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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Maternal Behavior Q-Sort (Mbqs) – Overview, Available Materials And Support, Greg Moran, David Pederson, Sandi Bento Sep 2009

Maternal Behavior Q-Sort (Mbqs) – Overview, Available Materials And Support, Greg Moran, David Pederson, Sandi Bento

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


From Maternal Representations To The First Relationship By Way Of Maternal Sensitivity: A Reconceptualization Of The Developmental Model, Greg Moran, David Pederson Aug 2009

From Maternal Representations To The First Relationship By Way Of Maternal Sensitivity: A Reconceptualization Of The Developmental Model, Greg Moran, David Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Both Maternal Sensitivity And Atypical Maternal Behavior Independently Predict Attachment Security And Disorganization In Adolescent Mother–Infant Dyads, Greg Moran, Lindsey M. Forbes, Elspeth Evans, George M. Tarabulsy, Sheri Madigan Aug 2009

Both Maternal Sensitivity And Atypical Maternal Behavior Independently Predict Attachment Security And Disorganization In Adolescent Mother–Infant Dyads, Greg Moran, Lindsey M. Forbes, Elspeth Evans, George M. Tarabulsy, Sheri Madigan

Greg Moran

On the basis of these findings, at odds with current models of the origins of secure vs disorganized attachment, the current study examined the association between distinct qualities of maternal interaction and attachment in a single study. The participants in the current study were adolescent mothers and their infants, a population that has been shown to be at substantial developmental risk and to exhibit a range of markedly atypical interactions with their infants (Jaffee, Caspi, Moffitt, Belsky, and Silva, 2001).


The Influence Of A Mother’S Attachment Representation On The Quality Of Her Interactions With Each Of Her Children, Vanessa Villani, Greg Moran Aug 2009

The Influence Of A Mother’S Attachment Representation On The Quality Of Her Interactions With Each Of Her Children, Vanessa Villani, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

This study evaluated whether certain maternal states of mind, as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), would lead to more similarities/differences in maternal behaviors across multiple infants, as defined by the domains of the Maternal Behavior Q-Sort. Results indicated that “unresolved” maternal states of mind incline mothers to behave more similarly with their two infants than mothers with non-autonomous or autonomous states of mind in terms of responsiveness and affect sharing behaviors.


Behavioural And Affective Precursors To Disorganized Attachment In The Still-Face Procedure At 4-Months, Lindsey M. Forbes, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson Aug 2009

Behavioural And Affective Precursors To Disorganized Attachment In The Still-Face Procedure At 4-Months, Lindsey M. Forbes, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

We explored whether disorganization in the SSP at 13-months could be predicted from infant affect and behaviour in the SFP at 4- months. We hypothesized that infants in disorganized relationships would have the most difficulty regulating their affect and behaviour in the SFP. Infants in disorganized relationships were expected to display greater negativity (e.g., crying, negative vocalizations, stress indicators such as spitting up) throughout the SFP, compared to those in organized relationships.


Disorganized Attachment In Adolescent Mother-Infant Dyads: Its Nature, Origins, And Developmental Consequences, Greg Moran, David Pederson Aug 2009

Disorganized Attachment In Adolescent Mother-Infant Dyads: Its Nature, Origins, And Developmental Consequences, Greg Moran, David Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Can A Measure Of Disrupted Caregiver Behavior Discriminate Infant Disorganized Attachment From Insecure-Organized Attachment?, Sheri Madigan, Diane Benoit, Greg Moran Aug 2009

Can A Measure Of Disrupted Caregiver Behavior Discriminate Infant Disorganized Attachment From Insecure-Organized Attachment?, Sheri Madigan, Diane Benoit, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

Purpose: To examine if a measure of disrupted caregiver behavior is equally effective in differentiating children with disorganized attachment from children with secure and insecure-organized attachment. Method: One hundred and eighty-four low-risk mother-infant dyads participated in this study. Mother-infant attachment relationships were assessed using the Strange Situation procedure and disrupted caregiver behavior was assessed at 12 and 18 months using the AMBIANCE measure. Results: Disrupted caregiver behavior distinguished children with disorganized attachment from children with secure attachment but not from children with resistant attachment.


The Relation Of Fr Behaviour To Aai Scales, Elspeth M. Evans, Sandi Bento, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran Aug 2009

The Relation Of Fr Behaviour To Aai Scales, Elspeth M. Evans, Sandi Bento, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

Attachment theory describes the bonds between caregivers and children that serve a protective function for children. The FR theory developed by Main and Hesse (1990) proposes that unmonitored parental behaviour, or frightened, frightening and dissociative (FR) behaviour, stemming from a history of Unresolved/disoriented (U/d) trauma, disorganizes the attachment relationship. The parent is a source of fear and is thus unavailable as a source of safety and protection.


Disorganized Attachment And Mother-Toddler Interactive Behavior In A Problem-Solving Task, Lindsey M. Forbes, Carey Anne De Oliveira, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson Aug 2009

Disorganized Attachment And Mother-Toddler Interactive Behavior In A Problem-Solving Task, Lindsey M. Forbes, Carey Anne De Oliveira, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

PURPOSE: To examine emotional and behavioral regulation and Disorganized attachment at 24-months in a high-risk sample of adolescent mother-toddler dyads. RESULTS: Disorganization was associated with 1)increased toddler negativity and a lower quality of experience and 2)decreased levels of maternal support and assistance during the problem-solving tasks. CONCLUSION: These findings offer converging support for the suggestion that Disorganized dyads experience marked difficulties in emotional and behavioral regulation.


Assessing Maternal Sensitivity From Videotaped Recordings: Validity And Practical Applications, Elspeth M. Evans, Greg Moran, Sandi Bento, David R. Pederson Aug 2009

Assessing Maternal Sensitivity From Videotaped Recordings: Validity And Practical Applications, Elspeth M. Evans, Greg Moran, Sandi Bento, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

This study examined the use of short, videotaped, mother-infant laboratory interactions instead of longer home visits to assess maternal sensitivity. Scores generated when toddlers were 24-months were found to be correlated with assessments of maternal sensitivity and attachment security from previous home visits The results suggest that coding from appropriate samples of recorded interactions may provide valid assessments of maternal sensitivity and attachment security but a number of important caveats must still be resolved.


Associations Between Caregivers' Global And Specific Attachment Representations And The Infant-Caregiver Attachment Relationship, Erinn Hawkins, Sheri Madigan, Diane Benoit, Greg Moran Aug 2009

Associations Between Caregivers' Global And Specific Attachment Representations And The Infant-Caregiver Attachment Relationship, Erinn Hawkins, Sheri Madigan, Diane Benoit, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

The primary objectives of the current study were: (1)to determine the extent to which caregivers’ conceptualizations of their own attachment history (global attachment representations are congruent with the way in which they conceptualize their relationships with a specific child (relationship-specific attachment representations); and (2)to evaluate whether these relationship-specific representations play a mediating role in the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Prenatal assessments of caregivers’ global attachment representations, as measured by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and relationship-specific attachment representations, as measured by the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI), were obtained in a sample of 196 mother-infant dyads ...


Antecedents Of Attachment Disorganization Across The First Year: Interactions Among Child And Parent Variables, Lindsey M. Forbes, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson Aug 2009

Antecedents Of Attachment Disorganization Across The First Year: Interactions Among Child And Parent Variables, Lindsey M. Forbes, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

Disorganized attachmentis seen as reflecting an infant’s lack of strategyfor coping with the stress of the Strange Situation procedure (SSP; Ainsworth et al., 1978) The identification of disorganized attachment by Main and Solomon (1986) generated a large body of research into its antecedents and consequences. Despite these advances, however, 1)few studies have employed a prospective longitudinal designto clarify antecedents of disorganization, and 2)most research has focused on predicting disorganization from single risk factors, rarely investigating possible interactions among child and parent or environmental variables. The current study investigated the development of disorganized attachment across the first year ...


Psychometric Properties Of A Short Version Of The Maternal Behavior Q-Sort: What You Need To Know Before Analyzing The Data, Heidi N. Bailey, Rossana Bisceglia, Jacqueline Roche, Jennifer Jenkins, Greg Moran Jul 2009

Psychometric Properties Of A Short Version Of The Maternal Behavior Q-Sort: What You Need To Know Before Analyzing The Data, Heidi N. Bailey, Rossana Bisceglia, Jacqueline Roche, Jennifer Jenkins, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

OVERVIEW • N =116 mother-infant dyads (2 months old) • Coders completed the MBQS-mini 2 ways—forced vs. unforced q-sort distributions—to determine whether psychometric properties differed. SENSITIVITY SCORES: • were virtually identical:r= .99. BEHAVIORAL DOMAINS: • Attachment related domains: esponsiveness, Non-Interference, Affective Communication. • For all 3 (but not the Teaching domain) forced and unforced were highly correlated, and high internal consistency. CONCLUSIONS: • Results support the use of forced q-sort data, but show no benefits associated with using forced over unforced distributions. Internal consistency was higher for the unforced teaching domain.


Maternal Sensitivity: From Child To The Neighborhood, Rossana Bisceglia, Heidi N. Bailey, Jennifer Jenkins, Greg Moran Jul 2009

Maternal Sensitivity: From Child To The Neighborhood, Rossana Bisceglia, Heidi N. Bailey, Jennifer Jenkins, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

The purpose of this study was to explore the possible association between maternal sensitivity and distal factors such as neighborhood quality. 480 mother-child dyads were videotaped during a naturalistic interaction. Maternal sensitivity was assessed from video-tapes using the Maternal Behavior Q-sort (MBQS; Pederson & Moran, 1995). Results of a hierarchical regression showed that maternal sensitivity was associated with: child characteristics (e.g. infant weight), maternal characteristics (e.g. age and depression) and family attributes (e.g. household income). Interviewers’ ratings of neighborhood challenge and mothers’ report of neighborhood quality were found to significantly relate to maternal sensitivity and explained additional variance ...


The Roots Of Love: Maternal Behaviour Related To Attachment Security, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran Jun 2009

The Roots Of Love: Maternal Behaviour Related To Attachment Security, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Why Did Mothers With Unresolved Trauma Fail To Benefit From An Attachment Based Intervention? Correlates Of Unresolved Status In A High Risk Sample, Heidi Bailey, Greg Moran, Carey Anne Deoliveira, Karin Gleason, David R. Pederson Jun 2009

Why Did Mothers With Unresolved Trauma Fail To Benefit From An Attachment Based Intervention? Correlates Of Unresolved Status In A High Risk Sample, Heidi Bailey, Greg Moran, Carey Anne Deoliveira, Karin Gleason, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Maternal States Of Mind, Reflective Function, Maternal Behavior, And The Mother-Infant Attachment Relationship, Greg Moran, Erinn Hawkins, David R. Pederson Jun 2009

Maternal States Of Mind, Reflective Function, Maternal Behavior, And The Mother-Infant Attachment Relationship, Greg Moran, Erinn Hawkins, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Exploring Expressions Of Disorganization In The Strange Situation In A High-Risk Sample, Lindsey M. Forbes, Amy Cox, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson Jun 2009

Exploring Expressions Of Disorganization In The Strange Situation In A High-Risk Sample, Lindsey M. Forbes, Amy Cox, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Interaction In The Home Of Mothers And Infants In Disorganized Attachment Relationships, Greg Moran, Lindsey M. Forbes, David R. Pederson Jun 2009

Interaction In The Home Of Mothers And Infants In Disorganized Attachment Relationships, Greg Moran, Lindsey M. Forbes, David R. Pederson

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Maternal Behaviour Q-Sort, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran, Sandi Bento May 2009

Maternal Behaviour Q-Sort, David R. Pederson, Greg Moran, Sandi Bento

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.


Training Institute For The Adult Attachment Interview, Greg Moran Dec 2008

Training Institute For The Adult Attachment Interview, Greg Moran

Greg Moran

No abstract provided.