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SelectedWorks

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Anti-corruption

Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Prosecution And Confiscation Of The Proceeds Of Illicit Enrichment, Bryane Michael Dec 2011

The Prosecution And Confiscation Of The Proceeds Of Illicit Enrichment, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

These training slides show prosecutors and judges how to find and recover the proceeds of corruption (under Macedonian law as a practical example).


Customs Facilitation And Anti-Corruption (Wco Presentation), Bryane Michael Jan 2011

Customs Facilitation And Anti-Corruption (Wco Presentation), Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

This presentation reviews the findings of our paper "Do Customs Trade Facilitation Programmes Help Reduce Customs-Related Corruption?" presented in Abu Dhabi at the WCO meeting.


What Does Kosovo Teach Us About Using Human Rights Law To Prosecute Corruption Offences?, Bryane Michael Jan 2010

What Does Kosovo Teach Us About Using Human Rights Law To Prosecute Corruption Offences?, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

If a patient must pay a bribe to obtain life-saving surgery, does the doctor’s solicitation of a bribe represent a violation of the victim’s human rights? This paper explores the ways in which anti-corruption practitioners can look to various provisions in human rights law in order to prevent or prosecute corruption-related offences. We use Kosovo as a case study because its constitution gives direct effect to the major international human rights conventions. We find -- using Kosovo as a case study -- that some types of corruption lead to separately prosecutable human rights offences. We also find that pre-existing violations ...


Raising Revenue Through Fighting Corruption In Customs, Bryane Michael Jan 2009

Raising Revenue Through Fighting Corruption In Customs, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

I gave this presentation at a WCO meeting in Brussels. Please contact for more accurate data on corruption estimates (I had to rescale some of the estimates for reasons of confidentiality).


Issues In Anti-Corruption Law: Can An Activist Regulatory Stance Overcome Legislative Problems In Preventive Anti-Corruption Agencies Like Montenegro’S?, Bryane Michael Jan 2009

Issues In Anti-Corruption Law: Can An Activist Regulatory Stance Overcome Legislative Problems In Preventive Anti-Corruption Agencies Like Montenegro’S?, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Article 6 of the UN Convention Against Corruption requires that signatory states establish an anti-corruption agency (or agencies) responsible for preventing corruption. However, the Convention – and legal scholarship in general – provides little direction about how such agencies should be organised. Moreover, the piece-meal nature of anti-corruption legislation in most developing countries makes the efficient operation of such agencies difficult to impossible. This article argues that regulatory instruments can help overcome the inherent weaknesses of legislative governing many anti-corruption agencies. Using the Montenegro’s Directorate for Anti-Corruption Initiatives (DACI), I show how the design of a regulation – relying on already existing ...


Basic Legal Concepts In Anti-Corruption: Defining Jurisdiction, Civil Remedies, And Damages In The Case Of Albania, Bryane Michael Jan 2008

Basic Legal Concepts In Anti-Corruption: Defining Jurisdiction, Civil Remedies, And Damages In The Case Of Albania, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

This article describes the basic legal concepts involved in an anti-corruption programme. The article provides an easy-to-understand glossary of legal terms and provides most of the legal logic behind the legislative reforms occurring in Albania (among other places).


Konceptet Ligjore Bazë Të Anti-Korrupsionit: Përcaktimi I Juridiksionit, Zgjidhjet Civile Dhe Dëmshpërblimet - Rasti I Shqipërisë, Bryane Michael Jan 2008

Konceptet Ligjore Bazë Të Anti-Korrupsionit: Përcaktimi I Juridiksionit, Zgjidhjet Civile Dhe Dëmshpërblimet - Rasti I Shqipërisë, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Ndonëse për më shumë se 10 vjet organizatat ndërkomëtare, të tilla si Organizata për Bashkëpunim Ekonomik dhe Zhvillim (OECD), Këshilli i Evropës (KE) dhe Kombet e Bashkuara (OKB) e kanë ndihmuar Shquipërinë në mënyrë të tillë që ajo të adoptojë masa ligjore për të luftuar korrupsionin, fushatat antikorrupsion shpesh nuk kanë pasur rezultatet e dëshirurara për reduktimin e korrupsionit. Ky artikull shqyrton konceptet ligjore bazë të antikorrupsionit në përgjithësi duke i apiluar më pas këto koncepte në rastin e Shquipërise në vecanti. Qëllimi është ofrimi i një guide praktike, të frymëzuar nga literatura akademike në fushën e antikorrupsionit, për zyratrët ...


Jurisdictional Issues In Anti-Corruption Law Enforcement: Issues For Bosnia, Bryane Michael Jan 2008

Jurisdictional Issues In Anti-Corruption Law Enforcement: Issues For Bosnia, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

This presentation presents an overview of the methods of handling corruption in the police agencies of partner countries during a joint-investigation. The presentation shows evidence collection strategies, discusses issues in international law, and shows investigators how to use i2 Analyst's Notebook and statistical methods in order to help "ferret out" corrupt anti-corruption investigators in partner countries.


When Eu Law Meets Arabic Law: Assessment Of Anti-Corruption Law In Morocco And Some Proposed Amendments, Bryane Michael, Abdelaziz Nouaydi Jan 2008

When Eu Law Meets Arabic Law: Assessment Of Anti-Corruption Law In Morocco And Some Proposed Amendments, Bryane Michael, Abdelaziz Nouaydi

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

This article reviews the present state of the adoption of anti-corruption legal provisions usually adopted in EU (or candidate) countries in Morocco. Morocco lags behind many countries in its adoption of anti-corruption legislation and the recently established Central Agency of the Prevention of Corruption is unlikely to succeed in speeding up the adoption of these measures. English language translations of a number of Moroccan anti-corruption legal instruments are presented and amendments to these legal instruments are recommended (based on international best practice) in order to increase the likely effectiveness of Moroccan law enforcement institutions in fighting corruption.


Fighting Corruption On The Transdnistrian Border: Lessons From Successful And Failed Anti-Corruption Programmes, Bryane Michael May 2007

Fighting Corruption On The Transdnistrian Border: Lessons From Successful And Failed Anti-Corruption Programmes, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

In 2007, both Moldovan and Ukrainian authorities took firm steps to reduce corruption along the Transdnistrian border. This paper – aimed mainly at anticorruption practitioners and scholars in public administration – discusses the background and underlying principles guiding the anti-corruption work being adopted by both governments in order to facilitate discussion about optimal anticorruption programme design. This paper presents a set of tools used during the planning phase of the anti-corruption programme — outlining the methodology used to assess the extent of corruption on the Transdnistrian border, the problems of legislative transplants, a “contract test” for defining corruption offenses, a method of risk ...


The Role Of Incentive Design In Parliamentarian Anti-Corruption Programmes, Bryane Michael Oct 2006

The Role Of Incentive Design In Parliamentarian Anti-Corruption Programmes, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

What incentive do parliamentarians have to implement anti-corruption recommendations made by organisations such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union? This paper discusses how national anti-corruption programmes can be designed to be politically palatable to MPs.