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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Obama Administration's Challenges After The 'War On Science': Reforming Staffing Practices And Protecting Scientific Integrity In The Executive Branch, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos Nov 2009

The Obama Administration's Challenges After The 'War On Science': Reforming Staffing Practices And Protecting Scientific Integrity In The Executive Branch, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

In this article, we examine the difficult leadership position President Barack Obama inherited as he took office with respect to science and technology policy making and implementation, particularly following the Bush administration and years of the so-called "war on science." We contend that the Obama administration's challenge is not only to take substantive policy action, but also to reform certain administrative practices, particularly in light of the previous administration's practice of the politics of strategic vacancies, a managerial technique that rearranges an agency's ideological inclinations not through the usual forms of active politicization (i.e., by filling ...


What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2009

What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Butler Freshmen Hunt For Library Treasure, Sheridan Stormes Oct 2009

Butler Freshmen Hunt For Library Treasure, Sheridan Stormes

Sheridan Stormes

The libraries at Butler University in Indianapolis have found a unique and fun way to get incoming freshmen into the campus libraries even BEFORE the first week of classes!


Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Sara Paretsky is the creator of a street-smart feminist series detective, V. I. Warshawski, a former attorney who now investigates white-color crime. Each novel in the series further fleshes out her character and life story as readers are introduced to various friends and relatives, some of whom become staples.


Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hollywood films owe much of their sparkle to atmospheric effects, including the lighting, shading, and color lent by character-actors. Their counterparts in the genre of literary gumshoes may be found in a certain breed of character-detectives. Among them, Lawrence Block, a versatile exemplar of the hard-boiled school of detective fiction, has given readers two notable repeat offenders from New York: Matthew Scudder, the ex-cop, and Bernie Rhodenbarr, the cat burglar with scruples. Both have found their way to Hollywood. Block's work is noted especially for its realistic style, fast-paced plots, spare dialog, and flawed protagonists.


Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The conservative nature and limited objectives of the American War for Independence are difficult to appreciate apart from an understanding of the religious sentiments—the essentially biblical world-view—of the early colonists. To make such a statement is to invite debate in a continuing controversy. But apart from an acquaintance with some of the religious sources of our constitutional tradition, our understanding of the War for Independence and the Constitution of 1787 will be incomplete.


Assignment Research Calculator: Designing And Implementing A Customized Product To Reach Your Students, Monica Fushich, Jane Magee, Elisabeth A. Thomas Aug 2009

Assignment Research Calculator: Designing And Implementing A Customized Product To Reach Your Students, Monica Fushich, Jane Magee, Elisabeth A. Thomas

Elisabeth A. Thomas

The original Assignment Calculator from the University of Minnesota is a free open-source tool which helps students manage time and organize the steps of a research project.(FN1) It provides a schedule and timeline for each step, and includes tips and outside links to more information. The head of instruction and outreach services in the Henry Madden Library recognized the value of this popular tool, but felt we could expand on its potential for students and faculty here at California State University-Fresno. We accomplished this by tailoring it to our own library and campus resources, staff and services, thus making ...


Stress: Making The Crooked Straight, And Other Impossible Tasks, Ronald E. Hawkins Mar 2009

Stress: Making The Crooked Straight, And Other Impossible Tasks, Ronald E. Hawkins

Ronald E. Hawkins

No abstract provided.


Answering The Cry For Help: A Counselor's Plea For Family Enrichment, Ronald E. Hawkins Mar 2009

Answering The Cry For Help: A Counselor's Plea For Family Enrichment, Ronald E. Hawkins

Ronald E. Hawkins

No abstract provided.


The Presidential Election In Cyprus, February 2008, Neophytos Loizides Feb 2009

The Presidential Election In Cyprus, February 2008, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

A two-round presidential election was held in Cyprus on February 17 and February 24, 2008. The election was the first to take place after the country’s accession to the European Union and the abortive UN-planned referendum on reunification in 2004. It was also the first to be contended and won by a leader of AKEL, the communist party of Cyprus. The 2008 election took place in a highly politicized environment, in the midst of concern over the future of bicommunal negotiations. Incumbent President Tassos Papadopoulos rallied the nationalist vote against his moderate rivals Ioannis Kasoulides from centre right DISY ...


Religious Nationalism And Adaptation In Southeast Europe, Neophytos Loizides Feb 2009

Religious Nationalism And Adaptation In Southeast Europe, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

Relating nationalism to other ideologies or cultural values is one of the most enigmatic scholarly activities. The enigma lies in the kaleidoscopic nature of nationalism and the ease with which it adapts or relates to philosophically opposed ideologies (Hutchinson & Smith, 1994, 3). For example, nationalism often assumes ties to liberalism, even though it presupposes a strong commitment to the national community that transcends individualism. It accommodates conservatism fairly well despite nationalism’s modernizing mission, and it has often been paired with communism, despite the latter’s internationalist rhetoric. More surprisingly, nationalism and religion often go hand in hand, despite their deep philosophical inconsistencies. Nationalism is inherently local, philosophically poor, and limited and it lacks the belief in afterlife salvation and creative intelligence as source of meaning behind the universe (Anderson, 1983; Greenfeld, 1996b). Yet it frequently relates to religions such as Christianity and Islam which are universal in their membership and message of salvation. The article examines the latter relationship, namely that of nationalism and religion, through evidence from Southeast Europe in the past three centuries. It identifies religious and linguistic cleavages as alternative sources of identity construction and points to the ...


E Pluribus Unum?, Steven Alan Samson Feb 2009

E Pluribus Unum?, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The nation-state—as opposed to its rivals—offers an opportunity to reconcile the old dilemma of unity vs. diversity. This interplay of individuals, this synergy of forces, this weaving of one fabric out of many threads, has given the West its vitality and cohesion. But Pierre Manent warns that the West risks forfeiting its advantage through the erosion of its political forms, institutions, and families – through globalization and the rationalization of its own liberal values: [C]ommerce, right, morality: these are the three systems, the three empires that promise exit from the political. Each in its own form: commerce, according ...


Charles Hodge Acerca De La Ley Y La Religión, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Charles Hodge Acerca De La Ley Y La Religión, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hodge refleja aquí el punto de vista de los teólogos de Westminster de que el gobernante es un “padre protector”. Esto no significa que cada precepto del Cristianismo debiera ser enseñado y hecho cumplir por parte del gobierno, puesto que el estado no está constituido para ese propósito. “Pero, así como [el gobierno] no puede violar la ley moral en su propia acción, o requerir al pueblo que la viole, así tampoco puede ignorar al Cristianismo en su acción oficial. No puede requerir al pueblo o a ninguno de sus oficiales lo que el Cristianismo prohíbe, ni prohibirles de hacer ...


Modelos De Interpretación Histórica, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Modelos De Interpretación Histórica, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Para el Cristiano y el Judío, la historia no puede ser entendida separada de la autorevelación de Dios como su autor. La Historia es un registro de los tratos de Dios con el hombre y con el resto de la creación. Así que, al tener un autor, la historia también tiene una dirección y un propósito. El Cristiano se refiere al rol superintendente de Dios como Su Providencia, reflejando la idea de telos, o plenitud de propósito.


Charles Hodge On Law And Religion, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Charles Hodge On Law And Religion, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hodge recognized that there are limits to liberty. "If a religion should enjoin infanticide, or the murder of the aged or infirm, neither the people nor the government should conform their conduct to its laws.” Hodge's evaluation of the relation of Christianity to the "law of the land" anticipated the Supreme Court's interpretation of the First Amendment in two major polygamy cases, Reynolds v. United States, 98 U.S. 145 (1878) and Davis v. Beason, 133 U.S. 333 (1890). It was with these polygamy cases in mind that Justice William O. Douglas could observe as late as ...


Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Constance Weisner Dec 2008

Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Constance Weisner

Michael T. French

Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on substance use, school attendance, employment, and involvement in criminal activity at 12 months post-admission for 419 adolescents (aged 12 to 18) enrolled in chemical dependency recovery programs in a large managed care health plan. Instrumental variables estimation methods were used to account for unobserved selection into treatment by jointly modeling the likelihood of participation in treatment and the odds of attaining a certain outcome ...


Estimating The Differential Costs Of Criminal Activity For Juvenile Drug Court Participants: Challenges And Recommendations, Michael French, Kathryn Mccollister, Ashli Sheidow, Scott Henggeler, Colleen Halliday-Boykins Dec 2008

Estimating The Differential Costs Of Criminal Activity For Juvenile Drug Court Participants: Challenges And Recommendations, Michael French, Kathryn Mccollister, Ashli Sheidow, Scott Henggeler, Colleen Halliday-Boykins

Michael T. French

Juvenile drug court (JDC) programs have expanded rapidly over the past 20 years and are an increasingly popular option for rehabilitating juvenile offenders with substance use problems. Given the high cost of crime to society, an important economic question is whether and to what extent JDC programs reduce criminal activity among juvenile offenders. To address this question, the present study added an economic cost analysis to an ongoing randomized trial of JDC conducted in Charleston, South Carolina. Four treatment conditions were included in the parent study: Family Court with usual community-based treatment (FC, the comparison group), Drug Court with usual ...


Presidential Staffing And Public Opinion: How Public Opinion Influences Politicization, José Villalobos, Justin Vaughn Dec 2008

Presidential Staffing And Public Opinion: How Public Opinion Influences Politicization, José Villalobos, Justin Vaughn

José D. Villalobos

Scholars traditionally frame presidential efforts to politicize the federal bureaucracy as the result of divergence between the president's preferences and an agency's output. The authors argue that presidential concern with agency output is dynamic and is in part conditioned by the president's relationship with the public. To assess the relationship between politicization and public opinion, the authors use a data set that combines information on presidential efforts to politicize the Council of Economic Advisers from 1989 to 2004 with that of public attitudes concerning the president's handling of the economy. Their results indicate that public opinion ...


What Does It Mean To Be A Science Librarian 2.0?, Melissa J. Harvey Dec 2008

What Does It Mean To Be A Science Librarian 2.0?, Melissa J. Harvey

Missy Harvey

Science librarians, as well as other librarians, have seen ample new technologies come and go over the years. Librarians experiment and try to find ways to employ the new tools in our libraries. A driving force in our decision making about what tools to use should always be our patrons and whether the tools can help us do a better job of delivering services. This paper discusses what technologies have proven to be successful, as well as other thoughts to bear in mind as librarians evaluate Web 2.0 tools for science libraries.


From Pubs To Scrubs: Alcohol Misuse And Health Care Use, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Edward C. Norton Dec 2008

From Pubs To Scrubs: Alcohol Misuse And Health Care Use, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Edward C. Norton

Michael T. French

To analyze the relationships between alcohol misuse and two types of acute health care use—hospital admissions and emergency room (ER) episodes. Data Sources/Study Setting . The first (2001/2002) and second (2004/2005) waves of the National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Study Design . Longitudinal study using a group of adults (18–60 years in Wave 1, N =23,079). Gender-stratified regression analysis adjusted for a range of covariates associated with health care use. First-difference methods corrected for potential omitted variable bias. Data Collection . The target population of the NESARC was the civilian noninstitutionalized population aged ...


Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

This article is a critical assessment of Canadian perspectives on the role of the media in electoral behaviour, notably on the roles media play in setting or responding to the agenda in the heat of election campaigns. Research into the role of the media in election campaigns has been conducted within the broadly behaviouralist tradition of political scientific research. The article begins with a brief contextualization of the behaviouralist research tradition in Canada. Within the specific context of Canadian history and its social structure, the introduction explains how the very questions that Canadians have posed regarding media/campaign interactions have ...


Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

In this article, we call into question the assumptions that undergird conceptions of boundary, territory, community and ethno-cultural belonging in the constitution of European security. Both the term ‘human security’ as defined by development and human rights scholars and ‘securitisation’ as conceptualised by critical security studies concern the socio-psychological aspects of security. Yet, few attempts have been made to seriously discuss the psychological effects of securitisation on subjectivity and space. There is, as we will argue, a tendency in much literature to use concepts of ‘existential security’, ‘fear’, ‘needs’ and the ‘politics of belonging’ – obviously connected to the human mind ...


The Managing Of The Presidency: Applying Theory-Driven Empirical Models To The Study Of White House Bureaucratic Performance, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos Dec 2008

The Managing Of The Presidency: Applying Theory-Driven Empirical Models To The Study Of White House Bureaucratic Performance, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

We argue that scholars of the presidency should begin to apply their rich descriptive understanding of White House organization and personnel to questions of causality. To help guide this effort, we offer a theory-driven empirical model that explains organizational performance. Importing theory from the public management literature, we show how scholars can use the Meier-O'Toole (MO) model to explain performance outcomes and dynamics for key political and policy functions within the institutional presidency. We introduce the MO model and discuss its potential impact on the field of presidency studies.


Public Policies And Motorcycle Safety, Michael T. French, Gulcin Gumus, Jenny F. Homer Dec 2008

Public Policies And Motorcycle Safety, Michael T. French, Gulcin Gumus, Jenny F. Homer

Michael T. French

Numerous studies have examined the effectiveness of alcohol and traffic policies in reducing automobile crashes and fatalities, but only a few have analyzed the impact of state-specific policies on motorcycle safety. Given the growing popularity and inherent safety risks of motorcycle riding, this study provides a comprehensive investigation of both fatal and non-fatal injuries. State-level longitudinal data from 1990 to 2005 are analyzed to determine how various alcohol and traffic policies impact motorcycle safety and whether there are differential effects by type of injury. The results consistently show that universal helmet laws have the most significant effect on both non-fatal ...


The Aims Of Public Scholarship In Media Law And Ethics, Erik Ugland Dec 2008

The Aims Of Public Scholarship In Media Law And Ethics, Erik Ugland

Erik Ugland

This essay urges scholars in media law and ethics to reevaluate the extent and utility of their public-scholar efforts and to consider ways that they can transfer research-based knowledge to public audiences while also playing a more deliberate role in holding media and government institutions accountable. It suggests that the devolution of standards in mass communication, the increasing encroachments on media autonomy, and the broader collapse of power into fewer hands make this a particularly urgent moment for scholars to reengage the public and to abandon their feckless neutrality on public issues. The overarching aim of public scholars ought to ...


Newsgathering, Autonomy, And The Special-Rights Apocrypha: Supreme Court And Media Litigant Conceptions Of Press Freedom, Erik Ugland Dec 2008

Newsgathering, Autonomy, And The Special-Rights Apocrypha: Supreme Court And Media Litigant Conceptions Of Press Freedom, Erik Ugland

Erik Ugland

This Article addresses the validity of several long-standing assumptions about the Supreme Court’s free-press jurisprudence and about the arguments made by the media litigants in those cases. It analyzes more than three decades of court opinions and litigant briefs and finds, among other things, no support for the abiding accusation that the media litigants have claimed an elite or preferred constitutional position, or that they have sought judicial recognition of a framework of special rights. The litigants did make distinctions between speech and press, and between the press and public, but they linked their claims to an egalitarian conception ...


“Effects Of Physical Attractiveness, Personality, And Grooming On Academic Performance In High School, Michael T. French, Philip K. Robins, Jenny F. Homer, Lauren M. Tapsell Dec 2008

“Effects Of Physical Attractiveness, Personality, And Grooming On Academic Performance In High School, Michael T. French, Philip K. Robins, Jenny F. Homer, Lauren M. Tapsell

Michael T. French

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we investigate whether certain aspects of personal appearance (i.e., physical attractiveness, personality, and grooming) affect a student's cumulative grade point average (GPA) in high school. When physical attractiveness is entered into the model as the only measure of personal appearance (as has been done in previous studies), it has a positive and statistically significant impact on GPA for female students and a positive yet not statistically significant effect for male students. Including personality and grooming, the effect of physical attractiveness turns negative for both groups, but ...