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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Courts, Church-State Relationships, Water And Timber Development, And Land Policies: Major Sources Of Conflict In Utah's Territorial Years, James Wayne Mecham May 1973

Courts, Church-State Relationships, Water And Timber Development, And Land Policies: Major Sources Of Conflict In Utah's Territorial Years, James Wayne Mecham

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

In the settlement of the West, the Mormon response was unique. since their methods, techniques, and institutions differed from other settlers of the West, the Mormons were repeatedly censured by outsiders. Although the institution of polygamy elicited considerable emotionalism and aroused determined opposition, there were other institutions which actually contributed just as much to the conflagration.

As the Utah War [1857-58] became an embarrassment to the United States government, congress demanded of President Buchanan the grounds upon which the decision for war was based. President Buchanan thereupon presented several letters, the first of which was written on October 3, 1856 ...


The Effects Of Training Designed To Accelerate Piagetian Conservation In Children On Wisc Subtest Scores, Leland L. Winger Jr. May 1973

The Effects Of Training Designed To Accelerate Piagetian Conservation In Children On Wisc Subtest Scores, Leland L. Winger Jr.

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test experimentally for generalization effects to certain WISC subtests from training designed to accelerate Piagetian conservation in children.

Forty-five subjects were randomly selected for participation in this study, which involved a pretest-posttest control group design. All subjects were pretested on a Conservation Test and on the Information, Arithmetic, Picture Arrangement, and Object Assembly subtests from the WISC. Subjects found to be conservers on the Conservation pretest were excluded from the study. Subjects from the experimental group found to be non-conservers on the Conservation pretest were taught conservation principles using sever al different tasks ...


The Influence Of Social Class On Children's Perceptions Of Parents, Ronald L. Mullis May 1973

The Influence Of Social Class On Children's Perceptions Of Parents, Ronald L. Mullis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis was to examine children's perceptions of parens as these are related to the child's social class background.

Four pictures from the Tasks of Emotional Development Test were administered individually to a sample of 60 fourth grade children from two Ogden, Utah, Public schools, These picture tasks were intended to encourage subjects to project their perceptions toward parents specific to the pictorial situation.

The findings of this study seemed to indicate a tendency toward differences between middle and lower class children in their perceptions of parents. Middle class children were shown to obtain higher ...


Economic (Linear Programming) Model Of The Farming Region Served By The D.M.D.A. Irrigation Company, Delta, Utah, Francisco Zarzalejo May 1973

Economic (Linear Programming) Model Of The Farming Region Served By The D.M.D.A. Irrigation Company, Delta, Utah, Francisco Zarzalejo

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The main objectives of the study are to create a linear programming model of the study area in order to estimate changes in benefits when water delivery system losses are assumed to be affected by shifting between rotation, demand and continuous flow management systems,

Approximately 7,000 acres are included in the program model and the estimated potential "gains" or benefits from distribution system loss "savings" due to more efficient delivery range from $6,000 to _ $12,000 per season. This result is influenced by the facts that the - loss estimates are hypothetical and the system studied is in ...


Net Migration As A Factor Affecting Metropolitan Growth In Utah: 1950 To 1970, Kooros M. Mahmoudi May 1973

Net Migration As A Factor Affecting Metropolitan Growth In Utah: 1950 To 1970, Kooros M. Mahmoudi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to measure net in- or out-migration to or from the Standard Metropolitan Areas of Utah between 1950-60 and 1960-70 and to study selected socio-economic factors relating to migration and the growth of SMSA 's. Specifically, the factors of migration and natural population increase were central in an analysis of population redistribution. Selected demographic characteristics of the migrants such as sex and age were also studied to establish their impact upon the SMSA population structure. The relationship between population change in the SMSA 's and economic factors of labor force supply and employment were also ...


Spatial Impact Of Factor Payments: A Case Study Of Turkey Production And Processing In Utah, Chesley T. Blackham May 1973

Spatial Impact Of Factor Payments: A Case Study Of Turkey Production And Processing In Utah, Chesley T. Blackham

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to examine the importance of the spatial origin of capital or investment funds and its influence on local community incomes within the context of agricultural production and processing in a rural area in Utah.

A careful identification of the sources of capital investment can be used to determine the spatial source and flow of returns from it, and, hence, provides some indication of the extent to which local community income could be expected to change with changes in the level and mix of factors employed locally.


Role Adaptation Of Foster Mothers To Indian Placement Students, John Emmett Valberg May 1973

Role Adaptation Of Foster Mothers To Indian Placement Students, John Emmett Valberg

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The three main objectives in this study were: (J.) to describ-o the foster mother's expressed r easons for taking a placement student, (2 ) to describe the problems and stresses associated with b eing an Indian placement foster mother, and (3) to describe the satisfactions and benefits of being a foster mother on the Indian Placement Program.

The sample for this study consisted of 44 foster mothers in Cache and Box Elder Counties who had had the same placement student for three or more consecutive years. The instrument utilized was a semi - structured interview with the foster mother.

Expressed reasons ...


Concept Development Among Kindergarten Children, Craig Boswell May 1973

Concept Development Among Kindergarten Children, Craig Boswell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined the basic developmental concepts , space, quantity, time, miscellaneous, as they related to family size, sex, and rural-urban environment among kindergarten children. The Boehm Test of Basic Concepts was individually administered to 53 students from two kindergarten classes--one from Ogden City School District and one from Cache County School District. The findings indicated that family size, sex of the child, or urban-rural environment produced no significant differences in concept development among kindergarten children.


The Child's Perceptual Awareness Of His Own Segmented Facial Parts, Gregory Carl Trevers May 1973

The Child's Perceptual Awareness Of His Own Segmented Facial Parts, Gregory Carl Trevers

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the developmental abilities of young middle-class, caucasian children to perceptually discriminate their own segmented facial parts. The Segmented Facial Parts Test, which utilized a black and white, 8 inch by 10 inch photograph, was developed by the investigator as a part of the study. it was designed to explore degrees of developmental variance on facial awareness tasks. The SFPT was incorporated as the testing instrument.

Children ages 8 1/2, 6 1/2 and 4 1/2 years were examined on nine facial segment tasks. Sociological, psychological and psychiatric theories were employed ...


Number Concept Development In Young Children, Karen Lee Clark May 1973

Number Concept Development In Young Children, Karen Lee Clark

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The effect of tutorial instruction was studied as it influences number concept development in preschool children. The research was conducted in the Logan and Providence areas of Cache County, Utah, with 24 non-preschool four-year-old children. Twelve of the children were given tutorial experience through the use of children's flannel board stories written by the author. The stories were developed to t each the number concepts of not first or last, second, third, pair, and Medium sized.

It was found that the 12 children who received tutorial experiences significantly increased in score on the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts from ...


Breeding Bird Populations And Habitat Utilization In Aspen Stands Of Upper Logan Canyon, Janet L. Young May 1973

Breeding Bird Populations And Habitat Utilization In Aspen Stands Of Upper Logan Canyon, Janet L. Young

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Censuses of two 20-acre plots in upper Logan Canyon, Utah, were made by the spot-mapping method during 1970 and 1971 to determine the differences in composition and density of breeding-bird populations in aspen stands of significantly different density and stature. The less dense stand of greater average d.b.h., average height and per cent ground cover had 20 breeding species totalling 615 pairs per 100 acres (expressed as equivalent territories). The more dense stand of smaller trees and brushy undergrowth had 14 breeding species with 267.5 equivalent territories per 100 acres. Nine species were found on both areas ...


Mormon Myth Or Monopoly: A Contemporary Study To Determine The Perceived Influence Of The Mormon Church On Utah Politics, Douglas S. Foxley May 1973

Mormon Myth Or Monopoly: A Contemporary Study To Determine The Perceived Influence Of The Mormon Church On Utah Politics, Douglas S. Foxley

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes, opinions, and beliefs of Utah residents concerning what role, if any, the L.D.S. Church should play in Utah politics; if they believe in the concept of a separation of church and state; whether they feel a separation of church and state exists in Utah; and how much influence they perceive the predominant faith of the state has on its politics.

Thus, the four following hypotheses were designed:

1. Utah residents will perceive that churches should be involved in moral, but not political issues.

2. Utah residents will perceive ...


Complexive Ordering Of Reading Experience Through Grapheme-Phoneme Relative Frequency Control, Wesley K. Roberts May 1973

Complexive Ordering Of Reading Experience Through Grapheme-Phoneme Relative Frequency Control, Wesley K. Roberts

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation develops a word bank based on a series of well defined filters. The basis of this system is grapheme-phoneme relative frequency control. The word bank is designed to be used in developing reading materials at varied degrees of difficulty.

Four short stories were edited as to their grapheme-phoneme relationships. Reading speed and reading comprehension were measured for each student on these stories. All students read a story in the original form and a story in the filtered version.

No difference in reading comprehension were found, but reading speed was significantly higher on three of four stories.


Identity: A Study Of Existential Vs. Social Anchorage, Paul J. Seymour May 1973

Identity: A Study Of Existential Vs. Social Anchorage, Paul J. Seymour

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the identity anchorage of persons in different societal positions.

Four experimental groups were chosen to represent different societal positions, namely, students, musicians, management personnel, and nonmanagement personnel. There were 93 subjects involved in these four groups. Each subject was presented with an adapted version of the Twenty Statements Test and a questionnaire to obtain biographical data. The statements made on the Twenty Statements Test were then placed into one of the following categories: physical characteristics; social roles and institutions; characteristic ways of acting, feeling or responding in social interaction; and, broad nondifferentiating ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of An Individualized Progress Method Of Teaching Intermediate Typewriting At Utah State University, Vernon W. Klemin May 1973

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of An Individualized Progress Method Of Teaching Intermediate Typewriting At Utah State University, Vernon W. Klemin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement and attitudes of students who experienced two different methods of intermediate typewriting teaching at Utah State University.

This experimental research was conducted in the Department of Business Education and Office Administration at Utah State University, Logan, Utah, during the winter quarter of 1973. The statistical population included forty-two control group students and eighteen experimental group students.

An instructional model was developed to allow the control group to move through the instructional model as a traditional structured group while the experimental group proceeded through the instructional model on an individualized progress ...


Group Treatment Of Insomnia In Psychiatric Patients Through Relaxation Training, Richard Robert Weber May 1973

Group Treatment Of Insomnia In Psychiatric Patients Through Relaxation Training, Richard Robert Weber

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The present study investigated the effects of progressive relaxation training using an abridged form of Jacobson's (1938) relaxation exercises on the mean number of nocturnal sleep disturbances in a group of psychiatric inpatients. Nocturnal time-sampling observations were made during a 14 day base line to select Ss who averaged 1.5 sleep disturbances per night. Six women, ranging in age from 23 to 56 years, were classified as problem sleepers and were moved to a common bedroom, where a second 16 day base line was taken to control for changes in the nocturnal environment. After a brief introduction and ...


Task Persistence In Early Childhood Education, Thomas Richard Stephenson May 1973

Task Persistence In Early Childhood Education, Thomas Richard Stephenson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to discover developmental trends in task persistence (TP). It was hoped that the results would suggest when and for what groups a task persistence (TP) curriculum is crucial.

To study this development a sample of two, four, and six year old children were given a "work" task. The task required 120 subjects (Ss) to sort and fold 33 items of clothing and linen. After the task instructions and demonstration, the experimenter did not intervene with reinforcers or further directions.

The dependent variables investigated were time spent on the task, time spent away from the task, and ...


An Analysis Of The Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement And Momentary Probabilities Of Reinforcement On Interval Schedule Performance, Charles A. Lund May 1973

An Analysis Of The Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement And Momentary Probabilities Of Reinforcement On Interval Schedule Performance, Charles A. Lund

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In two experiments pigeons were exposed to VI and FI schedules and viii schedules approximating both VI and FI schedules. In experiment I, the probabilities of the VI and FI components in a Mixed FI VI schedule were manipulated to create schedule contingencies approximating simple VI or FI. In experiment II, the minimum and maximum inter-reinforcement intervals were manipulated to create schedule contingencies approximating simple VI or FI. The major finding of both of these experiments was that maximal control by the dimension of time occurred as FI contingencies were approximated. Control by any one temporal value in experiment I ...


The Effects Of Mobile Assisted Career Exploration On The Career Development Of Rural Ninth Grade Students, Robert Eldred Charlton May 1973

The Effects Of Mobile Assisted Career Exploration On The Career Development Of Rural Ninth Grade Students, Robert Eldred Charlton

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Problem. This study investigated whether or not a structured career development program, using a mobile guidance unit and operating on a limited time schedule, could provide a feasible means for facilitating the career development of ninth grade students in the rural school setting.

Project MACE. MACE stands for "Mobile Assisted Career Exploration." Project MACE was a study developed by the research office of the Utah State Board of Education and conducted by Utah State University. The study used ninth grade students in sixteen selected rural Utah high schools and in two rural southeastern Idaho schools.

Design of Research. The ...


The Fixed-Interval Presentation Of A Small Fixed Ratio, Larry Allen Alferink May 1973

The Fixed-Interval Presentation Of A Small Fixed Ratio, Larry Allen Alferink

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In mixed fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcement is delivered according to two or more fixed-ratio components, which may be programmed in simple alternation or according to a random sequence. If the components simply alternate, the behavior is similar to that obtained in a multiple schedule. Pauses are long before long fixed ratios and short before short fixed ratios. If a random sequence is used, responding is characterized by short pauses after reinforcement independent of the size of the ratio and primes occur at the beginning of many of the fixed ratios. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possibility ...


Labor Force Projections For The State Of Utah, 1970-2000, Craig R. Lundahl May 1973

Labor Force Projections For The State Of Utah, 1970-2000, Craig R. Lundahl

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study deals with labor force projections for the State of Utah, counties and multi-county areas, by age and sex for the years 1980, 1990, and 2000, using the technique of cohort analysis for long-range labor force projections. The study also examines some social and economic implications of labor force projections for Utah.

The labor force projections were derived from the age and sex population projections being prepared for the State of Utah and Utah counties by Yun Kim and Therel R. Black, Utah State University.

In order to project the future labor force of Utah, an analysis of historic ...


State Expenditures In Utah: An Analysis Of Time-Series Models, William Darrell Lewis May 1973

State Expenditures In Utah: An Analysis Of Time-Series Models, William Darrell Lewis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper was to determine the economic, sociopolitical, and other related factors which account for the variation in state expenditures across time. Utah was selected as the test state and data were collected from school records, political rosters, employment statistics, and a variety of federal government documents. Particular emphasis was placed on three areas: the cause-effect relationships between variables, relating the model to a body of economic theory, and demonstrating how the model may be applied in forecasting state expenditure needs.

Supply-and-demand analysis was the underlying economic theory. A simultaneous-equation model consisting of four equations--demand for state ...


Achievement Of Students In Introductory Social Science Courses Offered By The College Of Humanities, Arts, And Social Sciences At Utah State University, James Collins Lewis May 1973

Achievement Of Students In Introductory Social Science Courses Offered By The College Of Humanities, Arts, And Social Sciences At Utah State University, James Collins Lewis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The evaluation of student achievement in college has only recently become an important area of research. The main focus of this study was to determine the achievement of students in introductory social science courses offered by the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences at Utah State University. Several other variables were considered throughout the study including (1) the achievement of students in introductory courses offered by other colleges than the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, (2) the effects of using standardized and teacher-made tests in measuring achievement, and (3) the achievement gain/loss of students tested two ...


Reproduction, Survival And Density Of Snowshoe Hares In Northeastern Utah, William R. Clark May 1973

Reproduction, Survival And Density Of Snowshoe Hares In Northeastern Utah, William R. Clark

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents information obtained from 1972 and 1973 on the reproduction, survival and density of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) in Cache National Forest, Utah. The main objectives of the study were: (1) to estimate population densities; (2) to measure adult and juvenile mortality ; and (3) to measure natality rates , including recruitment (realized annual natality).

Live-trapping and snaring were used to estimate population levels and to collect hares for necropsy. Fecal pellet counts were used to evaluate relative habitat use by hares.

The results of this study were compared to other studies of snowshoe hare ecology in North America. Based ...


Economic And Agronomic Analysis Of Silage And Grain Corn Production In 15 Counties Of Utah 1972, Juan Zenteno May 1973

Economic And Agronomic Analysis Of Silage And Grain Corn Production In 15 Counties Of Utah 1972, Juan Zenteno

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study estimated the 1972 costs and returns, and analyzed the physical response and economic relationships of corn hybrids for silage and grain production in some counties of Utah.

Average size of enterprise, land value and equipment value were estimated for silage and grain corn production in Utah.

Labor requirements for land preparation, growing and harvesting of silage and grain corn production were averaged. Net returns a nd costs (variable and fixed) for s ilage and grain corn production were computed in 30 farms of 15 counties of Utah to find the total production cost.

Yields, total cost, total revenue ...


Gains In Reading Performances By Urban Job Corpsmen, Jess F. Yeasey May 1973

Gains In Reading Performances By Urban Job Corpsmen, Jess F. Yeasey

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The problem to be investigated in this study was to examine the association between the educational training program of an Urban Job Corps Center and the reading performances of trainees from disadvantaged backgrounds.

A sample of 100 trainees was randomly selected to represent the total population of Job Corpsmen in an urban center. The Job Corps Center in Clearfield, Utah, was the initial site in this study. The sample selected from the Job Corps was from four racial-ethnic groups: Blacks, Puerto Ricans, Whites, and Mexican-Americans. Each trainee was given a reading test upon arrival and another test six months after ...


The Home Manager's Education Level As Related To Perception Of Locus Of Control, Joyce Marie Lundell May 1973

The Home Manager's Education Level As Related To Perception Of Locus Of Control, Joyce Marie Lundell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The relationship of level of education to degree of "internality" in home managers was investigated. Level of education was defined as the number of years of formal education completed. The degree of "internality" was defined as a score on Rotter's I-E Scale.

The instruments used were a background questionnaire and Rotter's I-D Scale.

The background questionnaire and the I-E Scale were administered to 163 home managers from Ogden, Utah, who were members of selected women's church affiliated organizations.

Two hypotheses were formulated and tested,

1. Higher level of formal education will be correlated with lower I-E Scale ...


The Unwed Father As Perceived By Himself, Daryl E. Ellis May 1973

The Unwed Father As Perceived By Himself, Daryl E. Ellis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to reveal the self perception of unwed fathers . Ten men participated in the project; nine of them IDre 25 years of age or younger. To measure self perception an instrument was constructed in the form of a questionnaire . Each um18d father was then interviewed to discover his perceptions, particularly as they relate to their common plight of unwed fatherhood.

The men perceived themselves as normal young Americans , and felt their conduct and intentions were in compliance ,nth peer expectations . Some of the subjects responded to the interview ,nth descriptive and detailed accounts while others were either ...


Family Conditions And Practices Related To Waste Paper Output, Dena Lee Child Call May 1973

Family Conditions And Practices Related To Waste Paper Output, Dena Lee Child Call

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Paper waste discarded by families of five persons in Logan City was studied for two seven-day periods. The sample consisted of 42 families comprised of a father who was employed full-time, a mother, and three children living at home. A questionnaire was administered to each family for the purpose of describing the sample, and to determine some of their family conditions and practices.

Sample families were given plastic bags for storing of waste paper, which was collected at the end of each seven-day period. The weight of all paper discards was tabulated for each family. Seven of these families were ...


Effects Of Manipulating Fr Size And Reinforcement Magnitude In Multiple Fr Schedules, Dean P. Inman May 1973

Effects Of Manipulating Fr Size And Reinforcement Magnitude In Multiple Fr Schedules, Dean P. Inman

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Animals performing on simple fixed-ratio (FR) schedules vi typically pause after reinforcement delivery. The present study demonstrated systematic control of pause length in multiple fixed ratio schedules by manipulating FR size and reinforcement magnitude. In Experiment I, two adult male rabbits were stabilized on an alternating, two component, multiple FR 10 FR 10 schedule. Different colored lights were correlated with both FR components. Stability was determined and mean pause lengths were calculated as one FR component was increased in size until the schedule was FR 10 FR 50. Pausing was longer before the large FR component and was positively correlated ...