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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Evolution Of Population Census Undertakings In China, 1953–2010, Xiaogang Wu, Guangye He Apr 2015

The Evolution Of Population Census Undertakings In China, 1953–2010, Xiaogang Wu, Guangye He

Xiaogang Wu

No abstract provided.


Towards A Professional Sociology On China, Xiaogang Wu Mar 2015

Towards A Professional Sociology On China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This article identifies two internal tensions that Chinese sociology has constantly encountered since the discipline was reestablished in 1979: public versus professional and indigenization versus internationalization. I argue that professionalization is a necessary and crucial step to achieving unity in the study of social changes in contemporary China and to contributing to general knowledge in the discipline of sociology.


The Growth Of Chinese Professionals: A New Middle Class In The Making, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang Jan 2015

The Growth Of Chinese Professionals: A New Middle Class In The Making, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang

Xiaogang Wu

This chapter describes the growth of professional workers in the context of the expanding higher education system and the improving economic structure in China, especially since the late 1990s. Based on the analyses of data from the census/mini-census supplemented by the 2010 Chinese General Social Survey, the chapter illustrates the demographic profiles, socioeconomic positions, and political orientations and participation of Chinese professionals and compares them with managers, as the two groups form a major part of the emerging new middle classes in China.


Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song Mar 2014

Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song

Xiaogang Wu

This paper analyzes a sample from the 2005 mini-census of Xinjiang to examine ethnic stratification in China’s labor markets, with a special focus on how ethnic earnings inequality varies by employment sector. We show that Han and Uyghur Chinese dominated different economic sectors. Excluding those in agriculture, Uyghurs were more likely to work in government or institutions than either Han locals or migrants, and also more likely to become self-employed. The Han–Uyghur earnings gap was negligible within government/public institutions, but increased with the marketization of the employment sector. It was the largest among the self-employed, followed by ...


Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu Sep 2013

Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

While work units continue to play an important role in shaping employees’ economic rewards in urban China, the way organizational affiliations affect social stratification has undergone a subtle transformation and the distinctive boundaries among work units have been redrawn. Analysis of the data from the Chinese General Social Survey (2005) shows that the boundaries exist mainly between government agencies/public institutions and enterprises: workers in the former sector enjoyed significantly higher income as well as more fringe benefits than their counterparts in the latter sector. Analyses using propensity score matching methods further identify the existence of organizational premiums (structural effect ...


New Middle Class And The Rule Of Law In China, Xiaogang Wu, Jinghua Cheng Dec 2011

New Middle Class And The Rule Of Law In China, Xiaogang Wu, Jinghua Cheng

Xiaogang Wu

This paper attempts to bring classes back into empirical analyses of access to civil and administrative justice, focusing on the linkage between the emergence of new middle class and legal development in China. We define six classes: the elite class, the old middle class, the new middle class, the self-employed getihu, the working class, and farmers, then examine class differentials in choosing legal resolutions to civil and administrative disputes, both actual and hypothetical ones. Based on the analysis of data from a national representative survey in 2005, we show that, the elite and the new middle class are more likely ...


The Household Registration System And Rural-Urban Educational Inequality In China, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2011

The Household Registration System And Rural-Urban Educational Inequality In China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This paper examines the effect of the household registration (hukou) system, based on which Chinese citizens were designated as either rural or urban status and entitled to different life chances, on educational inequality in contemporary China. Analyses of data from a national representative survey in 2005 consistently reveal a significant educational gap between people of different hukou status, even after controlling for other covariates. Furthermore, to rule out the selectivity effect of hukou assignment based on education, endogenous switching regression models are employed to demonstrate a causal impact of hukou status on educational attainment. The paper thus calls for attention ...


Three Decades Of Social Changes In China, 1978-2008, Xiaogang Wu Dec 2010

Three Decades Of Social Changes In China, 1978-2008, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

No abstract provided.


Changes In Educational Inequality In China, 1990-2005: Evidence From The Population Census Data, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang Dec 2009

Changes In Educational Inequality In China, 1990-2005: Evidence From The Population Census Data, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang

Xiaogang Wu

This paper examines the trend in school enrollment and transitions to senior high school and to college in China for selected young cohorts since the 1990s, based on the analyses of the sample data from population censuses in 1990 and 2000 and the mini-census in 2005. We pay particular attention to educational inequality based on gender and the household registration system (hukou) in the context of educational expansion. Results show a substantial increase in educational opportunities over time at all levels. In particular, women have gained relative more and gender inequality has decreased over time, and the gap in college ...


The Transformation Of The Chinese Class Structure, 1978-2005, Thung-Hong Lin, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2009

The Transformation Of The Chinese Class Structure, 1978-2005, Thung-Hong Lin, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This article investigates the transformation of the Chinese class structure and class inequality since economic reforms. Drawing from neo-Marxian class theory, we develop a Chinese class schema based on the unique socialist institutions, such as the household registration system (hukou), the work unit (danwei), and the cadre-worker distinction, which are associated with the ownership of different types of productive assets. Using data from several national representative surveys from 1988 to 2005, we show the expansion of new capitalist classes and the declines in the numbers of both peasants and state workers, and we find that the class structure has shifted ...


Family Businesses In China (1978-1996): Entry And Performance, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2006

Family Businesses In China (1978-1996): Entry And Performance, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

No abstract provided.