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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Faculty Publications

1995

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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Empirical Test Of The Rational Actor Theory Of Litigation, Donald R. Songer, Charles M. Cameron, Jeffrey A. Segal Nov 1995

An Empirical Test Of The Rational Actor Theory Of Litigation, Donald R. Songer, Charles M. Cameron, Jeffrey A. Segal

Faculty Publications

This article examines the decisions of litigants in criminal cases to appeal decisions from the U.S. Courts of Appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court. Using a random sample of search and seizure cases from 1962 through 1990 and a measure of the likelihood that the appeals court decision will be reversed if cert is granted, we demonstrate that litigants behave as if they rationally consider costs and benefits in their decisions to appeal. Given the extraordinary number of cases decided by lower federal courts vis-g-vis the number of cases the Supreme Court can decide, we argue that such ...


Assessing Fundamental Power Differences In Exchange Networks: Iterative Gpi, Michael J. Lovaglia, John Skvoretz, Barry N. Markovsky, David Willer Oct 1995

Assessing Fundamental Power Differences In Exchange Networks: Iterative Gpi, Michael J. Lovaglia, John Skvoretz, Barry N. Markovsky, David Willer

Faculty Publications

Networks have been discovered for which Network Exchange Theory (NET Markovsky, Willer and Patton 1988; Lovaglia, Skvoretz, Willer and Markovsky 1995) fails to provide tenable predictions. Here we elaborate NET to create a more general method. We show not only when and where exchange networks break into simpler substructures, but propose rules to decisively classify networks and substructures as strong, weak, or equal power. In doing so, we advance general heuristics for power development in exchange networks and demonstrate the promise of an approach using reciprocal comparison of general heuristics, formal theory, and computer simulation.


Civil Society And Congregations As Public Moral Companions, Gary M. Simpson Oct 1995

Civil Society And Congregations As Public Moral Companions, Gary M. Simpson

Faculty Publications

In the midst of this morally charged situation might not Christian congregations hear again the call to a public vocation? As we ponder this prospect, two questions will guide our inquiry. First, where might Christian congregations locate a space in which they might attend to the public moral meaning of everyday rage? That public space, which we will explore, is “civil society.” Second, how can this public space of civil society be accessed so that its moral possibilities can be maximized? We will explore “communicative moral practice” as the best model for accessing the moral possibilities of civil society. What ...


Islam, The People And The State: Essays On Political Ideas And Movements In The Middle East, By Sami Zubaida, Shahrough Akhavi Aug 1995

Islam, The People And The State: Essays On Political Ideas And Movements In The Middle East, By Sami Zubaida, Shahrough Akhavi

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Attention To Candidates And Issues In Newspaper Coverage Of 1992 Presidential Campaign, Gordon Mantler, David Whiteman Jul 1995

Attention To Candidates And Issues In Newspaper Coverage Of 1992 Presidential Campaign, Gordon Mantler, David Whiteman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


What Journals Do Psychology Graduate Students Need?, Margaret Sylvia Jul 1995

What Journals Do Psychology Graduate Students Need?, Margaret Sylvia

Faculty Publications

The increasing price of journal subscriptions and the increasing number of journals available make it difficult for libraries to supply all needed material locally for scholarly research. Bibliographic citation analysis of student research papers is one method of evaluating the use of a journal collection. Journal selection and cancellation may be done on the basis of cost-per-use to maximize the usefulness of materials purchased with the library budget. Theses provide a convenient archival resource of student research. This study used the biblio-graphic citations found in theses and dissertations of graduate students in the psychology and counseling departments of the university ...


Upgrading A Cd-Rom Network For Multimedia Applications, Margaret Sylvia Jun 1995

Upgrading A Cd-Rom Network For Multimedia Applications, Margaret Sylvia

Faculty Publications

Checking the servers, PCs, and network connections for bottlenecks in serving multimedia across the network are steps that will alleviate speed and connectivity issues for users.


The Effect Of Domain Knowledge On Elementary School Children's Search Behavior On An Information Retrieval System: The Science Library Catalog, Sandra Hirsh May 1995

The Effect Of Domain Knowledge On Elementary School Children's Search Behavior On An Information Retrieval System: The Science Library Catalog, Sandra Hirsh

Faculty Publications

Few information retrieval systems are designed with children’s special needs and capabilities in mind. We need to learn more about children’s information-seeking behavior in order to provide them with information-based tools which support exploratory learning. This dissertation examines children’s search behavior on a hypertext-based automated library catalog designed for elementary school children. The focus of this research is on the effect of domain knowledge on children’s search performance, search behavior, and learning as they look for science books on this system. Reseaxch has shown that level of domain knowledge in~luences the way people search for ...


Better Environment, Better Staff, Roger H. Hermanson, Joseph V. Carcello, Dana R. Hermanson, Bernard J. Milano, Gerald A. Polansky, Doyle Z. Williams Apr 1995

Better Environment, Better Staff, Roger H. Hermanson, Joseph V. Carcello, Dana R. Hermanson, Bernard J. Milano, Gerald A. Polansky, Doyle Z. Williams

Faculty Publications

The article discusses result of a survey addressing the quality of work life among audit personnel in the U.S. The result shows that dissatisfaction in the work environment affects staff's performance. Creating customer value is one of the issues in business establishment. As stated, clients are demanding the expertise that comes with experiences. The quality of work environment may persuade outstanding staff members to pursue other career options. Financial rewards of public accounting are not the basis for changes in the rating of staff.


Are America's Top Business Students Steering Clear Of Accounting?, Dana R. Hermanson, Roger H. Hermanson, Susan H. Ivancevich Apr 1995

Are America's Top Business Students Steering Clear Of Accounting?, Dana R. Hermanson, Roger H. Hermanson, Susan H. Ivancevich

Faculty Publications

Examines top business students' perceptions of the accountancy profession and how these perceptions may influence the students' career choices. Assertion that students choose accounting for financial reasons; Appeal of accounting work to nonaccounting students; Implications for the recruitment of top business students.


Developing An Exchange Network Simulator, Barry N. Markovsky Jan 1995

Developing An Exchange Network Simulator, Barry N. Markovsky

Faculty Publications

"X-Net" is a computer simulation that I developed in conjunction with Network Exchange Theory. Users of X-Net can explore the effects of different network structures, rules of exchange, and negotiators' strategies on the dynamics and outcomes of resource exchanges in social networks. This article recounts the process of X-Net's development, in addition to key substantive, theoretical, and design issues that motivated its form and content. It concludes with a discussion of the relationship between theory, simulation, and empirical tests.


Discordance Between Lmp-Based And Clinically Estimated Gestational Age: Implications For Research, Programs, And Policy, Greg R. Alexander, Mark E. Tompkins, Donna J. Petersen, Thomas C. Hulsey, Joanne Mor Jan 1995

Discordance Between Lmp-Based And Clinically Estimated Gestational Age: Implications For Research, Programs, And Policy, Greg R. Alexander, Mark E. Tompkins, Donna J. Petersen, Thomas C. Hulsey, Joanne Mor

Faculty Publications

This study examines the comparability between the last menstrual period-based and clinically estimated gestational age as collected on certificates of live birth. It explores whether sociodemographic or delivery characteristics influence their agreement and contrasts health status and health care utilization indicators, such as preterm, small for gestational age, and adequacy of prenatal care percentages, produced by each gestational age measure. The 1989-91 South Carolina public use live birth files were used for this analysis. A total of 169,082 single births to resident mothers were selected for investigation.

The clinically estimated gestational age distribution exhibited a higher mean and a ...


Working With Fathers...Understanding Social Support For Fatherhood, Glen F. Palm Jan 1995

Working With Fathers...Understanding Social Support For Fatherhood, Glen F. Palm

Faculty Publications

Part of the "Working with Fathers: Methods and Perspectives" column published by Family Information Services (Minneapolis, MN) and here published with their generous permission..


Topography And Theology In The Gospel Of John, Craig R. Koester Jan 1995

Topography And Theology In The Gospel Of John, Craig R. Koester

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Lords Of The Hills-Ancient Maya Settlement In The Puuc Region, Yucatan, Mexico-Dunning, Np, Andrew Sluyter Jan 1995

Lords Of The Hills-Ancient Maya Settlement In The Puuc Region, Yucatan, Mexico-Dunning, Np, Andrew Sluyter

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Cultural Landscape During 6000 Years In Southern Sweden—The Ystad Project, Edited By Björn E. Berglund, Andrew Sluyter Jan 1995

Review Of The Cultural Landscape During 6000 Years In Southern Sweden—The Ystad Project, Edited By Björn E. Berglund, Andrew Sluyter

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Working With Fathers...Raising The Standards For Good Fathering, Glen F. Palm Jan 1995

Working With Fathers...Raising The Standards For Good Fathering, Glen F. Palm

Faculty Publications

One of the most important learnings about fathering has been to define fathering as a process.

Part of the "Working with Fathers: Methods and Perspectives" column published by Family Information Services (Minneapolis, MN) and here published with their generous permission..


Working With Fathers...Home Alone Dads, Glen F. Palm Jan 1995

Working With Fathers...Home Alone Dads, Glen F. Palm

Faculty Publications

Most men detest the notion that they are "babysitting" during their solo parenting stints, but many are uncertain about what exactly their role is and should be during these times.

Part of the "Working with Fathers: Methods and Perspectives" column published by Family Information Services (Minneapolis, MN) and here published with their generous permission.


On-Site Water Retention Strategies: Soultions From The Past For Dealing With Jordan's Present Water Crisis, Oystein Labianca Jan 1995

On-Site Water Retention Strategies: Soultions From The Past For Dealing With Jordan's Present Water Crisis, Oystein Labianca

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Armenian American Women Inhabiting Our Bodies: Gendered And Embodied Ethnicity In Carol Edgarian's Rise The Euphrates, Janice Okoomian Jan 1995

Armenian American Women Inhabiting Our Bodies: Gendered And Embodied Ethnicity In Carol Edgarian's Rise The Euphrates, Janice Okoomian

Faculty Publications

The subject of my paper is Carol Edgarian's recent novel, Rise the Euphrates, which I believe can tell us much about the current condition of Armenian-American women... In keeping with literary and cultural theory of the past twenty years, I favor a more complex model, in which the text and the culture in which it is written are part of a larger system of knowledge called a "discourse." I am using a Michel Foucault's widely known definition of discourse here: a set of rules, conventions, and practices which both enable and set limits upon knowledge and which permeate ...


The Impact Of Dap Inservice Training Of The Beliefs And Practices Of Kindergarten Teachers, Julia H. Haupt, Jean M. Larsen, Clyde C. Robinson, Craig H. Hart Jan 1995

The Impact Of Dap Inservice Training Of The Beliefs And Practices Of Kindergarten Teachers, Julia H. Haupt, Jean M. Larsen, Clyde C. Robinson, Craig H. Hart

Faculty Publications

As teacher training institutions have adopted the NAEYC standards for developmentally appropriate practices (hereinafter DAP) (Bredekamp, 1987) and have begun to routinely train pre-service teachers in these principles the need for student teaching experiences which reflect this orientation has become a priority for many teacher educators. However, locating developmentally appropriate placement settings, particularly when large numbers of student teachers are being trained simultaneously, may be difficult in some localities.