Studio Lighting Styles In Electronic Video Production, Erol Nezih Orhon Jul 1997

Studio Lighting Styles In Electronic Video Production, Erol Nezih Orhon

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Caudill College of Humanities at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts by Erol Nezih Orhon.


Teenage Pregnancy: Correlates Of Sexual Behavior And Overview Of Prevention, Intervention, And Local Programs, Janice Rollins Monteiro Jul 1997

Teenage Pregnancy: Correlates Of Sexual Behavior And Overview Of Prevention, Intervention, And Local Programs, Janice Rollins Monteiro

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

It is doubtful that any woman who has become pregnant and delivered a child did not experience some level of anxiety or frustration. It is also not likely that these women did not have anything else occurring simultaneously in their lives, such as work, social, and family commitments. Pregnancy and the expectancy of bringing a new life into the world inherently carry a certain amount of stress and uncertainty. Finding oneself in this situation has an incredible impact when a young woman has perhaps not even fully developed herself, and is faced with the challenge of raising a child.


The Relationship Between Personality Traits And Transformational Leadership Among North Carolina Elementary Public School Principals, Robert J. Mcgrattan May 1997

The Relationship Between Personality Traits And Transformational Leadership Among North Carolina Elementary Public School Principals, Robert J. Mcgrattan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between personality traits as identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and transformational leadership as measured by The Nature of School Leadership. The subjects were 74 North Carolina public school elementary principals. The principals completed the MBTI. Principals also provided pertinent demographic information. Selected teachers in each school were asked to give their perception of the principal as a transformational leader by completing The Nature of School Leadership. Data were analyzed to look for significant relationships between personality and demographics as they related to transformational leadership. The analysis of demographic information yielded gender as a significant ...


The Relationship Between Social Support And Professional Burnout Among Public Secondary School Teachers In Northeast Tennessee, Jackie C. Walker May 1997

The Relationship Between Social Support And Professional Burnout Among Public Secondary School Teachers In Northeast Tennessee, Jackie C. Walker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Teaching is reported to be a stressful occupation and social support is thought to mediate stress. The purpose of the study was to identify relationships between the level of professional burnout and social support of high school teachers in Northeast Tennessee. In this correlational study, a sample of 228 secondary school teachers in Northeast Tennessee completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Teacher Support Network Inventory (TSNI). Respondents' satisfaction with support and amount of support were ascertained from the TSNI. Data presentation included a demographic description of the sample and a description of teachers' work support, personal support, and recreational ...


Assessment Of Discrepancies Between Residential Employees' Work Values And Program Directors Perceptions Of Residential Employees' Work Values, Trinetia L. Respress May 1997

Assessment Of Discrepancies Between Residential Employees' Work Values And Program Directors Perceptions Of Residential Employees' Work Values, Trinetia L. Respress

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study assessed discrepancies between residential employees' work values and program directors' perceptions of the residential employees' work values. Additionally, work values of residential employees were analyzed to identify variations when considering gender, age, educational level, length of service, job classification, and current position. The study was undertaken to assist in developing a clearer understanding of the work values of residential employees for the purpose of enhancing administrator-associate relationships and to determine factors in the work setting that might contribute to longevity and more productive, satisfied, motivated employees. Data for the study were gathered from 172 program directors and residential ...


Appalachian Regional Healthcare Division Of Home Services: A Case Study, Marcella Ann Howard Brock Apr 1997

Appalachian Regional Healthcare Division Of Home Services: A Case Study, Marcella Ann Howard Brock

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Caudill College of Humanities at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Communications by Marcella Ann Howard Brock on April 22, 1997.


Using The Personalized System Of Instruction (Psi) Model And The Forensic Laboratory To Modify And Improve The Basic Speech Course, Manda Hicks Apr 1997

Using The Personalized System Of Instruction (Psi) Model And The Forensic Laboratory To Modify And Improve The Basic Speech Course, Manda Hicks

Communication Studies Undergraduate Theses

The purpose of this paper is to develop a blueprint for modifying and improving the teaching of basic speech at the college level by applying methodologies used in college forensics coaching. Forensics coaching is too broad to serve as a model. Instead, one specific approach to Forensics coaching will serve as the paradigm for this research: the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) model in the Forensic laboratory. Although both speech communication and competitive college forensics programs have existed side by side for decades, surprisingly little effort has been made to incorporate the successful forensics coaching strategies into the college speech ...


A Systems Approach To Performance Quality: An Application To Higher Education, Tobias Lafleur Apr 1997

A Systems Approach To Performance Quality: An Application To Higher Education, Tobias Lafleur

Dissertations

Graduate-student teaching apprentices (TAs) in the psychology department at a university in Michigan conducted seminars in an advanced undergraduate-level psychology course. All were members of the department’s behavior analysis training system (BATS). BATS was an integrated series of courses and practicum experiences designed to achieve three main goals: recruiting, training, and maintaining the skills of competent behavior analysts. Twenty-five different tasks performed by the TAs were analyzed and measured prior to an intervention aimed at their improvement. Informal observation suggested that failure to complete these tasks reduced BATS’ ability to meet its larger goals. Three well-known systems analysis models ...


The Measurement Of Mood Variation Over Time And Its Relation To Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy In Young Adolescents, William Thomas Pinkston Apr 1997

The Measurement Of Mood Variation Over Time And Its Relation To Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy In Young Adolescents, William Thomas Pinkston

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Variation in mood states over time and the relationship between mood states and career decision making self-efficacy in young adolescents were investigated using the Profile of Mood States (POMS), the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List - Revised (MAACL-R), the Rotter's IE locus of control test, and the Career Planning Confidence Scale (CPCS). These tests were administered twice a week for six weeks. A correlational analysis was performed. The results showed a higher correlation between mood state measures as the subjects' moods varied over time than between either mood measure and locus of control which did not covary with either of ...


Decision Making And The Felony Offender: A Cognitive Approach, Marlene O’Hara Apr 1997

Decision Making And The Felony Offender: A Cognitive Approach, Marlene O’Hara

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the theory of cognitive self-change as it applies to increasing the successful completion rate of felony offenders sentenced to a probation half-way house. Subjects used were young, males who had been convicted of non-violent crimes and who were ordered to complete the Alternative Directors Residential Probation program as part of their probation order.

The group of residents who entered Alternative Directions in October, 1994 was given an intensive ten hour course using cognitive decision making techniques during their first two weeks in residence. The groups of residents entering the ...


A Case Study Of The Perceptions Of Character Education In A Large Urban Community, Suzanne G. Houff Apr 1997

A Case Study Of The Perceptions Of Character Education In A Large Urban Community, Suzanne G. Houff

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This case study seeks to provide insight into the community perception of character education in a large urban area that does not currently implement an explicit program in moral values. The community is established through adolescents in middle school, parents of the adolescents, school counselors and community members. Informants are selected in an attempt to ensure a diverse cross section of the middle school communities.

Perceptions of character education are established through the process of interviews and a card sort involving a total N of 72 stakeholders. Each respondent is asked to provide definitions, synonyms and/or examples of a ...


Identity Development And Student Involvement Of African-American Undergraduate Students At Historically White Colleges And Universities In Southern Appalachia, Rosemary G. Bundy Jan 1997

Identity Development And Student Involvement Of African-American Undergraduate Students At Historically White Colleges And Universities In Southern Appalachia, Rosemary G. Bundy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study of African American undergraduates at Emory & Henry College, Tusculum College, Western Carolina University, East Tennessee State University, Appalachian State University, and University of North Carolina at Asheville was conducted to determine students' stages of identity development, level of involvement in campus activities, and demographic characteristics within historically White Southern Appalachian colleges and universities, both public and independent. Three research questions were answered by analyzing 21 null hypotheses using the t-test and the chi square test. Hypotheses were tested at the.05 level of significance. Data collected in this study revealed that the students' perceptions of identity development and ...


An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson Jan 1997

An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Folger and Puck (1976) request-centered relational communication coding system was used to examine the relationship between measures of consultant and consultee control in behavioral consultation and (a) consultee satisfaction; (b) client behavior change; (c) perceived treatment integrity; and (d) perceptions of client behavior change. School psychologists from across Iowa served as consultants to one consultee each across three problem-solving interviews. The Problem Identification Interview was audiotaped and request-response transactions were coded. Requests were coded as either: dominant, dominant-affiliative, or submissive and served as measures of consultant and consultee control. Measures of consultant and consultee control and the outcome measures ...


Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns Jan 1997

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using periodicals, catalogs, extant garments, postcards, patents, photographs, and newspapers, I traced the origin and development of women's functional swimwear from the bloomer costume of the 1850s to the "tank suit" of the 1920s. To gain insight into exogenous or external forces that may influence the fashion process, I considered urban lifestyle, education and status of women, leisure activities, swimming facilities, renowned swimmers, the Olympics, knit technology, water travel, drownings, life preservers, and public baths;Initial findings supported the thesis that women's bathing garments followed the dominant outerwear silhouette of the era. Visual data indicated women generally adopted ...


Writing Instruction In Western Canadian Universities: A History Of Nation-Building And Professionalism , Kevin Alfred Brooks Jan 1997

Writing Instruction In Western Canadian Universities: A History Of Nation-Building And Professionalism , Kevin Alfred Brooks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Writing instruction in western Canadian universities between 1908 and 1957 was seen as a necessary technology of nation-building and the proper jurisdiction of English departments. After 1957, specialization in western Canadian universities enabled English departments to claim literature as the proper disciplinary object of their field and exclude writing instruction from their jurisdiction. Only recently has writing instruction returned to western Canadian university curriculums, but not in any systematic fashion;This study challenges the standard account of writing instruction in Canada: that the traditional first-year literature and composition class favored literature at the expense or even exclusion of composition. This ...


Classnet: A Potential Computer-Mediated Communications Learning Tool In Preservice Teacher Education? , Mark Jay Van Gorp Jan 1997

Classnet: A Potential Computer-Mediated Communications Learning Tool In Preservice Teacher Education? , Mark Jay Van Gorp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates computer-mediated communications (CMC) in preservice teacher education. Three papers respectively examine current CMC uses and outcomes, describe a new CMC tool which may enhance future use, and present an evaluation of that tool with preservice teachers;The first paper reviews the utilization of CMC in the preservice curriculum and then analyzes occurring problems and assesses resulting needs. The problems are divided into two broad categories: Those that may dissipate with improvement of existing CMC technology and those that may persist even with improved technology. A study of these problems reveals that learning from CMC integration must be ...


Cooperative Learning With Interactive Multimedia: The Effect Of Gender And Group Composition On Attitude And Interaction , Jane Mason Adamson Jan 1997

Cooperative Learning With Interactive Multimedia: The Effect Of Gender And Group Composition On Attitude And Interaction , Jane Mason Adamson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of gender and group gender composition on interaction patterns and attitudes toward their cooperative learning experience of seventh- and eighth-grade students working with the multimedia program Loess Hills Interactive. One hundred twenty-seven middle school science students (60 males, 67 females) from two schools in Iowa participated in the month-long study. Students were randomly assigned to cooperative learning groups of 3, 4, and 5 with the following gender compositions: (1) same-gender, (2) mostly-male, (3) mostly-female, and (4) equal-gender. Trained raters coded and tallied interaction frequencies for each student from videotapes, using a Peer Interaction Scale developed ...


Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali Jan 1997

Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology is one of the most dominant factors impinging on our lives. Of critical importance is that some citizens have specific knowledge of how to solve selected problems and make intelligent and informed decisions about technology. The purpose of this study was to determine if university students' perspectives of their technological problem-solving skills improve as they progress through their degree programs. The study was designed to look at selected student criteria to determine the results;A Perceived Technological Problem Solving Ability Instrument (PTPSAI) was developed to address the following research questions: (1) Is there a significant difference in the perceptions ...


The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh Jan 1997

The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The underlying premise of this research is that American educational and economic systems are intricately tied and educational opportunities correlate with economic participation. This dissertation consists of three research papers that focus on the unequal opportunities historically afforded Black Americans and those of low socio-economic status. The first paper, "Economics and Education: Kindred Inequalities in Kindred Systems," examines the research literature concerning the connection between education and economic factors such as land, labor and capital. Particular attention is paid to the effects of racial and class discrimination upon the allocation and distribution of these factors. There is an extensive examination ...


Learning Styles And Attitude Toward Hypermedia , Charles Andrews Schlosser Jan 1997

Learning Styles And Attitude Toward Hypermedia , Charles Andrews Schlosser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined learning style and attitude toward hypermedia among sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students working with the hypermedia program Loess Hills Interactive. Three hundred fifteen science students from four Iowa middle schools participated in the month-long study. Students worked in groups of four with five gender compositions; all male, all female, mostly male, mostly female, and equal. The Murphy-Meisgeier Type Indicator for Children (MMTIC) was used to identify four learning styles: extraverted sensor, extraverted intuitive, introverted sensor, and introverted intuitive. The Attitude Toward Hypermedia Index (ATHI), developed by the author, was used to measure students' attitudes toward hypermedia ...


Attitudes And Motivation Of Second Language Learners In Kuwait, Basma E. Alshaar Jan 1997

Attitudes And Motivation Of Second Language Learners In Kuwait, Basma E. Alshaar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined attitudes and motivation of second language learners in Kuwait. A self-report questionnaire was adapted from Gardner's (1985) Attitude and Motivation Test Battery and translated into Arabic, the participants' first language. Several methods were used in dealing with the data collected: descriptive statistics, correlation, and t-test. Scores on each measure were used as separate variables to examine the relationship between any two variables (nine hypotheses). The findings were consistent with those of the other researchers': there are significant correlations between affective variables (attitudes and motivation) and learning a second language. Also, a significant level of English class ...


Acculturation And College Attendance In Hispanic Students, Alma D. Najera Jan 1997

Acculturation And College Attendance In Hispanic Students, Alma D. Najera

Masters Theses

This study investigated the relationship between acculturation and college attendance of Hispanic high school students. Acculturation is mainly associated with the degree to which one experiences cultural change toward the majority culture. It was theorized that acculturation would have a postive association with college attendance. Acculturation level, socioeconomic status and college attendance were the varibles utilized. The students filled out a questionnaire that was composed of 12 questions and five-self report questions. The Twelve qestions were taken from the Short Acculturation Scale, two questions regarding socioeconomic status were taken from the Hollingshead Scocioecomic Scale, with the remaining questions inquiring about ...