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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

My Next Client: Understanding The Big Five And Positive Personality Dispositions Of Those Seeking Psychosocial Support Interventions., Karen D. Klockner, Richard Hicks Nov 2009

My Next Client: Understanding The Big Five And Positive Personality Dispositions Of Those Seeking Psychosocial Support Interventions., Karen D. Klockner, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine whether individuals who sought out psychosocial support interventions which include life, career and executive coaching, mentoring services and counselling psychology services, could be identified by a combination of the Big Five and other positive personality facets and could subsequently be described as being open to growth and having a goal directed orientation.
Design: The dimensions of Personal Growth Initiative, Adult Dispositional Hope, Goal Setting and the Big Five factors (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness) were investigated in an attempt to predict and further understand those individuals who would ...


The Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Original Inter-Correlation Data Set And Model, Richard Hicks, Mark Bahr, Daisure Fujiwara Oct 2009

The Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Original Inter-Correlation Data Set And Model, Richard Hicks, Mark Bahr, Daisure Fujiwara

Richard Hicks

Stress levels are said to be rising in many different occupations but one problem for cross-occupation comparison purposes is that different questionnaires have been used in different studies - often specially designed questionnaires for the occupation under study. The Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (OSI-R) is one questionnaire that may help assess the same stress-related variables across different occupational groups. The OSI-R model is theory-based and assesses the effects on the individual of three ‘factors’ (occupational roles, psychological strain and coping resources) across fourteen dimensions. This current study reports the findings of a re-analysis of the original Manual data of 983 mixed occupational ...


Item Formats And Social Desirability In Personality Assessment: A Review Of The Place Of Forced-Choice Items, Richard Hicks Aug 2009

Item Formats And Social Desirability In Personality Assessment: A Review Of The Place Of Forced-Choice Items, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Impression management is an issue in recruitment and selection and in other areas in the workplace. Often we teach people how to present themselves to best advantage of self or the company. However, problems related to impression management might well be seen when personality questionnaires are used as part of the process of selection. Falsification or distortion of responses to items in personality questionnaires is part of impression management (or social desirability responding) and test-users often wish to take into account the extent of any such distortion. Attention has been given to item formats in personality questionnaires over many years ...


Low Emotional Intelligence And Maladaptive Perfectionism, Mark Jackson, Richard Hicks Aug 2009

Low Emotional Intelligence And Maladaptive Perfectionism, Mark Jackson, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Emotional intelligence (EI) and maladaptive perfectionism have direct links to the development of psychopathology, but the exact relations are unclear (Mikolajczak, Luminet, Leroy & Roy, 2007). The current study examined the relationship between EI and perfectionism, especially low EI and high maladaptive perfectionism, and their affect on psychopathology. Fifty one males and 92 females (N= 143) completed the brief Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (Petrides & Furnham, 2006), the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Frost, Marten, Lahart & Rosenblate, 1990), and the short version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). Subjects were placed in a low or high group using the emotional ...


Perfectionism, Occupational Stress And Depression Among Australian University Students, Margaret Christopoulos, Richard Hicks Aug 2009

Perfectionism, Occupational Stress And Depression Among Australian University Students, Margaret Christopoulos, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

The present study examined the role perfectionism plays in University students by investigating its relationship with occupational stress and depression in the context of an Australian university student population. 116 students were recruited through convenience and snow-balling sampling method. Students completed the General & Biodata Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Frost et al., 1990), the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (Osipow, 1998), and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). As expected maladaptive perfectionism significantly correlated with occupational stress and depression; however, unexpectedly adaptive perfectionism did not correlate significantly with occupational stress and depression. Also, as expected the Ethnic minority group scored higher on maladaptive perfectionism compared to the Caucasian group. This suggests that perfectionism could play an important role in the development of stress and depression in University students.


The Big Five In Predicting Leadership Styles Of University Students, Justine Ebenreuter, Richard Hicks Aug 2009

The Big Five In Predicting Leadership Styles Of University Students, Justine Ebenreuter, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which the Five-Factor model of personality was useful for the assessment of leadership styles of university students. To do this, three specific leadership styles were assessed: Transformational, Transactional and Laissez-faire Leadership. Due to an increase in the understanding of the elements which constitute leadership, researchers have asked, given the contingencies and employment demands leaders typically face, whether different personality attributes are related to these styles (Bass et al., 1994). This query has resulted in a significant amount of research into the fundamental impact of leadership on institutional performance (Guastello ...


My Next Client: Understanding The Big Five And Positive Personality Dispositions Of Those Seeking Psychosocial Support Interventions., Karen D. Klockner, Richard Hicks May 2009

My Next Client: Understanding The Big Five And Positive Personality Dispositions Of Those Seeking Psychosocial Support Interventions., Karen D. Klockner, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine whether individuals who sought out psychosocial support interventions which include life, career and executive coaching, mentoring services and counselling psychology services, could be identified by a combination of the Big Five and other positive personality facets and could subsequently be described as being open to growth and having a goal directed orientation. Design: The dimensions of Personal Growth Initiative, Adult Dispositional Hope, Goal Setting and the Big Five factors (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness) were investigated in an attempt to predict and further understand those individuals who would ...


Do Smoking Cues Make You Want To Smoke? And Is It Your Parents’ Fault?, S. Thorpe, Richard Hicks Apr 2009

Do Smoking Cues Make You Want To Smoke? And Is It Your Parents’ Fault?, S. Thorpe, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

No abstract provided.


The Psychological Impacts Of Long-Term Unemployment, Sex Differences And Activity: A Case Study Analysis, Juanita Muller, Brian Delahaye, Sharon Winocur, Richard Hicks Feb 2009

The Psychological Impacts Of Long-Term Unemployment, Sex Differences And Activity: A Case Study Analysis, Juanita Muller, Brian Delahaye, Sharon Winocur, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

There is renewed interest in the use of qualitative methods in the unemployment research arena to provide a richer understanding of the unemployment experience. This study is designed to investigate the effects of long-term unemployment on psychological well-being, sex differences and the effects of participating in 'activity' using a case study methodology. Findings from ten semi-structured interviews with people, unemployed between 12 and 36 months, showed that psychological distress, depression and life satisfaction were the most affected psychological variables. Financial difficulties also have a major impact on psychological well-being. The social policy implications from this study suggest that women may ...


Gender Differnces In The Psychological Effects Of Personal Development Training In The Long-Term Unemployed, Richard Hicks Feb 2009

Gender Differnces In The Psychological Effects Of Personal Development Training In The Long-Term Unemployed, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Extract:Increased psychological well-being has been found for long-term unemployed women and unemployed female sole parents after participation in personal development training. There is a dearth of information, however, on the effects of personal development training for unemployed men. This issue is investigated in a pilot group of 25 long term unemployed males and females who attended personal development training. Pre and post measures were taken on a number of psychological variables (self-esteem, depression, psychological distress, hopelessness, mood states and life satisfaction). Results indicated that females significantly improved on a number of variables post training but males did not. Further ...


Adaptive And Maladaptive Perfectionism In A Sample Of 34 Unemployed People: Potential Implications For Further Study, And For Policy And Equity, Belinda Seib, Richard Hicks Feb 2009

Adaptive And Maladaptive Perfectionism In A Sample Of 34 Unemployed People: Potential Implications For Further Study, And For Policy And Equity, Belinda Seib, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

No current research exists on the impact of the attitudes of perfectionism on the unemployed, though earlier research exists from studies of the employed and of university students. The current study examined, for 34 unemployed individuals in the Personal Support Programme, the relationship between perfectionism and self-esteem, general well-being, and life satisfaction. The project is on-going. This project used the Multi-dimensional Perfectionism Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, a depression questionnaire and a general questionnaire on the satisfaction of the unemployed individuals and their willingness to seek employment. The findings emphasised that maladaptive perfectionism may play a role in the psychological ...


Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised Among Australian Teachers, Richard Hicks, Daisure Fujiwara, Mark Bahr Feb 2009

Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised Among Australian Teachers, Richard Hicks, Daisure Fujiwara, Mark Bahr

Richard Hicks

Assessing teacher stress has been a difficult and complex process, especially when comparisons across different professions have been considered. The Occupational Stress Inventory- Revised (OSI-R) offers a means of making such comparisons. The OSI-R model is theory-based and assesses the effects on the individual of three areas: occupational roles, psychological strain and coping resources. This current study reports the findings of confirmatory factor analyses of the three-factor stress model of the OSI-R, using a sample of 141 Australian teachers. It also reports the findings for a four-factor solution – with results demonstrating the four-factor model better fits the responses in the ...


Can Work Preferences (Personality Based) Differentiate Between Employees Scoring High Or Low In General Mental Health?, Genevieve Colling, Richard Hicks Feb 2009

Can Work Preferences (Personality Based) Differentiate Between Employees Scoring High Or Low In General Mental Health?, Genevieve Colling, Richard Hicks

Richard Hicks

Objectives – The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personal work characteristics and general mental health and also to contribute to validity data on the Apollo Profile. Methods – A battery of tests, including the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and the Apollo Profile, was given to 98 adult participants (60 female & 38 male) currently in full-time employment. A discriminant function analysis was conducted to determine whether the Apollo Profile characteristics could successfully discriminate between two mental health groups. Results – The results indicated that of the 34 personal work characteristics, preferences and attitudes assessed by the Apollo Profile, eleven ...