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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Cover Crops Use In Midwestern U.S. Agriculture: Perceived Benefits And Net Returns, Alejandro Plastina, Fangge Liu, Fernando E. Miguez, Sarah Carlson Apr 2018

Cover Crops Use In Midwestern U.S. Agriculture: Perceived Benefits And Net Returns, Alejandro Plastina, Fangge Liu, Fernando E. Miguez, Sarah Carlson

Economics Publications

Despite being generally accepted as a promising conservation practice to reduce nitrate pollution and promote soil sustainability, cover crop adoption in Midwestern U.S. agriculture is low. Based on focus groups, surveys, and partial budgets, we calculated the annual net returns to cover crop use for farmers in Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota; and elicited farmers’ perceptions about the pros and cons of incorporating cover crops to their row cropping systems. The novelty of our methodology resides in comparing each farmer’s practices in the portion of their cropping system with cover crops (typically small), against their practices in the other ...


The Introduction Of Smartphones As A Tool For Agricultural Extension In Rural Uganda: A Three-Phase Study, Laura Ruth Funk Kopecky Jan 2016

The Introduction Of Smartphones As A Tool For Agricultural Extension In Rural Uganda: A Three-Phase Study, Laura Ruth Funk Kopecky

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have long been an interest in development efforts, smartphones have only recently become prevalent. The impacts of standard mobile phones are represented in the literature, but smartphones are new enough that little research has been published regarding their use in development contexts. This study follows the introduction of smartphones to an agricultural extension organization in rural Uganda with the goal of understanding what expectations the staff members have for the devices, analyzing the effectiveness of the training provided, and discovering how the staff make use of the phones. In particular, this study pays close ...


Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp M.S., Anne Foegen Ph.D., Linda Lind Ph.D., Amy Popillion Ph.D. Oct 2015

Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp M.S., Anne Foegen Ph.D., Linda Lind Ph.D., Amy Popillion Ph.D.

Randie D. Camp, M.S.

Bibliotherapy is one instructional tool teachers can use to help children and adolescents cope with their diverse needs and life’s challenges. In the context of K-12 settings, bibliotherapy is a systematic process utilizing books to transform traditional reading into an instructional strategy to assist educators in meeting the needs of all students. The study presents perceptions of bibliotherapy held by 161 preservice teachers (PSTs) and 87 non-preservice teachers (non-PSTs) and offers insight exploring 5 research questions. Data were collected using a survey which contained demographic items, rating scales, and open-ended items to gather both quantitative and narrative data. Independent ...


Incongruent Quality Management Perceptions Between Malaysian Hotel Managers And Employees, Norzuwana Sumarjan, Susan W. Arendt, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2013

Incongruent Quality Management Perceptions Between Malaysian Hotel Managers And Employees, Norzuwana Sumarjan, Susan W. Arendt, Mack C. Shelley

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Using the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) criteria, this study compares perceptions of Malaysian hotel quality managers (HQMs) and employees on leadership and workforce practices. A mixed methods approach was used. Questionnaires were distributed to 35 HQMs and 576 employees of three-, four-, and five-star hotels. Interviews were conducted with HQMs. Descriptive statistics, t-test, and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. All interviews were transcribed, hand coded, and analyzed for themes. Compared to hotel employees, HQMs had higher scores for all leadership and workforce items. Comparing managers’ perceptions revealed a statistically significant difference between three- and ...


Managers Of Latino Workers In The Iowa Horticulture Industry Want Educational Programs To Bridge Language And Cultural Barriers, Emilie Justen, Cynthia L. Haynes, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Nancy Grudens-Schuck Jan 2009

Managers Of Latino Workers In The Iowa Horticulture Industry Want Educational Programs To Bridge Language And Cultural Barriers, Emilie Justen, Cynthia L. Haynes, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Nancy Grudens-Schuck

Horticulture Publications

Horticulture is the fastest-growing sector of the agricultural industry, and this is true particularly in Iowa where the number of private horticultural businesses has more than doubled since 1993. The industry is relying more on non-English–speaking employees, especially Spanish-speaking workers, for golf course maintenance, landscape installation, and nursery production. Determining and serving the educational and training needs of a workforce that is not fluent in English is historically difficult for university extension programs. This study assessed educational needs and technical issues of English-speaking managers of primarily Spanish-speaking workers in the horticultural industry in Iowa, with special attention to language ...


Changing Perceptions Of Seeking Help: A Test Of The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Video, Scott Alexander Kaplan Jan 2009

Changing Perceptions Of Seeking Help: A Test Of The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Video, Scott Alexander Kaplan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an intervention video designed to promote positive associations with help seeking for mental health concerns. Participants were 290 undergraduates who were randomly assigned to a repeated exposure video intervention, a single exposure video intervention, or a control video condition. Participants completed measures pre-intervention, post-interventions, and at a six-week follow-up. The intervention repeated exposure group improved significantly more than the control group on help-seeking peer norms but not on the other outcome variables. The effect for peer norms was found at each time point, indicating both immediate and longer-term effects ...


An Investigation Of Preschool-Aged Children's Perceptions Of Their Peers With A Disability, Krista Noelle Van Hooser Jan 2009

An Investigation Of Preschool-Aged Children's Perceptions Of Their Peers With A Disability, Krista Noelle Van Hooser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study combines various aspects of previous research on attitudes and behavioral intentions toward children with a disability. It extends previous research in the attempts to evaluate attitudes and behavioral intentions toward intellectual and physical disability separately in addition to examining "general" disability. Study design also allowed for comparisons of children in both inclusive and non-inclusive settings, which many previous research studies did not provide.

Study findings suggest that preschool children are more positive toward and more willing to interact with typically developing peers than with peers with a disability. Moreover, most preschool children do not have an understanding or ...