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Hope College

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.03: Fall 2019, Marc Baer, Geoffrey Reynolds, Allison Utting Oct 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.03: Fall 2019, Marc Baer, Geoffrey Reynolds, Allison Utting

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


News From Hope College, Volume 51.1: Summer, 2019, Hope College Aug 2019

News From Hope College, Volume 51.1: Summer, 2019, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.02: Summer 2019, Paul Trap, Geoffrey Reynolds, Maggie Houseman Jul 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.02: Summer 2019, Paul Trap, Geoffrey Reynolds, Maggie Houseman

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


H18-1460.20. Spaan, Milton C. (1914-2005). Papers, 1931-1936. 0.25 Linear Ft., Hope College May 2019

H18-1460.20. Spaan, Milton C. (1914-2005). Papers, 1931-1936. 0.25 Linear Ft., Hope College

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Hope College class of 1936; Michigan State University class of 1969; Western Michigan University teaching certificate; cost accountant for the City of Wyoming; teacher at Central High School. Collection includes photos, a newsletter, and a scrapbook relating to his time in high school and at Hope College, 1931-1936.


W18-1460.10. Spaan, Cornelius H. (1872-1940). Papers, 1906-2001. 0.25 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary May 2019

W18-1460.10. Spaan, Cornelius H. (1872-1940). Papers, 1906-2001. 0.25 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Hope College Class of 1899; Princeton Theological Seminary class of 1904; McCormick Theological Seminary class of 1912; Hope College Doctor of Divinity recipient of 1935; pastor at Grace Reformed Church in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1912-1938. Collection consists of handwritten sermons preached at Grace Reformed and other churches, 1906-1924.


The Effects Of Ambient Temperature And Lighting Intensity On Wheel-Running Behavior In A Diurnal Rodent, The Nile Grass Rat (Arvicanthis Niloticus), Garrett M. Fogo, Alyssa M. Goodwin, Ohanes S. Khacherian, Brandi J. Ledbetter, Andrew J. Gall May 2019

The Effects Of Ambient Temperature And Lighting Intensity On Wheel-Running Behavior In A Diurnal Rodent, The Nile Grass Rat (Arvicanthis Niloticus), Garrett M. Fogo, Alyssa M. Goodwin, Ohanes S. Khacherian, Brandi J. Ledbetter, Andrew J. Gall

Faculty Publications

Environmental conditions, such as the light-dark cycle and temperature, affect the display of circadian rhythmicity and locomotor activity patterns in mammals. Here, we tested the hypothesis that manipulating these environmental conditions would affect wheel-running activity patterns in a diurnal rodent, the Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus). Grass rats are diurnal in the field, however, a subset switch from a day-active pattern to a night-active pattern of activity after the introduction of a running wheel. The mechanism of this chronotype switch remains largely unknown. In the present study, grass rats were presented with running wheels in 12:12 light-dark conditions. First ...


H88-0384. Religion Department. Records, 1967-2011. 10.50 Linear Ft., Hope College Apr 2019

H88-0384. Religion Department. Records, 1967-2011. 10.50 Linear Ft., Hope College

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Hope College has instructed students in religion since its incorporation as a liberal arts institution in 1866. Initially considered a theology department, its instructors worked closely with both Hope’s professors of philosophy and Western Theological Seminary’s professors of theology to teach classes. Coursework included classical languages, church history, theology, and biblical studies. In 1877, Hope suspended instruction in the department in order to focus funds towards other areas of the college. Religion courses started again in 1884, but only one course was taught to each year of students. Its instructors, called the Bible and Philosophy Department, did not ...


Mixed Mood State Behaviors And Circadian Dysfunction Following Homocysteic Acid Treatment: Potential Animal Model For Bipolar Disorder, Lauren Evert, Gonzalo Moya, Ryann Felton, Garrett Fogo, Nicholas Rozema, Sarah Plowman, Tymi Staub Apr 2019

Mixed Mood State Behaviors And Circadian Dysfunction Following Homocysteic Acid Treatment: Potential Animal Model For Bipolar Disorder, Lauren Evert, Gonzalo Moya, Ryann Felton, Garrett Fogo, Nicholas Rozema, Sarah Plowman, Tymi Staub

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Bipolar disorder is a neuropsychiatric disease characterized by cyclical fluctuations of mood states between mania and depression. Circadian rhythm abnormalities and inconsistent sleep patterns are two common symptoms of bipolar disorder (Millar, Epsie, & Scott, 2004). Elevated levels of homocysteine, in the blood or cerebrospinal fluid, commonly occurs in patients with neuropsychiatric illnesses, including bipolar disorder (Bell et al., 1992; Boushey, Beresford, Omenn, & Motulsky, 1995). Homocysteic acid (HCA), an endogenous metabolite of homocysteine, has been implicated as a harmful neurotoxin and agonist of NMDA receptors. We have previously shown that postnatal administration of HCA (from postnatal day 3-21) in Sprague Dawley rats results in both mania-like and depressive-like behaviors, suggesting that this may serve as a novel animal model for bipolar disorder. The purpose of the present ...


The Effect Of A Changing Marriage Age On Marriage Continuity, Sarah Gargan Apr 2019

The Effect Of A Changing Marriage Age On Marriage Continuity, Sarah Gargan

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Marriage stability has a wide range of determinants, such as education, marital history, and demographic characteristics. Age at marriage, however, has repeatedly been cited as one of the most important influences. Since the 1950s, divorce rates and the mean age at marriage for both men and women have seen a great deal of change. Past studies suggest that an early age at marriage is associated with a higher risk of divorce. Studies also propose that this relationship only holds up to a certain point. Changes to marriage age and divorce rates can have unforeseen interactions with cohabitation, fertility, educational attainment ...


Voting Behavior In The U.S. House Of Representatives: What Factors Influence How Elected Officials Vote?, Natalie Harten, Michelle Abraham Apr 2019

Voting Behavior In The U.S. House Of Representatives: What Factors Influence How Elected Officials Vote?, Natalie Harten, Michelle Abraham

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

What is the relationship between demographic characteristics (age, number of terms or tenure in office, marital status, urban/rural residence, previous military service, education, etc.) and other factors, such as related economic activities of the state from which the representative comes, immigrant populations in their state, etc., of elected U.S. Congressional representatives and the voting decision a representative makes? With sampling from California, Wisconsin and Texas, we will assess why their members of the House of Representatives voted as they did on S. 1252: Global Food Security Act of 2016.


Rural Brain Drain, Katheryn Irwin Apr 2019

Rural Brain Drain, Katheryn Irwin

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

This project focuses on the phenomenon of college graduates migrating to big cities, and thus creating a loss of human capital in small towns. This phenomenon is also known as rural “brain drain.” I expect to find that small towns engage in a variety of activities and development plans in order to create more opportunities and jobs for college graduates, and to gain back human capital. This phenomenon holds great significance as more and more young academics and professionals are moving to big cities and metropolitan areas than ever before.


Public Opinion, Audrey Revercomb, Isabel Hodson, Andrew Porter Apr 2019

Public Opinion, Audrey Revercomb, Isabel Hodson, Andrew Porter

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Previous research has found that many U.S. college students believe that politics is not about solving problems; rather, research has found that such students see politics as complicated, untrustworthy, pressuring, and often counterproductive to acting on the ills of society. There has been an array of survey research, policy analysis, and commentary that attempts to define, understand, and document the political engagement of young people since this portrayal of college students’ views of politics in the early 1990s. Some additional research has found that, among the greatest dangers for American political stability, is that politics in the minds and ...


Influences Of Corruption On Political Participation, Yung Yue Tneh Apr 2019

Influences Of Corruption On Political Participation, Yung Yue Tneh

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

This project examines how political scandals and corruption in the government affect public opinion and political participation. I expect to find that while political scandals might have a negative impact on both public opinion and political participation it does not have a big impact because political scandals have become a natural element in the politics today.


The Effect Of Air Quality On Us Labor Market Participation, Grant Taylor Miller Apr 2019

The Effect Of Air Quality On Us Labor Market Participation, Grant Taylor Miller

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

The adverse effects of deteriorating air quality on both human health and labor markets have become well-documented in epidemiological and economic literature. Health-conscious policymakers are presented with the challenge of implementing environmental regulations without causing substantial economic disturbance to industry employment, productivity, and wages. However, the social benefits of better health outcomes may correspond with economic benefits that outweigh the costs. Using data from the Current Population Survey and the Environmental Protection Agency’s Air Quality Index, this study uses a multivariate fixed effects regression approach to estimate the relationship between air quality and various measures of labor market participation ...


The Forgotten Expedition Of The Michigan Polar Bears, Laura Anthon, Jamie Breyfogle, Timothy Embertson, Natalie Weg Apr 2019

The Forgotten Expedition Of The Michigan Polar Bears, Laura Anthon, Jamie Breyfogle, Timothy Embertson, Natalie Weg

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

The Michigan Polar Bear expedition saw Allied forces leading a controversial excursion into Northern Russia during the concluding years of World War I. Despite thousands of soldiers being sent to interfere with the Russian Civil War, the Polar Bear Expedition has been lost from collective memory. We publicly inquired about the expedition, then combined this research with a found scholarly consensus about the lack of cognizance relating to the events. This revealed a disconnect, which led us to inquire as to the nature and origin of its historical omission. Our primary sources of research focused on the oral histories of ...


Evidence For Equality?: Guatemalan Adolescents' Views On Gender, Amy E. Beasley, Katelyn E. Poelker, Judith L. Gibbons, Danielle Skogen Apr 2019

Evidence For Equality?: Guatemalan Adolescents' Views On Gender, Amy E. Beasley, Katelyn E. Poelker, Judith L. Gibbons, Danielle Skogen

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Guatemala is known for its beautiful landscapes, delicious food, and vibrant traditional textiles. Despite the country’s many treasures, Guatemalans face many challenges including gender inequality and wealth disparity. Issues pertaining to youth are of particular importance, as approximately 56% of the population is under 25 years old (Central Intelligence Agency, 2018). Gender inequality in Guatemala may be perpetuated by traditional values of machismo and marianismo (Gibbons & Luna, 2015). Machismo refers to the expectation that men be dominant, respected, and strong providers for their family (Arciniega, Anderson, Tover-Blank, & Travey, 2008). Conversely, marianismo is the expectation that women be pure and gentle, like the Virgin Mary (Castillo, Perez, Castillo, & Ghosheh, 2010; Stevens, 1973). The Gender Intensification Hypothesis suggests gender roles become more rigid during adolescence, as young people prepare for adulthood (Hill & Lynch, 1983). Previous studies on Guatemalan adolescents’ views on the ideal man and ideal woman have revealed a series of gender differences as well. Although machismo and marianismo still characterize society’s views on gender for many Guatemalans, there is evidence that some young people’s views on gender might be changing due to globalization and adaptation of more individualistic attitudes (Ashdown & Gibbons, 2012; Flores et al., 2016). The purpose of the current study was to ...


Sheryl Sandberg: A Look At Women In The C-Suite, Leah Asen Apr 2019

Sheryl Sandberg: A Look At Women In The C-Suite, Leah Asen

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

This study set out to understand the ways that society discursively constructs female leaders in the workforce. Although women currently make up a little under half the workforce, very few women are at top-level positions in hierarchical businesses. This project used semiotic analysis, discourse analysis, and intersectional analysis to deconstruct texts centering Sheryl Sandberg. By deconstructing multiple texts, this study uncovers explicit and implicit messages that persist in the conversation about women in the workplace. This study found that while women are welcome in the workplace today there are still deep-rooted cultural oppressions at work that must be addressed and ...


A Cultural Analysis Of Twenty One Pilots, Annah Duffey Apr 2019

A Cultural Analysis Of Twenty One Pilots, Annah Duffey

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Twenty One Pilots, a popular band in the United States, has become a subject of intrigue in popular culture, since it challenges lyrical and musical themes through genre variation and themes of internal complexities requiring intricate listening among consumers.Through close analysis of photos, songs, music videos, and media interviews, this three-part paper and website project sought to uncover messages the band has promoted and perhaps, unintentionally advertised to its listeners. Semiotic analysis showed that the band positions itself as unusual by placing popular symbols within alternative symbol systems. Discourse analysis of the band’s song “Neon Gravestones” showed that ...


Hope College And Ready For Life: Kate's Story, Hannah Kenny, Kate Veldink Apr 2019

Hope College And Ready For Life: Kate's Story, Hannah Kenny, Kate Veldink

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

In an effort to merge social science and humanities methodology, I undertook an ethnographic case study of Ms. Kate Veldink, a student in the Ready for Life (RFL) program at Hope College. My research question is: What are the day-to-day experiences of a RFL student on Hope College’s campus? I obtained consent from Ms. Veldink and her family, enabling us to embark as research partners in this query. Through the Mellon Scholars Program of Hope College, we created an inquiry-into-research project as an extension to the class Human Behavior and the Social Environment in the Department of Sociology and ...


Hope College And The Vietnam War Era: "We Only Started To Care When It Affected Us.", Halla Maas, Olivia Brickley Apr 2019

Hope College And The Vietnam War Era: "We Only Started To Care When It Affected Us.", Halla Maas, Olivia Brickley

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

This project focuses on Hope College during the Vietnam War era. During this time, the draft created moral dilemmas for both students and faculty. When it started affecting themselves and people they knew, students felt that they needed to be educated about the war. The draft also meant that students sought deferments through such means as studying ministry, pre med, and other sciences. Hope students noticed that young men who were able to avoid the draft were usually privileged and not a part of the minority class. This led many Hope students to protest the draft and the war. These ...


Who I Am: A Mixed-Methods Analysis Of Guatemalan Adolescents' Identity Development, Jana M. Sahyouni, Sydney R. Hudock Apr 2019

Who I Am: A Mixed-Methods Analysis Of Guatemalan Adolescents' Identity Development, Jana M. Sahyouni, Sydney R. Hudock

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Identity development is the paramount task of adolescent development and globalization seems to shape identity. Recent research with the world’s adolescents suggests that adolescents hold culturally traditional view of self while adopting some self-identifications of other cultures. Remote acculturation contributes to formation of a remixed identity, and it occurs when an individual internalizes cultural values and identities from a region in which they have never lived. Indirect exposure to other cultures, especially through the media, facilitates the adoption of a remixed identity and the process of remote accultural. Remote acculturation and adolescent identity formation was examined in 129 sixth ...


The Urban/Rural Divide, Emily Marino Apr 2019

The Urban/Rural Divide, Emily Marino

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

The past several decades have revealed a dividing trend between the voting behavior of urban and rural areas within and among states. This project seeks to identify and explain factors that are causing urban areas to affiliate with the Democratic party and rural areas to affiliate with the Republican party. This trend of division, based on geography, has significant implications for the U.S. electoral system as it will greatly impact how, when, and where candidates campaign as well as the outcomes of elections. Such division amongst cities, towns, and even neighborhoods is creating communities isolated from the lifestyles, concerns ...


Biopsychosocial Correlates Of Sleep Hygiene In Preschoolers, Rebecca Messnick, Lauren Evert, Cameron Everse, Micha Manthei, Abby Rakus Apr 2019

Biopsychosocial Correlates Of Sleep Hygiene In Preschoolers, Rebecca Messnick, Lauren Evert, Cameron Everse, Micha Manthei, Abby Rakus

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Most children don’t get enough sleep (Dement, 2005; Maas, 2011), and 77% of preschoolers experience sleep related disruptive behaviors at least a few nights per week (National Sleep Foundation, 2004). Sleep is especially crucial during early development to promote health, education, brain development, physical growth, and quality of life. Insufficient sleep is a public health problem, and this is clearly true for young children (CDC, 2015). The National Institutes of Health reported that preschoolers need 11–12 hours of sleep daily (NIH, 2012). Good sleep hygiene includes consistent bedtimes and morning rising times, and avoiding large meals, caffeine, and ...


Testing The Impact Of Prebiotics On Anxiety-Like Behaviors In Aged Male Rats, Nicholai Shaw, Marny Ehmann, Kenia Urena-Gonzalez, Anna Langholz, Peter Stewart, Jared Stygstra, Emily Zolman, Erin English, Alli Lindquist, Elizabeth Woodford Apr 2019

Testing The Impact Of Prebiotics On Anxiety-Like Behaviors In Aged Male Rats, Nicholai Shaw, Marny Ehmann, Kenia Urena-Gonzalez, Anna Langholz, Peter Stewart, Jared Stygstra, Emily Zolman, Erin English, Alli Lindquist, Elizabeth Woodford

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

The composition of gut microbiota has direct impacts on neural structure, neurochemistry, and behavior. Specifically, the gut microbiota has been shown to modulate anxiety-like behaviors. In addition, administering prebiotics, compounds that promote the growth of commensal bacteria, has been demonstrated to reduce anxiety and anxiety-related behaviors. However, this effect has yet to be tested in older animals despite anxiety being implicated as a most common disorder in adult populations. Therefore, this study seeks to fill this knowledge gap by investigating the link between prebiotic interventions and anxiety-like behaviors in aged populations. It was hypothesized that older rats treated with the ...


News From Hope College, Volume 50.3: Spring, 2019, Hope College Apr 2019

News From Hope College, Volume 50.3: Spring, 2019, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.01: Spring 2019, Aine O'Connor, Geoffrey Reynolds Apr 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.01: Spring 2019, Aine O'Connor, Geoffrey Reynolds

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 28.04: Winter 2019, Geoffrey D. Reynolds, Aine O'Connor Jan 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 28.04: Winter 2019, Geoffrey D. Reynolds, Aine O'Connor

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


News From Hope College, Volume 50.2: Winter, 2018, Hope College Dec 2018

News From Hope College, Volume 50.2: Winter, 2018, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


W10-1380.30. Stegenga, Miner (1891-1976). Papers, 1910-2001. 0.50 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary Oct 2018

W10-1380.30. Stegenga, Miner (1891-1976). Papers, 1910-2001. 0.50 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Miner Stegenga was a native of North Holland, Michigan. He attended the Hope College Preparatory School from 1907-1911 before entering Hope College. He received an A.B. degree from Hope College in 1915, graduate education from New Brunswick Theological Seminary from 1916-1917, and a Master of Divinity degree from Western Theological Seminary in 1918. He later received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Central College in 1938. He was licensed by the Classis of Holland in 1918 and ordained by the Classis of Rochester that same year. Stegenga served as a minister in the Reformed Church in America in ...


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 28.03: Fall 2018, Ken Bus, Geoffrey Reynolds Oct 2018

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 28.03: Fall 2018, Ken Bus, Geoffrey Reynolds

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.