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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury Jan 2018

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to landslides, which cause loss of life and adverse impacts to infrastructure, environment and communities. Landslides are often triggered by exceptional rainfall and large-magnitude earthquakes. A range of strategies and methods have been developed to mitigate the occurrence of landslides and to reduce their impact, including risk to human safety. The adopted approaches and systems must be sustainable and resilient in relation to the communities that are at risk. This paper refers to an Australian regional case study of urban landslide management in the Wollongong region, New South Wales. The research carried ...


Residual Stress Effects On Fatigue Crack Growth From A T-Butt Weld Toe, Alan K. Hellier, H. Li, B. G. Prusty, G. M. Pearce, M. Reid, A. M. Paradowska Jan 2018

Residual Stress Effects On Fatigue Crack Growth From A T-Butt Weld Toe, Alan K. Hellier, H. Li, B. G. Prusty, G. M. Pearce, M. Reid, A. M. Paradowska

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A350 grade black mild steel is one of the most widely used structural materials in the world, being commonly found in buildings, bridges and offshore structures.Welding is commonly used to join two plates of structural steel and this often takes the form of a T-butt.In addition, other more complex geometrical joints are often simplified for stress analysis purposes by approximating them as 2-D T-butt plate models (e.g. skewed T-joints, cruciform welded joints, tubular welded joints, pipe–plate joints, etc.).However, all such welds are potentially susceptible to fatigue crack initiation and slow but accelerating growth arising as ...


Fracture Toughness Of Cast And Extruded Al6061/15%Al2o3p Metal Matrix Composites, Alan K. Hellier, A. G. Crosky, H. A. Hassan, J. J. Lewandowski Jan 2018

Fracture Toughness Of Cast And Extruded Al6061/15%Al2o3p Metal Matrix Composites, Alan K. Hellier, A. G. Crosky, H. A. Hassan, J. J. Lewandowski

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Particulate reinforced metal matrix composites (PRMMCs) are of interest owing to the low cost of their raw materials and their ease of fabrication, making them suitable for applications requiring relatively high-volume production. The improved properties of PRMMCs result from the addition of hard ceramic particles (such as Al2O3 or SiC); the size, shape, volume fraction, interfacial properties and distribution of these (together with the fabrication method) determine the mechanical behaviour of the composite. However, PRMMCs have inferior ductility, toughness and low-cycle fatigue properties compared with unreinforced alloys, often limiting their usefulness in practice. Reinforcements of between 15 volume % and 25 ...


Bots Without Borders: How Anonymous Accounts Hijack Political Debate, Katina Michael Jan 2017

Bots Without Borders: How Anonymous Accounts Hijack Political Debate, Katina Michael

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Linearization Of Ebt3 Film Dose Response And Virtual Film Dosimetry For Sbrt Quality Assurance, Meng Cai, Ben Archibald-Heeren, Yang Wang, Peter E. Metcalfe Jan 2017

Linearization Of Ebt3 Film Dose Response And Virtual Film Dosimetry For Sbrt Quality Assurance, Meng Cai, Ben Archibald-Heeren, Yang Wang, Peter E. Metcalfe

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

EBT3 film offers high spatial resolution and low energy dependence, making it a suitable choice for quality assurance where high dose gradients are present, such as the case for SBRT. This work presents a simple method to adjust scanner settings so that dose response becomes linear. This linearity eliminates the need to obtain a calibration curve and associated uncertainties in curve fitting. Relative dosimetry can be performed after dose normalization to a reference point. Linearity is also a more robust condition than calibration curve with respect to scanner warm-up conditions, resulting in reduced uncertainty in dose measurement. An in-house developed ...


Monte Carlo Characterisation Of The Dose Magnifying Glass For Proton Therapy Quality Assurance, Aaron Merchant, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael A. Jackson, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Monte Carlo Characterisation Of The Dose Magnifying Glass For Proton Therapy Quality Assurance, Aaron Merchant, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael A. Jackson, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation study was carried out to characterise a novel silicon strip detector, the Dose Magnifying Glass (DMG), for use in proton therapy Quality Assurance. We investigated the possibility to use DMG to determine the energy of the incident proton beam. The advantages of DMG are quick response, easy operation and high spatial resolution. In this work we theoretically proved that DMG can be used for QA in the determination of the energy of the incident proton beam, for ocular and prostate cancer therapy. The study was performed by means of Monte Carlo simulations Experimental measurements are ...


Selection Bias In The Reported Performances Of Ad Classification Pipelines, Alex F. Mendelson, Maria A. Zuluaga, Marco Lorenzi, Brian F. Hutton, Sebastien Ourselin Jan 2017

Selection Bias In The Reported Performances Of Ad Classification Pipelines, Alex F. Mendelson, Maria A. Zuluaga, Marco Lorenzi, Brian F. Hutton, Sebastien Ourselin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The last decade has seen a great proliferation of supervised learning pipelines for individual diagnosis and prognosis in Alzheimer's disease. As more pipelines are developed and evaluated in the search for greater performance, only those results that are relatively impressive will be selected for publication. We present an empirical study to evaluate the potential for optimistic bias in classification performance results as a result of this selection. This is achieved using a novel, resampling-based experiment design that effectively simulates the optimisation of pipeline specifications by individuals or collectives of researchers using cross validation with limited data. Our findings indicate ...


Superior Mechanical Properties Of Microalloyed Steels Processed Via A New Technology Based On Austenite Conditioning Followed By Warm Deformation, Andrii Kostryzhev, Olexandra Marenych Jan 2017

Superior Mechanical Properties Of Microalloyed Steels Processed Via A New Technology Based On Austenite Conditioning Followed By Warm Deformation, Andrii Kostryzhev, Olexandra Marenych

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper we introduce the AC2WD-technology, which stands for Austenite Conditioning – Accelerated Cooling – Warm Deformation. This technology was tested in laboratory conditions using a Gleeble thermomechanical simulator. Two microalloyed steels processed via this technology have shown a superior combination of mechanical properties, compared to those obtained via the conventional thermomechanical processing routes.


Direct Immobilization Of Laccase On Titania Nanoparticles From Crude Enzyme Extracts Of P. Ostreatus Culture For Micro-Pollutant Degradation, Chao Ji, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Jingwei Hou, Faisal I. Hai, Vicki Chen Jan 2017

Direct Immobilization Of Laccase On Titania Nanoparticles From Crude Enzyme Extracts Of P. Ostreatus Culture For Micro-Pollutant Degradation, Chao Ji, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Jingwei Hou, Faisal I. Hai, Vicki Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Enzymatic treatment can effectively degrade recalcitrant micro-pollutants in wastewater. However, its industrial application is constrained by the high cost of the purified enzyme preparations. This work introduces a novel technique to directly immobilize the in-house crude enzyme extracts (from P. ostreatus) onto the functionalized TiO2 nanoparticle surface. Comprehensive investigations were carried out to understand the interactions between complex crude enzyme extracts and the immobilization support. By simple dilution of the crude enzyme extract, the immobilization efficiency can be significantly improved. The resultant biocatalytic nanoparticles had comparable performance to the immobilized purified commercial enzymes. Finally, the micropollutant degradation capability of ...


Quantum Beam Science-Applications To Probe Or Influence Matter And Materials, Klaus-Dieter Liss Jan 2017

Quantum Beam Science-Applications To Probe Or Influence Matter And Materials, Klaus-Dieter Liss

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The concept of quantum beams unifies a multitude of different kinds of radiation that can be considered as both waves and particles, according to the quantum mechanical model. Examples include light, in the form of X-rays and synchrotron radiation, as well as neutrons, electrons, positrons, muons, protons, ions, and photons. While the past century saw the discovery of these types of radiation and particles along with the investigations of their physical properties and their fundamental interaction with matter, the current century focuses extensively on their applications to characterize and understand materials in their broadest context, under all imaginable conditions. X-rays ...


Equivalence And Stable Isomorphism Of Groupoids, And Diagonal-Preserving Stable Isomorphisms Of Graph C*-Algebras And Leavitt Path Algebras, Toke Meier Carlsen, Efren Ruiz, Aidan Sims Jan 2017

Equivalence And Stable Isomorphism Of Groupoids, And Diagonal-Preserving Stable Isomorphisms Of Graph C*-Algebras And Leavitt Path Algebras, Toke Meier Carlsen, Efren Ruiz, Aidan Sims

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We prove that ample groupoids with σ-compact unit spaces are equivalent if and only if they are stably isomorphic in an appropriate sense, and relate this to Matui's notion of Kakutani equivalence. We use this result to show that diagonal-preserving stable isomorphisms of graph C*-algebras or Leavitt path algebras give rise to isomorphisms of the groupoids of the associated stabilised graphs. We deduce that the Leavitt path algebras LZ(E2) and LZ(E2-) are not stably *-isomorphic.


Full Scale Co-Digestion Of Wastewater Sludge And Food Waste: Bottlenecks And Possibilities, Long D. Nghiem, Konrad Koch, David Bolzonella, Jörg E. Drewes Jan 2017

Full Scale Co-Digestion Of Wastewater Sludge And Food Waste: Bottlenecks And Possibilities, Long D. Nghiem, Konrad Koch, David Bolzonella, Jörg E. Drewes

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Wastewater treatment plants in many countries use anaerobic digesters for biosolids management and biogas generation. Opportunities exist to utilise the spare capacity of these digesters to co-digest food waste and sludge for energy recovery and a range of other economic and environmental benefits. This paper provides a critical perspective for full-scale implementation of co-digestion of food waste and wastewater sludge. Data compiled from full-scale facilities and the peer-reviewed literature revealed several key bottlenecks hindering full-scale implementation of co-digestion. Indeed, co-digestion applications remain concentrated mostly in countries or regions with favourable energy and waste management policies. Not all environmental benefits from ...


An Unconstrained Statistical Matching Algorithm For Combining Individual And Household Level Geo-Specific Census And Survey Data, Mohammad-Reza Namazi-Rad, Rob Tanton, David G. Steel, Payam Mokhtarian, Sumonkanti Das Jan 2017

An Unconstrained Statistical Matching Algorithm For Combining Individual And Household Level Geo-Specific Census And Survey Data, Mohammad-Reza Namazi-Rad, Rob Tanton, David G. Steel, Payam Mokhtarian, Sumonkanti Das

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The Population Census is an important source of statistical information in most countries that is capable of producing reliable estimates of population characteristics for small geographic areas. One limitation of a census is that there are many population characteristics that cannot be collected due to respondent burden or cost. This means that statistical agencies have to conduct population based surveys to provide social, economic and demographic characteristics for a target population which are not captured by a large-scale census. These surveys are usually capable of producing direct estimates at the national level and high level regions but often cannot produce ...


Innovative Detectors For Quality Assurance Dosimetry In Sbrt Of Stationary And Movable Targets, Matthew Newall, Marco Petasecca, Mitchell Duncan, Iolanda Fuduli, Khalsa Al Shukaili, Jeremy T. Booth, Paul J. Keall, Stephanie Corde, V Pereveratylo, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Innovative Detectors For Quality Assurance Dosimetry In Sbrt Of Stationary And Movable Targets, Matthew Newall, Marco Petasecca, Mitchell Duncan, Iolanda Fuduli, Khalsa Al Shukaili, Jeremy T. Booth, Paul J. Keall, Stephanie Corde, V Pereveratylo, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The high spatial and temporal resolution 2D monolithic silicon detector arrays M512 and DUO for quality assurance (QA) in real time motion adaptive radiotherapy (ART) have been developed. The DUO array possesses a spatial resolution of 0.2 mm and has demonstrated agreement within 5% with EBT3 film measurements of 6MV linac beam profiles for field sizes 1 × 1 cm2 and SRS cone diameter 0.5 cm. Dynamic characterisation of the M512 for QA in real time ART evaluated the performance of M512 for small fields while the detector experiences periodic motion. It was demonstrated with M512 that MLC ...


Fracture Toughness Measurement For Aluminium 6061-T6 Using Notched Round Bars, Alan K. Hellier, P. P. Chaphalkar, B. G. Prusty Jan 2017

Fracture Toughness Measurement For Aluminium 6061-T6 Using Notched Round Bars, Alan K. Hellier, P. P. Chaphalkar, B. G. Prusty

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Current standard testing methods for determining plane strain fracture toughness (KIc), such as ASTM E399 and ASTM E1820, require a prior estimate of KIc, plus the specimens are large, involve a lot of machining and need fatigue pre-cracking. There is therefore a desire to develop new testing techniques which are simple, as well as cost and time effective. While the use of tensile notched round bars (NRB) test pieces is not novel, dating back to a conference paper by Brown in 1975, relatively few authors have so far attempted this.


Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Transmission type detectors can provide a measure of the energy fluence and if they are real-time systems that do not significantly attenuate the radiation beam have a distinct advantage over the current method as Quality Assurance (QA) could in principle be done during the actual patient treatment. The use of diode arrays in QA holds much promise due to real-time operation and feedback when compared to other methods e.g. films which are not real-time. The goal of this work is to describe the characterization of the radiation response of a silicon diode array called the Magic Plate (MP) when ...


Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2017

Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper a novel microencapsulated phase change material (MF-3) has been developed and tested for solar assisted hot water storage systems. Even though the morphology of the sample was affected by the type of emulsifier used for fabrication it recorded the highest energy storage capacity of 126 kJ/kg with encapsulation efficiency of 97.4% as compared with other developed samples. For the purpose of assessing its thermal effectiveness it was theoretically evaluated in a compacted fixed bed TES unit and found to be capable of achieving a higher energy storage density as well as relatively smaller physical storage ...


A Torsional Mre Joint For A C-Shaped Robotic Leg, M D. Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li Jan 2017

A Torsional Mre Joint For A C-Shaped Robotic Leg, M D. Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Serving to improve stability and energy efficiency during locomotion, in nature, animals modulate their leg stiffness to adapt to their terrain. Now incorporated into many locomotive robot designs, such compliance control can enable disturbance rejection and improved transition between changing ground conditions. This paper presents a novel design of a variable stiffness leg utilizing a magnetorheological elastomer joint in a literal rolling spring loaded inverted pendulum (R-SLIP) morphology. Through the semi-active control of this hybrid permanent-magnet and coil design, variable stiffness is realized, offering a design which is capable of both softening and stiffening in an adaptive sort of way ...


Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A dynamic model for a hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector-Solar Air Heater (PVT-SAH) with longitudinal fins was developed to enable assessment of the potential of the system to provide high temperature outlet air (60-90 °C) under dynamic boundary conditions. The model description includes the method for discretising the system into a number of control volumes, the energy balance equations for each control volume and the implementation of the numerical solution. Model validation has been successfully undertaken by using empirical verification of model predictions with an experimental facility and by comparing the model outputs with the reference data from the literature. The ...


An Efficient And Provably Secure Rfid Grouping Proof Protocol, Shu Cheng, Vijay Varadharajan, Yi Mu, Willy Susilo Jan 2017

An Efficient And Provably Secure Rfid Grouping Proof Protocol, Shu Cheng, Vijay Varadharajan, Yi Mu, Willy Susilo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

RFID Grouping proof convinces an offline verifier that multiple tags are simultaneously scanned. Various solutions have been proposed but most of them have security and privacy vulnerabilities. In this paper, we propose an elliptic-curve-based RFID grouping proof protocol. Our protocol is proven secure and narrow-strong private. We also demonstrate that our grouping proof can be batch verified to improve the efficiency for large-scale RFID systems and it is suitable for low-cost RFID tags.


Introducing Dynamic Dosimaging: Potential Applications For Mri-Linac, Peter E. Metcalfe, Sarah Alnaghy, Matthew Newall, Maegan Gargett, Mitchell Duncan, Gary P. Liney, Jarrad Begg, Bradley M. Oborn, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Introducing Dynamic Dosimaging: Potential Applications For Mri-Linac, Peter E. Metcalfe, Sarah Alnaghy, Matthew Newall, Maegan Gargett, Mitchell Duncan, Gary P. Liney, Jarrad Begg, Bradley M. Oborn, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The new era of intra-fraction dose tracking in radiation therapy delivery demands new dosimetry methods, whereby a moving frame of reference as a function of time may be required. This introduces a new paradigm into radiation therapy dose verification. The term we propose to describe this is dynamic dosimaging, which by our definition is tracking the location of a dosimeter array in real time during on-line radiation dose acquisition.


New Silicon Microdosimetry Probes For Rbe And Biological Dose Studies Using Stationary And Movable Targets In 12C Ion Therapy, Lachlan Chartier, Linh T. Tran, David Bolst, Alex Pogossov, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Michael A. Jackson, Naruhiro Matsufuji, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

New Silicon Microdosimetry Probes For Rbe And Biological Dose Studies Using Stationary And Movable Targets In 12C Ion Therapy, Lachlan Chartier, Linh T. Tran, David Bolst, Alex Pogossov, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Michael A. Jackson, Naruhiro Matsufuji, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Due to the high LET and dense ionisation tracks associated with ions, microdosimetric approaches have been used in carbon ion therapy to assess field quality and calculate radiobiological quantities for a variety of cell lines. There is however a lack of instrumentation for simple and routine use in a clinical environment, important for determination of RBE which provides accurate treatment planning and delivery in hadron therapy. In this study, a 10 μm thick silicon microdosimeter with 3D sensitive volumes has been used to investigate the effect of motion on the RBE and field quality of a typical 12C ion ...


Effective Long Term Travel Time Prediction With Fuzzy Rules For Tollway, Ruimin Li, Geoffrey Rose, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen Jan 2017

Effective Long Term Travel Time Prediction With Fuzzy Rules For Tollway, Ruimin Li, Geoffrey Rose, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Advanced traveller information system is an important intelligent transportation systems application area, which provides information to transport users and managers in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the transportation system, in the face of increasing congestion in urban cities around the world. So far very limited research attention has been focused on long-term travel time prediction (i.e. predicting greater than 60 min ahead). Long-term travel time forecasts can play a critical role in journey planning decisions for both private road users and logistics operators. In this paper, we have considered a fuzzy neural network incorporated with both ...


Stacking Fault Tetrahedron Induced Plasticity In Copper Single Crystal, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Lihong Su, Xing Zhao, Linqing Pei Jan 2017

Stacking Fault Tetrahedron Induced Plasticity In Copper Single Crystal, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Lihong Su, Xing Zhao, Linqing Pei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stacking fault tetrahedron (SFT) is the most common type of vacancy clustered defects in fcc metals and alloys, and can play an important role in the mechanical properties of metallic materials. In this study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out to investigate the incipience of plasticity and the underlying atomic mechanisms in copper single crystals with SFT. Different deformation mechanisms of SFT were reported due to the crystal orientations and loading directions (compression and tension). The results showed that the incipient plasticity in crystals with SFT resulted from the heterogeneous dislocation nucleation from SFT, so the stress required for ...


Simulation Ballasted Track Behavior: Numerical Treatment And Field Application, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2017

Simulation Ballasted Track Behavior: Numerical Treatment And Field Application, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The load deformation of ballasted rail tracks subjected to cyclic loading is investigated experimentally using a large-scale track process simulation apparatus and numerically through a combined discrete element-finite-difference approach. Laboratory tests were performed to examine the deformation and degradation of ballast subjected to cyclic loading at 15 Hz and a lateral confinement of 10 kPa 10 kPa. The laboratory results reveal that ballast undergoes significant deformation during the initial load cycles, followed by gradually increasing deformation attaining a steady value toward the end of testing. A numerical model based on a combined discrete element method (DEM) and finite-difference method (FDM ...


New 3d Silicon Detectors For Dosimetry In Microbeam Radiation Therapy, Michael L. F Lerch, Andrew Dipuglia, Matthew Cameron, Pauline Fournier, Jeremy A. Davis, Marco Petasecca, Iwan Cornelius, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

New 3d Silicon Detectors For Dosimetry In Microbeam Radiation Therapy, Michael L. F Lerch, Andrew Dipuglia, Matthew Cameron, Pauline Fournier, Jeremy A. Davis, Marco Petasecca, Iwan Cornelius, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT) involves the use of a spatially fractionated beam of synchrotron generated X-rays to treat tumours. MRT treatment is delivered via an array of high dose 'peaks' separated by low dose 'valleys'. A good Peak to Valley Dose Ratio (PVDR) is an important indicator of successful treatment outcomes. MRT dosimetry requires a radiation hard detector with high spatial resolution, large dynamic range, which is ideally real-time and tissue equivalent. We have developed a Silicon Strip Detector (SSD) and very recently, a new 3D MESA SSD to meet the very stringent requirements of MRT dosimetry. We have compared ...


History Of International Workshop On Mini-Micro- And Nano- Dosimetry (Mmnd) And Innovation Technologies In Radiation Oncology (Itro), Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Marco Zaider, J Yamada, M Zelefsky Jan 2017

History Of International Workshop On Mini-Micro- And Nano- Dosimetry (Mmnd) And Innovation Technologies In Radiation Oncology (Itro), Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Marco Zaider, J Yamada, M Zelefsky

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The biannual MMND (former MMD) - IPCT workshops was founded in collaboration between the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in 2001 and has become an important international multidisciplinary forum for the discussion of advanced quality assurance (QA) dosimetry technology for radiation therapy and space science, as well as advanced technologies for clinical cancer treatment.


Statistical Properties Of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Measurements: Looking Down From Space And Looking Up From The Ground, Bohai Zhang, Noel A. Cressie, Debra Wunch Jan 2017

Statistical Properties Of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Measurements: Looking Down From Space And Looking Up From The Ground, Bohai Zhang, Noel A. Cressie, Debra Wunch

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Satellite remote sensing platforms can collect measurements on a global scale within a few days, which provides an unprecedented opportunity to characterize and understand the spatio-temporal variability of environmental variables. Because of the additional challenges of making precise and accurate measurements from space, it is essential to validate satellite remote sensing datasets with highly precise and accurate ground-based measurements. The focus of this article is on two sets of measurements: Atmospheric column-averaged carbon dioxide (CO2) collected by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission in its target mode of operation; and ground-based data used for validation from the Total Carbon Column ...


Parallel Gpu-Based Collision Detection Of Irregular Vessel Wall For Massive Particles, Binbin Yong, Jun Shen, Hongyu Sun, Huaming Chen, Qingguo Zhou Jan 2017

Parallel Gpu-Based Collision Detection Of Irregular Vessel Wall For Massive Particles, Binbin Yong, Jun Shen, Hongyu Sun, Huaming Chen, Qingguo Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we present a novel GPU-based limit space decomposition collision detection algorithm (LSDCD) for performing collision detection between a massive number of particles and irregular objects, which is used in the design of the ADS (Accelerator Driven Sub-Critical) system. Test results indicate that, the collisions between ten million particles and the vessel can be detected on a general personal computer in only 0.5 second per frame. With this algorithm, the collision detection of maximum sixty million particles are calculated in 3.488030 seconds. Experiment results show that our algorithm is promising for fast collision detection.


Dynamic Exergy Analysis For The Thermal Storage Optimization Of The Building Envelope, Valentina Bonetti, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2017

Dynamic Exergy Analysis For The Thermal Storage Optimization Of The Building Envelope, Valentina Bonetti, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As a measure of energy "quality", exergy is meaningful for comparing the potential for thermal storage. Systems containing the same amount of energy could have considerably different capabilities in matching a demand profile, and exergy measures this difference. Exergy stored in the envelope of buildings is central in sustainability because the environment could be an unlimited source of energy if its interaction with the envelope is optimised for maintaining the indoor conditions within comfort ranges. Since the occurring phenomena are highly fluctuating, a dynamic exergy analysis is required; however, dynamic exergy modelling is complex and has not hitherto been implemented ...