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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Faculty Publications

1991

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

"No Tobacco, No Hallelujah" , Terence E. Hays Dec 1991

"No Tobacco, No Hallelujah" , Terence E. Hays

Faculty Publications

According to myths and legends told by some peoples of New Guinea, tobacco is an ancient and indigenous plant, having appeared sponotaneously in a variety of ways. In other instances, the plant and the custom of smoking it are said to have been established by local culture heroes, while still other traditions prosaically cite adoptions from neighboring groups. On the basis of oral history alone, then, one might conclude that New Guinea tobacco appeared in widely scattered locations in the mythic past, and its distribution at the time of European contact is explainable as simple diffusion within the region.


Searching On Cd-Rom In An Academic Environment, Margaret Sylvia, Leigh Kilman Nov 1991

Searching On Cd-Rom In An Academic Environment, Margaret Sylvia, Leigh Kilman

Faculty Publications

Novice information searchers are overwhelmed with the amount of material retrieved with a simple keyword search. Training users to retrieve the optimal amount of information and the correct information is a challenge for librarians.


Book Review: Turbulence In World Politics, James N. Rosenau, Harvey Starr Aug 1991

Book Review: Turbulence In World Politics, James N. Rosenau, Harvey Starr

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Training Priorities Of Clerical Employees And Their Supervisors, Peter J. Haas Jul 1991

A Comparison Of The Training Priorities Of Clerical Employees And Their Supervisors, Peter J. Haas

Faculty Publications

Determines whether and in which ways the priorities of local government employees differ from those of their supervisors using data from employees in the Santa Clara County, California. Respondent profiles; Priorities of employees and supervisors among specific training topics for employees.


Understanding Babies And The Changing World, Glen F. Palm Jul 1991

Understanding Babies And The Changing World, Glen F. Palm

Faculty Publications

Originally appears as:

Palm, Glen (1991) "Understanding Babies and the Changing World" Views, Summer 1991.

Views was published by the Minnesota Council on Family Relations and the Minnesota Association for the Education of Young Children.


Perestroika, Phase Iii: Can The Ussr Learn From The Only Successful Reform?, Phillip J. Bryson Jun 1991

Perestroika, Phase Iii: Can The Ussr Learn From The Only Successful Reform?, Phillip J. Bryson

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Sponsoring The Next Generation: Parental Willingness To Pay For Higher Education, Lala C. Steelman, Brian Powell May 1991

Sponsoring The Next Generation: Parental Willingness To Pay For Higher Education, Lala C. Steelman, Brian Powell

Faculty Publications

Although sociologists and economists have been widely concerned with parental investment in children, that investment has rarely been examined directly. The Parent Survey of the High School and Beyond data set provides material for examining the traits of parents and children that shape parental payment for higher education. Parents' reported willingness and ability to pay, along with savings for children's future education, are shaped first by total income and the number of children who must share that income. Moreover, parental investment in higher education is increased when the parents themselves received parental financial support, which suggests continuity over generations ...


Municipal Capital Maintenance And Fiscal Distress, Mary K. Bumgarner, Jorge Martinez-Vazques, David L. Sjoquist Feb 1991

Municipal Capital Maintenance And Fiscal Distress, Mary K. Bumgarner, Jorge Martinez-Vazques, David L. Sjoquist

Faculty Publications

This paper formalizes and empirically tests the hypothesis that the deficient maintenance of public infrastructure is caused by fiscal distress. We utilize a production-decision framework in which public officials combine maintenance and new capital to produce a desired level of capital services. The behavior implied in the fiscal distress hypothesis is treated as perverse deviations from the optimal production path. The empirical findings from cross-sectional expenditures data give support to the fiscal distress hypothesis.


One Hundred Years Of Investigations At The Linn Site In Southern Illinois, Charles R. Cobb Jan 1991

One Hundred Years Of Investigations At The Linn Site In Southern Illinois, Charles R. Cobb

Faculty Publications

The Linn site represents one of the major Mississippian occupations in the Mississippi River floodplain of southwestern Illinois. The multiple mound center has received sporadic professional attention over the years dating from Bureau of Ethnology investigations in the latter part of the nineteenth century; however, little work by modern standards has been conducted at the site. Consequently, very little is known about the Linn site and its relationship to other Mississippian traditions in surrounding regions. This study synthesizes data from past research on the site, the results of which indicate that the Linn site likely played a major role in ...


The Dynix Acquisitions Module Evaluated In An Academic Library, Margaret Sylvia Jan 1991

The Dynix Acquisitions Module Evaluated In An Academic Library, Margaret Sylvia

Faculty Publications

The pros and cons of the automated library system Dynix's acquisitions module for use in an academic library are discussed.


Estimates Of Census Underenumeration Based On Genealogies, John W. Adams, Alice Bee Kasakoff Jan 1991

Estimates Of Census Underenumeration Based On Genealogies, John W. Adams, Alice Bee Kasakoff

Faculty Publications

We have been studying the migrations of the descendants of nine men who came to Massachusetts before 1650 and have compiled a computerized database that includes all the people born before 1860 in the patrilines. Thus we have what the nine genealogists who studied these families thought was close to a complete list of family members alive in 1850. Here we focus on our attempts to find these individuals on the 1850 federal census.


The Limits Of "Liberal Republicanism": Why Group-Based Remedies And Republican Citizenship Don't Mix, Cynthia V. Ward Jan 1991

The Limits Of "Liberal Republicanism": Why Group-Based Remedies And Republican Citizenship Don't Mix, Cynthia V. Ward

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Tierra Configurada: Investigaciones De Los Vestigios De Agricultura Precolumbiana En Tierras Inundables Costeras Desde El Norte De Veracruz Hasta Belice, By Alfred H. Siemens., Andrew Sluyter Jan 1991

Review Of Tierra Configurada: Investigaciones De Los Vestigios De Agricultura Precolumbiana En Tierras Inundables Costeras Desde El Norte De Veracruz Hasta Belice, By Alfred H. Siemens., Andrew Sluyter

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of A General Theory Of Crime, Paul Marcus Jan 1991

Book Review Of A General Theory Of Crime, Paul Marcus

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Teacher-Librarian: A Discussion Guide, Ken Haycock Jan 1991

Evaluation Of The Teacher-Librarian: A Discussion Guide, Ken Haycock

Faculty Publications

Focuses on the evaluation of a teacher-librarian (TL). Two significant components of a TL evaluation; Framework of a teacher-librarian evaluation; General considerations in evaluating a teacher-librarian; Role of TL on the nine areas of competence.


Automation And Job Satisfaction Among Reference Librarians, Jo Bell Whitlatch Jan 1991

Automation And Job Satisfaction Among Reference Librarians, Jo Bell Whitlatch

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Operations Research And Organizational Decision-Making In Academic Libraries, Therrin C. Dahlin Jan 1991

Operations Research And Organizational Decision-Making In Academic Libraries, Therrin C. Dahlin

Faculty Publications

Operations research entered the library scene in the 1960s and '70s, and has attracted much interest from librarians. This paper examines the assumptions made by selected operations researchers concerning organizational decision-making in academic libraries. The assumptions then are compared to Richard L. Daft's contingency framework of organizational decision-making to determine the appropriateness of applying operations research assumptions and methods to organizational decision-making in an academic library setting. A review of the operations researchers' assumptions and Daft's framework suggests that the operations research approach may be appropriately applied to only a relatively narrow category of problems in academic libraries ...


Retrieving Civil Society In A Postmodern Epoch, Richard R. Weiner Jan 1991

Retrieving Civil Society In A Postmodern Epoch, Richard R. Weiner

Faculty Publications

This article develops Jurgen Habermas' emphasis on critical theory as a means to retrieve the social and restore its place as a central concept in the social sciences. It argues that Habermas has been misinterpreted by varieties of thinkers across political, ideological, and intellectual domains; and has been misused by neo-conservatives and postmodernists in particular. Habermas' critical theory is driven by an emphasis on social and political praxis, and establishes the possibility of an authentic social existence. At the base of this existence is a solid moral order that defines human existence in terms of Reason rather than in terms ...


Adolescence, Emily S. Adler, Roger D. Clark Jan 1991

Adolescence, Emily S. Adler, Roger D. Clark

Faculty Publications

Using Erikson's and Gilligan's theories of adolescent development, this paper presents a content analysis of the depiction of adolescent development in a sample of Newbery Medal winners and honor books. Some diversity was found among the major characters, but white males were overrepresented. Many of the characters underwent an identity crisis. Some passed through the identity versus role confusion stage; others, especially in the almost prototypical maleinitiation-rite stories, discovered ways to deal with nature (industry) which engendered a far clearer sense of self (identity). The major female characters experienced the two phases more or less simultaneously, but a ...


Interest, Use, And Interest In Uses In Folk Biology, Terence E. Hays Jan 1991

Interest, Use, And Interest In Uses In Folk Biology, Terence E. Hays

Faculty Publications

In this work on folk biological taxonomy, Terence Hays the author, calls upon various works of previous field studies conducted over a long-term period including those by Bulmer, Everyman, Hunn, Brown, and Hymes. Hays looks back to works by Ralph Bulmer and his co-workers where taxonomies of five or six levels deep were not surprising. Hays points out that this is a stark contrast to Everyman, Alexander Portnoy's study regarding the simplicity of Westerners folk systems and then posits why "the folk" classify their environment in great detail. Hays brings to light that it has much to do with ...