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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Correlation Study Between The Shipley-Hartford Test Of Mental Maturity And The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Richard Roy Speechly May 1973

A Correlation Study Between The Shipley-Hartford Test Of Mental Maturity And The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Richard Roy Speechly

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) has been v recognized as a helpful tool to the psychologist in identifying abnormal characteristics (Leverenz, 1956; Modlin, 1956; Hathaway and Mckinley, 1967; Hock, 1970). Likewise the Shipley-Institute of Living Scale for Measuring Intellectual Impairment (S-H) has also been recognized as a helpful tool in identifying emotional impairment (Pollack, 1942; Halstead, 1943; Fleming, 1943; Wright, 1946; Garfield and Fey, 1948; Lewinsohn, 1963) . Despite the research which suggests both tests are capable of helpful diagnosis in the general area of psychological impairment (Welch, 1956; Lewinsohn, 1963), little if any work has been done examining the ...


The Effects Of Direction Of Grouping, Type Of Stimuli, And Class Level On Cognitive Equivalence Transformations, Christopher A. Joseph May 1973

The Effects Of Direction Of Grouping, Type Of Stimuli, And Class Level On Cognitive Equivalence Transformations, Christopher A. Joseph

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this investigation was to study the structure, attributes , and supplemental aspects of equivalence classifying of words and pictures made by sixth graders, freshmen college students and junior and senior college students . A particular point of interest was whether or not increasing or decreasing the size of the groups results in different types of equivalence classifying. Other minor goals were to determine the effects of direction of grouping, type of stimuli, and class level on unique reasons produced and recall of stimuli.

The results of the study support the thesis that there is a cognitive developmental progression ...


Freshman Orientation And Career Articulation With A Rational Value Decision-Making Model, Bud W. Stephenson May 1973

Freshman Orientation And Career Articulation With A Rational Value Decision-Making Model, Bud W. Stephenson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Problem

The purpose of this study was to identify, implement, and evaluate a program of counseling intervention which could be described as preventative or developmental as opposed to remedial. An important consideration was the possibility of intervening with the student, the student's primary or associational groups, or the institutional groups that influence his behavior. A program of freshman orientation and career articulation was identified through institutional research, a review of literature, and the work of a student steering committee.

Method

An experimental population of 100 and a control population of 100 were selected from the 1971-72 entering freshman class ...


Group Treatment Of Insomnia In Psychiatric Patients Through Relaxation Training, Richard Robert Weber May 1973

Group Treatment Of Insomnia In Psychiatric Patients Through Relaxation Training, Richard Robert Weber

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The present study investigated the effects of progressive relaxation training using an abridged form of Jacobson's (1938) relaxation exercises on the mean number of nocturnal sleep disturbances in a group of psychiatric inpatients. Nocturnal time-sampling observations were made during a 14 day base line to select Ss who averaged 1.5 sleep disturbances per night. Six women, ranging in age from 23 to 56 years, were classified as problem sleepers and were moved to a common bedroom, where a second 16 day base line was taken to control for changes in the nocturnal environment. After a brief introduction and ...


The Fixed-Interval Presentation Of A Small Fixed Ratio, Larry Allen Alferink May 1973

The Fixed-Interval Presentation Of A Small Fixed Ratio, Larry Allen Alferink

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In mixed fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcement is delivered according to two or more fixed-ratio components, which may be programmed in simple alternation or according to a random sequence. If the components simply alternate, the behavior is similar to that obtained in a multiple schedule. Pauses are long before long fixed ratios and short before short fixed ratios. If a random sequence is used, responding is characterized by short pauses after reinforcement independent of the size of the ratio and primes occur at the beginning of many of the fixed ratios. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possibility ...


The Supply Of Public School Teachers In The United States: A Study In Human Capital Theory, Andrew W. Bacdayan May 1973

The Supply Of Public School Teachers In The United States: A Study In Human Capital Theory, Andrew W. Bacdayan

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study uses the principles of human capital theory to develop and test a theory of a supply of a class of educated manpower services with special reference to school teachers.

In the theory formulation, the determinants of the existing stock of teacher education capital are first identified. These are : (a) the price per man-year of teaching service, WTS, (b) the rate of interest, r, (c) the price of the human capital already embodied in the individual working for a college degree in teacher education, WCS, and (d) private costs of education such as foregone earnings and tuition fees, FERTN ...


The Effects Of Degree Of Sexual Homogeneity In Groups Of Preschool Children On Task Performance, Ann K. Reardon May 1973

The Effects Of Degree Of Sexual Homogeneity In Groups Of Preschool Children On Task Performance, Ann K. Reardon

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The effects of degree of sexual homogeneity, in groups of preschool children, on performance of a task were studied. Twenty four-year-old male children from the Utah State Child Development Laboratories served as subjects. Each subject performed the task of placing pegs in a pegboard during a sixty-second time interval; once in a group of opposite-sex peers; once in a group of same-sex peers; and once on a one-to-one basis with the author.

The findings seemed to indicate that preschool children's rate of task performance is not influenced by the presence or absence of peers of the same-and opposite - sex ...


Role Adaptation Of Foster Mothers To Indian Placement Students, John Emmett Valberg May 1973

Role Adaptation Of Foster Mothers To Indian Placement Students, John Emmett Valberg

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The three main objectives in this study were: (J.) to describ-o the foster mother's expressed r easons for taking a placement student, (2 ) to describe the problems and stresses associated with b eing an Indian placement foster mother, and (3) to describe the satisfactions and benefits of being a foster mother on the Indian Placement Program.

The sample for this study consisted of 44 foster mothers in Cache and Box Elder Counties who had had the same placement student for three or more consecutive years. The instrument utilized was a semi - structured interview with the foster mother.

Expressed reasons ...


Concept Development Among Kindergarten Children, Craig Boswell May 1973

Concept Development Among Kindergarten Children, Craig Boswell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined the basic developmental concepts , space, quantity, time, miscellaneous, as they related to family size, sex, and rural-urban environment among kindergarten children. The Boehm Test of Basic Concepts was individually administered to 53 students from two kindergarten classes--one from Ogden City School District and one from Cache County School District. The findings indicated that family size, sex of the child, or urban-rural environment produced no significant differences in concept development among kindergarten children.


Gains In Reading Performances By Urban Job Corpsmen, Jess F. Yeasey May 1973

Gains In Reading Performances By Urban Job Corpsmen, Jess F. Yeasey

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The problem to be investigated in this study was to examine the association between the educational training program of an Urban Job Corps Center and the reading performances of trainees from disadvantaged backgrounds.

A sample of 100 trainees was randomly selected to represent the total population of Job Corpsmen in an urban center. The Job Corps Center in Clearfield, Utah, was the initial site in this study. The sample selected from the Job Corps was from four racial-ethnic groups: Blacks, Puerto Ricans, Whites, and Mexican-Americans. Each trainee was given a reading test upon arrival and another test six months after ...


The Home Manager's Education Level As Related To Perception Of Locus Of Control, Joyce Marie Lundell May 1973

The Home Manager's Education Level As Related To Perception Of Locus Of Control, Joyce Marie Lundell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The relationship of level of education to degree of "internality" in home managers was investigated. Level of education was defined as the number of years of formal education completed. The degree of "internality" was defined as a score on Rotter's I-E Scale.

The instruments used were a background questionnaire and Rotter's I-D Scale.

The background questionnaire and the I-E Scale were administered to 163 home managers from Ogden, Utah, who were members of selected women's church affiliated organizations.

Two hypotheses were formulated and tested,

1. Higher level of formal education will be correlated with lower I-E Scale ...


The Child's Perceptual Awareness Of His Own Segmented Facial Parts, Gregory Carl Trevers May 1973

The Child's Perceptual Awareness Of His Own Segmented Facial Parts, Gregory Carl Trevers

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the developmental abilities of young middle-class, caucasian children to perceptually discriminate their own segmented facial parts. The Segmented Facial Parts Test, which utilized a black and white, 8 inch by 10 inch photograph, was developed by the investigator as a part of the study. it was designed to explore degrees of developmental variance on facial awareness tasks. The SFPT was incorporated as the testing instrument.

Children ages 8 1/2, 6 1/2 and 4 1/2 years were examined on nine facial segment tasks. Sociological, psychological and psychiatric theories were employed ...


The Influence Of Social Class On Children's Perceptions Of Parents, Ronald L. Mullis May 1973

The Influence Of Social Class On Children's Perceptions Of Parents, Ronald L. Mullis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis was to examine children's perceptions of parens as these are related to the child's social class background.

Four pictures from the Tasks of Emotional Development Test were administered individually to a sample of 60 fourth grade children from two Ogden, Utah, Public schools, These picture tasks were intended to encourage subjects to project their perceptions toward parents specific to the pictorial situation.

The findings of this study seemed to indicate a tendency toward differences between middle and lower class children in their perceptions of parents. Middle class children were shown to obtain higher ...


The Unwed Father As Perceived By Himself, Daryl E. Ellis May 1973

The Unwed Father As Perceived By Himself, Daryl E. Ellis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to reveal the self perception of unwed fathers . Ten men participated in the project; nine of them IDre 25 years of age or younger. To measure self perception an instrument was constructed in the form of a questionnaire . Each um18d father was then interviewed to discover his perceptions, particularly as they relate to their common plight of unwed fatherhood.

The men perceived themselves as normal young Americans , and felt their conduct and intentions were in compliance ,nth peer expectations . Some of the subjects responded to the interview ,nth descriptive and detailed accounts while others were either ...


Number Concept Development In Young Children, Karen Lee Clark May 1973

Number Concept Development In Young Children, Karen Lee Clark

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The effect of tutorial instruction was studied as it influences number concept development in preschool children. The research was conducted in the Logan and Providence areas of Cache County, Utah, with 24 non-preschool four-year-old children. Twelve of the children were given tutorial experience through the use of children's flannel board stories written by the author. The stories were developed to t each the number concepts of not first or last, second, third, pair, and Medium sized.

It was found that the 12 children who received tutorial experiences significantly increased in score on the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts from ...


Timber Harvesting And Regional Income Distribution, Archie Allen Dyer May 1973

Timber Harvesting And Regional Income Distribution, Archie Allen Dyer

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Numerous attempts to explain the decision making framework of public agencies with multiple goals have been published in recent years. The central problem of the multiple goal decision process of public agencies is the problem of unvalued benefits stemming from projects which the agency could potentially implement.

Regardless of the complexity of the problem, the fact remains that choices must be made between projects. As a result, several alternative procedures for analyzing the issue have been suggested. These may be subdivided into three more or less different approaches: (1) estimation of value indexes or weights for the arguments of the ...


Evaluation Of The Impact Of Federal Participation On The Distribution Of Economic Activity And Population In The State Of Utah, Nureddin A. Taqieddin May 1973

Evaluation Of The Impact Of Federal Participation On The Distribution Of Economic Activity And Population In The State Of Utah, Nureddin A. Taqieddin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since World War I, the federal government of the U.S. has played an increasingly important role in social and economic functions of the American society. Whether by direct employment or through indirect payments to private and public parties, federal programs have an unquestionable impact on the distribution of economic activity among various regions of the U.S. This impact varies directly with the relative magnitude of federal participation in total economic activity of any region.

In certain areas, federal employment reflects the greatest portion of total federal activity. Where this is true, the impact of federal employment on the ...


Mothers' Attitudes Toward The Behavior Of The Young Child, Rosemary Maughan Lundquist May 1973

Mothers' Attitudes Toward The Behavior Of The Young Child, Rosemary Maughan Lundquist

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if the mothers' feelings of self-esteem influence her attitudes toward child behavior.

Two groups were studied: One group of mothers who were receiving psychotherapy, and one group who were not.

Data for this study were collected by individually interviewing twenty-five mothers who were receiving psychotherapy and twenty-five mothers who were not. The mothers were presented a standardized questionnaire with thirty-five items. The mothers' responses were evaluated and the two groups were compared.

The findings of this study indicate that the mothers' feelings of self-esteem do influence her attitudes toward child behavior and ...


Factors Associated With Marital Adjustment Of Young Mormon Married College Students, Ronald Shill Jones May 1973

Factors Associated With Marital Adjustment Of Young Mormon Married College Students, Ronald Shill Jones

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study compared the marital adjustment scores of young college student Mormon temple and nontemple couples. Marital adjustment scores of temple couples were significantly higher than they were for nontemple couples. Responses of 20 temple and 20 nontemple couples were analyzed controlling for age, length of marriage, income, number of children, and education. The mean marital adjustment scores did not vary significantly when each control variable was analyzed in terms of its effect on marital adjustment for temple and nontemple couples. Nontemple husbands and wives were affected differently by the various control variables.

Male and female nontemple marital adjustment scores ...


Reproduction, Survival And Density Of Snowshoe Hares In Northeastern Utah, William R. Clark May 1973

Reproduction, Survival And Density Of Snowshoe Hares In Northeastern Utah, William R. Clark

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents information obtained from 1972 and 1973 on the reproduction, survival and density of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) in Cache National Forest, Utah. The main objectives of the study were: (1) to estimate population densities; (2) to measure adult and juvenile mortality ; and (3) to measure natality rates , including recruitment (realized annual natality).

Live-trapping and snaring were used to estimate population levels and to collect hares for necropsy. Fecal pellet counts were used to evaluate relative habitat use by hares.

The results of this study were compared to other studies of snowshoe hare ecology in North America. Based ...


Spatial Impact Of Factor Payments: A Case Study Of Turkey Production And Processing In Utah, Chesley T. Blackham May 1973

Spatial Impact Of Factor Payments: A Case Study Of Turkey Production And Processing In Utah, Chesley T. Blackham

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to examine the importance of the spatial origin of capital or investment funds and its influence on local community incomes within the context of agricultural production and processing in a rural area in Utah.

A careful identification of the sources of capital investment can be used to determine the spatial source and flow of returns from it, and, hence, provides some indication of the extent to which local community income could be expected to change with changes in the level and mix of factors employed locally.


Economic And Agronomic Analysis Of Silage And Grain Corn Production In 15 Counties Of Utah 1972, Juan Zenteno May 1973

Economic And Agronomic Analysis Of Silage And Grain Corn Production In 15 Counties Of Utah 1972, Juan Zenteno

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study estimated the 1972 costs and returns, and analyzed the physical response and economic relationships of corn hybrids for silage and grain production in some counties of Utah.

Average size of enterprise, land value and equipment value were estimated for silage and grain corn production in Utah.

Labor requirements for land preparation, growing and harvesting of silage and grain corn production were averaged. Net returns a nd costs (variable and fixed) for s ilage and grain corn production were computed in 30 farms of 15 counties of Utah to find the total production cost.

Yields, total cost, total revenue ...


The Effects Of Training Designed To Accelerate Piagetian Conservation In Children On Wisc Subtest Scores, Leland L. Winger Jr. May 1973

The Effects Of Training Designed To Accelerate Piagetian Conservation In Children On Wisc Subtest Scores, Leland L. Winger Jr.

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test experimentally for generalization effects to certain WISC subtests from training designed to accelerate Piagetian conservation in children.

Forty-five subjects were randomly selected for participation in this study, which involved a pretest-posttest control group design. All subjects were pretested on a Conservation Test and on the Information, Arithmetic, Picture Arrangement, and Object Assembly subtests from the WISC. Subjects found to be conservers on the Conservation pretest were excluded from the study. Subjects from the experimental group found to be non-conservers on the Conservation pretest were taught conservation principles using sever al different tasks ...


Prediction And Assessment Of Liked And Non-Liked Teachers As Rated By Various Student Groups, Nancy Ladee Fleming May 1973

Prediction And Assessment Of Liked And Non-Liked Teachers As Rated By Various Student Groups, Nancy Ladee Fleming

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to: (1) determine whether the test scores on the CPI and Teacher Inventory serve as predictors of "liked" and "non-liked" teachers, and (2) determine whether various student groups (minority, Anglo, disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged) rate "liked" and "non-liked" teachers differently on each of the three variables of the Teacher Inventory.

Ninety-two sophomore students, representing race and economic factors rated the 37 teachers of required sophomore subject matter classes on a Like-Dislike Scale and the Teacher Inventory. Two lists were thus generated: (1) teachers to whom various students rated as "liked" teachers, and (2) teachers to whom various ...


A Comparison Of Two Methods Of Teaching A Remedial Mathematics Course At The Community College, James C. Olsen May 1973

A Comparison Of Two Methods Of Teaching A Remedial Mathematics Course At The Community College, James C. Olsen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Problem

This study was concerned with the effectiveness of two different programs for teaching remedial mathematics to community college students. An individualized instruction program, making use of independent study and the small group setting, was compared with the traditional lecture-textbook instruction program to determine if there existed significant differences in (a) the rate of attrition, and (b) mathematics performance. A secondary objective was to determine if significant differences existed between students enrolled in remedial mathematics classes at 9 AM and those enrolled at 12 Noon.


Method

The target population consisted of all students in fourteen community colleges in the Los ...


The Validity Of Awarding Credit By Examination In English Composition, Mark Guymon Christensen May 1973

The Validity Of Awarding Credit By Examination In English Composition, Mark Guymon Christensen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the validity of excusing students from composition courses based upon an objective examination.

Utah State University (USU) students who had taken freshman composition courses during the 1970-71 school year when these courses were required of all entering freshman students were divided into two groups: one group was composed of those who had received an "A" or "B" for three freshman composition courses, while the other group had received a- "C" or "D" for the same courses. USU students who had been excused from taking freshman composition courses based on the CLEP General Examination in English Composition (CLEP ...


An Experiment Comparing The Relative Effectiveness Of A Linear And A Context Program In Teaching Some Selected Persian Words With Reference To The Persian Alphabet To English Speaking People, Batool Moghadam May 1973

An Experiment Comparing The Relative Effectiveness Of A Linear And A Context Program In Teaching Some Selected Persian Words With Reference To The Persian Alphabet To English Speaking People, Batool Moghadam

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the relative effectiveness of a linear and a context program in teaching some selected Persian words to English speaking people.

A survey of the literature did not reveal studies closely related to the present study, but it revealed studies verifying the usefulness of programed instruction in general, and also some limited attempts made to set up programs for teaching Persian to Americans o There has been increasing attention by educators to programed instruction in the last fifteen years. The idea was also supported that there is a need in the United States ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of An Individualized Progress Method Of Teaching Intermediate Typewriting At Utah State University, Vernon W. Klemin May 1973

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of An Individualized Progress Method Of Teaching Intermediate Typewriting At Utah State University, Vernon W. Klemin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement and attitudes of students who experienced two different methods of intermediate typewriting teaching at Utah State University.

This experimental research was conducted in the Department of Business Education and Office Administration at Utah State University, Logan, Utah, during the winter quarter of 1973. The statistical population included forty-two control group students and eighteen experimental group students.

An instructional model was developed to allow the control group to move through the instructional model as a traditional structured group while the experimental group proceeded through the instructional model on an individualized progress ...


Task Persistence In Early Childhood Education, Thomas Richard Stephenson May 1973

Task Persistence In Early Childhood Education, Thomas Richard Stephenson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to discover developmental trends in task persistence (TP). It was hoped that the results would suggest when and for what groups a task persistence (TP) curriculum is crucial.

To study this development a sample of two, four, and six year old children were given a "work" task. The task required 120 subjects (Ss) to sort and fold 33 items of clothing and linen. After the task instructions and demonstration, the experimenter did not intervene with reinforcers or further directions.

The dependent variables investigated were time spent on the task, time spent away from the task, and ...


An Analysis Of The Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement And Momentary Probabilities Of Reinforcement On Interval Schedule Performance, Charles A. Lund May 1973

An Analysis Of The Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement And Momentary Probabilities Of Reinforcement On Interval Schedule Performance, Charles A. Lund

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In two experiments pigeons were exposed to VI and FI schedules and viii schedules approximating both VI and FI schedules. In experiment I, the probabilities of the VI and FI components in a Mixed FI VI schedule were manipulated to create schedule contingencies approximating simple VI or FI. In experiment II, the minimum and maximum inter-reinforcement intervals were manipulated to create schedule contingencies approximating simple VI or FI. The major finding of both of these experiments was that maximal control by the dimension of time occurred as FI contingencies were approximated. Control by any one temporal value in experiment I ...