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Articles 31 - 60 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Federal Disaster Relief In The U.S.: The Role Of Political Partisanship And Preference In Presidential Disaster Declarations And Turndowns, Richard Salkowe, Jayajit Chakraborty Mar 2009

Federal Disaster Relief In The U.S.: The Role Of Political Partisanship And Preference In Presidential Disaster Declarations And Turndowns, Richard Salkowe, Jayajit Chakraborty

Richard Steven Salkowe

Federal disaster declarations are authorized by the president under the provisions of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act of 1988 (the Stafford Act). Previous studies pertaining to presidential disaster declarations have found varying levels of political influence associated with the declaration process. Factors including electoral votes, reelection years, congressional committee appointments, geographic location, and party favoritism have been implicated in the selective approval capacity that is designated to the president in issuing federal disaster declarations.

This article aims to provide a comparative analysis of emergency and major disaster declaration requests under the Stafford Act from 1989-2005 ...


Pervasive Location Tracking: A Privacy Protection Perspective, Harlan Onsrud Mar 2009

Pervasive Location Tracking: A Privacy Protection Perspective, Harlan Onsrud

Harlan J Onsrud

A laudable goal of ubiquitous computing is to enhance our day-to-day living by invisibly embedding sensors and computing platforms in our stationary and mobile surroundings. Sensors being developed and deployed within distributed computing networks include those able to see (ranging from automated detection of light to identification of specific individuals and objects), hear (detection of specific sounds to transcribing language), smell (detection of specific gases), feel (detection of specific motions, temperature, humidity, etc) and communicate. Sensors in and on our bodies will communicate through our phones, cars, offices, homes, transportation infrastructure, and with objects along our travel paths. Numerous visions ...


Book Review: The Great Warming: Climate Change And The Rise And Fall Of Civilizations, James Fleming Feb 2009

Book Review: The Great Warming: Climate Change And The Rise And Fall Of Civilizations, James Fleming

James R. Fleming

No abstract provided.


Solid Waste Management Through The Application Of Advanced Technologies, Praveen Jha Dr Feb 2009

Solid Waste Management Through The Application Of Advanced Technologies, Praveen Jha Dr

Praveen Jha Dr

State-of-art long term plan for Solid Waste Management (SWM) including collection, transportation and disposal of Solid Waste (SW), as well as for monitoring of SWM, by generating integrated solution could be generated through the application of advanced technologies so that the policy interventions may prove to be highly successful and cost-effective. Currently, SWM plans are either non-existent or are riddled with serious problems and limitations. SWM plans are extremely expensive. Long term planning could be done for collection, transportation and disposal of SW in such a manner that Waste Collection Points, transportation routes, schedules regarding transportation, loading, unloading, stoppage etc ...


Creative Commons Licensing And Non-Creative Geographic Data, Harlan Onsrud Jan 2009

Creative Commons Licensing And Non-Creative Geographic Data, Harlan Onsrud

Harlan J Onsrud

Why does the scientific community need a simple method for letting each of us know that we are allowed legally to build on the work and data products of each other without asking permission? Does merely following the traditional practices of science and giving credit now make me a lawbreaker? What's the problem, how did we get here and what's the solution? Why does the solution for creative works not apply to geographic and other utilitarian data and databases? This presentation addresses these questions and approaches for arriving at solutions.


Environmental Challenges And Opportunities: Local-Global Perspectives On Canadian Issues, Christopher Gore, Peter Stoett Dec 2008

Environmental Challenges And Opportunities: Local-Global Perspectives On Canadian Issues, Christopher Gore, Peter Stoett

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Local Government Responses To Climate Change: Our Last, Best Hope?, Christopher Gore, Pamela Robinson Dec 2008

Local Government Responses To Climate Change: Our Last, Best Hope?, Christopher Gore, Pamela Robinson

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Sidewalks: Conflict And Negotiation Over Public Space, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Renia Ehrenfeucht Dec 2008

Sidewalks: Conflict And Negotiation Over Public Space, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Renia Ehrenfeucht

Renia Ehrenfeucht

No abstract provided.


Liability For Spatial Data Quality, Harlan Onsrud Dec 2008

Liability For Spatial Data Quality, Harlan Onsrud

Harlan J Onsrud

Liability in data, products, and services related to geographic information systems, spatial data infrastructure, location based services and web mapping services, is complicated by the complexities and uncertainties in liability for information system products and services generally, as well as by legal theory uncertainties surrounding liability for maps. Each application of geospatial technologies to a specific use may require integration of different types of data from multiple sources, assessment of attributes, adherence to accuracy and fitness-for-use requirements, and selection from among different analytical processing methods. All of these actions may be fraught with possible misjudgments and errors. A variety of ...


Perceptions Of Neighborhood Disorder: The Role Of Individual And Neighborhood Characteristics., Rachel Margolis, Irma Elo, Laryssa Mykyta, Jennifer Culhane Dec 2008

Perceptions Of Neighborhood Disorder: The Role Of Individual And Neighborhood Characteristics., Rachel Margolis, Irma Elo, Laryssa Mykyta, Jennifer Culhane

Rachel Margolis

Objectives. The study of neighborhood effects on health and well-being has regained prominence in recent years. Most authors have relied on Census data and other administrative data sources to assess neighborhood characteristics. Less commonly employed, but gaining in popularity, are measures from surveys that ask neighborhood residents about various aspects of their neighborhood environment. Such surveys are a potentially attractive alternative or augmentation to administrative data sources. Methods. Using data from a study of neighborhood effects on pregnancy outcomes among low-income, inner-city women in Philadelphia, PA (N=3,988), we examined psychometric and ecometric properties of scales used to assess ...


Pittsburghese Shirts: Commodification And The Enregisterment Of An Urban Dialect, Barbara Johnstone Dec 2008

Pittsburghese Shirts: Commodification And The Enregisterment Of An Urban Dialect, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

This article considers a type of material artifact that circulates ideas about regional speech in the United States: T-shirts bearing words and phrases thought to be unique to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. I argue that Pittsburghese shirts, seen for themselves and in the context of their production, distribution, and consumption, are part of a process leading to the creation and focusing of the idea that there is a Pittsburgh dialect. To describe how particular locally hearable forms have become linked with the city, I invoke Asif Agha’s concept of “enregisterment.” To understand why this has happened at the time and in ...


2001 Nüfus Sayımı Verilerine Göre İngiltere’De Etnik Pazar Potansiyeli, Ibrahim Sirkeci Dec 2008

2001 Nüfus Sayımı Verilerine Göre İngiltere’De Etnik Pazar Potansiyeli, Ibrahim Sirkeci

Ibrahim Sirkeci

Bu çalışma İngiltere ve Galler nüfusunun etnik gruplara göre dağılımını sunmakta ve etnik pazar potansiyeli gösterilmektedir. İngiltere ve Galler nüfusunun etnik yapısını görmek için Birleşik Krallık (BK) 1991 ve 2001 Nüfus Sayımları ile 2004 Yılı Nüfus Araştırması verileri kullanılmıştır. Bu verilere göre, 1999’dan bu yana ülkedeki tüketim pazarının büyümesinin önemli bir kısmınının İngiltere ve Galler’deki etnik azınlıkların artan tüketiminden kaynaklandığını söylemek mümkündür. Bu bize etnik azınlık pazarının sunabileceği zengin pazarlama ve genişleme olanaklarının varlığını göstermektedir. BK etnik pazarı hızla büyüyen bir pazar olduğu görülmektedir ve genel eğilimler büyüme yönündedir. BK etnik pazarının daha kapsamlı ve derinlemesine anlaşılabilmesi için ...


Comunidad, Estado Y Naturaleza: La EcologíA PolíTica Del Manejo Colaborativo De Bosques, Jose E. Martinez-Reyes Dec 2008

Comunidad, Estado Y Naturaleza: La EcologíA PolíTica Del Manejo Colaborativo De Bosques, Jose E. Martinez-Reyes

Jose E. Martinez-Reyes

Collaborative management, or co-management, of forests has increasingly become an alternative to traditional state management. Utilizing a Political Ecology perspective, this article highlights the con ictive dynamic between the state and community grassroots organizations about their perceptions and understandings about the meanings, objectives, goals, and politics of co-management. It is argued that forest co-management is primarily a social relation mediated by power relations and social nature, in which priority is given to scientific knowledge and Western rationality over what it means local groups. The article also analyzes the discursive strategies used by local groups to defend their management views. Finally ...


Ortadoğu Yıllığı 2007 (Middle East Annual 2007), Murat Yesiltas, Kemal İnat, Muhittin Ataman Dec 2008

Ortadoğu Yıllığı 2007 (Middle East Annual 2007), Murat Yesiltas, Kemal İnat, Muhittin Ataman

Murat Yesiltas

No abstract provided.


The Conservation Value Of Tigers: Separating Science From Fiction, Philip J. Nyhus, Ron L. Tilson Dec 2008

The Conservation Value Of Tigers: Separating Science From Fiction, Philip J. Nyhus, Ron L. Tilson

Philip J. Nyhus

No abstract provided.


Reintroduction Of The Chinese Tiger, Philip J. Nyhus, Urs Breitenmoser, Ron Tilson Dec 2008

Reintroduction Of The Chinese Tiger, Philip J. Nyhus, Urs Breitenmoser, Ron Tilson

Philip J. Nyhus

No abstract provided.


Reversões Na Política Energético-Ambiental Estadunidense: Do Laissez-Faire Ao Green Enforcement, Eloi Martins Senhoras Dec 2008

Reversões Na Política Energético-Ambiental Estadunidense: Do Laissez-Faire Ao Green Enforcement, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Geoeconomia Dos Espaços Regionais Transnacionais, Eloi Martins Senhoras Dec 2008

A Geoeconomia Dos Espaços Regionais Transnacionais, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Cooperação Para O Desenvolvimento, Eloi Martins Senhoras Dec 2008

Cooperação Para O Desenvolvimento, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Little Ice Age Glacial Geomorphology And Sedimentology Of Portage Glacier, South-Central Alaska., João A. Santos, Carlos E. Cordova Dec 2008

Little Ice Age Glacial Geomorphology And Sedimentology Of Portage Glacier, South-Central Alaska., João A. Santos, Carlos E. Cordova

João Santos

The study of glacial landforms and deposits is important, as it is difficult to observe processes under modern glaciers and ice-sheets. Thus landscapes and sediments that are the product of present glaciation can give insight into processes that occurred during Pleistocene times. This study investigates the genesis of little ice age glacial landforms present in Portage Glacier, South-Central Alaska. The present day moraine morphology and sedimentology in Portage Glacier valley reveals the presence of two types of till and moraines. The clast-rich sandy diamicton present on the 1852 moraine is interpreted to be a basal till indicating this feature is ...


Charles Patrick Daly, Karen M. Morin Dec 2008

Charles Patrick Daly, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


Status And Trends Of Wind Energy Development - Fact Sheet, Erik Edward Nordman Dec 2008

Status And Trends Of Wind Energy Development - Fact Sheet, Erik Edward Nordman

Erik Edward Nordman

The West Michigan Wind Assessment project team is comprehensively analyzing the benefits and challenges of wind energy development in coastal West Michigan, including Oceana, Muskegon, Ottawa and Allegan counties. This fact sheet summarizes the findings of their first report, Status and Trends of Wind Energy Development in West Michigan. Additional reports will examine potential impacts from a variety of perspectives and evaluate policy options for minimizing conflicts. For more information or to access the full report, please visit the project web site: www.gvsu.edu/wind.


Letter From The Student Board Member, Necati Anaz Dec 2008

Letter From The Student Board Member, Necati Anaz

Necati Anaz

No abstract provided.


In The Profession: Choosing The Right Journal For Your Manuscript, Barbara Johnstone Dec 2008

In The Profession: Choosing The Right Journal For Your Manuscript, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


A Photovoice Participatory Evaluation Of A School Gardening Program Through The Eyes Of Fifth Graders, Catherine Sands, Krista Harper, Lee Ellen Reed, Maggie Shar Dec 2008

A Photovoice Participatory Evaluation Of A School Gardening Program Through The Eyes Of Fifth Graders, Catherine Sands, Krista Harper, Lee Ellen Reed, Maggie Shar

Catherine Sands

In the springtime, fifth grade students at the Williamsburg Elementary School in rural Western Massachusetts ask to snack on sorrel and chives from the school garden, between planting potatoes and building a shade structure for their outdoor classroom. They are members of the first cohort of the curriculum-integrated program initiated by Fertile Ground, a grassroots organization in western Massachusetts. The children’s delight in the fresh greens they have grown marks a national phenomenon: the farm-to-school movement. With limited resources, parents, teachers, students, administrators, and community activists are developing inroads to better school food and food education, by constructing school ...


Landscape: Representing And Interpreting The World, Karen M. Morin Dec 2008

Landscape: Representing And Interpreting The World, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


Feminist Groups Within Geography, Karen M. Morin Dec 2008

Feminist Groups Within Geography, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


A Plotless Density Estimator Based On The Asymptotic Limit Of Ordered Distance Estimation Values, Barry J. Kronenfeld Dec 2008

A Plotless Density Estimator Based On The Asymptotic Limit Of Ordered Distance Estimation Values, Barry J. Kronenfeld

Barry J. Kronenfeld

Estimation of tree density from point-tree distances is an attractive option for quick inventory of new sites, but estimators that are unbiased in clustered and dispersed situations have not been found. Noting that bias of an estimator derived from distances to the kth nearest neighbor from a random point tends to decrease with increasing k, a method is proposed for estimating the limit of an asymptotic function through a set of ordered distance estimators. A standard asymptotic model is derived from the limiting case of a clustered distribution. The proposed estimator is evaluated against 13 types of simulated generating processes ...


Ri 506 - Economia Política Internacional, Eloi Martins Senhoras Dec 2008

Ri 506 - Economia Política Internacional, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Pursuing The Good Life: American Narratives Of Travel And A Search For Refuge, Brian A. Hoey Dec 2008

Pursuing The Good Life: American Narratives Of Travel And A Search For Refuge, Brian A. Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

September 11th 2001 helped create a sense of ever-present risk for many Americans. At the same time, highly publicized abuses of corporate power and financial meltdowns in former Wall Street gems like Enron and WorldCom together with more recent economic trouble in the U.S. housing market heighten uncertainties. Although these events have hastened personal experience of insecurity across all socioeconomic levels, even in the dotcom glory days many middle-class families rightly sensed a threatening undercurrent of change. Although unsettling, global economic restructuring begun in the 1970s fueled stratospheric growth in the 90s as corporations embraced “flexibility.” On an individual ...