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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Sociology

China

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Due Distinction: Elite Student Status Hierarchies In China, Yi-Lin Chiang Jan 2017

Due Distinction: Elite Student Status Hierarchies In China, Yi-Lin Chiang

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

How do students sort each other into different status groups in school? Research primarily conducted in the United States conceptualizes student status hierarchies as multidimensional systems. Scholars portray multidimensional status systems as exclusionary, constructed by and in the best interests of high status students, and disconnected from adult society. However, these theories are less useful for understanding a unidimensional status hierarchy that determines student status based on a single dimension. This study challenges several assumptions based on multidimensional status hierarchies about status hierarchies by providing insights into how unidimensional status hierarchies are constructed, maintained, and justified. Data for this study ...


Three Essays On Marriage, Health And Social Stratification In China, Li-Chung Hu Jan 2015

Three Essays On Marriage, Health And Social Stratification In China, Li-Chung Hu

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

China has undergone remarkable socioeconomic and demographic transitions in recent decades. In the wake of these changes, a large body of research has investigated the ways that socioeconomic status shapes family formation, labor market outcomes, and health and wellbeing. While sociological research in China disproportionately focuses on socioeconomic status as an important factor in understanding family formation, labor market outcomes and health disparities, there is little attention to health as an important human capital dimension—one that might matter for labor market outcomes, and might be related to marriage. By utilizing the China Health and Nutrition Survey, a large-scale, longitudinal ...


Social Context And The Pathways To Happiness, Christopher D. Reece Jan 2014

Social Context And The Pathways To Happiness, Christopher D. Reece

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Quantitative studies of human happiness often assume that the determinants of happiness are universal across time and place, reflecting inherent psychological needs. This dissertation challenges this assumption, exploring the idea that the determinants of happiness vary across social contexts. Chapter one tests the hypothesis that relationship between religiosity and happiness depends upon economic conditions; chapter two examines the impact of unemployment on happiness across four countries; chapter three explores the impact of private sector employment on happiness against the backdrop of the Chinese market reforms. Taken together, the findings suggest that researchers seeking to better understand the determinants of happiness ...