Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 101

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Childe Bibliography: A Hand-List Of The Works Of Vere Gordon Childe, Terry Irving, Peter Gathercole Jan 2014

A Childe Bibliography: A Hand-List Of The Works Of Vere Gordon Childe, Terry Irving, Peter Gathercole

Terence H Irving, Dr (Terry)

A hand-list devoted to the published writings of Vere Gordon Childe (1892-1957). It includes political writings, letters to newspapers, and reviews, as well as his books, articles and contributions to books. It covers his Australian years as well his academic career in Britain. Because its aim is to create an historical record of both Childe's work and the continual contemporary interest in his ideas, the list is arranged year by year to highlight his productivity and the periods when attention to his work was greatest. There are four sections: (i) books and monographs; (ii) articles and chapters; (iii) reviews ...


Lavichè: Haiti's Vulnerability To The Global Food Crisis, John Mazzeo Oct 2009

Lavichè: Haiti's Vulnerability To The Global Food Crisis, John Mazzeo

John Mazzeo, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


The War On Twitter, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Oct 2009

The War On Twitter, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

Michael I. Niman tells how the Feds busted a Twitter tweeter and impounded Curious George and Buffy videos in a terror probe.


Logics Of Empowerment: Development, Gender, And Governance In Neoliberal India, Aradhana Sharma Oct 2009

Logics Of Empowerment: Development, Gender, And Governance In Neoliberal India, Aradhana Sharma

Aradhana Sharma

No abstract provided.


Crossbreeding Institutions, Breeding Struggle: Women's Employment, Neoliberal Governmentality, And State (Re)Formation In India, Aradhana Sharma Sep 2009

Crossbreeding Institutions, Breeding Struggle: Women's Employment, Neoliberal Governmentality, And State (Re)Formation In India, Aradhana Sharma

Aradhana Sharma

This article explores the politics and practices of a state-initiated, feminist-conceived empowerment program for rural women in India through the lens of neoliberal governmentality. Structured as a government-organized nongovernmental organization (GONGO), the Mahila Samakhya (MS) program seeks to empower and mobilize marginalized women for self-development and social change. The program’s GONGO form and empowerment goals articulate with neoliberal logics of self-care and destatized rule to reshape the postcolonial liberalizing state and governance in India. Neoliberalism and the everyday practices of the MS program construct the Indian state as a distinct and vertically encompassing, if ambiguously gendered, entity. The organization ...


Globalization And Postcolonial States, Aradhana Sharma Sep 2009

Globalization And Postcolonial States, Aradhana Sharma

Aradhana Sharma

The experiences of two programs aimed at poor rural women in India suggest that postcolonial contexts might give us reason to reconsider commonly accepted characterizations of neoliberal states. An anthropological approach to the state differs from that of other disciplines by according centrality to the meanings of the everyday practices of bureaucracies and their relation to representations of the state. Such a perspective is strengthened when it integrates those meanings with political economic, social structural, and institutional approaches. Although the two programs examined here originated in different time periods (one before and the other after neoliberal “reforms”) and embodied very ...


Introduction: Rethinking Theories Of The State In An Age Of Globalization, Aradhana Sharma Sep 2009

Introduction: Rethinking Theories Of The State In An Age Of Globalization, Aradhana Sharma

Aradhana Sharma

No abstract provided.


Word Of The Day: Harrowing!, Sharon Lomurno Aug 2009

Word Of The Day: Harrowing!, Sharon Lomurno

Sharon L Lomurno

Word of the day-Harrowing

So, we all start getting up and shaking off the chill from the night. The sun slowly begins to make it’s presence known. Breakfasts are made, hikes to the creek for one last look-see.

We break camp and load everything into the rental Santa Fe and people pile into Bobo’s truck to head up the mountain. Great, we are getting an early start!

Bobo sped up a little so he wouldn’t dust us out. The sun is getting warmer.

We were traveling a little ways behind Bobo and I was taking video of ...


Cash For Clunkers?, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Jul 2009

Cash For Clunkers?, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

Landfilling old gas-guzzlers for new gas-guzzlers isn’t green – it’s a subsidy for the motor industry, argues Michael I. Niman


Dna Preservation In Skeletal Elements From The World Trade Center Disaster: Recommendations For Mass Fatality Management*, Amy Mundorff, Eric Bartelink, Elaine Mar-Cash Jun 2009

Dna Preservation In Skeletal Elements From The World Trade Center Disaster: Recommendations For Mass Fatality Management*, Amy Mundorff, Eric Bartelink, Elaine Mar-Cash

Amy Z Mundorff

The World Trade Center (WTC) victim identification effort highlights taphonomic influences on the degradation of DNA from victims of mass fatality incidents. This study uses a subset of the WTC-Human Remains Database to evaluate differential preservation of DNA by skeletal element. Recovery location, sex, and victim type (civilian, firefighter, or plane passenger) do not appear to influence DNA preservation. Results indicate that more intact elements, as well as elements encased in soft tissue, produced slightly higher identification rates than more fragmented remains. DNA identification rates by element type conform to previous findings, with higher rates generally found in denser, weight-bearing ...


Democracy, Paramilitaries And U.S. Policy In Colombia, Winifred Tate Jun 2009

Democracy, Paramilitaries And U.S. Policy In Colombia, Winifred Tate

Winifred L. Tate

No abstract provided.


The Madonna Of 115th Street Revisited: Vodou And Haitian Catholicism In The Age Of Transnationalism, Elizabeth Mcalister Jun 2009

The Madonna Of 115th Street Revisited: Vodou And Haitian Catholicism In The Age Of Transnationalism, Elizabeth Mcalister

Elizabeth McAlister

No abstract provided.


The Rite Of Baptism In Haitian Vodou, Elizabeth Mcalister Jun 2009

The Rite Of Baptism In Haitian Vodou, Elizabeth Mcalister

Elizabeth McAlister

No abstract provided.


Understanding Migration Motivations In West Africa: The Case Of Nigerians In Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh May 2009

Understanding Migration Motivations In West Africa: The Case Of Nigerians In Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Contemporary migration studies increasingly focus on intra-continental migration especially in Europe. In Africa, this interest has not been pursued even though evidence abounds in the literature to suggest the presence of intra-African migration. Explanations of the motivation for such migrations often employ the ‘economic push-pull model’. This paper interrogates the ‘economic push and pull’ argument in the migration motivation literature. It presents a range of pull factors that do not follow this conventional approach. The paper first reconstructs Nigerian presence in, and connection with Ghana, and then explores the contemporary motivating factors for Nigerian migration to Ghana. The paper argues ...


Frock Coat And Flag: Union Soldier Markers In Central Maine, Kimberly Sawtelle May 2009

Frock Coat And Flag: Union Soldier Markers In Central Maine, Kimberly Sawtelle

Kimberly J. Sawtelle

The Frock Coat and Flag motif of gravestone is a short-lived memorial theme borne from a compressed period of American history. The horrors, tragedy, and impact of the U.S. Civil War on American civilians and a lack of a comprehensive plan by the U.S. Congress to provide means or methods to bury and mark the graves of soldiers who died in service contributed to the manifestation of a portrait-style grave marker used by families in a relatively compact geographic region of central Maine between 1861 and 1864.


A Brief Survey Of English Language Research On Yugoslav Cultural And Social Anthropology And Ethnology, Joel M. Halpern May 2009

A Brief Survey Of English Language Research On Yugoslav Cultural And Social Anthropology And Ethnology, Joel M. Halpern

Joel M. Halpern

"The focus of this article is an examination of English language sources dealing with Yugoslavia, mainly the works of American anthropologists in the postwar period. Since cultural and social anthropology as known in the United States and Western Europe does not exist as a separate discipline in Yugoslavia, it is necessary to broaden the field of inquiry to include certain aspects of ethnology and sociology insofar as we wish to include the works of Yugoslav scholars investigating aspects of their own country. The intellectual background and work of Yugoslav researchers has been considered in detail in an earlier article (Halpern ...


Thin Encounters With Knowledge, Chandan Gowda Apr 2009

Thin Encounters With Knowledge, Chandan Gowda

Chandan Gowda

No abstract provided.


Reboot America: Lessons From Post-Consumerist Cuba, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Mar 2009

Reboot America: Lessons From Post-Consumerist Cuba, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


The 800-Pound Gaijin In The Room: Strategies And Tactics For Conducting Fieldwork In Japan And Abroad, Daniel P. Aldrich Mar 2009

The 800-Pound Gaijin In The Room: Strategies And Tactics For Conducting Fieldwork In Japan And Abroad, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Most graduate school training for United States-based political scientists focuses on details ranging from properly defining one’s independent variable to ensuring that we have sufficient cases from which to draw broader conclusions. And doctoral candidates regularly fly off to carry out fieldwork in developing and developed nations alike with two suitcases, several semesters of language training and a recently approved prospectus. But few of us receive advice on how to handle religious and cultural differences between ourselves and our informants or how to respond to situations in which we feel uncomfortable or perhaps in danger. Rarer still is advice ...


Palestinian Refugees And Their Oral Histories: History's Silence, Memory's Burden, Randa Farah Mar 2009

Palestinian Refugees And Their Oral Histories: History's Silence, Memory's Burden, Randa Farah

Randa R Farah Dr.

No abstract provided.


If You Cannot Whisper: The Performative Language Of Magical Spells, Denice J. Szafran Feb 2009

If You Cannot Whisper: The Performative Language Of Magical Spells, Denice J. Szafran

Denice J Szafran, Ph.D.

Meaning is not primarily what a word has; it is something a word does. The basis of much Slavic folk wisdom is a belief in the inherent power of words: some utterances are taboo, others sacred. Still more words are the province of magic, a culturally contextual conceptual system within which spells, curses, and oaths are the primary vehicles utilized by a practitioner seeking to affect the world around him/her. An analysis of Austin’s and Levinson’s theories of the performative aspects of linguistic utterances can provide an explanation of how folkloric practitioners empowered their spells with conjoined ...


Pleistocene Human Footprints From The Willandra Lakes, Southeastern Australia, Steve Webb, Matthew L. Cupper, Richard Robins Feb 2009

Pleistocene Human Footprints From The Willandra Lakes, Southeastern Australia, Steve Webb, Matthew L. Cupper, Richard Robins

Steve Webb

Human and other hominid fossil footprints provide rare but important insights into anatomy and behaviour. Here we report recently discovered fossil trackways of human footprints from the Willandra Lakes region of western New South Wales, Australia. Optically dated to between 19-23 ka and consisting of at least 124 prints, the trackways form the largest collection of Pleistocene human footprints in the world. The prints were made by adults, adolescents, and children traversing the moist surface of an ephemeral soak. This site offers a unique glimpse of humans living in the arid inland of Australia at the height of the last ...


Truth And Lies, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Jan 2009

Truth And Lies, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

It’s not a political ideology or position. Truth is the truth. It’s honesty and accuracy, says Michael I. Niman


Buying, Selling, Owning The Past Jan 2009

Buying, Selling, Owning The Past

Daniel A. Contreras

Stanford Report coverage of my work with Neil Brodie on using remote sensing to quantify looting damage to archaeological sites.


North America's Native Peoples: A Social Justice And Trauma Counseling Approach, Sherri L. Turner, Mark Pope Jan 2009

North America's Native Peoples: A Social Justice And Trauma Counseling Approach, Sherri L. Turner, Mark Pope

Mark Pope

This article understands North America's indigenous peoples in the context of social justice. The authors discuss the role of legislation in shaping cultural contexts of indigenous people and influencing mental health issues in Native American communities. Trauma counseling with Native Americans is explored.

Este artículo entiende a los habitantes indígenas de norteamérica en el contexto de la justicia social. Los autores discuten el papel que juega la legislación en la formación de los contextos culturales de los pueblos indígenas y la influencia que ejerce en los problemas de salud mental en las comunidades de Americanos Nativos. Se explora la ...


Quarterly Gdp Estimates For Selected South Asian Economies, Safdar Khan Dec 2008

Quarterly Gdp Estimates For Selected South Asian Economies, Safdar Khan

Safdar Khan

No abstract provided.


Hamas Controlled Televised News Media: Counter- Peace, Allen Gnanam Dec 2008

Hamas Controlled Televised News Media: Counter- Peace, Allen Gnanam

Allen Gnanam

The hegemonic force of Hamas censored televised news media in Gaza, can not be fully comprehended and appreciated without recognizing the role of propaganda, censorship, and the historical context of the middle east. These 3 interrelated dimensions will be analyzed using functionalism, the mass society theory, the dominant ideology framework, the critical criminology framework, and the symbolic interactionist framework. Through censorship, Hamas news media outlets were able to unilaterally inject culturally relevant propaganda, into the minds of children and citizens. The hypodermic syringe model can be applied to the state controlled news media situation in Gaza, as the people of ...


Letter From The Visual Anthropology Review Editor: Seeing Visual Anthropology (American Anthropologist), Marc Moskowitz Dec 2008

Letter From The Visual Anthropology Review Editor: Seeing Visual Anthropology (American Anthropologist), Marc Moskowitz

Marc L. Moskowitz

No abstract provided.


The Opt-Out Phenomenon : Women, Work, And Identity In America, Dianna Shandy, Karine Moe Dec 2008

The Opt-Out Phenomenon : Women, Work, And Identity In America, Dianna Shandy, Karine Moe

Dianna Shandy

No abstract provided.


The Road To Refugee Resettlement, Dianna Shandy Dec 2008

The Road To Refugee Resettlement, Dianna Shandy

Dianna Shandy

No abstract provided.