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Articles 1 - 30 of 3958

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Collective Identity In Germany: An Assessment Of National Theories, Sean Starkweather May 2020

Collective Identity In Germany: An Assessment Of National Theories, Sean Starkweather

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

Beginning in the 18th century, the question of what makes a nation has occupied a prominent place in German politics. From the national theories of the 18th-century German Romantics, who identified cultural and ethnic factors as being the key determinants, to modern civic nationalists and postnationalists, who point to liberal civic values and institutions, the importance of collective identity and how it is oriented has remained an important topic for German scholars and policymakers. Using survey research, I assess the accuracy and relevance of these theories in contemporary German society. I find that, contrary to the optimism of modern thinkers ...


Practical Strategies For Transitioning, Jennifer A. Keach May 2020

Practical Strategies For Transitioning, Jennifer A. Keach

Libraries

When it comes to transitioning to a new phase in our careers, we may be unsure about how to set the change gears into motion. Why not start with discovering strategies for transitioning to a new job from where you are now? Attend this session to explore how your personality preferences can influence how you approach your transition. Discover a range of strategies based on common scenarios including stretch assignments, job sculpting, informational interviews, shadowing, and volunteering. Don't wait for the next opportunity to come to you. Instead, keep moving closer to where you'd like to be in ...


Academic Librarian Perceptions Of Academic Librarians: Building A Foundation Of Shared Understanding, Jody Fagan, Hillary Ostermiller, Elizabeth Price, Lara Sapp May 2020

Academic Librarian Perceptions Of Academic Librarians: Building A Foundation Of Shared Understanding, Jody Fagan, Hillary Ostermiller, Elizabeth Price, Lara Sapp

Libraries

A survey concerning perceptions of academic librarians was conducted at a large, 4-year university with three populations: librarians, faculty, and undergraduate students. The high response rate and the use of an instrument based on previous studies offers the possibility of longitudinal comparison and the identification of relationships between groups within one environment. This article focuses specifically on academic librarian perceptions about what librarians know (expertise and skills), what librarians do (role and duties), and what librarians are like (motivations and affective behaviours). Twenty librarians employed in James Madison University Libraries responded to an online survey (62.5% response rate); four ...


To Discovery And Beyond: Using Workflow Automation As An Opportunity For Collaboration And Education, Rebecca B. French May 2020

To Discovery And Beyond: Using Workflow Automation As An Opportunity For Collaboration And Education, Rebecca B. French

Libraries

This poster describes a project to automate portions of JMU Libraries' workflow for distributing Special Collections finding aids to various discovery platforms. Through the development of a custom Python app called Spaceport, we were able to greatly improve the efficiency and sustainability of this process while also providing a more consistent discovery experience for our patrons. The project also had broad impacts in other areas. Our incremental and collaborative approach provided space for professional development related to the project, supported evolving project goals and the process of adapting to the new workflow, and strengthened relationships between departments. In addition to ...


Variation In Women's Political Representation Across Countries, Julianna Heck Apr 2020

Variation In Women's Political Representation Across Countries, Julianna Heck

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

This cross-national study examines the ongoing gender imbalance in positions of power in local and national governments. While some countries have gone to great lengths to combat disproportion and inequality, others have taken steps backwards and have made it almost impossible to achieve equal opportunities for women. Despite the fact that women make up almost half of the world’s population, men still far outnumber women in government in the majority of countries worldwide. This quantitative study analyzes variation in women’s political representation in four categories: domestic roles, wage parity, political systems, and gender quotas. The results suggest that ...


The Russo-Japanese War: Origins And Implications, Benjamin E. Mainardi Apr 2020

The Russo-Japanese War: Origins And Implications, Benjamin E. Mainardi

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

The 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War was the first major conflict of the twentieth century and a turning point in the balance of power in East Asia. In the short term, Russia’s defeat helped precipitate the 1905 Russian Revolution and the 1917 October Revolution. More broadly, the aftermath of the war informed Japan’s imperial ambitions in Manchuria—the early stages of World War II in Asia during the 1930s—and continuing Russo-Japanese enmity over Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Island chain. Studying this historical conflict in terms of international relations provides valuable insights into the nature of the conflict and ...


To Walk The Earth In Safety 2020, Pm Wra Apr 2020

To Walk The Earth In Safety 2020, Pm Wra

Global CWD Repository

The United States is a strong and historic partner for affected states and a leader in donor assistance. Since 1993, the United States has provided more than $3.7 billion in CWD assistance to over 100 countries. These programs are implemented by commercial contractors, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), and international organizations. In 2019, the United States had active CWD programs in 58 countries, spanning Africa, the Middle East, South and Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. This 19th edition of To Walk the Earth in Safety catalogs the U.S. government’s achievements in CWD in each country ...


Getting Started With Digital Exhibitions, Grace Wilson Apr 2020

Getting Started With Digital Exhibitions, Grace Wilson

Libraries

This session gives an introduction to creating digital exhibitions with limited resources. By reviewing some basic concepts behind planning a digital exhibition, and exploring key considerations when selecting technology and tools, participants will make progress towards outlining a plan of action for creating their own exhibition. We’ll look at a few free tools and resources including Omeka and timelineJS, while reflecting on how digital exhibitions can balance accessibility and innovation.


“To Study The Self Is To Forget The Self”: Zen Lessons On Ego And Leadership In Higher Education, Jody Condit Fagan Mar 2020

“To Study The Self Is To Forget The Self”: Zen Lessons On Ego And Leadership In Higher Education, Jody Condit Fagan

Libraries

Theories of charismatic leadership present leadership as an influence process where part of the leader’s role is to attract followers through individual example and vision. Charismatic leadership acknowledges the potential dangers of narcissism in the leader and leader-obsession among their followers. Meanwhile, central tenets of Zen philosophy include that of non-attachment to self, interdependence of all beings, and impermanence. Interviews with four American Zen practitioner-leaders were analyzed for themes related to the influence of ego on leadership. This paper presents findings from the interviews, and discusses these along with observations from other Zen scholars and practitioners. The discussion is ...


Secrets Of The Save File: Using Connexion And Microsoft Access For Efficient Batch Cataloging Projects, Rebecca B. French Feb 2020

Secrets Of The Save File: Using Connexion And Microsoft Access For Efficient Batch Cataloging Projects, Rebecca B. French

Libraries

Have you ever wished you could limit your Connexion batch search results to the one OCLC record with the most holdings? Or hoped for a way to confidently match those search results to existing metadata from your ILS without handling each record one by one? These tasks and more are all possible by working directly with the Microsoft Access database underlying Connexion's local save file. In this presentation, I will share how our library used this functionality in a workflow for efficiently cataloging a gift collection of jazz LPs. I will describe features of the local save file database ...


Small Steps Make Giant Leaps: An Incremental Approach To Technical Services Workflow Automation, Rebecca B. French Feb 2020

Small Steps Make Giant Leaps: An Incremental Approach To Technical Services Workflow Automation, Rebecca B. French

Libraries

James Madison University Libraries' workflow for distributing its Special Collections finding aids to various discovery platforms historically involved a significant amount of manual data entry and hand-encoding. Through a series of small steps, we have been gradually improving this process by automating select tasks. I will share different iterations of our workflow, the automated solutions we've put into place, and the tools and technologies used, including XSLTs, APIs, and Spaceport, a custom Python app. As evidenced through the efficiencies, staff excitement, and other benefits we've observed, automation has transformed a previously tedious process while also facilitating the completion ...


A Review Of "The Cnn Effect: Can The News Media Drive Foreign Policy?", Mathias Aboba Feb 2020

A Review Of "The Cnn Effect: Can The News Media Drive Foreign Policy?", Mathias Aboba

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "Explaining Homelessness: A Critical Realist Perspective", Melody Barger Feb 2020

A Review Of "Explaining Homelessness: A Critical Realist Perspective", Melody Barger

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "Neo-Colonialism The Last Stage Of Imperialism", Kevin Leaven Feb 2020

A Review Of "Neo-Colonialism The Last Stage Of Imperialism", Kevin Leaven

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "Contesting Neoliberalism Through Critical Pedagogy, Intersectional Reflexivity, And Personal Narrative: Queer Tales Of Academia", Rachel Mangan Feb 2020

A Review Of "Contesting Neoliberalism Through Critical Pedagogy, Intersectional Reflexivity, And Personal Narrative: Queer Tales Of Academia", Rachel Mangan

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "Violence, Peace, And Peace Research", Katie Mitchell Feb 2020

A Review Of "Violence, Peace, And Peace Research", Katie Mitchell

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "Justice, Interrupted", Elizabeth Mowe Feb 2020

A Review Of "Justice, Interrupted", Elizabeth Mowe

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "'Academic Drag' And The Performance Of The Critical Personae: An Exchange On Sexuality, Politics, And Identity In The Academy", Bri Ozalas Feb 2020

A Review Of "'Academic Drag' And The Performance Of The Critical Personae: An Exchange On Sexuality, Politics, And Identity In The Academy", Bri Ozalas

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


A Review Of "A Critical Discussion Of Normativity In Discourses On Eating Disorders", Carolyn Perkins Feb 2020

A Review Of "A Critical Discussion Of Normativity In Discourses On Eating Disorders", Carolyn Perkins

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Sinking Strangers: Media Representation Of Climate Refugees On The Bbc And Al Jazeera, Lantz Schifflett Feb 2020

Review Of "Sinking Strangers: Media Representation Of Climate Refugees On The Bbc And Al Jazeera, Lantz Schifflett

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Handing Irb An Unloaded Gun", Jake Trevino Feb 2020

Review Of "Handing Irb An Unloaded Gun", Jake Trevino

School of Communication Studies - SCOM 542: Seminar in Critical Theory and Communication

No abstract provided.


23.3 Endnotes, Cisr Journal Feb 2020

23.3 Endnotes, Cisr Journal

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


A Real-Time Video-Streaming System For Monitoring Demining, Mohammed Al-Husseini Ph.D., Masoud Alipour Ph.D., Hassan Ghaziri Ph.D., Ali El-Hajj Ph.D. Feb 2020

A Real-Time Video-Streaming System For Monitoring Demining, Mohammed Al-Husseini Ph.D., Masoud Alipour Ph.D., Hassan Ghaziri Ph.D., Ali El-Hajj Ph.D.

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The most deployed detection technology for landmine clearance is the metal detector (MD).1 Other detection technologies exist, such as ground penetrating radar,2 chemical sensors,3 biological sensors,4 and infrared imaging,5 to name a few. However, despite their widespread use, MDs suffer from high false-alarm (FA) rates since they cannot differentiate between the metal components in a landmine and harmless metal clutter. Deminers using MDs usually rely on their personal experience to differentiate between the sounds emitted by the MD when scanning a landmine or an item of clutter. Usually, they continue to excavate on a large ...


The Development Of A Humanitarian Ied Clearance Capacity In Afghanistan, Alexander Tan Feb 2020

The Development Of A Humanitarian Ied Clearance Capacity In Afghanistan, Alexander Tan

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have been widely used in Afghanistan since the mid-2000s, presenting a significant and life-threatening hazard to the civilian population. As areas become free from conflict and permissible for humanitarian clearance, an effective response is required to protect civilians. With the support of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the German Federal Foreign Office, and in coordination with the Directorate of Mine Action Coordination (DMAC; the Afghan national mine action authority) and other stakeholders, The HALO Trust (HALO) has developed and implemented a successful proof of concept for manual clearance of victim operated IEDs (VOIEDs). While ...


Explosive Ordnance In The Baltic Sea: New Tools For Decision Makers, Torsten Frey, Jacek Beldowski, Edmund Maser Feb 2020

Explosive Ordnance In The Baltic Sea: New Tools For Decision Makers, Torsten Frey, Jacek Beldowski, Edmund Maser

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The global ocean economy is predicted to grow by more than 100 percent between 2010 and 2030. By then, more than 40 million people are going to be employed by the maritime industry.1 Recognizing this potential, the European Union (EU) devised a “Blue Growth” strategy that seeks to reap the anticipated economic benefits.2 While technological advancements allow for an increased utilization of marine resources, the newly gained access to untapped opportunities forces coastal nations to simultaneously face the challenge of explosive remnants of war (ERW) and chemical warfare agents (CWAs) in the sea.


Community-Based Inclusive Development: Integrating Survivors Into A Broader Victim Assistance System, Bernard Franck, Donna Koolmees, Sarah French Feb 2020

Community-Based Inclusive Development: Integrating Survivors Into A Broader Victim Assistance System, Bernard Franck, Donna Koolmees, Sarah French

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

During the Vietnam War, an estimated 580,000 or more bombing missions were carried out over Laos, dropping two million tons of ordnance across the country.1 This contaminated Laos with approximately 80 million items of unexploded ordnance (UXO),2 including ‘big bombs,’ cluster munition and sub-munition bomblets, grenades, rockets, and other types of ammunition.3 There also remain an unknown number of landmines across the country which are further remnants of the war. Today, fifteen out of eighteen provinces and approximately 25 percent of villages are still affected.4 Between 1964 and 2017, 50,754 people were killed or ...


Improving The Prioritization Process Of Uxo Lao, Hayashi Ontoku Akihito Feb 2020

Improving The Prioritization Process Of Uxo Lao, Hayashi Ontoku Akihito

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Prioritization of clearance activities continues to be a central issue in the unexploded ordnance (UXO) sector in Laos. Although the government set a policy on prioritization, it has not functioned well as a guide for operators to prioritize their tasks. The majority of operators tended to prioritize their operations based on their past experiences. This has resulted in uncertainty about how to prioritize clearance operations and has led to a strong demand from stakeholders for greater transparency. UXO Lao, the national clearance operator, has implemented a trial to introduce a clear planning and prioritization process for operations in order to ...


Game-Based Learning: An Innovative And Scalable Approach To Mine Risk Education, Ta Thi Hai Yen Feb 2020

Game-Based Learning: An Innovative And Scalable Approach To Mine Risk Education, Ta Thi Hai Yen

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

More than 40 years after the war, Vietnam remains highly contaminated with 800,000 tons1 of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) such as artillery shells, bombs, missiles, and mortars contaminating 6.1 million hectares of land. According to the Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor, landmines and UXO were the cause of 129 deaths and 241 injuries between 2008 and 2017.2 Survey findings show that children are one of the most high-risk groups in many provinces in Vietnam, including in heavily-affected provinces such as Quang Tri, Quang Binh, Binh Dinh, and Quang Nam.3 Since the end of the war ...


Providing Imas Training To Local Military Forces And Mitigating Long-Term Erw Risks In Vietnam, Allan R. Vosburgh Feb 2020

Providing Imas Training To Local Military Forces And Mitigating Long-Term Erw Risks In Vietnam, Allan R. Vosburgh

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Residual risk from unexploded ordnance (UXO) is a by-product of all modern conflicts. Developed by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), the Management of Residual Explosive Remnants of War (MORE) program seeks to characterize risk and carefully examine the factors involved in reducing long-term risks from munitions.1 MORE looks at many factors, including the impacts of time on munitions, explosives, and fuzing systems. Other critical considerations are the resources available to manage residual UXO and best practices from former conflict areas used to successfully overcome the risk reduction challenges. In Vietnam, the Golden West Humanitarian Foundation (Golden ...


Cluster Munition Remnant Survey In Southeast Asia, Kimberly Mccosker, Jan Erik Stoa, Katherine Harrison Feb 2020

Cluster Munition Remnant Survey In Southeast Asia, Kimberly Mccosker, Jan Erik Stoa, Katherine Harrison

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Efficient and effective land release is a core global priority for MAG (Mines Advisory Group), Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA), and The HALO Trust (HALO), as significant and ongoing investment of resources and expertise continually improve procedures and approaches. Cluster Munitions Remnants Survey: Best Practice in South East Asia is the result of many years of close cooperation between MAG, NPA, and HALO on survey and clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Ahead of the 9th Meeting of States Party (9MSP) to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), held in Geneva in September 2019, operational ...