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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, John W. Hatfield, Katrina Kosec Jun 2019

Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, John W. Hatfield, Katrina Kosec

Katrina Kosec

We investigate the classic question of how the provision of a local publicly-provided good--air quality--varies with the degree of decentralization of policymaking. Exploiting exogenous variation in the natural topography of the United States to instrument for the number of local government jurisdictions in a metropolitan area, we show that areas with more jurisdictions have significantly lower air quality, and significantly higher concentrations of the toxic air pollutants most closely associated with cancer and non-cancer health risks. Moreover, we estimate that this increase in pollution lowers housing values by at least 3%. By contrast, local drinking water quality--a publicly-provided good not ...


Investor Valuations Of Japan's Adoption Of A Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying The Direct And Competitive Effects Of International Tax Reform, Sebastien J. Bradley, Estelle Dauchy, Makoto Hasegawa Dec 2017

Investor Valuations Of Japan's Adoption Of A Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying The Direct And Competitive Effects Of International Tax Reform, Sebastien J. Bradley, Estelle Dauchy, Makoto Hasegawa

Sebastien J Bradley

Despite an extensive literature on the normative implications of different international tax regimes and an empirical literature addressing individual specific predictions, there exists little evidence encompassing the broad range of effects of taxing corporations' foreign-source income on a worldwide or territorial basis. This paper takes a more comprehensive quantitative approach by examining stock market reactions surrounding four events over the course of which Japan's 2009 adoption of a dividend exemption system was developed into proposed law. Using an event study methodology which leverages individual firm characteristics and accounts for contemporaneous financial market developments, we find that Japanese firms with ...


Simulating Hospital Merger Simulations, David J. Balan, Keith Brand Dec 2017

Simulating Hospital Merger Simulations, David J. Balan, Keith Brand

David J. Balan

We assess the performance of three hospital merger simulation methods by means of a Monte Carlo experiment. We fi#12;rst specify a rich theoretical model of hospital markets and use it to generate "true" price eff#11;ects of a large number of hospital mergers. We then use the theoretical model to generate the data that would be available in a real-world prospective merger analysis and apply the merger simulation methods to those data. Finally, we compare the predictions of the merger simulation methods to the true price eff#11;ects. While there is some heterogeneity in performance, all ...


Competing By Restricting Choice: The Case Of Search Platforms, Hanna Halaburda, Mikolaj Jan Piskorski, Pinar Yildirim Dec 2017

Competing By Restricting Choice: The Case Of Search Platforms, Hanna Halaburda, Mikolaj Jan Piskorski, Pinar Yildirim

Hanna Halaburda

We show that a two-sided platform can successfully compete by limiting the choice of potential matches it offers to its customers while charging higher prices than platforms with unrestricted choice. Starting from micro-foundations, we derive the strength and direction of network effect, and find that increasing the number of potential matches not only has a positive effect due to larger choice, but also a negative effect due to competition between agents on the same side. Agents with heterogeneous outside options resolve the trade-off between the two effects differently. For agents with a lower outside option, the competitive effect is stronger ...


"Information, Risk Sharing And Incentives In Agency Problems", Jia Xie Aug 2017

"Information, Risk Sharing And Incentives In Agency Problems", Jia Xie

Jia Xie

This paper studies the use of information for incentives and risk sharing in agency problems. When the principal is risk neutral or the outcome is contractible, risk sharing is unnecessary or dealt with by a contract on the outcome. In this case, information systems are ranked only according to their informativeness about the agent's action. When the outcome is noncontractible, however, the principal has to rely on imperfect information not only for incentives, but also for risk sharing. Under the first-order approach, this paper characterizes a problem-independent ranking of information systems, relaxing Gjesdal's (1982) criterion. We also find ...


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6dewa.Net Agen Judi Bandarq Domino99 Capsa Susun Aduq Dan Bandar Poker Online Indonesia, Defaonline Com

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Integrated Assessment Models And The Social Cost Of Carbon: A Review And Assessment, Gilbert E. Metcalf, James Stock Feb 2017

Integrated Assessment Models And The Social Cost Of Carbon: A Review And Assessment, Gilbert E. Metcalf, James Stock

Gilbert E. Metcalf

We consider the role of integrated assessment models (IAMs) in estimating the social cost of carbon (SCC) for U.S. regulatory purposes. Our approach is rooted in the needs of U.S. institutions responsible for making and implementing climate policy, specifically regulatory agencies within the Executive Branch and Congress should it choose to take up climate legislation. We argue, first, that policy makers need a numerical value for the SCC for policy evaluation and implementation. This cannot be done credibly without sophisticated computer models that incorporate climate and economic considerations, that is, without IAMs. Second, whatever the true value of ...


Inattention To Deferred Increases In Tax Bases: How Michigan Homebuyers Are Paying For Assessment Limits, Sebastien J. Bradley Feb 2017

Inattention To Deferred Increases In Tax Bases: How Michigan Homebuyers Are Paying For Assessment Limits, Sebastien J. Bradley

Sebastien J Bradley

The Michigan property tax system gives rise to wide variation in taxable basis across comparable homes due to the application of acquisition-value based assessment limits. Exploiting the fact that the resulting differences in property tax liability are temporarily inherited by new homebuyers, I estimate the degree of capitalization of these largely-idiosyncratic tax differences in a setting free of many of the econometric problems that typically plague estimation of property tax capitalization in order to evaluate whether homebuyers understand the tax implications of their home purchases. Consistent with anecdotal evidence, I find that homebuyers are woefully inattentive to the temporary nature ...


The Social And Political Consequences Of Group Empathy, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nicholas A. Valentino, José D. Villalobos Dec 2016

The Social And Political Consequences Of Group Empathy, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nicholas A. Valentino, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis Dec 2016

Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

In this paper, I argue that religion matters for the provision of public goods. I identify three normative foundations of Eastern Orthodox monasticism with strong economic implications: 1. solidarity, 2. obedience, and 3. universal discipline. I propose and solve a public goods game with a three-tier hierarchy, where these norms are modeled as treatments. Obedience and universal discipline facilitate the provision of threshold public goods in equilibrium, whereas solidarity does not. Empirical evidence is drawn from public goods experiments run with regional bureaucrats in Tomsk and Novosibirsk, Russia. The introduction of the same three norms as experimental treatments produces different ...


Determinants Of Homeownership Among Immigrants: Changesduring The Great Recession And Beyond, Kusum Mundra, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere Dec 2016

Determinants Of Homeownership Among Immigrants: Changesduring The Great Recession And Beyond, Kusum Mundra, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

No abstract provided.


Committee Design With Endogenous Participation, Volker Hahn Dec 2016

Committee Design With Endogenous Participation, Volker Hahn

Volker Hahn

We analyze different committee designs in a model with the endogenous participation of experts who have private information about their own abilities. Each committee design involves a test of abilities whose accuracy influences experts’ decisions to participate. We derive the following findings. First, higher wages lead to lower quality experts. Second, an increase in transparency improves the quality of experts on the committee. Third, larger committees attract less able experts than smaller ones, unless the committee operates under full transparency. Fourth, we derive the properties of optimal committees. They involve low wages and can be transparent or opaque.


Enhancing Public Engagement On Offshore Wind Energy Using Genius Loci: A Case Study From A Lake Michigan Coastal Community, Erik Edward Nordman, Daniel O'Keefe, Erika Arndt Sep 2016

Enhancing Public Engagement On Offshore Wind Energy Using Genius Loci: A Case Study From A Lake Michigan Coastal Community, Erik Edward Nordman, Daniel O'Keefe, Erika Arndt

Erik Edward Nordman

We describe a novel approach to public engagement on offshore wind energy based on genius loci (“spirit of a place”). North America lacks offshore wind farms but they could be viable in the Great Lakes. Cultural ties between coastal Michigan, USA and the Netherlands offered opportunities to learn from the Dutch offshore wind experience. Residents from a Lake Michigan coastal community with Dutch heritage videoconferenced with a Dutch tourism specialist regarding the Egmond aan Zee offshore wind farm. Important differences and similarities between the regions emerged, including the clustering of technological expertise, tourism effects, and perspectives on working seascapes. Michigan ...


Group Empathy Theory: The Effect Of Group Empathy On U.S. Intergroup Attitudes And Behavior In The Context Of Immigration Threats, Cigdem Sirin, Nicholas Valentino, José Villalobos Aug 2016

Group Empathy Theory: The Effect Of Group Empathy On U.S. Intergroup Attitudes And Behavior In The Context Of Immigration Threats, Cigdem Sirin, Nicholas Valentino, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

Group Empathy Theory posits empathy felt by members of one group can boost support for another even when the groups are in direct competition for rights, security, and resources. We employ our theory to explain divergent reactions of majority versus minority groups to immigration threats. We conduct a two-wave national survey experiment with 1,799 participants consisting of a randomized sample of Anglos and randomized, stratified oversamples of African Americans and Latinos. The experiment manipulates racial/ethnic cues in a vignette depicting an ambiguous yet potentially threatening incident at an immigrant detention center. African Americans and Latinos are significantly more ...


Persistence In Industrial Policy Impacts: Evidence From Depression-Era Mississippi, Matthew Freedman Jul 2016

Persistence In Industrial Policy Impacts: Evidence From Depression-Era Mississippi, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

This paper studies the effects of a large-scale industrial policy implemented in 1930s Mississippi on contemporaneous and modern-day labor market outcomes. Attracted by unprecedented government incentives under Mississippi’s Balance Agriculture with Industry (BAWI) Program, 13 large manufacturing plants established operations in the state between 1936 and 1940. Using difference-in-differences and synthetic control matching techniques, I estimate that counties that received these plants experienced an over 15% increase in female labor force participation on average in the short run. Moreover, these effects persisted decades into the future, well after many of the original companies shut down. I also find suggestive ...


Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn Jun 2016

Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn

Matthew Freedman

We take advantage of provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), which granted legal resident status to long-time unauthorized residents but created new obstacles to employment for more recent immigrants, to explore how employment opportunities affect criminal behavior. Exploiting administrative data on the criminal justice involvement of individuals in San Antonio, Texas and using a triple-differences strategy, we find evidence of an increase in felony charges filed against residents most likely to be affected by IRCA’s employment regulations. Our results suggest a strong relationship between access to legal jobs and criminal behavior.

Revisions requested at ...


Understanding The Employment Barriers And Support Needs Of People Living With Psychosis, Margaret Hampson, Richard Hicks, Bruce Watt Jun 2016

Understanding The Employment Barriers And Support Needs Of People Living With Psychosis, Margaret Hampson, Richard Hicks, Bruce Watt

Bruce Watt

This study investigated the employment barriers and support needs of people living with psychosis. A purposive community sample of 137 volunteers drawn from six key stakeholder groups were invited to participate in focus groups and semi-structured individual interviews to elicit their perceptions on the employment barriers and support needs of people living with psychosis. The stakeholder groups included in this study were people with lived experience of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, carers, health professionals, employers, employment service providers, and community members. Data obtained from 14 focus groups and 31 semi-structured individual interviews were transcribed, imported into NVivo 10, and coded ...


Natural Standard: The Authority On Integrative Medicine, Krista Reichard May 2016

Natural Standard: The Authority On Integrative Medicine, Krista Reichard

Krista Reynolds

No abstract provided.


Building A Green Community At The Concordia University Library, Krista Reynolds May 2016

Building A Green Community At The Concordia University Library, Krista Reynolds

Krista Reynolds

No abstract provided.


The Open Source Library: It's Free As In Puppy, Terra Bianchi Gullings, Tiffany Lemaistre, Margo Duncan May 2016

The Open Source Library: It's Free As In Puppy, Terra Bianchi Gullings, Tiffany Lemaistre, Margo Duncan

Terra Gullings

At the University of Texas at Tyler Libraries we went from relying on proprietary software to implementing an open source ILS, ERM, and IR in less than two years. We did this without extra staff, money, or time. We will share our experiences learning from our mistakes and the community.


Australian Higher Education Institutions Transforming The Future Of Teaching And Learning Through 3d Virtual Worlds, Sue Gregory, Brent Gregory, Matthew Campbell, Helen Farley, Suku Sinnappan, Shannon Kennedy-Clark, David Craven, Deborah Murdoch, Mark Jw Lee, Denise Wood, Jenny Grenfell, Angela Thomas, Kerrie Smith, Ian Warren, Heinz Dreher, Lindy Mckeown, Allan Ellis, Matthew Hillier, Steven Pace, Andrew Cram, Lyn Hay, Scott Grant, Carol Matthews May 2016

Australian Higher Education Institutions Transforming The Future Of Teaching And Learning Through 3d Virtual Worlds, Sue Gregory, Brent Gregory, Matthew Campbell, Helen Farley, Suku Sinnappan, Shannon Kennedy-Clark, David Craven, Deborah Murdoch, Mark Jw Lee, Denise Wood, Jenny Grenfell, Angela Thomas, Kerrie Smith, Ian Warren, Heinz Dreher, Lindy Mckeown, Allan Ellis, Matthew Hillier, Steven Pace, Andrew Cram, Lyn Hay, Scott Grant, Carol Matthews

Shannon Kennedy-Clark

What are educators‟ motivations for using virtual worlds with their students? Are they using them to support the teaching of professions and if this is the case, do they introduce virtual worlds into the curriculum to develop and/or expand students' professional learning networks? Are they using virtual worlds to transform their teaching and learning? In recognition of the exciting opportunities that virtual worlds present for higher education, the DEHub Virtual Worlds Working Group was formed. It is made up of Australian university academics who are investigating the role that virtual worlds will play in the future of education and ...


Pendapat Para Netizen Tentang Twinpoker88.Com Agen Judi Poker Dan Domino Uang Asli Online Terpercaya Indonesia, Smppoker Seo May 2016

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Exploring The Relationship Between Agricultural Electricity Consumption And Output: New Evidence From Turkish Regional Data, Eyup Dogan, Maamar Sebri, Berna Turkekul May 2016

Exploring The Relationship Between Agricultural Electricity Consumption And Output: New Evidence From Turkish Regional Data, Eyup Dogan, Maamar Sebri, Berna Turkekul

Maamar Sebri

This study investigates the relationship between agricultural electricity consumption and agricultural output for a panel of 12 regions of Turkey for the period 1995–2013. In order to reveal the possible heterogeneity between regions, empirical analyses are conducted for the whole panel data and two sub-groups within the panel data; namely, coastal regions and non-coastal regions. The results from several panel unit root tests indicate that electricity consumption and output are stationary process at their levels for overall panel and the two specific groups. By using the OLS with regional fixed effects, this study finds that coefficient estimate of electricity ...


The Haitian Informal Sector In Miami, Alex Stepick May 2016

The Haitian Informal Sector In Miami, Alex Stepick

Alex Stepick

The nature of immigration policy toward Haitians in southern Florida is largely responsible for the nature of their participation in the labor market. As individuals with an ambiguous status in the United States they are forced to work for low wages on the fringes of the formal sector of the economy or in Miami's growing informal sector. Most notably an example of generative economic activity is the growth of Little Haiti in Miami and the support it provides its residents.


Josephine Sandler Nelson On Volkswagen, J.S. Nelson May 2016

Josephine Sandler Nelson On Volkswagen, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

No abstract provided.


Oclc Worldshare Management Services: New Ways Libraries Are Efficiently Managing Cataloging And E-Resources Workflows, Josh Petrusa May 2016

Oclc Worldshare Management Services: New Ways Libraries Are Efficiently Managing Cataloging And E-Resources Workflows, Josh Petrusa

Josh Petrusa

Josh Petrusa's presentation from the 2014 ALA Annual Conference, presented June 28, 2014 in Las Vegas, NV.


Gunungpoker.Com Agen Poker Online Tanpa Robot, Agen Judi Poker Online Tanpa Robot May 2016

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Fumigating The Criminal Bug: New Research On The Insulation Of Volkswagen’S Middle Management, J.S. Nelson May 2016

Fumigating The Criminal Bug: New Research On The Insulation Of Volkswagen’S Middle Management, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

New headlines each day reveal wide-spread misconduct and large-scale cheating at top international companies: Volkswagen’s emissions-defeat devices installed on over eleven million cars trace back to a manager’s PowerPoint from as early as 2006. Mitsubishi admits that it has been cheating on emissions standards for the eK and Dayz model cars for the past 25 years—even after a similar scandal almost wiped out the company 15 years ago. Takata’s US $70 million fine for covering up its exploding air bags in Honda, Ford, and other car brands could soon jump to US $200 million if a ...


The Influence Of Emotions, Attitudes And Perceptions On Learning With Technology, Meg O'Reilly May 2016

The Influence Of Emotions, Attitudes And Perceptions On Learning With Technology, Meg O'Reilly

Dr Meg O'Reilly

No abstract provided.


Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor) Apr 2016

Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor)

Paulette Rothbauer

This book is about the experience of reading—what reading feels like, how it makes people feel, how people read and under what conditions, what drives people to read, and, conversely, what halts the individual in the pursuit of the pleasures of reading. The authors consider reading in all of its richness as they explore readers’ relationships with diverse textual and digital forms. 

This edited volume is divided into three sections: Theory, Practice, and Politics. The first provides insights into ways of seeing, thinking, and conceptualizing the experience of reading. The second features a variety of individual and social practices ...