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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Organizational Values, Social Responsibility, And Corporate Citizenship: The Case Of Nevada State College, Grace S. Thomson Dec 2009

Organizational Values, Social Responsibility, And Corporate Citizenship: The Case Of Nevada State College, Grace S. Thomson

Dr. Grace S. Thomson

Organizational Values, Social Responsibility, and Corporate Citizenship Organizations contribute more than products and services to the society. The generation of jobs, creation of wealth and satisfaction of needs are only a portion of the influence that organizations have in a community. Likewise, organizations are increasingly engaging in social responsible initiatives to respond to the concerns of their various stakeholders (Aguilera, Rupp, Williams, & Ganapathi, 2007). Organizations with a genuine interest for social responsibility and citizenship possess value systems that articulate and integrate these social motives into their corporate strategy (Graber & Kilpatrick, 2008). Higher education institutions in the United States face the ...


Capital Mobility And Job Loss: Corporate Restructuring, Production Shifts, And Outsourcing, Stephanie Luce, Kate Bronfenbrenner Oct 2009

Capital Mobility And Job Loss: Corporate Restructuring, Production Shifts, And Outsourcing, Stephanie Luce, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Kate Bronfenbrenner

[Excerpt] This chapter examines the impact of corporate restructuring and global outsourcing on employment in the Commonwealth and the shifts in production from workplaces in Massachusetts to other countries. In particular we focus on global outsourcing, the shifting of work from Massachusetts offshore to countries in Europe and Asia, and nearshore to Canada and countries in Latin America. Given the huge media attention that outsourcing and nearshoring have garnered, and the increasing trend they represent toward corporate restructuring and capital mobility with lasting repercussions for workers, families, unions, and communities in the Commonwealth, it is important to assess their relative ...


The Role Of Resources In Social Exchange, Grace Lemmon Jul 2009

The Role Of Resources In Social Exchange, Grace Lemmon

Grace Lemmon

No abstract provided.


Middletown Loses Childrens Science Center, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jul 2009

Middletown Loses Childrens Science Center, Melanie Shapiro Esq, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

After years of problems and the inability of the police to do anything about the brothel next door, science education store is relocating to another part of the state.


Gender, Generation, And Toxicity: The Implications For Academic Libraries Of Gender And Generational Attitudes Toward Competition And Workplace Behavior, Mary Freier Jun 2009

Gender, Generation, And Toxicity: The Implications For Academic Libraries Of Gender And Generational Attitudes Toward Competition And Workplace Behavior, Mary Freier

Mollie Freier

No abstract provided.


State Violence And The Writer: Towards The Dialectics Of Intellectual Militancy In Transcending Postcolonial Nigerian Contradictions., Uzoechi Nwagbara May 2009

State Violence And The Writer: Towards The Dialectics Of Intellectual Militancy In Transcending Postcolonial Nigerian Contradictions., Uzoechi Nwagbara

Dr Uzoechi Nwagbara

The hub of this paper is how State violence manifests in the Nigerian novel, particularly in the context of the reprehensible postcolonial order that impinges on nation-building. By definition, State violence means forceful, coercive and high-handed appropriation of the apparatuses of the State by the ruling class for political and selfish ends, which results in physical, psychological and ethical harm or damage. In circumventing the contradictions posed by this inept practice, intellectual militancy is the option to bring change in Nigeria as illustrated by Nigerian writers (novelists) in their works. Intellectual militancy amounts to revolutionary aesthetics, political education and intellectual ...


Gender, Generation, And Toxicity: The Implications For Academic Libraries Of Gender And Generational Attitudes Toward Competition And Workplace Behavior, Mary Freier, Terrence Bennett, Ann Riley Mar 2009

Gender, Generation, And Toxicity: The Implications For Academic Libraries Of Gender And Generational Attitudes Toward Competition And Workplace Behavior, Mary Freier, Terrence Bennett, Ann Riley

Mollie Freier

No abstract provided.


Enhancing Student Learning Through Collaborative Research On Active Learning, Karen Leonard Feb 2009

Enhancing Student Learning Through Collaborative Research On Active Learning, Karen Leonard

Karen Moustafa Leonard

No abstract provided.


Aesthetics Of Resistance And Sustainability: Tanure Ojaide And The Niger Delta Question, Uzoechi Nwagbara Feb 2009

Aesthetics Of Resistance And Sustainability: Tanure Ojaide And The Niger Delta Question, Uzoechi Nwagbara

Dr Uzoechi Nwagbara

The paper endeavours to establish the centrality of ecocriticism in the poetry of Tanure Ojaide. It will be argued in this paper that Ojaide’s poetry negates ecological imperialism, a capitalist practice that destroys the periphery’s natural world. In Ojaide’s poetics, there is an illustration of the nature and strategies he employs to actualise resistance literature – essentially premised on ecocritical literature. Ecocritical literature or ecocriticism is a form of literary criticism that considers the nature of the relationship existing between literature and the natural environment. Ojaide’s raison d'être for this artistic preoccupation is simple: the environmental ...


Book Review 19 The Third Chapter By Sara Lawrence Lightfoot, William C. Mcpeck Feb 2009

Book Review 19 The Third Chapter By Sara Lawrence Lightfoot, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of the book The Third Chapter by Sara Lawrence Lighfoot which was published in 2009 by Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.


Greening Of The World Of Work: Implications For O*Net-Soc And New And Emerging Occupations, Erich Dierdorff, Jennifer Norton, Donald Drewes, Christina Kroustalis, David Rivkin, Phil Lewis Jan 2009

Greening Of The World Of Work: Implications For O*Net-Soc And New And Emerging Occupations, Erich Dierdorff, Jennifer Norton, Donald Drewes, Christina Kroustalis, David Rivkin, Phil Lewis

Erich C. Dierdorff

This report summarizes the recent research to investigate the impact of green economy activities and technologies on occupational requirements in an effort to determine their impact on current O*NET-SOC occupations and to identify new and emerging (N&E) occupations that may be considered as potential candidates for inclusion in the O*NET-SOC system. The report is organized in three sections. Section I describes the occupational implications of the green economy and its associated activities and technologies. Section II focuses on important occupational staffing implications within different sectors of the green economy. Section III describes the methodology and results of ...


Making Partnerships Work, David Cooke Dr Jan 2009

Making Partnerships Work, David Cooke Dr

David Cooke

An understanding of the motivation of corporations to give to the not-for-profit sector is vital in more effectively raising funds. A recent study has shown that a return on investment is important for maximum giving by the corporate sector and a business case built around this premise will be more effective than an appeal to altruism.


Worksite Wellness Best Practices, William C. Mcpeck Jan 2009

Worksite Wellness Best Practices, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This presentation explored the issues of best practice as they relate to worksite wellness. Best practice resources were also identified.


Tilting At Windmills? The Environmental Movement And The Emergence Of The U.S. Wind Energy Sector, Wesley Sine, Brandon Lee Dec 2008

Tilting At Windmills? The Environmental Movement And The Emergence Of The U.S. Wind Energy Sector, Wesley Sine, Brandon Lee

Brandon Lee

Through a study of the emergent U.S. wind energy sector, 1978–1992, this paper examines how large scale social movements external to an industry can influence the creation of new market opportunities and hence encourage entrepreneurship. We theorize that through the construction and propagation of cognitive frameworks, norms, values, and regulatory structures, and by offering a preexisting social structure, social movement organizations influence whether entrepreneurs attempt to start ventures in emerging sectors. We find that the direct and indirect effects of social resources (e.g., environmental groups) had a larger impact on entrepreneurial activity in this sector than the ...


How Relevant Is The Mba? Assessing The Alignment Of Required Mba Curricula And Required Managerial Competencies., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff Dec 2008

How Relevant Is The Mba? Assessing The Alignment Of Required Mba Curricula And Required Managerial Competencies., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff

Erich C. Dierdorff

Masters of business administration (MBA) programs are being met with escalating criticism from academics, students, and various organizational stakeholders. Central to these criticisms is the contention that the MBA is wholly out-of-touch with the “real world” and is irrelevant to the needs of practicing managers. Examining this contention, we investigated the relevancy of MBA curricula in relation to managerial competency requirements. Relying on an empirically derived competency model from 8,633 incumbent managers across 52 managerial occupations, our results showed that behavioral competencies indicated by managers to be most critical are the very competencies least represented in required MBA curricula ...


Developing Adaptive Teams: A Theory Of Dynamic Team Leadership, Jaclyn Jensen Dec 2008

Developing Adaptive Teams: A Theory Of Dynamic Team Leadership, Jaclyn Jensen

Jaclyn Jensen

No abstract provided.


The Milieu Of Managerial Work: An Integrative Framework Linking Work Context To Role Requirements., Erich Dierdorff, Robert Rubin, Frederick Morgeson Dec 2008

The Milieu Of Managerial Work: An Integrative Framework Linking Work Context To Role Requirements., Erich Dierdorff, Robert Rubin, Frederick Morgeson

Erich C. Dierdorff

Theoretical and empirical efforts focusing on the interplay between work context and managerial role requirements have been conspicuously absent in the scholarly literature. This paucity exists despite over 60 years of research concerning the requirements of managerial work and with the rather universal recognition that work context meaningfully shapes organizational behavior. The authors developed a theoretical model linking different types of role requirements to different forms of work context. They empirically tested this framework with a nationally representative sample of 8,633 incumbents spanning 52 managerial occupations. Findings from hierarchical linear modeling analyses demonstrated that discrete forms of context (task ...


Do Leaders Reap What They Sow? Leader And Employee Outcomes Of Leader Cynicism About Organizational Change., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff, William Bommer, Timothy Baldwin Dec 2008

Do Leaders Reap What They Sow? Leader And Employee Outcomes Of Leader Cynicism About Organizational Change., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff, William Bommer, Timothy Baldwin

Erich C. Dierdorff

Despite increased attention given to the attitude of organizational cynicism, few studies have examined the impact of leader cynicism in organizations. The present study sought to investigate relationships between leader cynicism about organizational change (CAOC) and outcomes relevant to both the leader (performance and organizational citizenship behavior ratings) and his/her employees (employee organizational commitment and CAOC). Using data from 106 manufacturing managers, leader CAOC was found to negatively influence both leader and employee outcomes. Of particular importance, transformational leader behavior was found to fully mediate these relationships and thus served as an important explanatory mechanism. A discussion concerning the ...


Bosses’ Perceptions Of Family-Work Conflict And Women’S Promotability: Glass Ceiling Effects, Grace Lemmon Dec 2008

Bosses’ Perceptions Of Family-Work Conflict And Women’S Promotability: Glass Ceiling Effects, Grace Lemmon

Grace Lemmon

We examine one potential reason for the persistence of the glass ceiling: bosses' perceptions of female subordinates' family-work conflict. Person categorization and social role theories are used to examine whether bosses (both male and female) perceive women as having greater family-work conflict and therefore view them as mismatched to their organizations and jobs. The results support our model: bosses' perceptions of family-work conflict mediated the relationships between subordinate sex and perceptions of person-organization fit, person-job fit, and performance. Both types of fit were related to promotability (nomination for promotion and manager-assessed promotability). We discuss implications for practice and future research ...


The Role Of Goal-Focused Leadership In Enabling The Expression Of Conscientiousness Dec 2008

The Role Of Goal-Focused Leadership In Enabling The Expression Of Conscientiousness

L. A. Witt

No abstract provided.


"Conscious Leadership And The Substance Of Change", Art Stewart Dec 2008

"Conscious Leadership And The Substance Of Change", Art Stewart

Art Stewart

No abstract provided.


"Communicating Politics - Big Budget Branding, Micro-Management Of Issues, Change As Strategic Positioning", Art Stewart Dec 2008

"Communicating Politics - Big Budget Branding, Micro-Management Of Issues, Change As Strategic Positioning", Art Stewart

Art Stewart

No abstract provided.


Online Catalogs : What Users And Librarians Want, Karen S. Calhoun, Joanne Cantrell, Peggy Gallagher, Diane Cellantani Dec 2008

Online Catalogs : What Users And Librarians Want, Karen S. Calhoun, Joanne Cantrell, Peggy Gallagher, Diane Cellantani

Karen S Calhoun

Although library catalogs are often thought of as discovery tools, the catalog’s delivery-related information is just as important to end users. This report presents findings from focus groups and online surveys of end users and library professionals that indicate what catalog data elements and services are rated as important to end users, and contrasts these requirements to what library professionals report they need from catalog data and services.


Being A Librarian: Metadata And Metadata Specialists In The Twenty-First Century, Karen S. Calhoun Dec 2008

Being A Librarian: Metadata And Metadata Specialists In The Twenty-First Century, Karen S. Calhoun

Karen S Calhoun

Based on an analysis of the larger context the global infosphere, information-seeking behavior, and changing roles for librarians and library collections, the chapter forecasts the role of metadata and metadata specialists in libraries in five to ten years.


Attribution Theory And Healthcare Culture: Translational Management Science Contributes A Framework To Identify The Etiology Of Punitive Clinical Environments, Patrick Albert Palmieri Dec 2008

Attribution Theory And Healthcare Culture: Translational Management Science Contributes A Framework To Identify The Etiology Of Punitive Clinical Environments, Patrick Albert Palmieri

Patrick Albert Palmieri

The Institute of Medicine’s seminal report, To err is human: Building a safer health system, established the national patient safety framework and initiated interest in changing the traditionally punitive healthcare culture. This paper reviews a multidisciplinary literature and offers an attribution framework to explicate the organizational processes that contribute to an industry-wide culture where clinicians are routinely blamed for adverse patient events. Attribution theory is concerned with the manner in which people explain the behaviors of others or themselves by assigning causality for events. To date, attribution theory, though well established in the management literature, has yet to be ...


Invigorating The Role Of The In-House Legal Advisor Towards Ethical Culture And Governance In Client-Business Organizations: From 21st Century Failures To True Calling, Ben G. Pender Ii Dec 2008

Invigorating The Role Of The In-House Legal Advisor Towards Ethical Culture And Governance In Client-Business Organizations: From 21st Century Failures To True Calling, Ben G. Pender Ii

Ben G Pender II

Invigorating the Role of the In-House Legal Advisor Towards Ethical Culture and Governance in Client-Business Organizations From 21st Century Failures to True Calling Ben G. Pender II J.D., University of St. Thomas School of Law, 2009 M.A. Sociology, Organizational Effectiveness, Clark Atlanta University, 1996. B.S., Sociology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1988. All Rights Reserved. © 2009. Summary This Article examines the need to invigorate the role of the in-house legal advisor from ‘mere legal technician’ to simultaneous legal advisory gatekeeper and ethical steward. This article asserts that the often-acquiescent in-house legal advisor as mere legal technician ...