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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Selected Works

2009

Articles

Sociology

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Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Constance Weisner Dec 2008

Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Constance Weisner

Michael T. French

Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on substance use, school attendance, employment, and involvement in criminal activity at 12 months post-admission for 419 adolescents (aged 12 to 18) enrolled in chemical dependency recovery programs in a large managed care health plan. Instrumental variables estimation methods were used to account for unobserved selection into treatment by jointly modeling the likelihood of participation in treatment and the odds of attaining a certain outcome ...


Estimating The Differential Costs Of Criminal Activity For Juvenile Drug Court Participants: Challenges And Recommendations, Michael French, Kathryn Mccollister, Ashli Sheidow, Scott Henggeler, Colleen Halliday-Boykins Dec 2008

Estimating The Differential Costs Of Criminal Activity For Juvenile Drug Court Participants: Challenges And Recommendations, Michael French, Kathryn Mccollister, Ashli Sheidow, Scott Henggeler, Colleen Halliday-Boykins

Michael T. French

Juvenile drug court (JDC) programs have expanded rapidly over the past 20 years and are an increasingly popular option for rehabilitating juvenile offenders with substance use problems. Given the high cost of crime to society, an important economic question is whether and to what extent JDC programs reduce criminal activity among juvenile offenders. To address this question, the present study added an economic cost analysis to an ongoing randomized trial of JDC conducted in Charleston, South Carolina. Four treatment conditions were included in the parent study: Family Court with usual community-based treatment (FC, the comparison group), Drug Court with usual ...


From Pubs To Scrubs: Alcohol Misuse And Health Care Use, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Edward C. Norton Dec 2008

From Pubs To Scrubs: Alcohol Misuse And Health Care Use, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Edward C. Norton

Michael T. French

To analyze the relationships between alcohol misuse and two types of acute health care use—hospital admissions and emergency room (ER) episodes. Data Sources/Study Setting . The first (2001/2002) and second (2004/2005) waves of the National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Study Design . Longitudinal study using a group of adults (18–60 years in Wave 1, N =23,079). Gender-stratified regression analysis adjusted for a range of covariates associated with health care use. First-difference methods corrected for potential omitted variable bias. Data Collection . The target population of the NESARC was the civilian noninstitutionalized population aged ...


Public Policies And Motorcycle Safety, Michael T. French, Gulcin Gumus, Jenny F. Homer Dec 2008

Public Policies And Motorcycle Safety, Michael T. French, Gulcin Gumus, Jenny F. Homer

Michael T. French

Numerous studies have examined the effectiveness of alcohol and traffic policies in reducing automobile crashes and fatalities, but only a few have analyzed the impact of state-specific policies on motorcycle safety. Given the growing popularity and inherent safety risks of motorcycle riding, this study provides a comprehensive investigation of both fatal and non-fatal injuries. State-level longitudinal data from 1990 to 2005 are analyzed to determine how various alcohol and traffic policies impact motorcycle safety and whether there are differential effects by type of injury. The results consistently show that universal helmet laws have the most significant effect on both non-fatal ...


Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Jenny F. Homer, Constance M. Weisner Dec 2008

Substance Use, Education, Employment, And Criminal Activity Outcomes Of Adolescents In Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Jenny F. Homer, Constance M. Weisner

Michael T. French

Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on substance use, school attendance, employment, and involvement in criminal activity at 12 months post-admission for 419 adolescents (aged 12 to 18) enrolled in chemical dependency recovery programs in a large managed care health plan. Instrumental variables estimation methods were used to account for unobserved selection into treatment by jointly modeling the likelihood of participation in treatment and the odds of attaining a certain outcome ...


“Effects Of Physical Attractiveness, Personality, And Grooming On Academic Performance In High School, Michael T. French, Philip K. Robins, Jenny F. Homer, Lauren M. Tapsell Dec 2008

“Effects Of Physical Attractiveness, Personality, And Grooming On Academic Performance In High School, Michael T. French, Philip K. Robins, Jenny F. Homer, Lauren M. Tapsell

Michael T. French

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we investigate whether certain aspects of personal appearance (i.e., physical attractiveness, personality, and grooming) affect a student's cumulative grade point average (GPA) in high school. When physical attractiveness is entered into the model as the only measure of personal appearance (as has been done in previous studies), it has a positive and statistically significant impact on GPA for female students and a positive yet not statistically significant effect for male students. Including personality and grooming, the effect of physical attractiveness turns negative for both groups, but ...


The Cost Of Treating Addiction From The Client's Perspective: Results From A Multi-Modality Application Of The Client Datcap, Michael T. French, Kathryn E. Mccollister, Jeffrey M. Pyne, Brenda Booth, Richard Rapp, Carey Carr Dec 2008

The Cost Of Treating Addiction From The Client's Perspective: Results From A Multi-Modality Application Of The Client Datcap, Michael T. French, Kathryn E. Mccollister, Jeffrey M. Pyne, Brenda Booth, Richard Rapp, Carey Carr

Michael T. French

There is a considerable disparity between the number of individuals who need substance abuse treatment and the number who actually receive it. This is partly due to the fact that many individuals with substance use disorders do not perceive a need for formal treatment. Another contributing factor, however, is a discrepancy between the real and perceived cost of services. Although many cost evaluations of substance abuse treatment have been conducted from the treatment provider perspective, less is known about the client-specific costs of attending treatment (e.g., lost work and leisure time, transportation, out-of-pocket and in-kind payments). Concerns about financial ...


The Health Effects Of Parental Problem Drinking On Adult Children, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Jenny F. Homer Dec 2008

The Health Effects Of Parental Problem Drinking On Adult Children, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa, Jenny F. Homer

Michael T. French

BACKGROUND: Much of the research on adult children of alcoholics has focused on the transmission of drinking patterns from parents to their children and the development of alcohol-related problems. Less is known about how exposure to parental problem drinking affects children as they progress into adulthood in terms of other mental health outcomes. This is crucial information, in part because the average age of onset for depression and other mental health disorders is during late adolescence or young adulthood. AIMS: The objective of this study was to rigorously assess the long-term impacts of parental problem drinking on adult children's ...