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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rhode Island's Carnival Of Prostitution, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jun 2009

Rhode Island's Carnival Of Prostitution, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

AFTER MY EXPERIENCE at the Senate Judiciary Committee last Thursday, I believe Rhode Island is headed for a human rights disaster and nationwide political embarrassment. It is becoming apparent that the Senate is not going to pass a much-needed prostitution bill. Rhode Island will continue to have an expanding number of spa-brothels, prostitution of minors in clubs, and no law that will enable the police to stop it. 


Action Alert For Senate: Comments On Human Trafficking Bills, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jun 2009

Action Alert For Senate: Comments On Human Trafficking Bills, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Rhode Island Senate President Paiva-Weed has said that she is “confident that we will address the issue of prostitution and human trafficking” this session (, Sunday, June 21, 2009, p A6). The votes in the Senate are crucial to Rhode Island getting a prostitution law and improving our trafficking law! There are competing bills, so it can get confusing. Remember, there are two versions of the prostitution bill (a House and Senate version) and two versions of the trafficking bill (a House and Senate version). 


Governor Carcieri Calls For Passage Of Prostitution Bill, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jun 2009

Governor Carcieri Calls For Passage Of Prostitution Bill, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

On Thursday (June 18, 2009), Governor Carcieri held a press conference to support Gianinni’s prostitution bill (H 5044A) and her House trafficking bill (H 5661A). Giannini’s bill will create laws against prostitution to “close the loophole” as it is often referred to. Joining the governor were Representative Joanne Giannini, the sponsor of the bills, Stacey Pires Veroni, Assistant Attorney General, Col. Doherty, Superintendent of the Rhode Island State Police, Representative Roberto DaSilva, and Donna M. Hughes, Professor at the University of Rhode Island. 


Testimony In Support Of "An Act Relating To Criminal Offenses--Prostitution" At Governors Press Conference, Rhode Island, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jun 2009

Testimony In Support Of "An Act Relating To Criminal Offenses--Prostitution" At Governors Press Conference, Rhode Island, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Prostitution is harmful to individuals involved, their families and the community. It is not a victimless activity or just a private sex act. Up to 90% of women in prostitution are beaten and raped by pimps and the men who buy sex. Approximately 90% are addicted to drugs and alcohol. They suffer depression and hopelessness; suicide attempts are common. For visual, physical evidence of the harm caused by prostitution, please look at this collection of serial photographs of prostitutes as they are being destroyed over time by prostitution and drug use. 

Because of decriminalized prostitution indoors, the sex industry is ...


Utilizing Social Support To Conserve The Fighting Strength: Important Considerations For Military Social Workers, J. Camille Hall Jun 2009

Utilizing Social Support To Conserve The Fighting Strength: Important Considerations For Military Social Workers, J. Camille Hall

J. Camille Hall, PhD., LCSW

This article is a continuation of a conference panel dialogue that focused on providing individualized, culturally responsible treatment of secondary traumatic stress (STS) for military social workers. Key aspects of the roles and responsibilities, professional and ethical challenges of military social workers and social work officers serve as focal points for understanding the importance of social support. This article discusses ways social support might help to moderate the impact of STS. The ‘‘buddy system’’ describes a culturally unique protective factor, which is a well-known and effective type of social support utilized throughout the military. This article provides valuable information on ...


Testimony On Human Trafficking Bill, Rhode Island Senate Judiciary Committee, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jun 2009

Testimony On Human Trafficking Bill, Rhode Island Senate Judiciary Committee, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

 In 2007, the Rhode Island General Assembly passed an anti-human trafficking law. To date, there have been no prosecutions. There are three serious problems with the present Rhode Island law that need to be remedied in order to effectively combat human trafficking. 


Table For Four, Fenelon And Balthasar, Megan Levy May 2009

Table For Four, Fenelon And Balthasar, Megan Levy

Megan Levy

No abstract provided.


Review Of Happy Endings, Donna M. Hughes Dr. May 2009

Review Of Happy Endings, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Tara Hurley, the filmmaker, has testified before the RI House Judiciary Committee and said on talk shows that based on observations making the film, there is no sex trafficking in Rhode Island. This is the view that is conveyed by “Happy Endings?” There are serious omissions of information about the people in the film and political biases that the filmmaker does not acknowledge. 


Indoor Brothel List By Senate District In Rhode Island, May 2009, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Apr 2009

Indoor Brothel List By Senate District In Rhode Island, May 2009, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Because of decriminalized prostitution, the number of places where there is indoor prostitution is rapidly increasing. The following is a partial list that demonstrates the escalating problem in Rhode Island, particularly since the Korean spa-brothels are known to be connected to Asian organized crime.


Intimate Partner Violence Against Athabaskan Women Residing In Interior Alaska: Results Of A Victimization Survey, Darryl Wood, Randy Magen Mar 2009

Intimate Partner Violence Against Athabaskan Women Residing In Interior Alaska: Results Of A Victimization Survey, Darryl Wood, Randy Magen

Randy Howard Magen

A survey instrument mirroring the National Violence Against Women Survey was administered in person to measure the incidence and prevalence of intimate partner violence against Athabaskan women residing in the interior of Alaska. Roughly two thirds of respondents (63.7%) reported an intimate partner assault victimization at some point in their adult lifetime, and 18% of the respondents reported that they had been physically assaulted by an intimate partner in the year preceding the survey. Findings revealed that intimate partner assault victimization is more prevalent and is considerably more frequent when compared to that reported for American women in general.


Archetypal Energies, The Emergence Of Obama As A Practical Idealist, And Global Transformation, Carroy U. Ferguson Feb 2009

Archetypal Energies, The Emergence Of Obama As A Practical Idealist, And Global Transformation, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

During this time of change, AHP and kindred spirits on the edge have important roles to play. We are the keepers and nurturers of a transformative and evolutionary Vision for Consciousness and a more humane world. At issue is what I will call the “psychic politics” for global transformation, nurtured by practical idealism and the Archetypal Energies. In other writings, I have described Archetypal Energies as Higher Vibrational Energies, operating deep within our individual and collective psyches, which have their own transcendent value, purpose, quality, and “voice”, unique to the individual. We experience them as “creative urges” to move us ...


Book Review 19 The Third Chapter By Sara Lawrence Lightfoot, William C. Mcpeck Feb 2009

Book Review 19 The Third Chapter By Sara Lawrence Lightfoot, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of the book The Third Chapter by Sara Lawrence Lighfoot which was published in 2009 by Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.


Worksite Wellness Best Practices, William C. Mcpeck Jan 2009

Worksite Wellness Best Practices, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This presentation explored the issues of best practice as they relate to worksite wellness. Best practice resources were also identified.


Psychological Distress In Residents Of A Neighborhood Naturally Occurring Retirement Community, Zvi Gellis, Kimberly Mcclive-Reed, Bonnie Kenaley, Miriam Adler Jan 2009

Psychological Distress In Residents Of A Neighborhood Naturally Occurring Retirement Community, Zvi Gellis, Kimberly Mcclive-Reed, Bonnie Kenaley, Miriam Adler

Bonnie Kenaley

Households with one or more residents age 65 and over make up 47% of the Neighborhood Naturally Occurring Retirement Community (NNORC) of Albany, New York. This two-square-mile area is served by a NNORC interfaith partnership of several religious, health, educational and other community service organizations providing supportive services, social activities, and enhanced access to health and social services. This survey was designed to identify potential areas of need requiring new or expanded services. A total of 226 NNORC residents age 60 and over completed questionnaires measuring demographics, aspects of health, help-seeking, mastery, loneliness, health locus of control, and psychological distress ...


Fathers And Their Infants: Caregiving And Affection In The Modern Family, Terri Combs-Orme, Lauren Renkert Dec 2008

Fathers And Their Infants: Caregiving And Affection In The Modern Family, Terri Combs-Orme, Lauren Renkert

Terri Combs-Orme

Despite social work's expressed interest in families and belief in the importance of parents to children, social work researchers have done little to explore the importance of fathers in children's everyday lives. This is especially true for infants. Moreover, as more and more infants and children grow up in single-mother homes, step-families, and other family configurations, knowledge is needed about how these demographic trends affect parents' interactions with their young children.

This article examines men's caregiving of infants and their displays of affection in a longitudinal study of a diverse sample of infants and their mothers, using ...


Homeless Animal Caretakers: A Descriptive And Comparative Study, C Cronley, Elizabeth Strand, D Patterson, S Gwaltney Dec 2008

Homeless Animal Caretakers: A Descriptive And Comparative Study, C Cronley, Elizabeth Strand, D Patterson, S Gwaltney

Elizabeth Strand, PhD, LCSW

Data from a Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) were used to compare homeless people who report caring for animals with homeless people who do not report caring for animals, based on demographic variables and stated reasons for homelessness. Among homeless clients (N = 4,100; M age = 39 yr., SD 13.2), 5.5% reported animal caretaking; demographic differences between caretaking and not caretaking homeless clients and life factors related to homelessness were most often associated with animal caretaking. 41% of participants (n = 1,664) were female, and 59% (n = 2,436) were male. Findings suggest that first-time homeless, Euro-American women ...


Testing Received Wisdom: Perceptions Of Security In Southern Lebanon, Royce Hutson, A. Kolbe, T. Haines, B. Springer, H. Shannon, I. Salamey Dec 2008

Testing Received Wisdom: Perceptions Of Security In Southern Lebanon, Royce Hutson, A. Kolbe, T. Haines, B. Springer, H. Shannon, I. Salamey

Royce A. Hutson

The Small Arms Survey 2009 focuses on the security challenges facing post-conflict societies.


Working With Involuntary Clients In The Child Welfare System, Lisa Mcguire Dec 2008

Working With Involuntary Clients In The Child Welfare System, Lisa Mcguire

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


Structured Reflection: A Tool For Learning And Assessment, Lisa Mcguire Dec 2008

Structured Reflection: A Tool For Learning And Assessment, Lisa Mcguire

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


Psychometric Examination Of The Brief Multidimensional Measure Of Religiousness/Spirituality (Bmmrs) Among College Students., Paul Caldwell, Kevin Masters, Kate Carey, Stephen Maisto, Thomas Wolfe, Harold Hackney, Christopher France, Lina Himawan Dec 2008

Psychometric Examination Of The Brief Multidimensional Measure Of Religiousness/Spirituality (Bmmrs) Among College Students., Paul Caldwell, Kevin Masters, Kate Carey, Stephen Maisto, Thomas Wolfe, Harold Hackney, Christopher France, Lina Himawan

Paul Caldwell

Resurgent interest in the relations between religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and health is evident in the scientific literature but much of the research fails to capture the proposed multidimensional nature of R/S. This problematic situation is compounded by the existence of a plethora of measures mostly lacking substantial empirical or even theoretical support. The Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) was developed to address measurement confusion by providing a standard instrument for researchers investigating the dimensions of R/S relevant to health. Psychometric properties and factor structure of the BMMRS were investigated in a sample of 374 college ...


Results From A Statewide Survey Of Child Welfare, Criminal/Juvenile Justice, Schools And Mental Health Agencies Regarding Training For Cultural Competence, Lisa Mcguire, C. Pfhaler, K. George Dec 2008

Results From A Statewide Survey Of Child Welfare, Criminal/Juvenile Justice, Schools And Mental Health Agencies Regarding Training For Cultural Competence, Lisa Mcguire, C. Pfhaler, K. George

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


Empowering People Who Are Gay And Lesbian In The Context Of Christian Community: The Use Of Narratives In Bridging The Social Divide Between Personal Faith And Institutional Oppression, Heath Walters Dec 2008

Empowering People Who Are Gay And Lesbian In The Context Of Christian Community: The Use Of Narratives In Bridging The Social Divide Between Personal Faith And Institutional Oppression, Heath Walters

Heath B. Walters

No abstract provided.


Reducing Out-Of-School Suspensions: Practice Guidelines For School Social Workers, David Dupper, Mt Theriot, Sw Craun Dec 2008

Reducing Out-Of-School Suspensions: Practice Guidelines For School Social Workers, David Dupper, Mt Theriot, Sw Craun

David R. Dupper

In many U.S. school districts, there has been a near epidemic of out-of-school suspensions (OSSs) for relatively minor or vaguely defined student offenses. Suspension provides temporary relief to frustrated teachers and administrators and may result in more parental involvement. However, for a large number of at-risk youths, it appears that being suspended leads to significant problems outside of school, increases the likelihood of receiving additional OSSs, and may result in dropping out of school. As a result, school social workers need to be made aware of programs that focus on the elimination of students' problematic behaviors rather than the ...


Cognitive-Behavioral Model, Randy Magen Dec 2008

Cognitive-Behavioral Model, Randy Magen

Randy Howard Magen

In the 1970s the first articles and books appeared, written by social workers, describing the application of behavioral theory to social work with groups (Rose, 1972; Sundel & Lawrence, 1970). Since that time, cognitive-behavioral theory has become one of the dominant perspectives guiding group work practice. The compatibility between evidence-based practice and cognitive-behaviorally based interventions assures the place of this theory at the forefront of group work.


In Chapter 5, Examples Of Compassion, Resiliency, And Academic Success, Ric And Doug, Sue Martin Dec 2008

In Chapter 5, Examples Of Compassion, Resiliency, And Academic Success, Ric And Doug, Sue Martin

Sue Martin

One of six vignettes from the field, chosen because they illustrate a heart-centered attitude.


Professional Social Work At The Master’S Level: An Immersion, K. Lay, K. Khaja, Lisa Mcguire, S. Gass Dec 2008

Professional Social Work At The Master’S Level: An Immersion, K. Lay, K. Khaja, Lisa Mcguire, S. Gass

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


Faculty Learning Around Reflection: A Collaborative Faculty Development Project, Lisa Mcguire, D. Strong, K. Lay, E. Ardemagni, P. Wittberg, P. Clayton Dec 2008

Faculty Learning Around Reflection: A Collaborative Faculty Development Project, Lisa Mcguire, D. Strong, K. Lay, E. Ardemagni, P. Wittberg, P. Clayton

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


Factors Of Effectiveness In Kentucky Nonprofit Social Welfare Organizations, Peggy Proudfoot Harman Dec 2008

Factors Of Effectiveness In Kentucky Nonprofit Social Welfare Organizations, Peggy Proudfoot Harman

Peggy J Proudfoot Harman

No abstract provided.


And Some Of Us Are Braver, J. Camille Hall Dec 2008

And Some Of Us Are Braver, J. Camille Hall

J. Camille Hall, PhD., LCSW

African American women fulfill many roles within their family and community. Most notably, these women are often defined by their “strength” and rarely seen as “vulnerable”. Many African American women demonstrate strength as they struggle to maintain employment, raise children, nurture spouses and extended family, but these same women are at-risk for a higher rate of health and emotional problems. In this paper, the authors use relational cultural-, stress and coping- and lifespan theories, along with black feminist thought to discuss the interlocking effects of race, gender, and class regarding the psychological well-being of African American women 18-55 years old ...


Pathways To Violent Radicalization In The Middle East: A Model For Future Studies Of Transnational Jihad, Royce Hutson, Taylor Long, Michael Page Dec 2008

Pathways To Violent Radicalization In The Middle East: A Model For Future Studies Of Transnational Jihad, Royce Hutson, Taylor Long, Michael Page

Royce A. Hutson

No abstract provided.