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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Africa Problem Of Global Urban Theory: Re-Conceptualising Planetary Urbanisation, Garth Myers Oct 2018

The Africa Problem Of Global Urban Theory: Re-Conceptualising Planetary Urbanisation, Garth Myers

Faculty Scholarship

This paper works to address what I consider the enduring ‘Africa problem’ in global urban theory. I engage and critique selected relevant urban thought from the Globalization and World Cities research group, from Henri Lefebvre and from the new wave of urban theorisation inspired by Lefebvre’s (1970) idea of ‘complete, planetary urbanisation.’ I argue that urbanisation in Africa, largely absent from Lefebvre’s works, presents new twists that are better understood from outside a Eurocentric framework. I propose the possibilities of urban comparativism built from theories and conceptualisations that emerge from the global South and that can be utilised ...


La Crisi Dell'identità Italiana: Ricordare E Accettare Un Passato Islamico, Mathilde Sauquet Apr 2018

La Crisi Dell'identità Italiana: Ricordare E Accettare Un Passato Islamico, Mathilde Sauquet

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Globalization Redux: Can China’S Inside-Out Strategy Catalyze Economic Development Across Its Asian Borderlands And Beyond [Post-Print], Xiangming Chen Mar 2018

Globalization Redux: Can China’S Inside-Out Strategy Catalyze Economic Development Across Its Asian Borderlands And Beyond [Post-Print], Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

As the narrative of globalization in crisis heats up, China has stepped up as a new champion of globalization with its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). This article repositions ‘China in the Global South’ to the front and center of the globalization discourse. Through a triangular framework, I differentiate and reconnect the three ‘master’ processes of urbanization, development and globalization to understand the inside-outside connections between China’s domestic transformation and strong impact in the Global South. Using China vs. Southeast Asia and Central Asia, I evaluate if and how China’s inside-out strategy can catalyze mutually beneficial development across ...


Re-Centering Central Asia: China’S “New Great Game” In The Old Eurasian Heartland, Xiangming Chen, Fakhmiddin Fazilov Jan 2018

Re-Centering Central Asia: China’S “New Great Game” In The Old Eurasian Heartland, Xiangming Chen, Fakhmiddin Fazilov

Faculty Scholarship

China’s President Xi Jinping’s Central Asian tour in fall 2013 marked Beijing’s unprecedented (re)turn to Central Asia as a lynchpin of the “Silk Road Economic Belt” of the globally ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). China’s BRI positions Central Asia as the crucial nexus for the cross-regional long-distance loops of trade, investment, and infrastructure development. By revisiting the classical geopolitical theory about the original Eurasian Heartland and its contemporary offshoots, we extract some insights for understanding the new China-Central Asia transboundary regional nexus. In a double-pronged empirical analysis of China’s development strategies regarding Central ...


Globalisation Redux: Can China’S Inside-Out Strategy Catalyse Economic Development And Integration Across Its Asian Borderlands And Beyond? [Post-Print], Xiangming Chen Dec 2017

Globalisation Redux: Can China’S Inside-Out Strategy Catalyse Economic Development And Integration Across Its Asian Borderlands And Beyond? [Post-Print], Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

As the narrative of globalisation in crisis heats up, China has stepped up as a new champion of globalisation with its ‘Belt and Road Initiative’. This article repositions ‘China in the Global South’ to the front and centre of the globalisation discourse. Through a triangular framework, I differentiate and reconnect the three ‘master’ processes of urbanisation, development and globalisation to understand the inside-outside connections between China’s domestic transformation and strong impact in the Global South. Using China vs Southeast Asia and Central Asia, I document how China’s westward development has created new development opportunities for its overland neighbours ...


Demolition, Rehabilitation, And Conservation: Heritage In Shanghai’S Urban Regeneration, 1990–2015 [Post-Print], Xiaohua Zhong, Xiangming Chen Jun 2017

Demolition, Rehabilitation, And Conservation: Heritage In Shanghai’S Urban Regeneration, 1990–2015 [Post-Print], Xiaohua Zhong, Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

Urban heritage sites in central cities are most difficult to protect during rapid and large scale urban (re)development. Rising land values from property development conflict with and constrain heritage preservation. Compared with many cities in developed and developing countries, large Chinese cities have experienced a stronger redevelopment imperative, faster population growth, and a weaker concern for urban heritages over the last three decades. We use Shanghai to examine the contested evolution of heritage preservation against massive urban redevelopment through three stages from 1990 to the present. Using three heritage projects (Xintiandi, Tianzifang, Bugaoli), we focus on: 1) how each ...


Falta De Derechos Humanos Y Violencia: La Crisis Ambiental En América Latina, Vincent J. Gandolfo Iii Apr 2017

Falta De Derechos Humanos Y Violencia: La Crisis Ambiental En América Latina, Vincent J. Gandolfo Iii

Senior Theses and Projects

The purpose of this research is to identify the growing problems associated with environmental degradation in Latin America. For decades, a combination of corrupt governments and lack of environmental legislation has allowed large companies to exploit the environmental resources of many different Latin American countries. Latin America is an extremely biodiverse region of the world and environmental resources are valuable. Large companies have monopolized environmental resources for profit, which has caused protests and violence. Most these large international companies have been allowed to harvest valuable resources, pollute the environment, and leave without any consequences. Because many Latin American governments prioritize ...


“Violencia Infantil: La Experiencia De Niños Y Jóvenes Indocumentados Cruzando La Frontera Entre México Y Los Estados Unidos”, Minying Cao Apr 2017

“Violencia Infantil: La Experiencia De Niños Y Jóvenes Indocumentados Cruzando La Frontera Entre México Y Los Estados Unidos”, Minying Cao

Senior Theses and Projects

Existing academic analyses violence that Central American and particular Mexican immigrant families and/or adults face as they try to take the dangerous journey of crossing the border between Mexico and the United States in search for a better life. However, academic analysis of violence on children crossing the border is often overlooked. As a result, this research examines 1) why children and families with children from Mexico and Central America; in particular from El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala decide to take the dangerous journey to the United States and 2) how child violence appears in the border of Mexico and ...


Rwanda: Development Towards Authoritarianism?, Chinmay Rayarikar Apr 2017

Rwanda: Development Towards Authoritarianism?, Chinmay Rayarikar

Senior Theses and Projects

Since the culmination of the Genocide of 1994, Rwanda has become one of the fastest growing economies in the world, while also showing great improvements on human development indicators. This has made Rwanda a brilliant example of post-conflict reconstruction. At the same time, the nation-state has been led by a single party government that works under a framework of a nominal multi-party democracy. While a large part of Rwanda’s post-conflict development has been made possible by the government in power, this paper argues that Rwanda is developing towards a completely authoritarian state structure. Development is concentrated in very few ...


Becoming A Shanghailander: A Foreign City On Chinese Soil, Bingjie Xie Jan 2017

Becoming A Shanghailander: A Foreign City On Chinese Soil, Bingjie Xie

The Trinity Papers (2011 - present)

No abstract provided.


On Ai Weiwei’S “Remembrance”, Xinbei Lin Jan 2017

On Ai Weiwei’S “Remembrance”, Xinbei Lin

The First-Year Papers (2010 - present)

No abstract provided.


China’S Emerging Silicon Valley: How And Why Has Shenzhen Become A Global Innovation Centre, Xiangming Chen, Taylor Lynch Ogan Jan 2017

China’S Emerging Silicon Valley: How And Why Has Shenzhen Become A Global Innovation Centre, Xiangming Chen, Taylor Lynch Ogan

Faculty Scholarship

Shenzhen is China’s very own Silicon Valley. Find out how it has become innovative by tracing its rapid growth and strategic transition; what are the four of its most innovative companies, and what are the key factors that make it an innovative ecosystem in which companies have thrived.


Demolition, Rehabilitation, And Conservation: Heritage In Shanghai’S Urban Regeneration, 1990–2015 [Post-Print], Xiaohua Zhong, Xiangming Chen Dec 2016

Demolition, Rehabilitation, And Conservation: Heritage In Shanghai’S Urban Regeneration, 1990–2015 [Post-Print], Xiaohua Zhong, Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

Urban heritage sites in central cities are most difficult to protect during rapid and large scale urban (re)development. Rising land values from property development conflict with and constrain heritage preservation. Compared with many cities in developed and developing countries, large Chinese cities have experienced a stronger redevelopment imperative, faster population growth, and a weaker concern for urban heritages over the last three decades. We use Shanghai to examine the contested evolution of heritage preservation against massive urban redevelopment through three stages from 1990 to the present. Using three heritage projects (Xintiandi, Tianzifang, Bugaoli), we focus on: 1) how each ...


Is China Building Africa?, Zhengli Huang, Xiangming Chen Jul 2016

Is China Building Africa?, Zhengli Huang, Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, the authors address the question “Is China Building Africa?” by examining the true nature of China’s infrastructure development projects in Africa, and how the different players involved interact with each other.


Structural Failure: Identifying Sites Of Resistance In The Partnership Between Israel And Heidelbergcement, Jake Villarreal Apr 2016

Structural Failure: Identifying Sites Of Resistance In The Partnership Between Israel And Heidelbergcement, Jake Villarreal

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis explores the relationship between building materials corporations, specifically HeidelbergCement, and the state of Israel. The cooperation between capitalist corporations and a settler-colonial state is analyzed not just as a symbiotic relationship, but also as a site where the paradoxes and flawed logic of the occupation of Palestine can be exposed. The second half of the paper focuses on how organizations and individuals have used legal challenges to HeidelbergCement and Israel as mechanisms for social change beyond impact litigation alone.


Corruption And Economic Growth In The Middle East And North Africa, Nour Chamseddine Apr 2016

Corruption And Economic Growth In The Middle East And North Africa, Nour Chamseddine

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, Isabel Monteleone Apr 2016

United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, Isabel Monteleone

Senior Theses and Projects

Intra-EU migration is a phenomenon innate to the structure of the European Union. A politico-economic union of twenty-eight countries, the EU does what no other alliance of countries has endeavored before, serving as a unique product of globalization and integration, in every sense of the word. Bound almost entirely by a common currency, the European Union is established in the belief that economic cooperation in Europe can be achieved through the principle of free movement, despite each member states’ individual way of life, language, and political, religious, and cultural ideology.

Since intra-EU migration allows for the possibility of EU integration ...


Of Maps, Margins And Storylines: Sociologically Imagining Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's "The Thing Around Your Neck" And "Americanah", Omolara F. Abiona Apr 2016

Of Maps, Margins And Storylines: Sociologically Imagining Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's "The Thing Around Your Neck" And "Americanah", Omolara F. Abiona

Senior Theses and Projects

This undergraduate senior thesis investigates how Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie conveys the sociological imagination through the fictional characters and plots in Americanah and The Thing Around Your Neck. By conducting an ethnographic content analysis of these books, I investigate the interplay between history and biography, as presented in C. Wright Mills' The Sociological Imagination. The two principal aims of the research are: 1) to explore the historical, structural implications of the current Nigerian diaspora and 2) to illuminate the biographies of contemporary Nigerian women through an intersectional feminist analysis. The theoretical framework is a hybrid of cultural sociology (Griswold ...


When Elephants Fight, The Grass Gets Trampled, Paroma Soni Jan 2016

When Elephants Fight, The Grass Gets Trampled, Paroma Soni

The Trinity Papers (2011 - present)

No abstract provided.


Violence In Colombian And Cambodian Film: Truth, Past, And Memory, Alexander D. Hermsen Apr 2015

Violence In Colombian And Cambodian Film: Truth, Past, And Memory, Alexander D. Hermsen

Senior Theses and Projects

Documentaries and feature films are cinematic vehicles of visual art that are often symbolic representations of the social, political and cultural world in which they emerge. This thesis focuses on the analysis of violence that leads to genocide both in the case of the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia between 1975 and 1979 and the Colombian armed conflict between 1948 and 1957 through film. It explores the role of film and cinematic imagery in the formation of memories, reflections, interpretations and the dissemination of ideas. Through an analysis of a wide variety of viewpoints in documentaries and feature films, I ...


A Spot Under The Baobab Tree: The Gender Parity Law And The Fight For Women's Political Representation In Modern Senegal, Salima Etoka Apr 2015

A Spot Under The Baobab Tree: The Gender Parity Law And The Fight For Women's Political Representation In Modern Senegal, Salima Etoka

Senior Theses and Projects

The discourse on women and development stems from a long history of the international community’s commitment to advancing women’s rights. Since the early 1970s, the UN has taken different approaches to address gender inequality. This thesis explores this discourse and the Millennium Development Goals to address the situation of women in Senegal. I first argue that in spite of Senegal’s accomplishments in meeting different targets, women are still marginalized. In 2010, Senegal passed a gender parity law to increase the number of women within the government. Through fieldwork in Dakar, this study seeks to understand the mobilization ...


A City In The Making: An Analysis Of The Built Environment, Lived Experiences And Perceptions Of Pikine, Senegal, Salima Etoka Apr 2015

A City In The Making: An Analysis Of The Built Environment, Lived Experiences And Perceptions Of Pikine, Senegal, Salima Etoka

Senior Theses and Projects

The Dakar Metropolitan area is a vast area containing the capital city of Senegal, Dakar and the four departments or administrative zones of Dakar, Pikine, Guédiawaye and Rufisque. Dakar is the economic, cultural and political center of the country. Its location and opportunities draws migrants every year from the rural areas. Finding a high cost of living, migrants settle into the suburbs while adding pressure to a system already facing rapid urbanization and failing infrastructure. Through a mixed method analysis of primary data composed of questionnaires, interviews and observations, this case study of Pikine seeks to understand the built environment ...


Desde La Tauromaquia A Los Castillos Humanos: Formas De Representar La Identidad Cultural En Cataluña, Jackson Brewer Apr 2015

Desde La Tauromaquia A Los Castillos Humanos: Formas De Representar La Identidad Cultural En Cataluña, Jackson Brewer

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


China And Europe: Reconnecting Across A New Silk Road, Xiangming Chen, Julia Mardeusz Feb 2015

China And Europe: Reconnecting Across A New Silk Road, Xiangming Chen, Julia Mardeusz

Faculty Scholarship

Since 2013, economic and trade relations between China and Europe have grown significantly. In this article, the authors look beyond conventional economic indicators, like trade, and political issues, like human rights, instead focusing on transport infrastructure, real estate and tourism to show that a new page is unfolding in the history of China-Europe relations.


The Politics Of Place In The Works Of Ibn Taymīyah And Ibn Faḍl Allāh Al-ʿUmarī, Zayde Antrim Jan 2015

The Politics Of Place In The Works Of Ibn Taymīyah And Ibn Faḍl Allāh Al-ʿUmarī, Zayde Antrim

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Conditional Cycle, James Wylie Deitch Sep 2014

A Conditional Cycle, James Wylie Deitch

The First-Year Papers (2010 - present)

No abstract provided.


Why Is A Free And Competitive Land Market Indispensable For Resolving The Three Agrarian Issues Through Endogenous Urbanization?, Guanzhong James Wen Jul 2014

Why Is A Free And Competitive Land Market Indispensable For Resolving The Three Agrarian Issues Through Endogenous Urbanization?, Guanzhong James Wen

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Different Global Power? Understanding China’S Role In The Developing World, Xiangming Chen, Ivan Su Jun 2014

A Different Global Power? Understanding China’S Role In The Developing World, Xiangming Chen, Ivan Su

Faculty Scholarship

China is now the largest trading nation in the world, with strong ties to Africa, Latin and America and the Middle East. This once impoverished and isolated nation has lifted several hundred millions of its own people out of poverty and is now reshaping the developing world. This article looks at China’s involvement in four developing regions to assess China’s influence as a rising global power.


Vanguards No Longer: Challenges To Al Qaeda Leadership Of The Jihadist Community, Byron J. Doerfer Apr 2014

Vanguards No Longer: Challenges To Al Qaeda Leadership Of The Jihadist Community, Byron J. Doerfer

Senior Theses and Projects

2014 marks the first time that al Qaeda’s supremacy in the Jihadist community has been challenged. al Qaeda’s former franchise in Iraq, now called the “Islamic State,” has declared the organization responsible for 9/11 “Tyrants” and “Apostates.” The Islamic State has begun openly attacking al Qaeda’s official franchise in Syria, Jabhat al Nusra. These events are a consequence of the strategy of franchising that al Qaeda undertook following 9/11. The root of the issue between al Qaeda and its former Iraqi franchise is over a difference over the importance placed on popular support as a ...


China And South Asia: Contention And Cooperation Between Giant Neighbours, Xiangming Chen, Pallavi Banerjee, Gaurav I. Toor, Ned Downie Apr 2014

China And South Asia: Contention And Cooperation Between Giant Neighbours, Xiangming Chen, Pallavi Banerjee, Gaurav I. Toor, Ned Downie

Faculty Scholarship

Are China and India allies or enemies in the South Asian economy? Well, it seems they are both; working together in healthy and profitable partnerships while maintaining armies in the contested China-India borders. This article explains the paradoxical nature of the China-India relationship and its impact and implications for the smaller countries in South Asia and neighboring Southeast Asia.