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1973

Psychology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 165

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Reexamination Of The Effects Of Prismatic Displacement On Pointing Straight Ahead, Anastasia Houndoumadi Dec 1973

A Reexamination Of The Effects Of Prismatic Displacement On Pointing Straight Ahead, Anastasia Houndoumadi

Dissertations and Theses

A fully counterbalanced extension of the Bauer and Efstathiou (1965) study involved exposing 11 Ss to lateral prismatic displacement for five minutes and measuring their adaptation to it. The difference between pointings at a target taken before and after prismatic exposure constitutes an adaptive shift.


Work, Self, Family, And Life Opinions Of Injured Workers Rehabilitated By Two Different Strategies, Paul A. Pearson Dec 1973

Work, Self, Family, And Life Opinions Of Injured Workers Rehabilitated By Two Different Strategies, Paul A. Pearson

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Of Sociometric Status And Personality Factors Among Sixth Grade Children, Mike Fischer Dec 1973

The Relationships Of Sociometric Status And Personality Factors Among Sixth Grade Children, Mike Fischer

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Historically, social interaction has played a central role in the development of personality constructs. How one sees himself, how others perceive him, and how these variables interact have played a core role in many theoretical systems.

If the theoretical assumptions underlying the relationships between personality development and social interaction are true, then significant relationships should exist between sociometric measures of personality. This was the rationale surrounding the development of this study.


Behavioral Contrast After Errorless Discrimination Learning As A Function Of Non-Contingent Shock, James H. Kaye Dec 1973

Behavioral Contrast After Errorless Discrimination Learning As A Function Of Non-Contingent Shock, James H. Kaye

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Peer Recording And Its Effects On Observer Behavior, Ronald J. Gumm Dec 1973

Peer Recording And Its Effects On Observer Behavior, Ronald J. Gumm

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Schedule Induced Polydipsia, A Study Of The Contrast Effect On A Multiple Fixed Time Schedule Of Food Delivery, Arlyne J. Gutmann Dec 1973

Schedule Induced Polydipsia, A Study Of The Contrast Effect On A Multiple Fixed Time Schedule Of Food Delivery, Arlyne J. Gutmann

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Changing Role Of The Priest From Facilitator Of Escape Responding To Mediator Of Positive Reinforcement, Robert J. Crackel Dec 1973

The Changing Role Of The Priest From Facilitator Of Escape Responding To Mediator Of Positive Reinforcement, Robert J. Crackel

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Behavioral Contrast In A Concurrent Schedule Using Qualitatively Different Reinforcers, Richard J. Lodge Dec 1973

An Analysis Of Behavioral Contrast In A Concurrent Schedule Using Qualitatively Different Reinforcers, Richard J. Lodge

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Dental Hygiene Information And Consequation On Plaque Control, Janel R. Walker Dec 1973

The Effects Of Dental Hygiene Information And Consequation On Plaque Control, Janel R. Walker

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Q-Sort Historical Analysis Or The Learning Theories Of Clark L. Hull And B. F. Skinner, Keith V. Syrja Dec 1973

A Q-Sort Historical Analysis Or The Learning Theories Of Clark L. Hull And B. F. Skinner, Keith V. Syrja

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Systematic Analysis Of Between And Within Grader Variability As Affected By Answer Key Condition, Grader Experience, And Test Set Assigned, Leonard Eugene Swistak Dec 1973

A Systematic Analysis Of Between And Within Grader Variability As Affected By Answer Key Condition, Grader Experience, And Test Set Assigned, Leonard Eugene Swistak

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Changes In Response-Independent Pay Upon Human Masseter Emg, Tullio J. Proni Dec 1973

The Effects Of Changes In Response-Independent Pay Upon Human Masseter Emg, Tullio J. Proni

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Analysis Of A Patient Trainer Versus A Student Trainer As Therapeutic Agents In Occupational Therapy Setting, Elahe Karimi Dec 1973

A Comparative Analysis Of A Patient Trainer Versus A Student Trainer As Therapeutic Agents In Occupational Therapy Setting, Elahe Karimi

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Personality Correlates Of Reticent And Nonreticent High School Students, Nancy Adele Mohrlock Dec 1973

Personality Correlates Of Reticent And Nonreticent High School Students, Nancy Adele Mohrlock

Student Work

The development of communication skills is vital to socialization in the classroom and to personality development. Petty and Starkey (1966) suggest that language is the greatest force for socialization that exists and at the same time is the most potent single factor in the development of individuality. Rosenberg and Coopersmith (1965, 1967) showed that a person's verbal behavior will influence others ’ attitudes toward him, while Mead (1934) indicated that an individual’s behavior is affected by the kind of image that he has of himself. This image comes largely from the individual's perceptions of o thers’ attitudes toward ...


Trait Anxiety, Sensation Seeking, Internal-External Locus Of Control In Male And Female Delinquents And Non-Delinquents, Steve Sherrets Nov 1973

Trait Anxiety, Sensation Seeking, Internal-External Locus Of Control In Male And Female Delinquents And Non-Delinquents, Steve Sherrets

Student Work

Personality research with delinquents has largely produced inconclusive and inconsistent results. Peterson, Quay and Cameron (1959) have pointed out that:

Most investigations of personality factors in crime and delinquency have begun with a legally defined sample of offenders, proceeded with comparisons between that group and a more or less carefully matched group of non-offenders, and ended with less ambiguous results.


Backpacking: A Pilot Study Of Hikers, Vincent Bolduc Oct 1973

Backpacking: A Pilot Study Of Hikers, Vincent Bolduc

Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station

No abstract provided.


The Verbal Learning Effect In Recognition And Recall Memory For Verbal Stimuli, E. Chandler Shumate Sep 1973

The Verbal Learning Effect In Recognition And Recall Memory For Verbal Stimuli, E. Chandler Shumate

Psychology ETDs

Three experiments were conducted to test the effects of associative training with representative and nonrepresentative responses upon stimulus recognition and, more importantly, stimulus recall. In Exp. I, is were required to learn, in six study-test trials, one of two P A lists composed of twelve stimulus items (trigram doublets) either high or low in meaningfulness (M). Half the stimuli in each list were paired with representative responses, the other half were paired with nonrepresentative responses. The results, obtained from a two-item, forced-choice recognition test, showed that performance was positively related to stimulus M, and the facilitating effect of associative training ...


The Relationship Between Mean Magnitude Of Reward And Partial, Varied, And Continuous Schedules Of Reinforcement, James E. Schroeder Aug 1973

The Relationship Between Mean Magnitude Of Reward And Partial, Varied, And Continuous Schedules Of Reinforcement, James E. Schroeder

Psychology ETDs

A model was described that combines Grice's variable threshold model for reaction time and Logan's incentive theory for response speed in instrumental conditioning in an attempt to account for the relative performance of rats receiving continuous (CRF), varied (VRF), or partial (PRF) reinforcement. The essence of the model is that incentive motivation depends on the mean amount of reward previously received, as well as upon the S's distance from the goal, that incentive motivation can be interpreted as affecting the mean threshold for responding, and that the greater the variability in reward the greater the variability in ...


Dimensional Preference Effects In Recall Memory, C. Jean Rogers Aug 1973

Dimensional Preference Effects In Recall Memory, C. Jean Rogers

Psychology ETDs

Dimensional preference in six-year-olds was investigated by the use of a series of recall memory tasks in which the amount of information available in the stimuli and the nature of the feedback provided were systematically varied. The results suggested that low preference does not necessarily imply that the dimension will fail to be processed nor does it appear that the presence of a more preferred dimension prevents processing of a less preferred dimension. Rather, the results indicated that processing and recall of the various dimensions of a stimulus were a function of dimension preference, amount of information available in the ...


Measuring Attitudes Toward Work Of Males And Females From A Student Population And From A Bank Population, Edward Henry Foley Aug 1973

Measuring Attitudes Toward Work Of Males And Females From A Student Population And From A Bank Population, Edward Henry Foley

Master's Theses

An experiment was designed in order to measure the attitude toward work of 50 males and 50 females in a student sample and of 39 male managers and 39 female managers in a bank sample. The attitude scale, presented to the Ss, was designed by the author and contained 50 statements. Each of 44 statements pertained either to a Motivation factor, e.g. achievement, responsibility, etc. or to a Hygiene factor, e.g. salary, status, etc. with the remaining six used as Fillers. All statistical tests were performed at the .01 level of significance. An analysis of variance revealed a ...


The Effect Of Fading To Train B-D And P-Q Discrimination In Children With Specific Learning Disabilities, Janet L. Culbertson Aug 1973

The Effect Of Fading To Train B-D And P-Q Discrimination In Children With Specific Learning Disabilities, Janet L. Culbertson

Master's Theses

The present study was designed to assess the effective­ ness of a stimulus programming technique, fading, in teaching visual discrimination and name association to the letters b-d and p-q. The Ss were first and second grade children with diagnosed learning disabilities, who displayed a high frequency of reversal errors, particularly to the letters b-d and p-q. The study also provided a means of assessing the benefit of the fading technique in £s ability to read words and phrases, and discriminate b-d and p-q when they appear in the context of a nonsense syllable. The results indicated that the fading technique ...


The Replicability Of Behavioral Definitions: Implicit Vs Explicit Definitions, Robert W. Dobes Aug 1973

The Replicability Of Behavioral Definitions: Implicit Vs Explicit Definitions, Robert W. Dobes

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Influence Of Stress On The Protestant Ethic Effect, April Schnur Aug 1973

An Investigation Of The Influence Of Stress On The Protestant Ethic Effect, April Schnur

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In the past decade researchers have demonstrated that organisms do not always perform according to Hull's "law of less work" (Hull, 1943). In certain situations, some Ss prefer to perform an operant (e.g., bar press) rather than freeload to receive reinforcement (e.g., food). Though it can be argued that this is not behavior typical of all Ss (Taylor, 1972), lack of generality is not the point. As Metze and Craig (1973) point out, data from deviant individual Ss may prove to be the most interesting.

There are two research objectives for the present study. First, an attempt ...


The Referential Communication Of Facial Characteristics By Deaf And Normal-Hearing Adolescents, Irving King Jordan Jr. Aug 1973

The Referential Communication Of Facial Characteristics By Deaf And Normal-Hearing Adolescents, Irving King Jordan Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

In order to assess the characteristics of the manual communications of linguistically adult deaf individuals, six pairs of deaf adolescents and 24 pairs of normal hearing adolescents described photographic referents in a referential communication setting. The referents were photographs of people's faces, selected in a preliminary recognizability study to insure a range of difficulty from easily recognizable to almost chance recognition.

Although the design was essentially exploratory and descriptive, there are several noteworthy results: (1) There was no difference between the two subject groups in the accuracy with which they communicated. Both groups scored extremely high. (2) The deaf ...


Effects Of Reinforcement On The Rate And Generalization Of Play Behavior In Four Severely Retarded Children, Elizabeth Anne Labanowski Aug 1973

Effects Of Reinforcement On The Rate And Generalization Of Play Behavior In Four Severely Retarded Children, Elizabeth Anne Labanowski

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Temporal Separation On Performance Of A Discrimination Task, Stanley Dale Winter Aug 1973

The Effect Of Temporal Separation On Performance Of A Discrimination Task, Stanley Dale Winter

Master's Theses

Test trials, consisting of the selection of two color cubes from a set of three different color cubes, were presented with: (1) a 15-second time delay between trials, (2) a single-color selection task between trials, (3) an unrelated motor task between trials and (4) no interspersion between trials. All Ss performed the task with more accuracy when test trials were separated by the unrelated motor task. The lowest level of accuracy occurred when test trials were presented sequentially with no interspersion. Performance appeared to be facilitated by the temporal separation of test trials.


Contrast Modulated Schedule-Induced Polydipsia, Thomas L. Fisher Aug 1973

Contrast Modulated Schedule-Induced Polydipsia, Thomas L. Fisher

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Acquisition Of Learning-Set Behavior In Pigeons, E. Jill Moir Aug 1973

A Study Of The Acquisition Of Learning-Set Behavior In Pigeons, E. Jill Moir

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Negative Reinforcement On The Aggressive Response Of The Squirrel Monkey, Darwin Dwain Stier Aug 1973

The Effects Of Negative Reinforcement On The Aggressive Response Of The Squirrel Monkey, Darwin Dwain Stier

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Token Punishers And Delayed Timeout With Emotionally Disturbed Children, Joel C. Frost Aug 1973

The Use Of Token Punishers And Delayed Timeout With Emotionally Disturbed Children, Joel C. Frost

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.