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1992

Public Policy

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Articles 1 - 30 of 127

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

For The Mwd, It Isn't Easy Being Green : Water: Has The Scourge Of Environmentalists And Northern Californians Changed Its Ways? Consider Its New Chairman., Robert Gottlieb Dec 1992

For The Mwd, It Isn't Easy Being Green : Water: Has The Scourge Of Environmentalists And Northern Californians Changed Its Ways? Consider Its New Chairman., Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Shifting Roles Of Business And Government In The World Economy, Murray L. Weidenbaum Dec 1992

The Shifting Roles Of Business And Government In The World Economy, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

With the changing global marketplace, business firms, governments, and the consumer need to be able to understand and adapt to changing economic and technological trends in order to benefit.


Ideology. Public Policy And Homeless Families, Padmini Gulati Dec 1992

Ideology. Public Policy And Homeless Families, Padmini Gulati

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper was originally presented at the session of Ad hoc Committee on Housing and the Built Environment of the World Congress of Sociology held in Madrid. July 1990.


A Preview Of Clintonomics, Murray L. Weidenbaum Nov 1992

A Preview Of Clintonomics, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

This paper is an assessment of the key economic and business actions that the Clinton Administration will focus on.


Ddasaccident294, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Oct 1992

Ddasaccident294, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

A TCN (Third Country National) worker decided to fire an “ARMBURST” AT Rocket. It fired and hit another TCN who was watching from a few metres away. He was struck in the chest and killed.


Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 26, Fall Issue, Sept. 1992, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Oct 1992

Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 26, Fall Issue, Sept. 1992, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Resource Law Notes: The Newsletter of the Natural Resources Law Center (1984-2002)

No abstract provided.


The Older Population In Massachusetts, 1980-1990, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston Oct 1992

The Older Population In Massachusetts, 1980-1990, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Gerontology Institute Publications

Massachusetts and the nation are aging! People 65 and older are growing in numbers more rapidly than other younger segments of the population, and the unprecedented growth of this group has created new demands on and new opportunities for every major sector of American life. But if we are to make constructive plans for an aging society, we must have sound information on the major changes in the make-up of the population.

This report shows how the older populations in Massachusetts and in the United States have changed in the decade between 1980 and 1990. It is designed to serve ...


New York Revisited, Shaun O'Connell Sep 1992

New York Revisited, Shaun O'Connell

New England Journal of Public Policy

The works discussed in this article include: City of the World: New York and Its People, by Bernie Bookbinder; New York, New York, by Oliver E. Allen; New York Intellect: A History of Intellectual Life in New York City, from 1750 to the Beginnings of Our Own Time, by Thomas Bender; The Heart of the World, by Nik Cohn; The Art of the City: Views and Versions of New York, by Peter Conrad; After Henry, by Joan Didion; Literary New York: A History and Guide, by Susan Edmiston and Linda D. Cirino; Our New York: A Personal Vision in Words ...


Latinos In Massachusetts: Growth And Geographical Distribution, Ralph Rivera Sep 1992

Latinos In Massachusetts: Growth And Geographical Distribution, Ralph Rivera

New England Journal of Public Policy

Massachusetts has undergone radical changes in its racial/ethnic composition in the last ten years. The Latino population, owing to its extraordinary growth rate during the last two decades, is the largest racial/ethnic minority group in the state. Yet relatively little is known about this population because of the "information gap." Based on 1990 census data, this article focuses on the growth and geographical distribution of Latinos in Massachusetts. It considers the undercount of Latinos, the growth of Latinos in the commonwealth from a national perspective, and assesses the increase of Latinos in the New England states. It explores ...


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Sep 1992

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

Four years ago, in the 1988 Summer/Fall issue of the New England Journal of Public Policy, we wrote,

"[The two] presidential candidates, Michael Dukakis and George Bush, [proved] themselves extraordinarily adept time and again at not addressing any of the excruciatingly difficult choices a new administration will have to make. But the realities the new president will face cannot be indefinitely obscured. The prosperity we enjoy, the unparalleled splurge in consumption during the 1980s, has been fueled by borrowing against the future. Although this observation is not especially new — and repetition has robbed it of urgency — what we have ...


The Legacies Of Deindustrialization And The Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, Douglas M. Reynolds Sep 1992

The Legacies Of Deindustrialization And The Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, Douglas M. Reynolds

New England Journal of Public Policy

Creation of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor and release of a master plan for cultural and physical resource development is creating a new standard for private, local, state, and federal partnerships. Actions by the Corridor's partners are shaped by both past and contemporary economic development issues. Using tools of humanistic inquiry — history, economics, preservation, sociology, political science — for social and economic purposes signifies far-reaching shifts and possibilities for public planning and policy philosophies in both public and private agencies.


The Cost Of Home Ownership In Vermont, 1975-1990, Arthur G. Woolf Sep 1992

The Cost Of Home Ownership In Vermont, 1975-1990, Arthur G. Woolf

New England Journal of Public Policy

Housing prices in Vermont, like those in the other New England states, shot up dramatically during the economic boom of the 1980s. This article investigates the causes of that price increase and focuses on the cost of home ownership in Vermont in the years 1975 to 1990. Cost of home ownership is defined as the percentage of family income needed to finance an average-price home. Although prices skyrocketed during the 1980s, the actual cost of home ownership as a percentage of income was about 15 percent greater in 1990 than it was during the mid-1970s. Housing price increases are expected ...


Strengthening Israel's Economy, Murray L. Weidenbaum Sep 1992

Strengthening Israel's Economy, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

The Israeli economy is very socialized and heavily regulated. Because of this, it suffers from slow growth and high inflation. To change this, Israel needs to become much more privatized.


Responding To Foreign Competition: Overcoming Government Barriers, Murray L. Weidenbaum, Harvey S. James Jr Sep 1992

Responding To Foreign Competition: Overcoming Government Barriers, Murray L. Weidenbaum, Harvey S. James Jr

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

For a variety of reasons, governments erect barriers to international trade. In order to survive in the global marketplace, companies, therefore, need to overcome these barriers, whether by exporting, acquiring other firms, or entering strategic alliances with other businesses.


Answering The Arguments Against The Consumption Tax, Murray L. Weidenbaum Sep 1992

Answering The Arguments Against The Consumption Tax, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

By shifting U.S. taxation from income to consumption, more revenue would be generated for the U.S. Treasury. This would also enable the American people to enjoy a higher living standard.


Pharmaceutical Regulation And Productivity Challenges, Murray L. Weidenbaum Sep 1992

Pharmaceutical Regulation And Productivity Challenges, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

With the costs of pharmaceuticals increasing, steps need to be taken to modernize the approach process in order to reduce the cost of developing new medicines and increase the availability of new and better pharmaceuticals.


Review Of Contemporary Federal Policy Toward American Indians By Emma R. Gross, Beth R. Ritter Aug 1992

Review Of Contemporary Federal Policy Toward American Indians By Emma R. Gross, Beth R. Ritter

Sociology and Anthropology Faculty Publications

This book is a public policy study detailing the various factors which culminated in pro-Indian federal policy and legislation during the 1970s. The author's primary thesis is to suggest the 1970s represented a marked departure from previous federal Indian policy and legislation in that Native Americans themselves were well-represented in the democratic process impacting favorable federal decision-making.


Analyzing Performance Skewness In Public Agencies: The Case Of Urban Mass Transit, Herman L. Boschken Jul 1992

Analyzing Performance Skewness In Public Agencies: The Case Of Urban Mass Transit, Herman L. Boschken

Herman L. Boschken

Previous studies of public organizational performance have focused mostly on operating efficiency, without dealing with the complex accountability problems associated with plural public interests. The fact that an agency exhibits multiple and often paradoxical performances has not been of comparable concern. This failure to account for performance in a multiple-constituencies context has led to a narrow view of how well agencies do. To broaden the research on agency performance, a multiple-constituencies model is introduced and tested for statistically significant variances. The findings confirm the model's robustness in structuring a dependent variable for empirical research on why agencies perform toward ...


The Case For Taxing Consumption, Murray L. Weidenbaum Jul 1992

The Case For Taxing Consumption, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

This piece points out the benefits of taxing consumption instead of income.


Ddasaccident293, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database May 1992

Ddasaccident293, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

During loading, it is believed that a 120mm PEPA mortar was dropped and detonated. The resulting explosion spread to similar items already loaded and a massive explosion killed four of the loaders nearest to the truck and the ex-pat supervisor. The supervisor may have been walking away from the truck or been in its cab at the time. He was killed when a small fragment hit him in the back of the head and penetrated his brain. He died at the scene.


Yale Political Monthly 1992 May, The Politic, Inc. May 1992

Yale Political Monthly 1992 May, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Defense Industrial Base For The 1990s, Murray L. Weidenbaum May 1992

The Defense Industrial Base For The 1990s, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

Although the bottom is not about to fall out of the military market, a tough period of belt tightening has begun. The severity of these adjustments will vary based on the size and relationship of businesses to the defense industry. Ultimately, the military procurement process must be reformed. First, by streamlining the rules. Second, by upgrading the caliber of the people involved in the process. And finally, by changing the incentive structure facing the people who produce the equipment.


Earth Summit, Global Warming, And The Citizen: Economics, Science And Emotion, Murray L. Weidenbaum May 1992

Earth Summit, Global Warming, And The Citizen: Economics, Science And Emotion, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

A barrage of news stories, editorials, and even business advertisements is proclaiming that this is our last chance to save the planet. Examining the evidence for global warming, this paper finds a lack of convincing data to allow any conclusive analysis. Regarding the Earth Summit, it outlines six reasons why the conference is unlikely to achieve its stated goals.


Ddasaccident292, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database Apr 1992

Ddasaccident292, Humanitarian Demining Accident And Incident Database

Global CWD Repository

To save time, breach lanes were reduced in width to 50cms. A Ghurkha deminer, walking in the ‘reduced width” lane activated a PMN (either a Chinese Type 58 copy of the PMN or an Iraqi copy). It seems that the TNT in the mine had cracked up causing a partial detonation.


Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 25, Spring Issue, Apr. 1992, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Apr 1992

Resource Law Notes Newsletter, No. 25, Spring Issue, Apr. 1992, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Resource Law Notes: The Newsletter of the Natural Resources Law Center (1984-2002)

No abstract provided.


The Case For Taxing Consumption, Murray L. Weidenbaum Apr 1992

The Case For Taxing Consumption, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

The governments of most industrialized nations, especially in the European Community, use consumption taxes far more than the United States. Yet a low-saving, slow-growing economy such as the United States would benefit greatly from shifting the national revenue system from taxing income to taxing consumption. That change would provide a powerful incentive to increase the nation's saving and investment and, therefore, economic growth and living standards. This report examines the pros and cons of consumption taxation and also analyzes the major policy alternatives to structuring a new tax of that type.


Streets Are For Nobody: Caroline, Melissa Shook Mar 1992

Streets Are For Nobody: Caroline, Melissa Shook

New England Journal of Public Policy

From an interview by Melissa Shook, July 7, 1988, Boston. Reprinted, with permission, from "Streets Are for Nobody: Homeless Women Speak," Boston Center for the Arts, 1991.


Victimization And Homelessness: Cause And Effect, Pamela J. Fischer Mar 1992

Victimization And Homelessness: Cause And Effect, Pamela J. Fischer

New England Journal of Public Policy

The literature on the contemporary homeless population is reviewed to examine the association of victimization with homelessness. Although few studies have specifically focused on victimization, findings derived from studies investigating pathways to homelessness, prevalence of health, mental health, and substance-use disorders, and demographic profiles and life histories suggest that victimization both causes homelessness and is an outcome of losing housing. Causal sequences ending in homelessness most frequently involve domestic violence, which mainly affects women, although other types of abuse may extrude individuals from their established housing. Once they become homeless, the risk of violence escalates for people living on the ...


Classification And Its Risks: How Psychiatric Status Contributes To Homelessness Policy, Anne M. Lovell Mar 1992

Classification And Its Risks: How Psychiatric Status Contributes To Homelessness Policy, Anne M. Lovell

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article examines the extent to which psychiatric classification in public policy research contributes to the equation of homelessness and mental illness. Surveys that measure psychiatric status of homeless persons are reviewed to understand whether they contribute to biased rates of mental illness among homeless persons. The relationship between psychiatric classification and the concept of need is examined and alternatives to current classification are proposed. Classification is discussed particularly in relation to policies of segmentation for "single" homeless adults.


The Kindred Bonds Of Mentally Ill Homeless Persons, Richard C. Tessler, Gail M. Gamache, Peter H. Rossi, Anthony F. Lehman, Howard H. Goldman Mar 1992

The Kindred Bonds Of Mentally Ill Homeless Persons, Richard C. Tessler, Gail M. Gamache, Peter H. Rossi, Anthony F. Lehman, Howard H. Goldman

New England Journal of Public Policy

While the unraveling of the kinship bond has long been suspected to play a role in the epidemiology of homelessness, the connection between kinship and homelessness has been little studied. Based on a normative analysis of the role of family structure in response to adversity, this article explores the impact of the amount and quality of kinship ties on episodes of homelessness experienced by discharged psychiatric patients in Ohio. Survey data derived from personal interviews with both former patients and their kin indicate more strain in relations with kin of the homeless than the nonhomeless. The strain in the kinship ...