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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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University of Tennessee, Knoxville

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Articles 1 - 30 of 3858

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Risk-Based Approach In The Self-Assessment Of Nuclear Security Culture For Users Of Radioactive Sources, Igor Khripunov May 2019

Risk-Based Approach In The Self-Assessment Of Nuclear Security Culture For Users Of Radioactive Sources, Igor Khripunov

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The current emphasis on the need to protect radioactive sources from being used for malicious purposes makes it imperative to explore and shape an appropriate culture-based response. Promoting a robust security culture is consistent with the international legal instruments and standards including the Code of Conduct for the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources and IAEA guidance publications. This promotion would be dependent upon the successful implementation of relevant self-assessment tools and a series of culture indicators, both of which would serve as benchmarks to take a culture’s measure and identify practical ways to improve security. This approach must ...


Mass Grave Detection With The Use Of Geophysics, Madelyn M. Knaub May 2019

Mass Grave Detection With The Use Of Geophysics, Madelyn M. Knaub

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Tendencies In Youth With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities During Play Activities, Erin M Podgorski May 2019

Behavioral Tendencies In Youth With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities During Play Activities, Erin M Podgorski

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Search For Mollie Tibbetts: How Social Media Functions In Missing Persons Cases, Alexandra R. House May 2019

The Search For Mollie Tibbetts: How Social Media Functions In Missing Persons Cases, Alexandra R. House

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly May 2019

The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Opioid Crisis: Biological, Psychological And Sociological Factors In The Etiology And Future Mitigation Of Opioid Addiction., Nicholas Michael Genereaux May 2019

The Opioid Crisis: Biological, Psychological And Sociological Factors In The Etiology And Future Mitigation Of Opioid Addiction., Nicholas Michael Genereaux

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Multicultural And The Treatment Of Child Trauma: Research Trends From The Last Ten Years, Sarah L. Keil May 2019

Multicultural And The Treatment Of Child Trauma: Research Trends From The Last Ten Years, Sarah L. Keil

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Experience Of Childhood Maltreatment And Its Impact On Parenting In A High-Risk Sample, Alex C. Clement May 2019

The Experience Of Childhood Maltreatment And Its Impact On Parenting In A High-Risk Sample, Alex C. Clement

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Studying The Effects Of Race On The Duration Of Child Mentoring Matches, Meredith Hawk May 2019

Studying The Effects Of Race On The Duration Of Child Mentoring Matches, Meredith Hawk

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Maternal Borderline Personality Disorder And Negative Talk, And Young Children’S Behavioral Symptoms, Katherine Anne Halas May 2019

Maternal Borderline Personality Disorder And Negative Talk, And Young Children’S Behavioral Symptoms, Katherine Anne Halas

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Synapse: Seeing The World Through A Neuroscience Lens, Madeline Macarthur May 2019

Bridging The Synapse: Seeing The World Through A Neuroscience Lens, Madeline Macarthur

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Boys That Blend: How Men In Makeup Can Affect Social Media Marketing Efforts, Matthew Meyers May 2019

Boys That Blend: How Men In Makeup Can Affect Social Media Marketing Efforts, Matthew Meyers

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


An External And Internal Understanding: Female Puberty, Shivani R. Patel May 2019

An External And Internal Understanding: Female Puberty, Shivani R. Patel

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe May 2019

When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Marriage, Divorce, And Discord: Review And Policy Analysis, Kiersten L. Marsh, Rachel A. Woods May 2019

Effects Of Marriage, Divorce, And Discord: Review And Policy Analysis, Kiersten L. Marsh, Rachel A. Woods

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Harry Potter And The Perpetual Struggle To Find My Hogwarts House, Chris T. Biller May 2019

Harry Potter And The Perpetual Struggle To Find My Hogwarts House, Chris T. Biller

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Metaphor Theory And Its Relation To Social Policy, Victoria Anita Voorhees May 2019

Metaphor Theory And Its Relation To Social Policy, Victoria Anita Voorhees

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Relationships On Ans Function And Wellness, Olivia M. Maples Apr 2019

The Effects Of Relationships On Ans Function And Wellness, Olivia M. Maples

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The quality of relationships and social networks plays a vital role on well-being (Feeney & Collins, 2015). Social support is linked to positive biological profiles in that social support protects against the negative effects of changes in cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and immune function. Furthermore, when exploring Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) function, higher heart rate variability has been shown to reflect a psychophysiological state compatible with social interaction (Quintana, Guastella, Outhred, Hickie, & Kemp, 2012). Social support has been shown to buffer against the negative effects of life stressors (Cohen & Wills, 1985), and ultimately, mortality (Holt-Lunstad, Smith, & Layton, 2010). In summary, social relationships are ...


Disneyfication And Education, Reagan A Yessler Apr 2019

Disneyfication And Education, Reagan A Yessler

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Disneyfication in theater means the increase in popularity of Disney plays and the resulting reshaping of modern plays to more resemble those of Walt Disney, in order to gain viewership. In most cases, this means a shift to a musical format featuring upbeat ballads and gaudy but family-friendly costumes. While many theatre elitists frown upon such trends, this project shows how Disneyfication fosters renewed interest and enjoyment in theatre across age groups. A case study of the Knox and Sevier County school systems in Tennessee examines patterns of interest and enjoyment in the nation’s most popular plays via snowball ...


Identifying Cystic Fibrosis (Cf) Skeletally: A Proposed Differential Diagnosis, Clare Remy Apr 2019

Identifying Cystic Fibrosis (Cf) Skeletally: A Proposed Differential Diagnosis, Clare Remy

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that affects the mucosal lining of the lungs and digestive system due to a defective gene that causes blockages of tubes, ducts, and passageways. The type of mutation correlates with the severity of the condition, but with modern medicine individuals can live into their 50s. We propose a differential diagnosis for identifying CF in the skeleton based on bony pathologies that occur in higher frequency in CF patients. CF patients exhibit chronic sinusitis, clubbing of hands and feet, vertebral fractures/collapse and abnormal curvature, significantly shorter stature, lower bone density, rib fractures, and ...


Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, Alexander Tripp Apr 2019

Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, Alexander Tripp

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

China, a rising global hegemon, has become increasingly interested in close economic and political relations with Latin America since the turn of the century. These relationships have been centered around two traits, foreign direct investment (FDI) and the export of raw materials. China has fully invested itself into the region in order to develop and maintain the production of certain goods necessary for upkeep of its massive population and industrializing economy. I test the significance of four prominent raw materials in Chinese trade with Latin America to determine their impact on Chinese FDI. Using this method, I gather and gauge ...


The Effects Of Stress And Anxiety On A Cued Attention Task, Catalina L. Gonzalez Apr 2019

The Effects Of Stress And Anxiety On A Cued Attention Task, Catalina L. Gonzalez

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Previous research has shown visual attention tasks like the Infant Orienting With Attention (IOWA) Task are effective in identifying individual differences in spatial attention (Ross-Sheehy et al., 2015). Given visual attention is influenced by factors like stress/anxiety (Grillon et al, 2016) it may be possible to use attention tasks to identify participants high in stress and/or anxiety. Fifty-four adults completed a modified version of the IOWA task. Participants then completed the Perceived Stress Scale and Beck Anxiety Inventory, and were divided into three groups: Low_Stress/Low_Anxiety (LSLA), High_Stress/Low_Anxiety (HSLA), and High_Stress/High_Anxiety (HSHA). A Condition x Stress ...


Pan Negro: En Pos De Una Pedagogía De Liberación, Lizely M. López Apr 2019

Pan Negro: En Pos De Una Pedagogía De Liberación, Lizely M. López

Vernacular: New Connections in Language, Literature, & Culture

La producción literaria del escritor y pedagogo catalán Emili Teixidor es reconocida por su misión pedagógica. Su labor consistía en la creación de una literatura dirigida al público lector infantil y juvenil con objetivos pedagógicos específicos para formar lectores ágiles. Teixidor no se limitó a la población lectora infantil y juvenil, también produjo literatura dirigida a adultos. De su producción literaria para adultos, destaca Pan negro (2003), novela galardonada con varios premios, entre estos el premio Joan Crexells al mejor libro en 2003 y llevada a la pantalla grande en 2011 por el director Agustín Villaronga.

En Pan negro (2010 ...


Acute Social Defeat-Induced Neuroinflammation In The Vmpfc Of Syrian Hamsters Via Microglial Activation, Thomas Clarity Apr 2019

Acute Social Defeat-Induced Neuroinflammation In The Vmpfc Of Syrian Hamsters Via Microglial Activation, Thomas Clarity

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Research suggests causal relationships between neuroinflammation and stress-related psychopathologies. Exposure to moderate or chronic psychological stress in rodents leads to increased activation of microglia, the brain’s resident immune cells. The ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is a key limbic region involved in top-down regulation of psychological stress and mediates the deleterious effects of microglial activity following prolonged restraint stress. While there is a growing body of literature indicating that chronic social defeat increases microglial activity in the vmPFC, there has been little research investigating the effects of acute social defeat stress. Here, we used an acute social defeat paradigm ...


Career-Decision Making: School Counselors In Counselor Education Doctoral Programs, Malti Tuttle, Lee E. Grimes, Caroline Lopez-Perry Feb 2019

Career-Decision Making: School Counselors In Counselor Education Doctoral Programs, Malti Tuttle, Lee E. Grimes, Caroline Lopez-Perry

Teaching and Supervision in Counseling

School counselors enroll in counselor education doctoral programs based on various factors which impact their future career-decision making process. The researchers conducted a phenomenological research study to examine the career-decision making experiences of practicing school counselors in counselor education doctoral programs to understand this phenomenon. Ten practicing school counselors enrolled in counselor education doctoral programs participated in this research study. Three emerging themes highlighted the essence of these experiences: (a) intrinsic and extrinsic motivators, (b) developmental fit, and (c) lifestyle factors. Results and recommendations from this research study provide counselor educators insight into these experiences. This research study informs counselor ...


A Process Addictions Course For Counselor Training Programs, Amanda L. Giordano, Audrey Malacara, Sarah Agarwal Feb 2019

A Process Addictions Course For Counselor Training Programs, Amanda L. Giordano, Audrey Malacara, Sarah Agarwal

Teaching and Supervision in Counseling

We proposed the implementation of a course dedicated to the etiology and treatment of process addictions in counselor-training programs. We described the nature of the course and results of paired samples t-tests examining differences in 23 students’ preferences, competence, importance, and understanding at the beginning and end of the semester. Specifically, student preference for working with process addictions, competence, and understanding of process addictions significantly increased with large effect sizes at the completion of the course. We concluded with a description of implications for counselor educators and counselor-training programs.


Am I My Peers’ Keeper? Problems Of Professional Competency In Doctoral Students, Kathleen Brown-Rice, Susan Furr Feb 2019

Am I My Peers’ Keeper? Problems Of Professional Competency In Doctoral Students, Kathleen Brown-Rice, Susan Furr

Teaching and Supervision in Counseling

Addressing problems of professional competency (PPC) among doctoral students is essential given that doctoral students will become our future counselor educators. In this study, doctoral students (N = 345) in CACREP-accredited programs were surveyed about their knowledge of peers’ PPC. The findings of this study indicate doctoral students are aware of peers with PPC (68.1%), which include inadequate skills to deliver counseling services as well as problematic behaviors related to personal or psychological issues. Findings suggest respondents are affected negatively by being in a program with a peer they perceive has a PPC (47.9%) and are frustrated with educators ...


Supervision Strategies Used To Support Spanish-Speaking Bilingual Counselors, Heather Trepal, Angelica Tello, Maria Haiyasoso, Nancy Castellon, Jessenia Garcia, Cristina Martinez-Smith Feb 2019

Supervision Strategies Used To Support Spanish-Speaking Bilingual Counselors, Heather Trepal, Angelica Tello, Maria Haiyasoso, Nancy Castellon, Jessenia Garcia, Cristina Martinez-Smith

Teaching and Supervision in Counseling

Multilingual diversity is increasing in the United States, with Spanish being the nation’s second most common spoken language (U.S. Census, 2016). In response, more Spanish-speaking bilingual counselors are providing bilingual counseling services. These counselors face unique experiences related to the constellation of language, culture, and professional development. Yet, supervisors are working with these counselors and little is known about their experiences or specific supervision strategies. This article presents the results of interviews with supervisors (N=8) of Spanish-speaking bilingual counselors regarding their supervision strategies. Implications for supervisors are provided.


Quality Scholarship Informing Teaching, Supervision And Mentorship: The Aim Of Teaching And Supervision In Counseling, Kelly L. Wester Feb 2019

Quality Scholarship Informing Teaching, Supervision And Mentorship: The Aim Of Teaching And Supervision In Counseling, Kelly L. Wester

Teaching and Supervision in Counseling

No abstract provided.


Access To Veterinary Care: Barriers, Current Practices, And Public Policy, Amy Jo Wiltzius, Michael J. Blackwell, Susan B. Krebsbach, Linda Daugherty, Rachael Kreisler, Brian Forsgren, Michael Moyer, Sarina Manifold, Sonya Snyder, David Favre, Taylor Young, Marcy Souza Dec 2018

Access To Veterinary Care: Barriers, Current Practices, And Public Policy, Amy Jo Wiltzius, Michael J. Blackwell, Susan B. Krebsbach, Linda Daugherty, Rachael Kreisler, Brian Forsgren, Michael Moyer, Sarina Manifold, Sonya Snyder, David Favre, Taylor Young, Marcy Souza

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Small Animal Clinical Sciences

Pets have become an integral part of our families with over 80% of pet owners reporting that they consider their pets to be a member of their family. An estimated 29 million dogs and cats live in families that participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. There are also middle-class families that live paycheck to paycheck, with limited funds for veterinary care. These families deserve the companionship of pets to enjoy the mental, physical, and emotional benefits that come from this human-animal bond.

Through a grant from Maddie’s Fund®, the Access to Veterinary Care Coalition (AVCC) commissioned a national ...