Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

None

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 8361

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Technology Lightning Round, Keri Baker, Bebe S. Chang, Jaime Goldman, Sara Thomas Mar 2019

Technology Lightning Round, Keri Baker, Bebe S. Chang, Jaime Goldman, Sara Thomas

Jaime M. Goldman

Four different websites are discussed on how they can help with research and classroom activities:

Dimensions: Dimensions brings together grants, publications, citations, alternative metrics, clinical trials, patents and policy documents to deliver a platform that enables users to find and access the most relevant information faster, analyze the academic and broader outcomes of research, and gather insights to inform future strategy.

Open Science Framework (OSF): Cloud-based data management for research projects.

Kudos: Community of researchers to communicate work more effectively and accelerate its positive impact in the world. It networks your journal articles!

Abine’s Do Not Track Me: anti-tracking ...


Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells Feb 2019

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells

Pamela Wells

To be an effective communicator, students need to learn how to select the appropriate means of communication and be aware of potential obstacles. The model of communication process can be an effective framework for students to understand many pitfalls of the communication process. The described activity enables students to experience communication at different levels of richness (e.g., face to face, instant messaging, email) and with varying levels of feedback and noise. After completing the activity, students will understand the importance of precise, rich messages, seeking and providing feedback, and the difficulties that can occur at every step in communication.


Sustained Reduction Of Diversion And Abuse After Introduction Of An Abuse Deterrent Formulation Of Extended Release Oxycodone, Geoff S. Severtson, Matthew S. Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Andrew Rosenblum, Theodore Cicero, Mark W. Parrino, Michael K. Gilbert, Mance E. Buttram, Nabarun Dasgupta, Becki Butcher Bartelson, Jody L. Green, Richard C. Dart Oct 2018

Sustained Reduction Of Diversion And Abuse After Introduction Of An Abuse Deterrent Formulation Of Extended Release Oxycodone, Geoff S. Severtson, Matthew S. Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Andrew Rosenblum, Theodore Cicero, Mark W. Parrino, Michael K. Gilbert, Mance E. Buttram, Nabarun Dasgupta, Becki Butcher Bartelson, Jody L. Green, Richard C. Dart

Steven Kurtz

Background: The development of abuse deterrent formulations is one strategy for reducing prescription opioid misuse and abuse. A putative abuse deterrent formulation of oxycodone extended release (OxyContin®) was introduced in 2010. Early reports demonstrated reduced abuse and diversion, however, an analysis of social media found 32 feasible methods to circumventthe abuse deterrent mechanism. We measured trends of diversion, abuse and street price of OxyContin to assess the durability ofthe initial reduction in abuse. Methods: Data from the Poison Center Program, Drug Diversion Program, Opioid Treatment Program, Survey of Key Informant Patients Program and StreetRx program of the Researched Abuse, Diversion ...


Smoking Cessation And Adolescent Treatment Response With Comorbid Adhd, Marie E. Pagano, Christine M. Delos Reyes, Sherry Wasilow, Kathleen M. Svala, Steven P. Kurtz Oct 2018

Smoking Cessation And Adolescent Treatment Response With Comorbid Adhd, Marie E. Pagano, Christine M. Delos Reyes, Sherry Wasilow, Kathleen M. Svala, Steven P. Kurtz

Steven Kurtz

Minors entering treatment for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders tend to smoke at high rates, and many have comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Clear-air laws force patients to refrain from smoking on the premises of AOD treatment facilities, which may hinder the progress of treatment-seeking populations who smoke and struggle with ADHD comorbidity in particular. This study explores clinical characteristics associated with smoking among youths presenting for residential treatment, clinical characteristics associated with smoking cessation, and the impact of smoking cessation with ADHD comorbidity on AOD treatment response. Participants were 195 adolescents (52% female, aged 14–18 ...


Preliminary Evidence Of Hiv Seroconversion Among Hiv-Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Non-Prescribed Antiretroviral Medication For Hiv Prevention In Miami, Florida, Usa, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz Oct 2018

Preliminary Evidence Of Hiv Seroconversion Among Hiv-Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Non-Prescribed Antiretroviral Medication For Hiv Prevention In Miami, Florida, Usa, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz

Steven Kurtz

Background: Limited information suggests that men who have sex with men (MSM) are informally obtaining antiretroviral medication (ARVs) and using them for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Methods: Data are drawn from an on-going study examining the use of non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP. To date, 24 qualitative interviews have been conducted with HIV-negative, substance-using MSM living in Miami, Florida, USA. Data are presented from two participants who reported HIV seroconversion while using non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP. Results: Preliminary data indicate that some young MSM: (i) lack awareness of and accurate information about the efficacious use of PrEP; (ii) obtain non-prescribed ARVs ...


Finding What Works: Predicting Health Or Social Service Linkage In Drug Using, African American, Female Sex Workers In Miami, Fl, Maria A. Levi-Minzi, Hilary L Surratt, Catherine O'Grady, Steven P. Kurtz Oct 2018

Finding What Works: Predicting Health Or Social Service Linkage In Drug Using, African American, Female Sex Workers In Miami, Fl, Maria A. Levi-Minzi, Hilary L Surratt, Catherine O'Grady, Steven P. Kurtz

Steven Kurtz

Female sex workers (FSWs) encounter numerous challenges in accessing health and social services. In this study of drug using, African American FSWs, the authors examine specific factors associated with health or social service linkage among participants in a randomized intervention trial. Respondent linkage was significantly associated with individual factors (living alone, severe internal mental distress, and traumatic victimization) and project-related variables (attending five case management sessions and client engagement rating). In the multivariate model, higher client engagement and session attendance remained significant. The researchers conclude by discussing the importance of intervention attendance and engagement as key contributors to health and ...


Characteristics Associated With Group Sex Participation Among Men And Women In The Club Drug Scene, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz Oct 2018

Characteristics Associated With Group Sex Participation Among Men And Women In The Club Drug Scene, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz

Steven Kurtz

This study examined the demographics, substance use and sexual risk behaviours associated with group sex (GS) participation among a sample of club drug users (n = 498) in Miami. Men (n = 128; 46.3%) and women (n = 75; 33.7%) reported histories of GS. Group sex participation among men and women was associated with heroin and injection drug use, trading or selling sex, and sex while high, compared with no GS participation. Moreover, among men, GS was associated with buying sex and sex with an injection drug user; among women, GS was associated with substance dependence, a history of sexually transmissible ...


Benzodiazepine Dependence Among Young Adult Participants In The Club Scene Who Use Drugs, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Hilary L Surratt Oct 2018

Benzodiazepine Dependence Among Young Adult Participants In The Club Scene Who Use Drugs, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Hilary L Surratt

Steven Kurtz

Young adults ages 18–29 report the highest rates of benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in the United States. The majority of club drug users are also in this age group, and BZD misuse is prevalent among participants in club scenes. This article examines BZD dependence and its correlates among young adult participants in the electronic dance music (EDM) culture in Miami, Florida, who use drugs. Structured interviews were with men and women (N = 356) ages 18 to 29 who reported regular attendance at EDM venues and recent use of both club drugs and BZDs. Prevalences of BZD-related problems were 12.6 ...


Abuse And Diversion Of Immediate Release Opioid Analgesics As Compared To Extended Release Formulations In The United States, Janetta Iwanicki, S Geoffrey Severtson, Heather Mcdaniel, Andrew Rosenblum, Chunki Fong, Theodore J. Cicero, Matthew Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Richard C Dart Oct 2018

Abuse And Diversion Of Immediate Release Opioid Analgesics As Compared To Extended Release Formulations In The United States, Janetta Iwanicki, S Geoffrey Severtson, Heather Mcdaniel, Andrew Rosenblum, Chunki Fong, Theodore J. Cicero, Matthew Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Richard C Dart

Steven Kurtz

Background

Therapeutic use and abuse of prescription opioids in the United States increased substantially between 1990 and 2010. The Centers for Disease Control estimated deaths related to pharmaceutical opioids reached nearly 19,000 in 2014. Of prescription opioids sold, 10% are extended release (ER) and 90% immediate release (IR). However, most regulations and interventions have focused on decreasing ER abuse. Our objective was to compare rates of abuse and diversion of ER and IR opioid analgesics over time using multiple surveillance programs.

Methods

Rates of abuse and diversion of ER and IR opioid formulations were compared using data from four ...


A Randomized Trial Of Brief Assessment Interventions For Young Adults Who Use Drugs In The Club Scene, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Maria E. Pagano, Hilary L Surratt Oct 2018

A Randomized Trial Of Brief Assessment Interventions For Young Adults Who Use Drugs In The Club Scene, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Maria E. Pagano, Hilary L Surratt

Steven Kurtz

BACKGROUND:

Efficacious interventions to reduce drug use and its consequences for club drug using populations are not apparent in the literature. We tested interviewer- (CAPI) and self-administered (ACASI) comprehensive health and social risk assessments as distinct interventions compared to waitlist control.

METHODS:

750 men and women ages 18-39 with multidrug use and heterosexual behavior were randomized in equal proportions to the three conditions. Instrumentation included well-tested measures of drug use, risky sex, mental distress and substance dependence.

RESULTS:

The sample was 56% male; mean age=25. Reported risk behaviors and health consequences did not differ by assessment modality. Adjusted HLM ...


Sustained Reduction Of Diversion And Abuse After Introduction Of An Abuse Deterrent Formulation Of Extended Release Oxycodone, Geoff S. Severtson, Matthew S. Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Andrew Rosenblum, Theodore Cicero, Mark W. Parrino, Michael K. Gilbert, Mance E. Buttram, Nabarun Dasgupta, Becki Butcher Bartelson, Jody L. Green, Richard C. Dart May 2018

Sustained Reduction Of Diversion And Abuse After Introduction Of An Abuse Deterrent Formulation Of Extended Release Oxycodone, Geoff S. Severtson, Matthew S. Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Andrew Rosenblum, Theodore Cicero, Mark W. Parrino, Michael K. Gilbert, Mance E. Buttram, Nabarun Dasgupta, Becki Butcher Bartelson, Jody L. Green, Richard C. Dart

Mance Buttram

Background: The development of abuse deterrent formulations is one strategy for reducing prescription opioid misuse and abuse. A putative abuse deterrent formulation of oxycodone extended release (OxyContin®) was introduced in 2010. Early reports demonstrated reduced abuse and diversion, however, an analysis of social media found 32 feasible methods to circumventthe abuse deterrent mechanism. We measured trends of diversion, abuse and street price of OxyContin to assess the durability ofthe initial reduction in abuse. Methods: Data from the Poison Center Program, Drug Diversion Program, Opioid Treatment Program, Survey of Key Informant Patients Program and StreetRx program of the Researched Abuse, Diversion ...


Preliminary Evidence Of Hiv Seroconversion Among Hiv-Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Non-Prescribed Antiretroviral Medication For Hiv Prevention In Miami, Florida, Usa, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz May 2018

Preliminary Evidence Of Hiv Seroconversion Among Hiv-Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Non-Prescribed Antiretroviral Medication For Hiv Prevention In Miami, Florida, Usa, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz

Mance Buttram

Background: Limited information suggests that men who have sex with men (MSM) are informally obtaining antiretroviral medication (ARVs) and using them for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Methods: Data are drawn from an on-going study examining the use of non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP. To date, 24 qualitative interviews have been conducted with HIV-negative, substance-using MSM living in Miami, Florida, USA. Data are presented from two participants who reported HIV seroconversion while using non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP. Results: Preliminary data indicate that some young MSM: (i) lack awareness of and accurate information about the efficacious use of PrEP; (ii) obtain non-prescribed ARVs ...


Benzodiazepine Dependence Among Young Adult Participants In The Club Scene Who Use Drugs, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Hilary L Surratt May 2018

Benzodiazepine Dependence Among Young Adult Participants In The Club Scene Who Use Drugs, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Hilary L Surratt

Mance Buttram

Young adults ages 18–29 report the highest rates of benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in the United States. The majority of club drug users are also in this age group, and BZD misuse is prevalent among participants in club scenes. This article examines BZD dependence and its correlates among young adult participants in the electronic dance music (EDM) culture in Miami, Florida, who use drugs. Structured interviews were with men and women (N = 356) ages 18 to 29 who reported regular attendance at EDM venues and recent use of both club drugs and BZDs. Prevalences of BZD-related problems were 12.6 ...


Characteristics Associated With Group Sex Participation Among Men And Women In The Club Drug Scene, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz May 2018

Characteristics Associated With Group Sex Participation Among Men And Women In The Club Drug Scene, Mance E. Buttram, Steven P. Kurtz

Mance Buttram

This study examined the demographics, substance use and sexual risk behaviours associated with group sex (GS) participation among a sample of club drug users (n = 498) in Miami. Men (n = 128; 46.3%) and women (n = 75; 33.7%) reported histories of GS. Group sex participation among men and women was associated with heroin and injection drug use, trading or selling sex, and sex while high, compared with no GS participation. Moreover, among men, GS was associated with buying sex and sex with an injection drug user; among women, GS was associated with substance dependence, a history of sexually transmissible ...


A Randomized Trial Of Brief Assessment Interventions For Young Adults Who Use Drugs In The Club Scene, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Maria E. Pagano, Hilary L Surratt May 2018

A Randomized Trial Of Brief Assessment Interventions For Young Adults Who Use Drugs In The Club Scene, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Maria E. Pagano, Hilary L Surratt

Mance Buttram

BACKGROUND:

Efficacious interventions to reduce drug use and its consequences for club drug using populations are not apparent in the literature. We tested interviewer- (CAPI) and self-administered (ACASI) comprehensive health and social risk assessments as distinct interventions compared to waitlist control.

METHODS:

750 men and women ages 18-39 with multidrug use and heterosexual behavior were randomized in equal proportions to the three conditions. Instrumentation included well-tested measures of drug use, risky sex, mental distress and substance dependence.

RESULTS:

The sample was 56% male; mean age=25. Reported risk behaviors and health consequences did not differ by assessment modality. Adjusted HLM ...


Abuse And Diversion Of Immediate Release Opioid Analgesics As Compared To Extended Release Formulations In The United States, Janetta Iwanicki, S Geoffrey Severtson, Heather Mcdaniel, Andrew Rosenblum, Chunki Fong, Theodore J. Cicero, Matthew Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Richard C Dart May 2018

Abuse And Diversion Of Immediate Release Opioid Analgesics As Compared To Extended Release Formulations In The United States, Janetta Iwanicki, S Geoffrey Severtson, Heather Mcdaniel, Andrew Rosenblum, Chunki Fong, Theodore J. Cicero, Matthew Ellis, Steven P. Kurtz, Mance E. Buttram, Richard C Dart

Mance Buttram

Background

Therapeutic use and abuse of prescription opioids in the United States increased substantially between 1990 and 2010. The Centers for Disease Control estimated deaths related to pharmaceutical opioids reached nearly 19,000 in 2014. Of prescription opioids sold, 10% are extended release (ER) and 90% immediate release (IR). However, most regulations and interventions have focused on decreasing ER abuse. Our objective was to compare rates of abuse and diversion of ER and IR opioid analgesics over time using multiple surveillance programs.

Methods

Rates of abuse and diversion of ER and IR opioid formulations were compared using data from four ...


Peacebuilding Approaches To Preventing And Transforming Violent Extremism, Mary Schwoebel May 2018

Peacebuilding Approaches To Preventing And Transforming Violent Extremism, Mary Schwoebel

Mary Schwoebel

No abstract provided.


Using Existing Bibliographic Resources To Compile Faculty Publication Lists: A Case Study From San José State University, Ngoc-Yen Tran, Emily K. Chan May 2018

Using Existing Bibliographic Resources To Compile Faculty Publication Lists: A Case Study From San José State University, Ngoc-Yen Tran, Emily K. Chan

Ngoc-Yen Tran

With limited campus resources for faculty scholarship, the College of Science (CoS) at San José State University (SJSU) developed scholarly output metrics as a way to add a quantitative component to the distribution of funds, to ensure objectivity, and to reward proven researchers. To support CoS's efforts to identify and quantify science faculty research publications, we compiled a bibliography of science faculty research and scholarship which would be used to develop and formalize baseline research metrics. Using existing and available resources including librarian time, subscribed science databases, and the institution-subscribed reference citation manager, we developed a method by which ...


Paranormal Activity In West Virginia, Marty Laubach Mar 2018

Paranormal Activity In West Virginia, Marty Laubach

Marty Laubach

Follow the Mountain State Spirit Seekers Society as they hunt ghosts at Moundsville State Prison; bigfoot hunters in Dolly Sods with Virginia Sasquatch Watch; and Point Pleasant's mysterious Mothman.


Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, David Powell, Rosalie Pacula, Mireille Jacobson Feb 2018

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, David Powell, Rosalie Pacula, Mireille Jacobson

David Powell

Recent work finds that medical marijuana laws reduce the daily doses filled for opioid analgesics among Medicare Part-D and Medicaid enrollees, as well as population-wide opioid overdose deaths. We replicate the result for opioid overdose deaths and explore the potential mechanism. The key feature of a medical marijuana law that facilitates a reduction in overdose death rates is a relatively liberal allowance for dispensaries.  As states have become more stringent in their regulation of dispensaries, the protective value generally has fallen. These findings suggest that broader access to medical marijuana facilitates substitution of marijuana for powerful and addictive opioids. 


Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier Feb 2018

Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier

Nicholas E. Hagemeier

No abstract provided.


Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt Dec 2017

Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt

Gema Zamarro

Self-reports are an indispensable source of information in education research but they are often affected by heterogeneity in reporting behavior. Failing to correct for this heterogeneity can lead to invalid comparisons across groups. We use the parametric anchoring vignette method to correct for cross-country incomparability of students’ reports on teacher’s classroom management. Our analysis is based on the data from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012. We show significant variation in implicit standards across countries. Correlations between countries’ average teacher classroom management levels and external variables like students test scores and public expenditure per pupil change substantially after ...


Self-Control And Crime: Theory, Research, And Remaining Puzzles, Michael Rocque, Chad Posick, Alex R. Piquero Oct 2017

Self-Control And Crime: Theory, Research, And Remaining Puzzles, Michael Rocque, Chad Posick, Alex R. Piquero

Chad Posick

No abstract provided.


Juvenile Violence, A. J. Fox, Michael Rocque, Chad Posick Oct 2017

Juvenile Violence, A. J. Fox, Michael Rocque, Chad Posick

Chad Posick

No abstract provided.


The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn Jul 2017

The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn

Jana Hackathorn

This study examined the predictive relationship between library use by individual students and their retention status in university settings. The methodology builds on a small number of previous studies to examine library use at the individual level to determine if use of specific library services is predictive of retention for freshmen and sophomores. Binary logistic regression yielded results that indicate a strong positive predictive relationship between library use of any kind with both freshmen and sophomore retention. These results suggest that academic libraries add value to institutional retention efforts.


Enhancing Conflict Consulting Practice: Lessons From The Field, Neil Katz May 2017

Enhancing Conflict Consulting Practice: Lessons From The Field, Neil Katz

Neil Katz

No abstract provided.


Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson Dec 2016

Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

Developments in the law are making the corporate form more opaque and allowing the agents who animate it to escape individual accountability for their actions. The law now provides protection for agents to engage in widespread frauds that inflict massive harm on the public. This article challenges the academic orthodoxy that shareholder and director liability are enough to control agent behavior by developing a paper dragon analogy to focus on the importance of agents in corporate animation. Lack of agent accountability encourages the patterns of fraud that caused the financial crisis in which forty-five percent of the world’s wealth ...


E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore Dec 2016

E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


Canceling Unmediated Document Delivery: Results And Implications At San José State University Library, Emily Chan, Susan Kendall Jul 2016

Canceling Unmediated Document Delivery: Results And Implications At San José State University Library, Emily Chan, Susan Kendall

Emily K. Chan

No abstract provided.


Promoting Subject Specialists & Enhancing Visibility Of Library Reference [Panel] Ala, Rusa-Mers, Barbara Tierney, Carrie Moran, Mara Thacker, Sha Towers Jun 2016

Promoting Subject Specialists & Enhancing Visibility Of Library Reference [Panel] Ala, Rusa-Mers, Barbara Tierney, Carrie Moran, Mara Thacker, Sha Towers

Barbara Tierney


Academic library reference continues to go through transformation, as users increasingly rely on the web for their information needs. Traditional library liaison and subject specialist roles are changing, as librarians attempt to realign services with university-wide goals, including an increased emphasis on undergraduate student success. This panel program will show how institutions market, brand, and promote their reference services on the web; how library subject liaisons and specialists are presented online.  This panel program will explore what various institutions are doing to increase the visibility of their subject librarians and how they are formalizing and assessing their new and existing ...