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Articles 1 - 30 of 15629

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

S.W.O.T Analysis Of E-Learning Platform, Sakai: Users’ Perspective, Samuel Owusu-Ansah Sep 2020

S.W.O.T Analysis Of E-Learning Platform, Sakai: Users’ Perspective, Samuel Owusu-Ansah

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The interest in integrating eLearning platforms in teaching environments are on the increase in higher learning institutions. In view of this, the study focused on assessing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of using the eLearning Platform, SAKAI, in the School of Continuing and Distance Education (SCDE), University of Ghana, Legon. A survey was conducted and two hundred and seventy-four (274) distance learning students from the University of Ghana, Legon were selected by simple random sampling method to collect primary data using questionnaires. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was then used to analyze the completed questionnaire and ...


The Impact Of The Covid-19 Crisis On Nebraska's Ethanol Industry, John C. Beghin, Sushant Timalsina May 2020

The Impact Of The Covid-19 Crisis On Nebraska's Ethanol Industry, John C. Beghin, Sushant Timalsina

Cornhusker Economics

This article looks at the impact of the pandemic crisis on Nebraska’s ethanol industry. We trace the changes in return margins since the last quarter of 2019 to early May of this year and show the deterioration of these margins and the resulting reduced returns, gross revenues and production reduction induced by the low returns.


Effects Of Gender And Ethnicity On Stem Self-Competencies In Classroom Interactions, Baudelio Abrica May 2020

Effects Of Gender And Ethnicity On Stem Self-Competencies In Classroom Interactions, Baudelio Abrica

UCARE Research Products

Well established is a connection between gender stereotypes and children’s STEM perceptions. STEM self-concept, for example, is consistently identified as stronger for boys than girls (Cvencek et. et al 2011). While research has documented differences in STEM self-competencies between adolescent boys and girls (Miller et. al 2018), there remains much to be learned about the classroom conditions that may explain how children understand stereotypes and act on that understanding in their interactions with other children. This research examined how informal classroom activities reveal both racial and gendered stereotypical preference patterns and how those patterns relate to students’ self-competencies. Moving ...


North Central Extension Risk Management Education Center, Christine Lockert, Bradley D. Lubben May 2020

North Central Extension Risk Management Education Center, Christine Lockert, Bradley D. Lubben

Cornhusker Economics

Managing through the current economic challenges and accumulating shocks in ag sector will be a major challenge for farmers and ranchers. Educating producers to manage these risks and position their farm or ranch for future growth and success is the fundamental purpose of the Extension Risk Management Education (ERME) program.


Nebraska National Agri-Marketing Association And The Covid-19 Effect, Austin Harthoorn, Rosalee Swartz May 2020

Nebraska National Agri-Marketing Association And The Covid-19 Effect, Austin Harthoorn, Rosalee Swartz

Cornhusker Economics

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s National Agri-Marketing Association (NAMA) student organization is one of more than 30 student chapters across the U.S. and Canada. The objective of the student NAMA on campus is to learn first-hand about the many career opportunities in agri-marketing from professionals in marketing, advertising, communications, promotion, sales, and public relations. As chapter members, students develop valuable personal contacts and working relations with agri-marketing professionals and have meaningful opportunities to develop and practice their managerial skills and leadership abilities.


The Impact Of Saturated Thickness To Protect Farmers From Severe Drought In High Plains Aquifer, Olivier Tuyizere, Taro Mieno Phd May 2020

The Impact Of Saturated Thickness To Protect Farmers From Severe Drought In High Plains Aquifer, Olivier Tuyizere, Taro Mieno Phd

UCARE Research Products

The High Plains Aquifer comprises eight states of Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Wyoming, Colorado, South Dakota with an area of 175,000 square miles. High Plains Aquifer (HPA) has been the primary source of water supply for irrigation in this region. Groundwater depletion varies across the region of the aquifer due to differences in surface water interaction with groundwater, water recharge, precipitation temperature and hydrological characteristics of the aquifer. With the uncertainty in the future of climate, we expect extreme climatic events such as drought. The drought is associated with dry and hot weather in which irrigation plays a ...


Using The Elaboration Likelihood Model As A Method To Teach Science Communication, Ann Briggs May 2020

Using The Elaboration Likelihood Model As A Method To Teach Science Communication, Ann Briggs

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

For most scientists, researchers, and resource professionals, the act of communicating their science is not the focus of their training or practice. While the importance of sharing information with the general public is widely accepted, many professionals have not been taught how to communicate with the public. They rely on trial and error and other methods that often lead to misunderstanding and miscommunication. Science communication is a necessary step to keep society engaged and informed about science and the scientific process, and a lack of science communication to the public leads to misinformation, and ultimately a lack of trust in ...


Alliance Cohesion: Connecting The Disconnect In Alliance Reliability, Noelle Troutman May 2020

Alliance Cohesion: Connecting The Disconnect In Alliance Reliability, Noelle Troutman

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

Alliances are important to understanding international peace and conflict, but disagreement exists among scholars regarding alliance reliability with findings of allies fulfilling alliance obligations 25-75% of the time (Sabrosky, 1980; Leeds, et al., 2000; Berkemeier and Fuhrmann, 2018). What mechanism ultimately lies at the center of this puzzle? I argue that alliance cohesion, specifically differences in cohesion relating to internal dynamics of alliance structure and power distribution, lie at the center of this empirical disconnect. I define alliance cohesion as the ability of allies to agree on security preferences and appropriate methods to meet these ends. In this study I ...


Recreational Activity Dynamics At Valentine National Wildlife Refuge, Olivia A. Darugna May 2020

Recreational Activity Dynamics At Valentine National Wildlife Refuge, Olivia A. Darugna

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Many parks and protected areas are managed for a dual purpose to conserve ecological systems and to provide wildlife-compatible recreational opportunities for visitors. Managing parks and protected areas to meet this dual goal entails progressive management approaches that incorporate information about social and ecological components of these systems. Current management regimes focus heavily on the ecological component with little or no information concerning the social component of parks and protected areas. Incorporating social information is essential for understanding and accounting for social conflicts and ecological impacts that result from a diversity of recreational activities. We examined recreational activities at Valentine ...


Fifty Shades Of Leather And Misogyny: An Investigation Of Anti-Woman Perspectives Among Leathermen, Meredith G. F. Worthen, Trenton M. Haltom May 2020

Fifty Shades Of Leather And Misogyny: An Investigation Of Anti-Woman Perspectives Among Leathermen, Meredith G. F. Worthen, Trenton M. Haltom

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

The Fifty Shades books and films shed light on a sexual and leather-clad subculture predominantly kept in the dark: bondage, discipline, submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM). Such new interest in this community also generated widespread misconceptions about the sexual practices that take place in these circles, especially in regard to the treatment of women. In the current study, we investigate how a BDSM or “leather” identity is related to attitudes toward women. We use a nationally representative sample of U.S. adult men aged 18–64 stratified by U.S. Census categories of age, race/ethnicity, and census region (N = 1474 ...


5-Ht2a Receptors Modulate Dopamine D2-Mediated Maternal Effects, Jun Gao May 2020

5-Ht2a Receptors Modulate Dopamine D2-Mediated Maternal Effects, Jun Gao

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Serotonin 5-HT2A receptors are expressed throughout the mesolimbic and mesocortical dopamine pathways, and manipulation of this receptor system has a profound impact on dopamine functions and dopamine-mediated behaviors. It is highly likely that 5-HT2A receptors may also modulate the D2-mediated maternal effects. The present study investigated this issue and also explored the possible behavioral mechanisms. We tested the effects of two D2 drugs (an agonist quinpirole: 0.5, 1.0 mg/kg, and a potent D2 antagonist haloperidol: 0.05, 0.10 mg/kg, sc) and their combinations with two 5-HT2A drugs (a selective 5-HT2A agonist TCB-2: 2.5 mg ...


Interactive Effect Of Maternal Activation And Disc-1 Knockout On Pup Preference Of Postpartum Rats, Barbara Bueno Apr 2020

Interactive Effect Of Maternal Activation And Disc-1 Knockout On Pup Preference Of Postpartum Rats, Barbara Bueno

UCARE Research Products

The main purpose of the study was to find a three-way interaction between genotype, treatment and interacted subjects. Interestingly, and not expected, the KO*MIA rats spent more time with the pups compared to time spent with the male rat. This unexpected results from this study are evidence that there is a complex spectrum of behavioral symptoms due to genetics, environment and their interactive effect (Schwartzer et aI., 2013). For that reason, the interaction between genetics (DISCI) and environment (MIA) might be more complex than what is believed.


Impact Of Saturated Thickness To Protect Farmers From Drought In High Plains Aquifer, Olivier Tuyizere, Taro Mieno Apr 2020

Impact Of Saturated Thickness To Protect Farmers From Drought In High Plains Aquifer, Olivier Tuyizere, Taro Mieno

UCARE Research Products

●The High Plains aquifer is the primary source of water supply for irrigating major crops in the region including corn and soybeans ●Climate change is expected to reduce groundwater availability in High Plains Aquifer and increase extreme climatic events such as droughts. ●Aquifer depletion leads to lower well yields, which in turn diminish the effectiveness of irrigation against drought.

●Estimate the effect of saturated thickness to protect irrigated corn and soybeans production against severe drought in the High Plains Aquifer. ●Calculate the impact of aquifer depletion on farmers’ ability to protect against severe droughts based on the regression results.


Emotional Awareness During Bug Fixes – A Pilot Study, Jada Loro, Abigail L. Schneff, Sarah J. Oran, Bonita Sharif Ph.D. Apr 2020

Emotional Awareness During Bug Fixes – A Pilot Study, Jada Loro, Abigail L. Schneff, Sarah J. Oran, Bonita Sharif Ph.D.

UCARE Research Products

This study examines the effects of a programmer's emotional awareness on progress while fixing bugs. The goal of the study is to capitalize on emotional awareness to ultimately increase progress made during software development. This process could result in improved software maintenance.

Research Question: Can we determine emotional state of a developer using biometric sensors during debugging?


Economic Impacts Of Food Fraud, Syed Imran Ali Meerza, Konstantinos Giannakas, Amalia Yiannaka Apr 2020

Economic Impacts Of Food Fraud, Syed Imran Ali Meerza, Konstantinos Giannakas, Amalia Yiannaka

Cornhusker Economics

When you order seafood at a restaurant, do you get what you pay for? Scientists from Oceana, a non-profit marine conservation organization, conducted one of the largest seafood fraud investigations on 1,215 samples from 674 outlets in 21 states of the United States (U.S.) over the period 2010 to 2012.They found that there is, on average, a 33% probability that you do not actually get what you pay for. The share of mislabeled food was (a quite remarkable) 74% for seafood sold in sushi restaurants and 18% of seafood sold in gro-cery stores with mislabeled “red snapper ...


Conceptualizing Perceived Parental Communicated Acceptance During Parent-Child Religious Difference, Toni Morgan Apr 2020

Conceptualizing Perceived Parental Communicated Acceptance During Parent-Child Religious Difference, Toni Morgan

Communication Studies Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Significant religious difference in the family has become increasingly prevalent in recent years (Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, 2008; Pew Research Center, 2015). While religious difference is challenging for families to negotiate, the manner in which they communicate about it seems to be helpful in promoting positive outcomes (e.g., Colaner, Soliz, & Nelson, 2014; Hughes & Dickson, 2005). The purpose of this study was to conceptualize parental communicated (non)acceptance in the context of significant parent-child religious difference. To that end, I conducted interviews with 44 adults who identified a significant religious difference with their parent. The interviews also included a visual drawing task in ...


Learning From Those Who Served: Application Of Regression-Based Body Mass Estimation Methods To The Uss Oklahoma Population, Maxwell Rooney Apr 2020

Learning From Those Who Served: Application Of Regression-Based Body Mass Estimation Methods To The Uss Oklahoma Population, Maxwell Rooney

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

Current methodologies in body mass estimation are lacking in accuracy when compared to the methods of sex, age, and ancestry estimation familiar to forensic anthropologists. For this reason, the practical application of body mass estimation remains underutilized, hindering the study of a potentially advantageous aspect of the biological profile.

This study highlights body mass estimation in a forensic context while taking the osteological paradox into account through the utilization of a unique population: the US military personnel killed on the USS Oklahoma during the Pearl Harbor attack on December 7, 1942. Because these individuals were similar in age (adults, age ...


Some Economic Implications Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In Nebraska, John C. Beghin Apr 2020

Some Economic Implications Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In Nebraska, John C. Beghin

Cornhusker Economics

It is now clear that the spread, mortality and morbidity impacts of the coronavirus pandemic are sizeable but extremely heterogeneous across multiple dimensions. Geography shows that places with lower human con-centrations (urban/rural divide) and away from main travel axes, such as major interstate highways and in-ternational airports, have a lower incidence of cases. Large urban centers with high human concentrations have been much disproportionally affected and with much higher mortality rates. Age and health status are equally important. Mortality increases dramatically for people 60 years old and older. People with comorbidi-ties (cardiovascular, obesity, diabetes, and others) are much more ...


Diverse Aging And Health Inequality By Race And Ethnicity, Kenneth F. Ferraro, Blakelee R. Kemp, Monica M. Williams Apr 2020

Diverse Aging And Health Inequality By Race And Ethnicity, Kenneth F. Ferraro, Blakelee R. Kemp, Monica M. Williams

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Although gerontologists have long embraced the concept of heterogeneity in theories and models of aging, recent research reveals the importance of racial and ethnic diversity on life course processes leading to health inequality. This article examines research on health inequality by race and ethnicity and identifies theoretical and methodological innovations that are transforming the study of health disparities. Drawing from cumulative inequality theory, we propose greater use of life course analysis, more attention to variability within racial and ethnic groups, and better integration of environmental context into the study of accumulation processes leading to health disparities.


Smokers’ Reports On Receiving A Doctor’S Advice To Quit Smoking; Receiving The Advice Is More Prevalent Among Smokers With Crohn’S Disease Relative To Smokers With Ulcerative Colitis, Julia N. Soulakova, Le-Chu Su, Lisa J. Crockett Apr 2020

Smokers’ Reports On Receiving A Doctor’S Advice To Quit Smoking; Receiving The Advice Is More Prevalent Among Smokers With Crohn’S Disease Relative To Smokers With Ulcerative Colitis, Julia N. Soulakova, Le-Chu Su, Lisa J. Crockett

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Receiving a doctor’s advice to quit smoking is an important predictor for improving smokers’ intentions to quit smoking and successful smoking cessation. We examined reports of smokers with Crohn’s Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) regarding receiving a doctor’s advice to quit smoking in the past 12 months, and eval-uated the differences in the rates of receiving the advice between the CD and UC patients. The data were retrospectively reported by CD and UC patients (n = 453) who self-identified as current smokers in online assessments conducted by IBD Partners in the period from 2011 to 2014 in ...


Adjusting The Late Policy: Using Smaller Intervals For Grading Deductions, Brandon Bosch Apr 2020

Adjusting The Late Policy: Using Smaller Intervals For Grading Deductions, Brandon Bosch

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Most late policies involve some type of initial large deduction when an assignment is late, followed by subsequent deductions around a certain interval. In many cases, instructors will select 24 hours as their interval. While this type of late policy is common, it can be criticized for being too punitive. Moreover, large intervals can encourage students to hold on to their assignments longer than necessary, increasing the possibility that students receive a second large deduction. To address some of these issues, I share my experience of using one-point deductions for each hour an assignment is late.


No Association Between An Oxytocin Receptor Genetic Variant And Depressive Symptoms, Rachel Sisley, Grace Sullivan, Scott Stoltenberg Ph. D. Apr 2020

No Association Between An Oxytocin Receptor Genetic Variant And Depressive Symptoms, Rachel Sisley, Grace Sullivan, Scott Stoltenberg Ph. D.

UCARE Research Products

• Depression has the greatest impact on daily functioning capability of all diseases and adversely effects individuals globally (Flint & Kendler, 2014). • Human capital value of these losses has been about $40 billion dollars annually (Kessler, 2012). • Analysis of the genetic and biological systems associated with depressive symptoms, such as the oxytocin system, could lead to identifying risk variants and possible treatment development. • Genetic Variation in OXTR is associated with a variation in depressive symptoms including low selfesteem, pessimism, and low self-efficacy, etc. (Conner et al., 2018). • The A allele of the SNP rs53576 is considered the risk allele as it’s associated with decreased pro-social behavior and increased loneliness and suicide attempts (Parris et. Al., 2018) • The exact mechanism has not been identified, but G/G homozygotes recorded to have higher oxytocin levels, associated with increased emotional responsiveness (Marsh et al., 2012; Tost et al., 2010) • We hypothesize that: (1) individuals possessing the A allele of the rs53576 SNP of OXTR will have more depressive symptoms on average. (2) Females will have more depressive symptoms on average. (3) There is an interaction between genotype and biological sex, as A allele females will have more depressive symptoms on average.


Gen Z And Digital Distractions In The Classroom: Student Classroom Use Of Digital Devices For Non-Class Related Purposes, Bernard R. Mccoy Apr 2020

Gen Z And Digital Distractions In The Classroom: Student Classroom Use Of Digital Devices For Non-Class Related Purposes, Bernard R. Mccoy

Faculty Publications, College of Journalism & Mass Communications

A 2019 survey of college students examined classroom-learning distractions caused by their use of digital devices for non-class purposes. The purpose of the survey, part of an on-going study, was to learn more about students’ behaviors and perceptions regarding their classroom uses of digital devices for non-class purposes. The survey included 986 respondents in 37 U.S. states and 47 respondents in Alberta, Canada. A significant feature of the study was its measurement of frequency and duration of students’ classroom digital distractions as well as respondents’ motivations for engaging in the distracting behavior. Respondents averaged 19.4% of class time ...


Covid-19, Farm Survival And Decision Making, Cory Walters, Jessica Groskopf, Richard Preston Apr 2020

Covid-19, Farm Survival And Decision Making, Cory Walters, Jessica Groskopf, Richard Preston

Cornhusker Economics

COVID-19 is causing us to experience events that have always been possible, just not yet observed. For farmers these events may have a big negative financial impact, or they may not. The impact on each individual farm has to do with how that individual farm has prepared for rare financially devastating events. Preparing for unseen events represents a logical approach. We call this approach stress testing. Just because you have not seen an event, it does not mean it does not exist. Or said another way, absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. In this article, we discuss how ...


Hypergender Ideology And Social Norms Influence Attitudes Towards Bystander Intervention, Taylor Brumbaugh, Haley Hansmeier, Kyle Bizal, Bailey Lytle, Anna Bartholet, Mia Lambertsen, Shaina Kumar, David Dilillo, Sarah Gervais Apr 2020

Hypergender Ideology And Social Norms Influence Attitudes Towards Bystander Intervention, Taylor Brumbaugh, Haley Hansmeier, Kyle Bizal, Bailey Lytle, Anna Bartholet, Mia Lambertsen, Shaina Kumar, David Dilillo, Sarah Gervais

UCARE Research Products

• Bystander intervention can help prevent future cases of sexual assault that might otherwise go unreported without help to the victim and without justice against the perpetrator.

• However, according to Burn (2009) and Planty (2002), a bystander witnesses a third of all sexual assaults yet only intervenes a third of the time.

• Little is known about factors that may ultimately influence attitudes toward bystander intervention, but emerging evidence indicates that hypergender ideology and strong adherence to social norms may lead to a lesser likelihood of bystander intervention.

• For example, hypermasculinity has been linked to approval of sexual aggression (Gold, Fultz, Burke ...


Interactions Between Need For Cognition And Ambivalent Sexism In Jurors’ Perceptions Of Expert Credibility, Trina Iyamuremye Uwineza, Morgan Hurtz, Laurel Westerman, Erika Boohar, Kaela Meyer, Halleigh Kelchen, Sarah Eagan, Sarah Gervais Apr 2020

Interactions Between Need For Cognition And Ambivalent Sexism In Jurors’ Perceptions Of Expert Credibility, Trina Iyamuremye Uwineza, Morgan Hurtz, Laurel Westerman, Erika Boohar, Kaela Meyer, Halleigh Kelchen, Sarah Eagan, Sarah Gervais

UCARE Research Products

The current study examined interactions between Need for Cognition scores (NCS) and Ambivalent Sexism scores (ASI; Hostile (HS) and Benevolent sexism (BS)) on perceptions of expert witness credibility. Participants (N = 467) with ages that ranged from 19–70 years (M=26.35, SD=9.20) completed the Need for Cognition Scale (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982), Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (Glick & Fiske, 1996), and Witness Credibility Scale (Brodsky, Griffin, & Cramer, 2010), and viewed a female expert witness providing scientific testimony in a civil trial. We hypothesized that 1) men who were low on need for cognition and high on benevolent sexism would perceive ...


How Moral Foundations And Traditional Sex Ideologies Influence Attitudes On Bystander Intervention Among College Students, Bailey Lytle, Kyle Bizal, Haley Hansmeier, Taylor Brumbaugh, Joshua Magee, Julia Sullivan, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo Apr 2020

How Moral Foundations And Traditional Sex Ideologies Influence Attitudes On Bystander Intervention Among College Students, Bailey Lytle, Kyle Bizal, Haley Hansmeier, Taylor Brumbaugh, Joshua Magee, Julia Sullivan, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo

UCARE Research Products

Many researchers highlight the need for bystander prevention programs on college campuses to mitigate the risk of sexual assault among college students (Caver, 2013).

However, Hoxmeier, O’Connor, and McMahon (2020) found that college students often hold different attitudes towards bystander intervention based on adherence to traditional gender roles.

Other researchers have found that those who do intervene tend to be higher in moral values such as altruism and social responsibility (Moisuc, Brauer, Fonseca, Chaurand, & Greitemeyer, 2018).

To date, there is little known about the specific link between traditional sex roles and moral values as they relate to bystander attitudes ...


Individual Attitudes And Perceived Efficacy Toward Bystander Intervention Among Childhood Trauma Survivors, Haley Hansmeier, Taylor Brumbaugh, Bailey Lytle, Kyle Bizal, Adisson Ams, Daniel Stephens, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo Apr 2020

Individual Attitudes And Perceived Efficacy Toward Bystander Intervention Among Childhood Trauma Survivors, Haley Hansmeier, Taylor Brumbaugh, Bailey Lytle, Kyle Bizal, Adisson Ams, Daniel Stephens, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo

UCARE Research Products

◉ Childhood abuse and neglect are related to a number of negative outcomes in adulthood, including increased risk for mental health disorders and additional traumatic experiences, poor self-efficacy, and difficulties with interpersonal relationships (Brietzke et al., 2012; Dube et al., 2003; Sachs-Ericsson, Medley, Kendall-Tackett, & Taylor, 2011).

◉ Women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse in particular are at greater risk for lower levels of self-efficacy in adulthood (Diehl & Prout, 2002).

◉ Because sexual abuse survivors experience low self-efficacy, they might feel less confident with regard to engaging in bystander intervention, even though they want to prevent another victim of sexual assault (Bryant, 2001; Yule & Grych, 2017).

◉ Based on this work, we hypothesize that sexual abuse victims will have positive attitudes toward intervening in a risky sexual situation, but they will not feel efficacious enough to do so.


Barriers To Sexual Assault Bystander Intervention: Predicting Bystander Behavior, Attitudes, And Efficacy Across Sex, Kyle Bizal, Lytle Bailey, Taylor Brumbaugh, Haley Hansmeier, Hannah Carlson, Elizabeth Otto, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo Apr 2020

Barriers To Sexual Assault Bystander Intervention: Predicting Bystander Behavior, Attitudes, And Efficacy Across Sex, Kyle Bizal, Lytle Bailey, Taylor Brumbaugh, Haley Hansmeier, Hannah Carlson, Elizabeth Otto, Shaina Kumar, Sarah Gervais, David Dilillo

UCARE Research Products

• In a survey of college students, over 90% reported having witnessed a risky sexual event, while only 50% said they intervened (Witte et al., 2017).

• The classic bystander intervention model describes five steps to successful intervention: notice the event, interpret the event as an emergency that requires assistance, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement the intervention (Jenkins & Nickerson, 2017).

• In contrast to successful intervention, little research has been done to examine the extent in which certain barriers prevent bystander intervention (Burn, 2009).

• In addition, previous research has shown that gender is a reliable predictor of bystander ...


Examining The Influence Of Childhood Trauma On College Alcohol Use And Mental Health: A Comparison Between United States And Philippines, Irenea Soetjoadi, Jessie Tibbs, Antover Tuliao, Dennis Mcchargue Apr 2020

Examining The Influence Of Childhood Trauma On College Alcohol Use And Mental Health: A Comparison Between United States And Philippines, Irenea Soetjoadi, Jessie Tibbs, Antover Tuliao, Dennis Mcchargue

UCARE Research Products

College students who have experienced trauma might use alcohol as a way to escape from their problems as drinking is a common way to forget the problems and create feelings of relaxation. Though the existing research has found that childhood trauma negatively impacts future alcohol use in many individuals, the specific patterns of these relationships across different cultures are not well understood. In this study, we investigate how these relationships vary across United States and Philippines. We hypothesized that college students who experience childhood trauma will report more mental health symptoms and greater alcohol consumption. Furthermore, we tested the ability ...