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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Obama Administration's Challenges After The 'War On Science': Reforming Staffing Practices And Protecting Scientific Integrity In The Executive Branch, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos Nov 2009

The Obama Administration's Challenges After The 'War On Science': Reforming Staffing Practices And Protecting Scientific Integrity In The Executive Branch, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

In this article, we examine the difficult leadership position President Barack Obama inherited as he took office with respect to science and technology policy making and implementation, particularly following the Bush administration and years of the so-called "war on science." We contend that the Obama administration's challenge is not only to take substantive policy action, but also to reform certain administrative practices, particularly in light of the previous administration's practice of the politics of strategic vacancies, a managerial technique that rearranges an agency's ideological inclinations not through the usual forms of active politicization (i.e., by filling ...


What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2009

What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Sara Paretsky is the creator of a street-smart feminist series detective, V. I. Warshawski, a former attorney who now investigates white-color crime. Each novel in the series further fleshes out her character and life story as readers are introduced to various friends and relatives, some of whom become staples.


Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hollywood films owe much of their sparkle to atmospheric effects, including the lighting, shading, and color lent by character-actors. Their counterparts in the genre of literary gumshoes may be found in a certain breed of character-detectives. Among them, Lawrence Block, a versatile exemplar of the hard-boiled school of detective fiction, has given readers two notable repeat offenders from New York: Matthew Scudder, the ex-cop, and Bernie Rhodenbarr, the cat burglar with scruples. Both have found their way to Hollywood. Block's work is noted especially for its realistic style, fast-paced plots, spare dialog, and flawed protagonists.


Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The conservative nature and limited objectives of the American War for Independence are difficult to appreciate apart from an understanding of the religious sentiments—the essentially biblical world-view—of the early colonists. To make such a statement is to invite debate in a continuing controversy. But apart from an acquaintance with some of the religious sources of our constitutional tradition, our understanding of the War for Independence and the Constitution of 1787 will be incomplete.


The Presidential Election In Cyprus, February 2008, Neophytos Loizides Feb 2009

The Presidential Election In Cyprus, February 2008, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

A two-round presidential election was held in Cyprus on February 17 and February 24, 2008. The election was the first to take place after the country’s accession to the European Union and the abortive UN-planned referendum on reunification in 2004. It was also the first to be contended and won by a leader of AKEL, the communist party of Cyprus. The 2008 election took place in a highly politicized environment, in the midst of concern over the future of bicommunal negotiations. Incumbent President Tassos Papadopoulos rallied the nationalist vote against his moderate rivals Ioannis Kasoulides from centre right DISY ...


Religious Nationalism And Adaptation In Southeast Europe, Neophytos Loizides Feb 2009

Religious Nationalism And Adaptation In Southeast Europe, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

Relating nationalism to other ideologies or cultural values is one of the most enigmatic scholarly activities. The enigma lies in the kaleidoscopic nature of nationalism and the ease with which it adapts or relates to philosophically opposed ideologies (Hutchinson & Smith, 1994, 3). For example, nationalism often assumes ties to liberalism, even though it presupposes a strong commitment to the national community that transcends individualism. It accommodates conservatism fairly well despite nationalism’s modernizing mission, and it has often been paired with communism, despite the latter’s internationalist rhetoric. More surprisingly, nationalism and religion often go hand in hand, despite their deep philosophical inconsistencies. Nationalism is inherently local, philosophically poor, and limited and it lacks the belief in afterlife salvation and creative intelligence as source of meaning behind the universe (Anderson, 1983; Greenfeld, 1996b). Yet it frequently relates to religions such as Christianity and Islam which are universal in their membership and message of salvation. The article examines the latter relationship, namely that of nationalism and religion, through evidence from Southeast Europe in the past three centuries. It identifies religious and linguistic cleavages as alternative sources of identity construction and points to the ...


What Bush Did Right - On China, Zheng Wang Feb 2009

What Bush Did Right - On China, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


E Pluribus Unum?, Steven Alan Samson Feb 2009

E Pluribus Unum?, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The nation-state—as opposed to its rivals—offers an opportunity to reconcile the old dilemma of unity vs. diversity. This interplay of individuals, this synergy of forces, this weaving of one fabric out of many threads, has given the West its vitality and cohesion. But Pierre Manent warns that the West risks forfeiting its advantage through the erosion of its political forms, institutions, and families – through globalization and the rationalization of its own liberal values: [C]ommerce, right, morality: these are the three systems, the three empires that promise exit from the political. Each in its own form: commerce, according ...


Charles Hodge Acerca De La Ley Y La Religión, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Charles Hodge Acerca De La Ley Y La Religión, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hodge refleja aquí el punto de vista de los teólogos de Westminster de que el gobernante es un “padre protector”. Esto no significa que cada precepto del Cristianismo debiera ser enseñado y hecho cumplir por parte del gobierno, puesto que el estado no está constituido para ese propósito. “Pero, así como [el gobierno] no puede violar la ley moral en su propia acción, o requerir al pueblo que la viole, así tampoco puede ignorar al Cristianismo en su acción oficial. No puede requerir al pueblo o a ninguno de sus oficiales lo que el Cristianismo prohíbe, ni prohibirles de hacer ...


Modelos De Interpretación Histórica, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Modelos De Interpretación Histórica, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Para el Cristiano y el Judío, la historia no puede ser entendida separada de la autorevelación de Dios como su autor. La Historia es un registro de los tratos de Dios con el hombre y con el resto de la creación. Así que, al tener un autor, la historia también tiene una dirección y un propósito. El Cristiano se refiere al rol superintendente de Dios como Su Providencia, reflejando la idea de telos, o plenitud de propósito.


Charles Hodge On Law And Religion, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Charles Hodge On Law And Religion, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hodge recognized that there are limits to liberty. "If a religion should enjoin infanticide, or the murder of the aged or infirm, neither the people nor the government should conform their conduct to its laws.” Hodge's evaluation of the relation of Christianity to the "law of the land" anticipated the Supreme Court's interpretation of the First Amendment in two major polygamy cases, Reynolds v. United States, 98 U.S. 145 (1878) and Davis v. Beason, 133 U.S. 333 (1890). It was with these polygamy cases in mind that Justice William O. Douglas could observe as late as ...


Presidential Staffing And Public Opinion: How Public Opinion Influences Politicization, José Villalobos, Justin Vaughn Dec 2008

Presidential Staffing And Public Opinion: How Public Opinion Influences Politicization, José Villalobos, Justin Vaughn

José D. Villalobos

Scholars traditionally frame presidential efforts to politicize the federal bureaucracy as the result of divergence between the president's preferences and an agency's output. The authors argue that presidential concern with agency output is dynamic and is in part conditioned by the president's relationship with the public. To assess the relationship between politicization and public opinion, the authors use a data set that combines information on presidential efforts to politicize the Council of Economic Advisers from 1989 to 2004 with that of public attitudes concerning the president's handling of the economy. Their results indicate that public opinion ...


Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

This article is a critical assessment of Canadian perspectives on the role of the media in electoral behaviour, notably on the roles media play in setting or responding to the agenda in the heat of election campaigns. Research into the role of the media in election campaigns has been conducted within the broadly behaviouralist tradition of political scientific research. The article begins with a brief contextualization of the behaviouralist research tradition in Canada. Within the specific context of Canadian history and its social structure, the introduction explains how the very questions that Canadians have posed regarding media/campaign interactions have ...


Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

In this article, we call into question the assumptions that undergird conceptions of boundary, territory, community and ethno-cultural belonging in the constitution of European security. Both the term ‘human security’ as defined by development and human rights scholars and ‘securitisation’ as conceptualised by critical security studies concern the socio-psychological aspects of security. Yet, few attempts have been made to seriously discuss the psychological effects of securitisation on subjectivity and space. There is, as we will argue, a tendency in much literature to use concepts of ‘existential security’, ‘fear’, ‘needs’ and the ‘politics of belonging’ – obviously connected to the human mind ...


The Managing Of The Presidency: Applying Theory-Driven Empirical Models To The Study Of White House Bureaucratic Performance, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos Dec 2008

The Managing Of The Presidency: Applying Theory-Driven Empirical Models To The Study Of White House Bureaucratic Performance, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

We argue that scholars of the presidency should begin to apply their rich descriptive understanding of White House organization and personnel to questions of causality. To help guide this effort, we offer a theory-driven empirical model that explains organizational performance. Importing theory from the public management literature, we show how scholars can use the Meier-O'Toole (MO) model to explain performance outcomes and dynamics for key political and policy functions within the institutional presidency. We introduce the MO model and discuss its potential impact on the field of presidency studies.


Obama’S Empty Cupboard: Contending With Administrative Vacancies And The Threat To Neutral Competence, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos Dec 2008

Obama’S Empty Cupboard: Contending With Administrative Vacancies And The Threat To Neutral Competence, Justin S. Vaughn, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

In this essay, we focus on the public administration challenge concerning the rising number of politically motivated administrative vacancies resulting from George W. Bush's tenure in office with which President Barack Obama must now contend. We argue that the hyper-politicization of personnel decision-making during the presidency of George W. Bush left many parts of the federal bureaucracy understaffed, yet more densely populated by staffers chosen more for ideological and political congruence than administrative competence. For President Obama to achieve key aspects of his policy agenda, he must first attend to fixing these staffing problems and then to reforming the ...


Introduction To The Special Issue On Communications, The Media And Policy In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking, Michael Howlett Dec 2008

Introduction To The Special Issue On Communications, The Media And Policy In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking, Michael Howlett

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

No abstract provided.


Soft Law As Delegation, Timothy L. Meyer Dec 2008

Soft Law As Delegation, Timothy L. Meyer

Timothy Meyer

This article examines one of the most important trends in international legal governance since the end of the Cold War: the rise of “soft law,” or legally non-binding instruments that are given legal effect through domestic law or internationally binding agreements such as treaties. Scholars studying the design of international agreements have long puzzled over why states use soft law. The decision to make an agreement or obligation legally binding is within the control of the states negotiating the content of the legal obligations. Basic contract theory predicts that parties to a contract would want their agreement to be as ...