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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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University of Kentucky

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 50

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Preserving Kentucky’S Newspapers: Analogue Beginnings To Digital Frontier, Kopana Terry, Eric Weig Aug 2015

Preserving Kentucky’S Newspapers: Analogue Beginnings To Digital Frontier, Kopana Terry, Eric Weig

Eric C. Weig

Over fifty years ago an historian and a library director traveled the back roads of Kentucky (USA) with a portable microfilm camera, two lights, and a dream of preserving Kentucky’s newspapers. From their ambitions arose a successful newspaper preservation program at the University of Kentucky Libraries (UKL). Now in its sixth decade, the program has developed a new way of preserving contemporary born-digital newspapers. This paper explores some of the people and events behind the early success of UKL’s program, as well as an in-depth look at the development and functionality of Paper Vault: a largely automated, in-house ...


Racial Disparities In Life Insurance Coverage, Timothy Harris, Aaron Yelowitz Apr 2015

Racial Disparities In Life Insurance Coverage, Timothy Harris, Aaron Yelowitz

Aaron Yelowitz

We evaluate the extent to which there are racial disparities in life insurance coverage using multiple years of the Survey of Income and Program Participation between 2001 and 2010. We find that African-Americans hold significantly more life insurance after controlling for other factors, especially employer-sponsored and whole life insurance. We demonstrate that our findings diverge from prior work because we examine all households instead of focusing exclusively on married and cohabitating households. The findings on life insurance coverage and composition imply that earnings shocks due to mortality are not a contributing factor to racial disparities in wealth.


Better Engaging Communities: Moving Beyond Cardinal Rules, Anna G. Hoover Mar 2015

Better Engaging Communities: Moving Beyond Cardinal Rules, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

“Cardinal rules” and best practice approaches have guided governmental risk communication efforts at chronic risk sites for more than two decades, playing an important role in how those most affected by contamination make sense of risk. In addition to providing information, however, communication approaches themselves can affect community perceptions indirectly, through stakeholder interpretations of the processes by which risk information is shared. It is increasingly necessary to evaluate not only whether risk communication approaches have been effective for increasing knowledge but if, in fact, the ways in which information is shared has had unintended consequences that change how stakeholders perceive ...


The Evolution Of The National Health Security Preparedness Index, Glen P. Mays, Anna G. Hoover, Michael T. Childress Jan 2015

The Evolution Of The National Health Security Preparedness Index, Glen P. Mays, Anna G. Hoover, Michael T. Childress

Anna G. Hoover

No abstract provided.


Health Insurance, Fertility, And The Wantedness Of Pregnancies: Evidence From Massachusetts, Maria Apostolova-Mihaylova, Aaron Yelowitz Jan 2015

Health Insurance, Fertility, And The Wantedness Of Pregnancies: Evidence From Massachusetts, Maria Apostolova-Mihaylova, Aaron Yelowitz

Aaron Yelowitz

Health insurance reform in Massachusetts lowered the financial cost of both pregnancy (by increased coverage of pregnancy-related medical events) and pregnancy prevention (by increasing access to reliable contraception and family planning). We examine fertility responses for women of childbearing age in Massachusetts and, on net, find no effect from increasing health insurance coverage. This finding, however, masks substantial heterogeneity. For married women aged 20 to 34 – who have high latent fertility and for whom pregnancies are typically wanted – fertility increased by approximately 1 percent. For unmarried women in the same age range – for whom pregnancies are typically unwanted – fertility declined ...


The Short-Run Impacts Of Connecticut’S Paid Sick Leave Legislation, Thomas Ahn, Aaron Yelowitz Jan 2015

The Short-Run Impacts Of Connecticut’S Paid Sick Leave Legislation, Thomas Ahn, Aaron Yelowitz

Aaron Yelowitz

In 2012, Connecticut became the first state to enact paid sick leave legislation. Using a difference-in-differences framework, we find the law had modest but negative effects on the labor market, particularly on the likelihood of working in the past week.


Encouraging Victims: Responding To A Recent Study Of Battered Women Who Commit Crimes, Carol E. Jordan Jan 2015

Encouraging Victims: Responding To A Recent Study Of Battered Women Who Commit Crimes, Carol E. Jordan

Carol E. Jordan

Over many decades, domestic violence statistics have consistently revealed that women from a wide variety of backgrounds are victimized, though the rate of victimization varies depending on a woman’s particular characteristics. Despite this consistency, past and present approaches to domestic violence have failed to attend to the diverse realities of victims. Advocates and researchers first devoted their efforts toward conveying the message that while any woman could potentially become a victim of domestic violence, no woman should become a victim. They then focused on creating laws and policies granting victims greater access to the legal system and making the ...


Engaging Communities To Identify And Address Environmental Health Literacy Gaps, Anna G. Hoover Nov 2014

Engaging Communities To Identify And Address Environmental Health Literacy Gaps, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

Frequently, decisions about the informational components and delivery mechanisms required to promote effective environmental health literacy are made by such technical experts as toxicologists, chemists, and communication scientists. However, because sensemaking processes are both retrospective and collective, context must be a central component for understanding the particular information needs of communities and stakeholder groups. Individual assessments of and tolerance for environmental health risks are rooted in past and present experiences that are understood, refined, and reinforced through dialogue with others who have shared similar experiences. Thus, the promotion of environmental health literacy requires formative engagement with communities and stakeholders to ...


Research Translation: Informing Evidence-Based Policies, Anna G. Hoover Aug 2014

Research Translation: Informing Evidence-Based Policies, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

This presentation describes the need for evidence-based policy, outlines strategies for researchers and communities to inform various policy stages, and provides a case study example of research generated specifically to inform policy implementation.


A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffrey Talbert Jul 2014

A Tale Of Two Cities? The Heterogeneous Impact Of Medicaid Managed Care, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffrey Talbert

Aaron Yelowitz

Evaluating Accountable Care Organizations is difficult because there is a great deal of heterogeneity in terms of their reimbursement incentives and other programmatic features. We examine how variation in reimbursement incentives and administration among two Medicaid managed care plans impacts utilization and spending. We use a quasi-experimental approach exploiting the timing and county-specific implementation of Medicaid managed care mandates in two contiguous regions of Kentucky. We find large differences in the relative success of each plan in reducing utilization and spending that are likely driven by important differences in plan design. The plan that capitated primary care physicians and contracted ...


Connecting Disciplines To Inform And Develop The Emerging Field Of Environmental Health Literacy, Anna G. Hoover Jun 2014

Connecting Disciplines To Inform And Develop The Emerging Field Of Environmental Health Literacy, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

No abstract provided.


Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret Mcgladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-Mclaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer Apr 2014

Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret Mcgladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-Mclaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer

Anna G. Hoover

Healthcare and public health research ultimately seek to improve patient and population health. Unfortunately, more than a decade often passes before research findings become routinized in practice. Improving translational speed, reach, and efficacy requires partnerships among researchers, practitioners, community stakeholders, and communication scholars. This panel will be presenting two partnership models that work.

The University of Kentucky (UK) Center of Excellence in Rural Health (CERH) seeks to improve the health of rural Kentuckians through education, research, service, and community engagement. They do this by partnering with hospitals and clinics, health professionals, community service agencies, non-profits and other organizations. Panelists will ...


Dissemination And Implementation Research: Connecting Interventions To Practice, Anna G. Hoover, Angela Carman Mar 2014

Dissemination And Implementation Research: Connecting Interventions To Practice, Anna G. Hoover, Angela Carman

Anna G. Hoover

This presentation describes a pilot study to evaluate the complex relationships among organizational structure and characteristics, channel selection, and changes in uptake in the implementation of an evidence-based HPV vaccine intervention in Kentucky local health departments.


A Convergence-Building Model Of Superfund Site Communication: Building On Lessons From The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Anna G. Hoover, Lindell Ormsbee Nov 2013

A Convergence-Building Model Of Superfund Site Communication: Building On Lessons From The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Anna G. Hoover, Lindell Ormsbee

Anna G. Hoover

Best practices approaches have guided governmental risk communication efforts at Superfund and other chronic risk sites for more than two decades, playing an important role in the ways in which those most affected by contamination make sense of risk. Such approaches can affect the information environment in two separate but related ways: 1) directly, through the explicit sharing of information, and 2) indirectly, through ongoing stakeholder interpretations of the processes by which that information is shared. To date, the indirect, process-related effects have not been addressed in assessments of communicative efficacy at Superfund sites. Thus, it increasingly is necessary to ...


Using Risk And Participatory Communication To Support Community-Based Decisions: The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Future Vision Project, Anna G. Hoover Jan 2013

Using Risk And Participatory Communication To Support Community-Based Decisions: The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Future Vision Project, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

No abstract provided.


Sensemaking In The Shadow Of A Superfund Site: Defining Atsdr Roles And Goals In An Agency-Saturated Community, Anna G. Hoover, Lindell Ormsbee, Stephanie W. Jenkins, Ashley M. Bush Aug 2012

Sensemaking In The Shadow Of A Superfund Site: Defining Atsdr Roles And Goals In An Agency-Saturated Community, Anna G. Hoover, Lindell Ormsbee, Stephanie W. Jenkins, Ashley M. Bush

Anna G. Hoover

By working directly in Superfund communities, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry is embedded within a complex tapestry of federal and state agencies, local government entities, and other organizations that community stakeholders encounter regularly. The diversity of statutory obligations and expertise among these organizations, particularly as they relate to stakeholders’ health concerns, presents challenges for creating shared understanding between agencies and the communities they serve. Thus, addressing key elements of individual sensemaking during engagement activities is essential for those who work in communities.

Because sensemaking helps individuals determine the seriousness of a situation, decide how to react to ...


Public Health Services And Systems Research, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jan 2012

Public Health Services And Systems Research, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Preventive Medicine Introduction, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Aug 2011

Preventive Medicine Introduction, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Phssr Research Agenda, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jun 2011

Phssr Research Agenda, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Gender Differences In Smoking Behaviour And Cessation, Chizimuzo Okoli, Iris Torchalla, Natalie Hemsing, Lorraine Greaves Jun 2011

Gender Differences In Smoking Behaviour And Cessation, Chizimuzo Okoli, Iris Torchalla, Natalie Hemsing, Lorraine Greaves

Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli

This article reviews the literature to compare differential outcomes among men and women after smoking cessation, assess barriers they may face during cessation and provide recommendation to address gender-specific challenges in smoking cessation interventions. There is some evidence that women achieve lower abstinence rates than men after a quit attempt with nicotine replacement therapy, as well as without pharmacotherapy, and several underlying mechanisms were discussed to account for these findings. These include: (a) women have specific genetic variants that affect pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the medication, (b) hormonal influences increase nicotine metabolism and withdrawal symptoms, (c) women are more responsive ...


Public Health Finance Management Needs And How Public Health Agencies Are Funded., F. Douglas Scutchfield Md May 2011

Public Health Finance Management Needs And How Public Health Agencies Are Funded., F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


A Brief History Of Phssr: The National Coordinating Center. Lessons From History, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Feb 2011

A Brief History Of Phssr: The National Coordinating Center. Lessons From History, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Public Health Services And Systems Research: A Common Meeting Ground, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jan 2011

Public Health Services And Systems Research: A Common Meeting Ground, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Community Health Assesments, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Oct 2010

Community Health Assesments, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Public Health Services And Systems Research: Data For Research, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Oct 2010

Public Health Services And Systems Research: Data For Research, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


50 Years For The Uk College Of Medicine, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jan 2010

50 Years For The Uk College Of Medicine, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Health Coverage In Kentucky's Community Newspapers: Toward A More Informed Populace, Anna G. Hoover, Al Cross Jan 2009

Health Coverage In Kentucky's Community Newspapers: Toward A More Informed Populace, Anna G. Hoover, Al Cross

Anna G. Hoover

This study explores the role that Kentucky community newspapers play in providing information about health behaviors and their related outcomes. Through content analysis of sixteen newspapers, the researcher examines the amount of health behavior coverage, the most prevalent topics of the articles, and the article sources. The resulting data point to challenges related to 1) a lack of health coverage, 2) a need for better source attribution, and 3) a blurring of the lines between editorial and advertising content. Implications and future research directions are discussed.


Some Thoughts On Health Department Accreditation, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jun 2008

Some Thoughts On Health Department Accreditation, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Issues And Challenges Facing The Field Of Phssr, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jun 2008

Issues And Challenges Facing The Field Of Phssr, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Public Health Professional Organizational Data, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md Jun 2008

Public Health Professional Organizational Data, F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.