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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effects Of The One-Child Policy On The Social Status Of Women In China, Josephine Toh Oct 2015

The Effects Of The One-Child Policy On The Social Status Of Women In China, Josephine Toh

Josephine Toh

No abstract provided.


The Evolution Of Population Census Undertakings In China, 1953–2010, Xiaogang Wu, Guangye He Apr 2015

The Evolution Of Population Census Undertakings In China, 1953–2010, Xiaogang Wu, Guangye He

Xiaogang Wu

No abstract provided.


Towards A Professional Sociology On China, Xiaogang Wu Mar 2015

Towards A Professional Sociology On China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This article identifies two internal tensions that Chinese sociology has constantly encountered since the discipline was reestablished in 1979: public versus professional and indigenization versus internationalization. I argue that professionalization is a necessary and crucial step to achieving unity in the study of social changes in contemporary China and to contributing to general knowledge in the discipline of sociology.


The Growth Of Chinese Professionals: A New Middle Class In The Making, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang Jan 2015

The Growth Of Chinese Professionals: A New Middle Class In The Making, Xiaogang Wu, Zhuoni Zhang

Xiaogang Wu

This chapter describes the growth of professional workers in the context of the expanding higher education system and the improving economic structure in China, especially since the late 1990s. Based on the analyses of data from the census/mini-census supplemented by the 2010 Chinese General Social Survey, the chapter illustrates the demographic profiles, socioeconomic positions, and political orientations and participation of Chinese professionals and compares them with managers, as the two groups form a major part of the emerging new middle classes in China.


Literature Review Of Popular Resistance In China (2015), Sean Yeo Jan 2015

Literature Review Of Popular Resistance In China (2015), Sean Yeo

Sean Yeo

No abstract provided.


Hs4008 Literature Review, Sheryl Chen Jan 2015

Hs4008 Literature Review, Sheryl Chen

Sheryl Chen

It has since been seven years since the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics. This study will examine the effects of the Global Sporting Event on China today, and will also examine the influences responsible for these effects.


China's Dialectic, Joyce Ng Miss Apr 2014

China's Dialectic, Joyce Ng Miss

Joyce Ng Miss

In contemporary times, economic development and the reconciliation of environmental protection has been of increasing concern to the sustainability of the economy. This paper attempts to discuss China’s symbiotic relationship of economic progress and the environment based on extensive literature reviews. With decades of economic pursuits and progress, a mirrored upward trend of environmental degradation ensues. This paper then extends towards China’s current ambiguous environmental governance and hopes to aid in addressing the subsequent research question, of how China can effectively strengthen its environmental governance and protection through sociological empirical methods to boost the effectiveness of their implementation ...


Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song Mar 2014

Ethnic Stratification Amid China’S Economic Transition: Evidence From The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Xiaogang Wu, Xi Song

Xiaogang Wu

This paper analyzes a sample from the 2005 mini-census of Xinjiang to examine ethnic stratification in China’s labor markets, with a special focus on how ethnic earnings inequality varies by employment sector. We show that Han and Uyghur Chinese dominated different economic sectors. Excluding those in agriculture, Uyghurs were more likely to work in government or institutions than either Han locals or migrants, and also more likely to become self-employed. The Han–Uyghur earnings gap was negligible within government/public institutions, but increased with the marketization of the employment sector. It was the largest among the self-employed, followed by ...


Literature Review: The Religious Revival In China – Commercialism In China, Or Transnationalism And Overseas-Chinese At Work?, Joel Zhen Hong Pang Jan 2014

Literature Review: The Religious Revival In China – Commercialism In China, Or Transnationalism And Overseas-Chinese At Work?, Joel Zhen Hong Pang

Joel Zhen Hong Pang

The evolving Chinese Institution of Religion is a national phenomenon catching the attentions of many both within China and the global community, seeing it as a proxy benchmark to the relative opening of China to the world. Religion like a simmered fire, aroused by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) when it came to power in 1949, institutionalized and enshrined in the constitution of China, 5 protected and sanctioned religions came into state-religious co-appropriation where the state uses the religion and the religion uses the state People’s Republic under Mao Zedong adopted a generally hostile stance to religion, particularly during ...


Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu Sep 2013

Redrawing The Boundary: Work Units And Social Stratification In Urban China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

While work units continue to play an important role in shaping employees’ economic rewards in urban China, the way organizational affiliations affect social stratification has undergone a subtle transformation and the distinctive boundaries among work units have been redrawn. Analysis of the data from the Chinese General Social Survey (2005) shows that the boundaries exist mainly between government agencies/public institutions and enterprises: workers in the former sector enjoyed significantly higher income as well as more fringe benefits than their counterparts in the latter sector. Analyses using propensity score matching methods further identify the existence of organizational premiums (structural effect ...


To The Peoples: Christianity And Ethnicity In China's Minority Areas, Francis Khek Gee Lim Jan 2013

To The Peoples: Christianity And Ethnicity In China's Minority Areas, Francis Khek Gee Lim

Francis Khek Gee Lim

No abstract provided.


The Household Registration System And Rural-Urban Educational Inequality In China, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2011

The Household Registration System And Rural-Urban Educational Inequality In China, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This paper examines the effect of the household registration (hukou) system, based on which Chinese citizens were designated as either rural or urban status and entitled to different life chances, on educational inequality in contemporary China. Analyses of data from a national representative survey in 2005 consistently reveal a significant educational gap between people of different hukou status, even after controlling for other covariates. Furthermore, to rule out the selectivity effect of hukou assignment based on education, endogenous switching regression models are employed to demonstrate a causal impact of hukou status on educational attainment. The paper thus calls for attention ...


Sankofa Flies At A Circus: Un 4th Conference On Women, Nanette Echols May 2010

Sankofa Flies At A Circus: Un 4th Conference On Women, Nanette Echols

Nanette Echols

No abstract provided.


The Transformation Of The Chinese Class Structure, 1978-2005, Thung-Hong Lin, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2009

The Transformation Of The Chinese Class Structure, 1978-2005, Thung-Hong Lin, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This article investigates the transformation of the Chinese class structure and class inequality since economic reforms. Drawing from neo-Marxian class theory, we develop a Chinese class schema based on the unique socialist institutions, such as the household registration system (hukou), the work unit (danwei), and the cadre-worker distinction, which are associated with the ownership of different types of productive assets. Using data from several national representative surveys from 1988 to 2005, we show the expansion of new capitalist classes and the declines in the numbers of both peasants and state workers, and we find that the class structure has shifted ...


Conducting Ethnography In China, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu Dec 2008

Conducting Ethnography In China, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu

Prof. SIU Leung-sea, Lucia

Conducting ethnography in modern China can be highly fruitful, yet there are special-care items that seldom appear in methodology literature. Drawn from the author’s fieldwork in China’s futures markets in 2005, the first part of this paper discusses a list of practical items that ethnographers are likely to face: field access, the organizational culture of public and quasi-public institutions, obtaining trust, the scenarios of gifts and banquets, reliability of statistical data, politically sensitive areas, and personal safety.

The second part is a reflection on standpoint issues, namely Orientalism and nationalism. Ethnographers usually face tensions that arise from their ...


Family Businesses In China (1978-1996): Entry And Performance, Xiaogang Wu Jan 2006

Family Businesses In China (1978-1996): Entry And Performance, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

No abstract provided.


Lethal Laws, David B. Kopel Jan 1995

Lethal Laws, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Book review of Lethal Laws, which examines the relationsip between gun prohibition and genocide in Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, China, Cambodia, Guatemala, Uganda, and Armenia.