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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

In Response To Professor Dobelstein’S Respectful Critique Of A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly , Eric Kingson Dec 2015

In Response To Professor Dobelstein’S Respectful Critique Of A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly , Eric Kingson

Eric Kingson

Eric R. Kingson responds to Andrew Dobelstein's position with regard to "A Tale of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly," which was published in Poverty & Public Policy Volume 2, Issue 3.


A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly, Eric Kingson Dec 2015

A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly, Eric Kingson

Eric Kingson

Eric Kingson was an advisor to the 1982 National Commission on Social Security Reform and to the 1994 Bipartisan Commission on Entitlements and Tax Reform. Drawing on the experience of 1982 (the “Good”) and 1994 (the “Bad”) commissions, he concludes that the fast-track debt commission as proposed by Senators Kent Conrad and Judd Gregg would result in an unprecedented and deleterious approach to Social Security policy-making. The structure and functioning of the 1994 commission provides insight into likely goals and functioning of the Conrad-Gregg Commission, a commission Kingson suggests would be akin to the 1994 entitlement commission “on steroids.” Noting ...


Impact Report 2015: University Of Dayton Human Rights Center, Mark Ensalaco Dec 2015

Impact Report 2015: University Of Dayton Human Rights Center, Mark Ensalaco

Mark Ensalaco

It is time for new thinking about human rights advocacy. This is the challenge for the global human rights research and advocacy community.

The University of Dayton Human Rights Center creates positive change through research, education and dialogue. As a leader in the global human rights community, we search for transformative solutions to systemic patterns of injustice that will bring about real change in the lives of poor people. We are committed to addressing the gap between theory and practice, between scholars and practitioners. Advocates need information to be able to develop evidence-based strategies that bring about real change. We ...


2013 Conference Report: The Social Practice Of Human Rights, Mark Ensalaco Dec 2015

2013 Conference Report: The Social Practice Of Human Rights, Mark Ensalaco

Mark Ensalaco

Universities have new importance in the global human rights movement. This was the resounding message the University of Dayton heard at its global conference on human rights advocacy in October 2013. The human rights movement is experiencing dramatic changes. Dynamic new NGOs in the global South are resetting the human rights agenda. Popular movements inspired by human rights ideals are arising around the world to demand justice. New information technologies are creating the possibility of real global solidarity. The movement must adapt. Human rights organizations must imagine new strategies to address poverty and other root causes of human rights violations ...


Gop Denying Women Basic Economic Rights, Alev Dudek Nov 2015

Gop Denying Women Basic Economic Rights, Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

As the self-identified party of small government and “maximum economic freedom and the prosperity freedom makes possible,” Republicans have been working hard to restrict women’s rights and coerce them to conform to traditional roles, such as abstaining from sex until marriage, getting married, having babies, and ideally, relying on their husbands to support them. Their opposition to paycheck fairness bills is consistent with these efforts. Although, the pay gap is in contradiction with encouraging productivity, economic activity, and the American Dream that the GOP is allegedly trying to promote or restore. 


All Americans Not Equal: Mistrust And Discrimination Against Naturalized Citizens In The U.S., Alev Dudek Aug 2015

All Americans Not Equal: Mistrust And Discrimination Against Naturalized Citizens In The U.S., Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

Approximately 13 percent of the U.S. population — nearly 40 million — is foreign-born, of which about 6 percent are naturalized U.S. citizens. Given the positive image associated with immigrants — the “nation of immigrants” or “the melting pot” — one would assume that all Americans in the U.S.A., natural born or naturalized, have equal worth as citizens. This, however, is not necessarily the case. Despite U.S. citizenship, naturalized Americans are seen less than equal to natural born Americans. They are often confused with “foreign nationals.” Moreover, their cultural belonging, allegiance, English-language skills, as well as other qualifications, are ...


The Role Of Temporary Employment Agencies In Welfare To Work: Part Of The Problem Or Part Of The Solution?, Susan Houseman, David Autor Feb 2015

The Role Of Temporary Employment Agencies In Welfare To Work: Part Of The Problem Or Part Of The Solution?, Susan Houseman, David Autor

Susan N. Houseman

No abstract provided.


Spillover Effects Of Welfare Reforms In State Labor Markets, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Spillover Effects Of Welfare Reforms In State Labor Markets, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Financial Security Scorecard: A State-By-State Analysis Of Economic Pressures Facing Future Retirees, Christian Weller, Nari Rhee, Carolyn Arcand Mar 2014

Financial Security Scorecard: A State-By-State Analysis Of Economic Pressures Facing Future Retirees, Christian Weller, Nari Rhee, Carolyn Arcand

Christian Weller

As Americans increasingly worry about their retirement prospects, states play an important and growing role in retirement security policy. States already manage long-term care programs for the elderly through Medicaid. Concerned about the impact of future elder poverty on state and local budgets and their local economies, a number of states are exploring the creation of low-cost and low-risk retirement savings plans for private sector workers who lack access to pensions or 401(k)s on the job. Some states have developed programs to help older workers find work.

This report presents the Financial Security Scorecard, designed to inform state-level ...


A Policy Brief: Massachusetts (T)Afdc Case Closings, October 1993-August 1997, Donna Friedman, Emily Douglas, Michelle Hayes, Mary Ann Allard Dec 2013

A Policy Brief: Massachusetts (T)Afdc Case Closings, October 1993-August 1997, Donna Friedman, Emily Douglas, Michelle Hayes, Mary Ann Allard

Donna Haig Friedman

When a DTA (Department of Transitional Assistance) worker assesses whether a family's (T)AFDC (Temporary Aid to Families with Dependent Children) case will be closed, s/he decides which one of 67 different codes best describes the reason cash benefits for the household will be stopped. To carry out the analyses, we sorted all of the 67 codes into clusters of codes that logically grouped together: Cluster I, Increased Income; Cluster H, Sanctions; Cluster III, Eligible Persons Moved; Cluster IV, Fraud; Cluster V, Client Request; Cluster VI, No Longer Eligible; Cluster VII, Other or Multiple Meanings. The Appendix displays ...


Characteristics Of Homeless Individuals Accessing Massachusetts Emergency Shelters, 1999-2001, Tatjana Meschede, Michelle Kahan, Michelle Hayes, Donna Friedman Dec 2013

Characteristics Of Homeless Individuals Accessing Massachusetts Emergency Shelters, 1999-2001, Tatjana Meschede, Michelle Kahan, Michelle Hayes, Donna Friedman

Donna Haig Friedman

The Center for Social Policy (CSP) at the McCormack Institute, University of Massachusetts Boston oversees the Connection, Service, and Partnership through Technology (CSPTech) project. CSPTech operates a homeless management information system being implemented throughout the Commonwealth. Founded in 1995, this project is a networked computerized record-keeping system that allows homeless service providers across Massachusetts to collect uniform client information over time. This information is aggregated in a database used by service providers, advocates, government officials, researchers, and people experiencing homelessness. Analysis of this information is critical to efforts to understand the extent of this problem in Massachusetts in an attempt ...


Resource Allocation, Affluence And Deadweight Loss When Relative Consumption Matters, Jesse A. Matheson, B. Curtis Eaton Dec 2012

Resource Allocation, Affluence And Deadweight Loss When Relative Consumption Matters, Jesse A. Matheson, B. Curtis Eaton

Jesse A Matheson

We explore the link between affluence and well-being using a simple general equilibrium model with a pure Veblen good. Individuals derive utility from the pure Veblen good based solely on how much they consume relative to others. In equilibrium, consumption of the pure Veblen good is the same for everyone, so the Veblen good contributes nothing to utility. Hence, resources devoted to the Veblen good provide us with a measure of deadweight loss. We ask: Under what preference conditions does the proportion of productive capacity devoted to the pure Veblen good increase as an economy becomes more affluent? In a ...


Unemployment Insurance, Duration Of Unemployment, And Subsequent Wage Gain, Ronald Ehrenberg, Ronald Oaxaca Jul 2012

Unemployment Insurance, Duration Of Unemployment, And Subsequent Wage Gain, Ronald Ehrenberg, Ronald Oaxaca

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] In order to evaluate what the "optimal" level of UI benefits is, one must therefore first estimate the magnitude of the relationships between UI benefits levels and unemployed workers' durations of unemployment and post-unemployment wages. There have been several previous studies of the impact of UI benefits on duration of spells of unemployment, however none have been completely satisfactory methodologically. To our knowledge, there have been no previous studies of the system's impact on subsequent wage rates. We attempt to fill these gaps, utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) to estimate both relationships. The plan of ...


Defining Empirically Based Practice, Deborah Siegel Mar 2012

Defining Empirically Based Practice, Deborah Siegel

Deborah H Siegel

The article deals with a study, which described the integration of research and practice into the graduate social program of the School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago. The need to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical practice is an increasingly frequent theme as agencies scramble for limited funds. Reaganomics has helped bury the once-fashionable belief that social ills can be cured by tax dollars. More than ever, social workers are required to justify the services they deliver. In addition to the economic reasons for the profession's need to integrate research and practice, social workers also have an ethical ...


Stronger Youth And Smarter Communities: An Analysis Of Oregon’S Investment In Runaway And Homeless Youth Programs, Katherine Cahn, Don Schweitzer, Ally Jamieson, Hannah Slevin Feb 2012

Stronger Youth And Smarter Communities: An Analysis Of Oregon’S Investment In Runaway And Homeless Youth Programs, Katherine Cahn, Don Schweitzer, Ally Jamieson, Hannah Slevin

Don Schweitzer

The Oregon Runaway and Homeless Workgroup estimates that 24,000 unaccompanied youth experience homelessness each year in Oregon. National studies indicate that most of these youth run away due to family conflict or abuse, while others are kicked out of their home or "thrown away‟. Oregon is home to innovative runaway and homeless youth services, but these rely heavily on federal funds and are available primarily in the I-5 corridor. Youth in rural areas, or smaller towns unable to access federal funds, are at risk. In 2007 the Oregon State Legislature appropriated $1 million to the 2007-2009 budget of the ...


Less Is More? 20 Years Of Changing Minimum Income Protection For Old Europe’S Elderly, Tim Goedemé Dec 2011

Less Is More? 20 Years Of Changing Minimum Income Protection For Old Europe’S Elderly, Tim Goedemé

Tim Goedemé

Over the past two decades, pension reforms have been at the top of the agenda of social policy makers in Europe. In many countries, these reforms have resulted in less generous public pensions. At the same time, minimum income protection for the elderly has received attention from policy makers, but much less so from social policy researchers. Therefore, in this paper, I explore how benefit levels of non-contributory minimum income schemes for the elderly have evolved between 1990 and 2009 in 13 ‘old’ EU member states. Building on two new cross-national and cross-temporary comparable datasets on minimum income protection in ...


Can Health Insurance Reduce School Absenteeism?, Ryan Yeung Aug 2011

Can Health Insurance Reduce School Absenteeism?, Ryan Yeung

Ryan Yeung

Enacted in 1997, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) represented the largest expansion of U.S. public health care coverage since the passage of Medicare and Medicaid 32 years earlier. Although the program has recently been reauthorized, there remains a considerable lack of thorough and well-designed evaluations of the program. In this study, we use school attendance as a measure of the program’s impact. Utilizing state-level data and the use of fixed-effects regression techniques, we conclude that SCHIP has had a positive and significant effect on state average daily attendance rates, as measured by both SCHIP participation ...


What Is A "Constitutional Conservative" Anyway?, Brian Glenn Jul 2011

What Is A "Constitutional Conservative" Anyway?, Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


A Duty To Warn, An Uncertain Danger / Discussion, Frederic Reamer Jun 2011

A Duty To Warn, An Uncertain Danger / Discussion, Frederic Reamer

Frederic G Reamer

The commitment of confidentiality in the various health and mental health professions is deep-seated. Codes of ethics routinely cite the professional's obligation to hold in confidence information that a client shares. The Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers--which is pertinent to Mrs. D's predicament--is representative: "The social worker should respect the privacy of clients and hold in confidence all information obtained in the course of professional service."


Moral Philosophy Meets Social Work, Frederic Reamer Jun 2011

Moral Philosophy Meets Social Work, Frederic Reamer

Frederic G Reamer

In recent years, social workers have become increasingly aware of ethical dilemmas in practice. Beginning especially in the mid-to-late 1970s, social work's literature has included a steady stream of reflections on difficult moral choices involving conflicts among professional duties and obligations (Loewnberg and Dolgoff 1996; Congress 1998; Reamer 1998, 1999). To what extent do clients have the right to engage in self-harming behavior without interference? How should social workers allocate scarce or limited resources such as emergency services, shelter beds, funds, and even their own time? Is it ethically permissible for social workers to violate laws and regulations they ...


Federal Food Assistance Programs: Part Of The Early Childhood Obesity Solution Or Part Of The Problem?, Elizabeth Rigby, Rachel Kimbro Feb 2010

Federal Food Assistance Programs: Part Of The Early Childhood Obesity Solution Or Part Of The Problem?, Elizabeth Rigby, Rachel Kimbro

Elizabeth Rigby

Amid growing concern about childhood obesity, the United States spends billions of dollars on food assistance: providing meals and subsidizing food purchases. We examine the relationship between food assistance and body mass index (BMI) for young, low-income children, who are a primary target population for federal food programs and for efforts to prevent childhood obesity. Our findings indicate that food assistance may unintentionally contribute tot he childhood obesity problem in cities with high food prices. We also find that subsidized meals at school or day care are beneficial for children's weight status, and we argue that expanding access to ...


Explaining Public Attitudes Toward Fighting Inequality In Latin America, Jana Morgan, Nathan Kelly Dec 2009

Explaining Public Attitudes Toward Fighting Inequality In Latin America, Jana Morgan, Nathan Kelly

Jana Morgan

This paper uses the 2008 Americas Barometer survey data from 22 countries to explore the factors that shape Latin American attitudes about the role of the state in reducing inequality. Using multilevel analysis to properly model both the individual- and country-level predictors of these attitudes, we find that traditional explanations of public attitudes about government’s redistributive role also carry weight in Latin America. Economic evaluations, personal wealth, trust in government, and assessments of government performance are each associated in predictable ways with attitudes about redistribution. But the analysis also identifies factors that have been overlooked in previous research on ...


Keeping National Health Insurance (Nhi) Accessible For All. 台北時報論壇, Chiehwen Ed Hsu Oct 2009

Keeping National Health Insurance (Nhi) Accessible For All. 台北時報論壇, Chiehwen Ed Hsu

Chiehwen Ed Hsu

Media reports say that Taiwan Health Insurance Bureau and the Department of Health are proposing an amendment to the health insurance laws to require every returned overseas Taiwanese who has been abroad for more than six months be resident in Taiwan for four months before he or she becomes eligible to re-enroll in the National Health Insurance (NHI) program. The proposed amendment arose from a small portion of overseas Taiwanese who are have allegedly played medical tourists, returning to Taiwan for medical treatments under the NHI plan. The amendments’ proponents urged “restoring equality” in the NHI. However, the proposal could ...


Consulting And Evaluation With Nonprofit And Community-Based Organizations, Judah J. Viola, Susan D. Mcmahon May 2009

Consulting And Evaluation With Nonprofit And Community-Based Organizations, Judah J. Viola, Susan D. Mcmahon

Judah J. Viola, Ph.D.

This resource book is designed to provide information from experienced professionals and written materials to assist early career consultants. For us, consulting work has been one way to stay connected with the schools and community-based organizations that help our communities thrive. Reflecting on our own experiences, reviewing the literature, and engaging in dialogue with practitioners who consult full-time has given us an array of useful strategies, tips, and advice to help readers get started with consulting, build a practice, and do effective work. Chapters 1–7 of the text delve into the nuts and bolts of building a consulting business ...


Serving Up Solutions: A Best Practices Guide To High-Quality Customer Service In The Los Angeles County Food Stamp Program And Policy Recommendations To Improve Participation, Rachel Lopez, Matthew Sharp Jan 2004

Serving Up Solutions: A Best Practices Guide To High-Quality Customer Service In The Los Angeles County Food Stamp Program And Policy Recommendations To Improve Participation, Rachel Lopez, Matthew Sharp

Rachel E. López

Despite their eligibility for vital nutrition assistance, too many low-income residents of Los Angeles County are not participating in the federally-funded Food Stamp Program. This report is designed to assist local partners to increase participation. Its release is timed to coincide with implementation of recent legislative improvements scheduled to take effect in 2004, as well as increased outreach and reduced stigma for participants. A key ingredient to increasing participation is sensitive, client-oriented delivery of the program, through Los Angeles County Department of Public Social Services (DPSS) offices. Through replicating the best practices of model offices, improving County procedures, and strengthening ...