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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Development Of Christianity In Contemporary China, Chu Yi Lu Dec 2014

The Development Of Christianity In Contemporary China, Chu Yi Lu

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to study the development of Christianity in contemporary China. It adds to the limited literature that explores how Christianity has developed as the fastest growing religion in China post the Chinese Cultural Revolution. The data derive from semi-structured and focus group interviews with Chinese Christians and field observation notes collected at both official and non-official Christian churches in Beijing. I found an ambivalent attitude toward the development of Christianity across different social levels in China. At the state level, the Chinese government expects Christianity to provide a much-needed stabilizing influence in an increasingly self-centered ...


Participatory Democracy In The Chinese Cyber World: Case Studies From Weibo, Duyi Li Dec 2014

Participatory Democracy In The Chinese Cyber World: Case Studies From Weibo, Duyi Li

Master's Theses

This thesis discusses features of citizen communication on Weibo, the Chinese social media platform, and its relationship to participatory democracy in China. Weibo is a complex social space due to the interplay of different forces and social actors. On the one hand, Weibo provides the space for bottom-up political participation: it expands the horizontal discursive space where plural discourses coexist and interact; provides a social sphere where counter-discourses are created; a space where the culture of resistance is formed; and serves as an alternative source for information. On the other hand, the vertical political control of the state, and the ...


Clothing And Social Movements: The Politics Of Dressing In Colonized Tibet, Dicky Yangzom Oct 2014

Clothing And Social Movements: The Politics Of Dressing In Colonized Tibet, Dicky Yangzom

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study examines the relationship between clothing and social movements. Taking the case of Lhakar in the Tibetan Freedom Movement, it explores how Tibetans in Tibet and those in exile imagine national belonging. Second, it delineates how the multiple uses of clothing, both by the colonizing state and the colonial movement articulates its importance in serving as a symbolic boundary in nationalist identity formation. Lastly, using methods of visual analysis, the research explains how the convergence between clothing, social movements, and social media creates a non-violent transnational social movement.


Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng Sep 2014

Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng

Emily C. Hannum

Facility with a country’s dominant language, a key form of linguistic capital, has a role to play in processes of social stratification and mobility, and this role is poorly understood. We have sought, in this paper, to explore access to this form of linguistic capital, and the implications of possessing linguistic capital, for a group of young adults who have been historically disadvantaged: rural young adults in western minority areas. Three main results emerge. First, there is a great deal of variability in linguistic capital, defined as standard Mandarin facility, across provinces and ethnic groups covered in the CHES ...


Mass Media And The Localization Of Emotional Display: The Case Of China’S Next Top Model, Junhow Wei Jun 2014

Mass Media And The Localization Of Emotional Display: The Case Of China’S Next Top Model, Junhow Wei

Graduate Student Work (Sociology)

Few studies have explored the relationship between globalization and emotional expression. One prominent means through which physical forms of emotional display circulate globally is through the mass media, and specifically through the reality television format trade. Whether local people can successfully perform globally circulating forms of emotional display depends, in part, on how local audiences receive their performances. Globally circulating forms might convey meanings that conflict with local public values or media regulators’ ideologies. Audience approval is facilitated through textual framing strategies that reflect producers’ directorial and editorial choices. I describe three strategies that frame emotional displays in ways that ...


Does Being An Only Child Affect The Attitudes Of Chinese Students?, Yuwei Wei May 2014

Does Being An Only Child Affect The Attitudes Of Chinese Students?, Yuwei Wei

Senior Theses

Three decades has passed since China started implementing regulations and policies for population control. Today, the ever-famous “One-Child Policy” is starting to not only lose its popularity, but also its effectiveness in spurring economic growth. This paper will discuss the heavy social cost the last generation had to pay for the growth of economy and the slowing down of population growth, as well as the challenges in social adaptation young adults face today. As part of the literature review, this paper examines the issue of the “Upside down pyramid” and analyzes the family planning policy’s impact on China’s ...


Successful Aging In The United States And China : A Theoretical Basis To Guide Nursing Research, Practice, And Policy., Valerie Lander Mccarthy, Hong Ji, Jiying Ling May 2014

Successful Aging In The United States And China : A Theoretical Basis To Guide Nursing Research, Practice, And Policy., Valerie Lander Mccarthy, Hong Ji, Jiying Ling

Faculty Scholarship

Successful aging is an idea gaining increasing attention given the exponential growth in the older adult population. Criteria and definitions within multiple disciplines vary greatly in Western literature, with no consensus on its meaning. Moreover, sociocultural, economic and political differences between the Western view of successful aging and its use in China – with the world’s largest older adult population – add to the confusion. Similarities and differences in the meaning of successful aging in the United States and China are examined and the potential for a common definition that is useful to nursing in both countries is explored. Using the ...


China's Dialectic, Joyce Ng Miss Apr 2014

China's Dialectic, Joyce Ng Miss

Joyce Ng Miss

In contemporary times, economic development and the reconciliation of environmental protection has been of increasing concern to the sustainability of the economy. This paper attempts to discuss China’s symbiotic relationship of economic progress and the environment based on extensive literature reviews. With decades of economic pursuits and progress, a mirrored upward trend of environmental degradation ensues. This paper then extends towards China’s current ambiguous environmental governance and hopes to aid in addressing the subsequent research question, of how China can effectively strengthen its environmental governance and protection through sociological empirical methods to boost the effectiveness of their implementation ...


Middle Class, Middle Class Women And The Meaning Of Consumption In Urban China, Dorcas Chang Ping Apr 2014

Middle Class, Middle Class Women And The Meaning Of Consumption In Urban China, Dorcas Chang Ping

Dorcas Chang Ping

No abstract provided.


Two Community Collaborations With Sexual Minority Women’S Ngos In Shanghai & Hong Kong, Connie Chan, Hsin-Ching Wu Apr 2014

Two Community Collaborations With Sexual Minority Women’S Ngos In Shanghai & Hong Kong, Connie Chan, Hsin-Ching Wu

Office of Community Partnerships Posters

Based on research with sexual minority communities in the United States, Connie Chan, professor of public policy and public affairs, conducted comparative research with community groups in Hong Kong and Shanghai, China. She provided capacity building training and resources directly to the organization which provides outreach and service to sexual minority women and girls in Shanghai, China. Professor Chan also supported Queer Sisters – an NGO that provides advocacy and community outreach to sexual minority girls and women in Hong Kong – by co-creating a needs assessment survey and helping them to interview their membership in Hong Kong.

Connie Chan collaborated with ...


Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song Mar 2014

Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song

Xiaogang Wu

This paper analyzes a sample from the 2005 mini-census of Xinjiang to examine ethnic stratification in China’s labor markets, with a special focus on how ethnic earnings inequality varies by employment sector. We show that Han and Uyghur Chinese dominated different economic sectors. Excluding those in agriculture, Uyghurs were more likely to work in government or institutions than either Han locals or migrants, and also more likely to become self-employed. The Han–Uyghur earnings gap was negligible within government/public institutions, but increased with the marketization of the employment sector. It was the largest among the self-employed, followed by ...


Community Built Environment And Multilevel Social Determinants Of Obesity: Evidence From China Health And Nutrition Survey, Libin Zhang, Tim F. Liao, Laura L. Hayman Feb 2014

Community Built Environment And Multilevel Social Determinants Of Obesity: Evidence From China Health And Nutrition Survey, Libin Zhang, Tim F. Liao, Laura L. Hayman

Laura L. Hayman

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is highest in wealthy countries like the United States, but is rapidly increasing in less developed countries. From 1992 to 2002, China had an increase from 14.6% to 21.8% in overweight and obesity. Social determinants of obesity in developing countries remain poorly understood. Further, these associations may vary by community built environment (BE) of developing countries.


The Strength Of Sibling Ties: Sibling Influence On Status Attainment In A Chinese Family, Qian Forrest Zhang Feb 2014

The Strength Of Sibling Ties: Sibling Influence On Status Attainment In A Chinese Family, Qian Forrest Zhang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

What allowed eight siblings from a politically disadvantaged rural family to overcome institutional barriers and achieve upward mobility during Maoist China? What then restricted their children’s chances of upward mobility during the Reform era, when both family background and institutional environment were more favourable? In studying this anomalous case, whose experiences contradicted the well-documented effects of state policies and yet cannot be explained by parental influence, this study examines how adult siblings influenced each other’s status attainment processes, an issue largely neglected in the literature. Through comparing the micro-level mobility processes of the two generations in this family ...


Literature Review: The Religious Revival In China – Commercialism In China, Or Transnationalism And Overseas-Chinese At Work?, Joel Zhen Hong Pang Jan 2014

Literature Review: The Religious Revival In China – Commercialism In China, Or Transnationalism And Overseas-Chinese At Work?, Joel Zhen Hong Pang

Joel Zhen Hong Pang

The evolving Chinese Institution of Religion is a national phenomenon catching the attentions of many both within China and the global community, seeing it as a proxy benchmark to the relative opening of China to the world. Religion like a simmered fire, aroused by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) when it came to power in 1949, institutionalized and enshrined in the constitution of China, 5 protected and sanctioned religions came into state-religious co-appropriation where the state uses the religion and the religion uses the state People’s Republic under Mao Zedong adopted a generally hostile stance to religion, particularly during ...


Social Context And The Pathways To Happiness, Christopher D. Reece Jan 2014

Social Context And The Pathways To Happiness, Christopher D. Reece

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Quantitative studies of human happiness often assume that the determinants of happiness are universal across time and place, reflecting inherent psychological needs. This dissertation challenges this assumption, exploring the idea that the determinants of happiness vary across social contexts. Chapter one tests the hypothesis that relationship between religiosity and happiness depends upon economic conditions; chapter two examines the impact of unemployment on happiness across four countries; chapter three explores the impact of private sector employment on happiness against the backdrop of the Chinese market reforms. Taken together, the findings suggest that researchers seeking to better understand the determinants of happiness ...


The Career Narratives Of Professional Self-Initiated Expatriate Women Living And Working In Beijing, China, Melinda Jane Muir Jan 2014

The Career Narratives Of Professional Self-Initiated Expatriate Women Living And Working In Beijing, China, Melinda Jane Muir

Theses

This study concerns the career experiences of 31 western professional women living and working in Beijing, China, as self-initiated expatriates (SIEs). An interpretive narrative methodology provides the framework to better understand how this escalating global talent pool came to China, their career experiences and challenges once there, and the meaning they derive from being an SIE. The study contributes to knowledge on the career-related behaviours, expectations and outcomes of professional SIE women, especially those living and working in an emerging economy. Understanding the career experiences of SIEs in general and SIE women in particular is a critical component of organisational ...


Field Work: Constructing A New Emergency Management Organizational Field In China In The Post-Sars Era, Wee Kiat Lim Jan 2014

Field Work: Constructing A New Emergency Management Organizational Field In China In The Post-Sars Era, Wee Kiat Lim

Sociology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

My dissertation traces the genesis and growth of the Chinese emergency management organizational field over the ten-year period since the 2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak. I conducted my fieldwork in Beijing in 2012, using a multi-method approach that involved interviews, participant observation, and analysis of archival materials.

I found that governing elites and academic experts within the emerging field--what I call the "establishment"--relied upon insider cultural knowledge (e.g., myths) and party-state ideologies (e.g., communist folklore) to legitimize a new risk governance framework and create an emergency management policy domain separate from existing domains. The emergency ...


Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng Jan 2014

Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng

Asia-Pacific Education, Language Minorities and Migration (ELMM) Network Working Paper Series

Facility with a country’s dominant language, a key form of linguistic capital, has a role to play in processes of social stratification and mobility, and this role is poorly understood. We have sought, in this paper, to explore access to this form of linguistic capital, and the implications of possessing linguistic capital, for a group of young adults who have been historically disadvantaged: rural young adults in western minority areas. Three main results emerge. First, there is a great deal of variability in linguistic capital, defined as standard Mandarin facility, across provinces and ethnic groups covered in the CHES ...


The Civic Engagement Of Social Media Users In Air Quality Issues In Beijing, China, Xinlei Ke Jan 2014

The Civic Engagement Of Social Media Users In Air Quality Issues In Beijing, China, Xinlei Ke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined the level of civic engagement in environmental issues in China, especially focused on the air quality issues in Beijing. To measure the severity of air quality issues and people's environmental awareness and response, an online survey was designed and distributed through social media in 2013 summer. After the data analysis process, air pollution in Beijing was proved to be the most serious problem resulted from industrialization and modernization. Three sets of regress models were created and analyzed to test the significance of possible predictors of the frequency of engagement in general discussion/online participation/offline participation ...


The Interactions Of Ethnic Minorities In Beijing, Reza Hasmath Dec 2013

The Interactions Of Ethnic Minorities In Beijing, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

Drawing on six years of fieldwork in Beijing, this article looks at the daily interactions of ethnic minorities in local neighbourhoods and places of economic activities. Moreover, it examines ethnic minorities’ negotiations with public institutions, the Han majority and other ethnic minority groups. The article suggests that celebratory ethno-festivals and ethnic oriented restaurants that showcase minority traditions serve as a mechanism to encourage Han interactions with ethnic minority groups. However, the attendant risk in utilizing this practice is that the socio-economic struggles of many ethnic minority groups are being masked when a celebratory version of their culture and traditions are ...