Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business

2006

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 650

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Promoting Investments In Intangible Organizational Assets Through Aligned Incentive Compensation Plans, Susan Hughes, Craig Caldwell, Kathy Paulson Gjerde Apr 2010

Promoting Investments In Intangible Organizational Assets Through Aligned Incentive Compensation Plans, Susan Hughes, Craig Caldwell, Kathy Paulson Gjerde

Craig B. Caldwell

Strategic business unit managers are often evaluated based upon return on investment targets--targets that reward lower expenses and lower investments. This focus, however, may be at odds with the strategic objectives of the larger organization that require investment in organizational assets, generally large-scale intangible assets that form the basis for achieving the organization's strategic goals. Investments in these intangible assets have the potential to reduce profits in the short term but enhance profits in the long term. To encourage investment in organizational assets, organizations must align their compensation schemes with their long-term objectives. We examine the experiences of the ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

• Don’t Trash Nevada roll-out event held on October 12, 2006.

• Program website launched.

• 74 people have taken the on-line anti-litter and dumping pledge.

• Public-private partnership with Republic Services of Southern Nevada generated $11,917.97 in donations to Don’t Trash Nevada.

• Conducted 3 volunteer and 1 alternative workforce clean-ups this quarter.

• Fulfilled deliverable of 12 clean-ups for 2006 (9 volunteer / 3 alternative workforce).

• 16 volunteer clean-ups scheduled for 2007. • Two tons of agency-generated paper recycled this quarter, saving 14,000 gallons of water, 34 trees, and almost 8 cubic yards of landfill space.

• Phase I judicial analysis draft ...


Business As A Mission; Business As A Calling (Long Version), C. William Pollard Dec 2006

Business As A Mission; Business As A Calling (Long Version), C. William Pollard

C. William Pollard Papers

Speaking at InterVarsity's Open for Business Conference in St. Louis, MO, Pollard describes vocation as fulfilling whatever call God has placed on our lives. By drawing upon his own story as a Christian businessman, he shows how such a fulfillment requires the implementation of servant leadership.


Business As A Mission; Business As A Calling (Short Version), C. William Pollard Dec 2006

Business As A Mission; Business As A Calling (Short Version), C. William Pollard

C. William Pollard Papers

Speaking at InterVarsity's Open for Business Conference in St. Louis, MO, Pollard describes vocation as fulfilling whatever call God has placed on our lives. By drawing upon his own story as a Christian businessman, he shows how such a fulfillment requires the implementation of servant leadership.


Taxes And Competitiveness, Michael S. Knoll Dec 2006

Taxes And Competitiveness, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Around the world, the tax laws are shaped by concerns with competitiveness. This paper provides a general theory of how taxes impact competitiveness. As part of that theory, this paper also introduces the concept of tax-based competitiveness neutrality. A tax system is competitively neutral when taxes do not cause competitors to change their relative valuations of any investments. This paper then uses that theory to evaluate tax policy in two high profile and important areas. The paper begins by describing two models of competitiveness, called the conduit or new money model and the investor or old money model. The central ...


Innovation Lock-In: Unlocking Research And Development Path Dependency In The Australian Wine Industry, D. K. Aylward Dec 2006

Innovation Lock-In: Unlocking Research And Development Path Dependency In The Australian Wine Industry, D. K. Aylward

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Innovation within the Australian wine industry is at a crossroads. More specifically, under the influence of fundamental paradigm shifts, the objectives, extension and uptake of R&D within the industry’s current innovation framework are being subjected to rather schizophrenic forces. At one level, industry organizations are directing the R&D agenda from within a national, ‘Brand Australia’ context. At another level, the firms that are being serviced by these organizations are demanding region-specific R&D extension in response to global pressure for differentiation and products at higher price-points. This paper will explore these contradictory forces and the degree to ...


Sna As An Attractor In Emergent Networks Of Research Groups, Helen M. Hasan, Hamid Pousti Dec 2006

Sna As An Attractor In Emergent Networks Of Research Groups, Helen M. Hasan, Hamid Pousti

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

While many progressive enterprises are becoming more network-centric, many research-oriented organisations retain a traditional hierarchy with an ego-centric culture. Paradoxically, network-centrism is associated with technology, innovation and creativity, the hallmarks of cutting-edge research. Using concepts of emergence from complexity theory, this study takes a developmental, action research approach to the application of social network analysis in legitimising a network of research groups in a traditionally managed institution. The results indicate that an emergent network is as valid an organisational structure as an imposed hierarchy for research management. The study also demonstrates the use of social network analysis and similar technological ...


Design As Research: Emergent Complex Activity, Helen M. Hasan Dec 2006

Design As Research: Emergent Complex Activity, Helen M. Hasan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There is current interest in design science as a research method in the field of Information Systems. This paper explores this proposition by incorporating established theories into the design research process. These include a view of information systems as essentially socio-technical, notions of tool mediation and expansive learning from Activity Theory and the concept of emergence from Complexity Theory where good design outcomes come from non-deterministic and organic processes. A case of innovative collaborative systems development illustrates how this view of design science may be of value.


Go*Team: A New Approach To Developing A Knowledge Sharing Culture, L. Warne, Helen M. Hasan, D. Hart Dec 2006

Go*Team: A New Approach To Developing A Knowledge Sharing Culture, L. Warne, Helen M. Hasan, D. Hart

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In the ideal organisational environment, the voluntary transfer of information and knowledge would be the norm, and this understanding would underpin ongoing collective sense-making, leading to appropriate and creative actions for organizational outcomes. Workplaces are full of learning opportunities and in work life, socially based learning is occurring all the time. This paper describes Go*Team, a micro world simulation, for helping enculture the importance of collaborative processes that are at the heart of a knowledge sharing culture. The design of Go*Team and ways of playing the game are discussed, as are ways that Go*Team can be applied ...


Leadership Learning: Building On Grounded Theory To Explore The Role Of Critical Reflection In Leadership Learning, George K. Kriflik, Lynda S. Kriflik Dec 2006

Leadership Learning: Building On Grounded Theory To Explore The Role Of Critical Reflection In Leadership Learning, George K. Kriflik, Lynda S. Kriflik

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A study of eight senior managers from different organisations has combined Critical Theory and Grounded Theory approaches. This study builds on the findings of a previous substantive study (Kriflik 2002) which identified the most successful leadership strategies, as perceived by participants. The most successful strategies are those in which leaders focussed on their own behaviours, attitudes and actions. Building on these findings this study explores leadership competencies and the mechanisms which enhance, or enable, leaders’ ability to learn such competencies. Interviews were conducted and transcribed, then analysed, and became the basis for the choice of subsequent participants. The study identified ...


The User-Friendliness Of Alternative Answer Formats, Sara Dolnicar, Bettina Grun Dec 2006

The User-Friendliness Of Alternative Answer Formats, Sara Dolnicar, Bettina Grun

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Despite the increasing resistance of consumers to participate in market research and the vast amount of literature on the methodological superiority of certain answer formats over others, the issue of user-friendliness of different answer formats has not been investigated extensively in the past. We contribute to this area of research by investigating respondents’ preferences for one of five answer formats. The preference is not measured hypothetically, respondents are invited to choose their preferred format and complete the questionnaire in the respective version. Results indicate that ordinal (polytomous and dichotomous) scales are the respondents’ favourite choices. These favourite answer formats are ...


Answer Format Suitability - The Interdependence Of Answer Format And Construct Measured, Sara Dolnicar, Bettina Grun Dec 2006

Answer Format Suitability - The Interdependence Of Answer Format And Construct Measured, Sara Dolnicar, Bettina Grun

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The vast majority of surveys use ordinal answer formats independently of the construct under study. We hypothesise that the ordinal scale is not optimal under all circumstances, but that the suitability of answer formats depends on the construct measured. A repeat measurement study is conducted using binary and ordinal answer formats measuring two different constructs: attitudes and behavioural intentions. A clear interaction effect between answer formats and constructs is revealed, supporting the notion that there is not a single optimal answer format, but that some constructs are naturally more suitable for certain answer formats than others. These findings call for ...


Exploratory And Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Perceived Switching Costs Model In The Business Services Sector, Venkata K. Yanamandram, L. White Dec 2006

Exploratory And Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Perceived Switching Costs Model In The Business Services Sector, Venkata K. Yanamandram, L. White

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Switching costs has been recognised as a primary reason why dissatisfied customers stay with their suppliers. While a validated multidimensional scale of switching costs exists in a business-to-consumer context, there has been little empirical research effort devoted to operationalising different types of switching costs in business service relationships. This research strives to develop a model taking into consideration the various types of switching costs. Data was collected online from 453 Australian businesses using a key informant approach. While the initial Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) failed to produce the hypothesised six-factor model, a re-run of EFA identified a five-factor model, with ...


Macroeconomic Aspects Of Substance Abuse: Diffusion, Productivity And Optimal Control, Amnon Levy, Frank Neri, D. Grass Dec 2006

Macroeconomic Aspects Of Substance Abuse: Diffusion, Productivity And Optimal Control, Amnon Levy, Frank Neri, D. Grass

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper deals with macroeconomic aspects of widespread substance abuse with a reference to illicit drugs as an example. Substance abuse impedes the productivity of the labor force and reduces economic growth. Workers are either nonusers and therefore fully productive, a number of whom are employed by the government in drug-control activities, or users who are only partially productive. Efficient management of the nation’s portfolio of workers involves eradicating drug use when initial user numbers are lower than a critical level, but allows user numbers to rise to, and be accommodated at, a stationary level when initial user numbers ...


Consumer Information Privacy: A Building Block For Marketing Leadership, Sara Dolnicar, Yolanda Jordaan Dec 2006

Consumer Information Privacy: A Building Block For Marketing Leadership, Sara Dolnicar, Yolanda Jordaan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Increasingly, violations of consumers’ personal information are altering the way consumers feel about divulging their personal information to organisations. It is proposed that by identifying which consumers react in which ways to different uses of their personal information, distinct market segments could be constructed. Such segments could offer businesses an opportunity to act responsibly by discriminating their information use in dependence of the segment needs, creating opportunities for competitive advantage and market leadership. This paper provides a brief overview on information privacy, marketing relationships and market leadership; and empirically explores general and personal privacy concerns and behaviour segments in terms ...


Customers’ Sensitivity To Different Measures Of Corporate Social Responsibility In The Australian Banking Sector, Alan Pomering, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2006

Customers’ Sensitivity To Different Measures Of Corporate Social Responsibility In The Australian Banking Sector, Alan Pomering, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has received considerable research attention over the past several decades, including a growing body of work examining consumer responses to firms’ socially-responsible initiatives. Much of this has been of an experimental design, with CSR narrowly focused on one or two dimensions of consumer goods. Findings from these studies suggest consumers will respond positively to firms’ CSR initiatives. Prior studies do not, however, provide any indications how sensitive consumers are to a range of different kinds of CSR activities. Furthermore, no studies have so far been undertaken in the context of fairly standardized services which are offered ...


Holding Charities Accountable: Some Thoughts From An Ex-Regulator, Catharine P. Wells Dec 2006

Holding Charities Accountable: Some Thoughts From An Ex-Regulator, Catharine P. Wells

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This paper recounts a number of lessons learned in the course of serving as the Director of Public Charities for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. It incorporates these lessons into a discussion of the proper analysis of charitable organizations. Should charities be analogized to for-profit firms or are they something that is essentially different? The paper argues that they lack many of the attributes of Coasian firms and that they should be considered as “consumption groups” that have different methods of accountability.


The Arms Race In College Football, Richard C. Crepeau Dec 2006

The Arms Race In College Football, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

Watching the BCS crash and burn again this year brings to mind a number of developments in intercollegiate athletics that have been accumulating in my memory for the past month or so. Before turning to those less significant topics-as who is number one is always the most important question in intercollegiate athletics-I would like to offer a modest proposal to solve the BCS Championship Game quandary. Given the Ohio State dominance and perfect record, and given the fact that they have already hammered Michigan, the Buckeyes should be awarded the BCS championship outright. No one is close to their level ...


An Overview Of The Near-Death Experience Phenomenon, David San Filippo Ph.D. Dec 2006

An Overview Of The Near-Death Experience Phenomenon, David San Filippo Ph.D.

Faculty Publications

Near-death experiences appear to be universal phenomena that have been reported for centuries. A near-death encounter is defined as an event in which the individual could very easily die or be killed, or may have already been considered clinically dead, but nonetheless survives, and continue his or her physical life. Reports of near-death experiences date back to the Ice Age. There are cave paintings, in France and Spain that depict possible after life scenes that are similar to reported scenes related to near-death experiences. Plato's Republic presents the story of a near-death experience of a Greek soldier named Er ...


An Overview Of The Near-Death Experience Phenomenon, David San Filippo Ph.D. Dec 2006

An Overview Of The Near-Death Experience Phenomenon, David San Filippo Ph.D.

David San Filippo Ph.D.

Near-death experiences appear to be universal phenomena that have been reported for centuries. A near-death encounter is defined as an event in which the individual could very easily die or be killed, or may have already been considered clinically dead, but nonetheless survives, and continue his or her physical life. Reports of near-death experiences date back to the Ice Age. There are cave paintings, in France and Spain that depict possible after life scenes that are similar to reported scenes related to near-death experiences. Plato's Republic presents the story of a near-death experience of a Greek soldier named Er ...


Nonmarket Performance: Evidence From U.S. Electric Utilities, Jean-Philippe Bonardi, Guy Holburn, Rick Vanden Bergh Dec 2006

Nonmarket Performance: Evidence From U.S. Electric Utilities, Jean-Philippe Bonardi, Guy Holburn, Rick Vanden Bergh

Jean-Philippe Bonardi

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of The Colombian Firm Energy Market, Peter Cramton, Steven Stoft Dec 2006

Simulation Of The Colombian Firm Energy Market, Peter Cramton, Steven Stoft

Peter Cramton

We present a simulation analysis of the proposed Colombian firm energy market. The main purpose of the simulation is to assess the risk to suppliers of participation in the market. We also are able to consider variations in the market design, and assess the impact of alternative auction parameters. Three simulation models are developed and analyzed. The first model (Model 1) uses historical price data from October 1995 through May 2006 to assess the performance risk of hypothetical thermal and hydro generating units. The second model (Model 2) uses historical price and operating data to assess performance risk of the ...


Organizing To Strategize In The Face Of Interactions: Preventing Premature Lock-In, Jan W. Rivkin, Nicolaj Siggelkow Dec 2006

Organizing To Strategize In The Face Of Interactions: Preventing Premature Lock-In, Jan W. Rivkin, Nicolaj Siggelkow

Management Papers

Motivated by real examples that run contrary to conventional wisdom, we examine how firms organize themselves to strategize well. Interactions among decisions make strategizing difficult. They raise the spectre that a firm's strategizing efforts will get stuck in a web of conflicting constraints prematurely, before managers explore a wide enough range of possibilities. A key role of organizing is to free strategizing efforts and encourage broad search. At the same time, organizing must ensure that strategizing efforts are stabilized once the firm discovers an effective set of choices. The need to balance search and stability, we argue, is a ...


Leading With Timeless Values In Turbulent Times (Oak Brook, Il), C. William Pollard Dec 2006

Leading With Timeless Values In Turbulent Times (Oak Brook, Il), C. William Pollard

C. William Pollard Papers

In this speech at the Executives Breakfast Club of Oak Brook, IL, Pollard asks whether businesses can uphold "timeless values" in a pluralistic society. He goes on to contend that they can if only managers see themselves as being moral as well as corporate leaders.


Modelling Residential Water Demand In Queensland, Australia: A Comparative Analysis Of Pricing Structures And Estimation Techniques, A. C. Worthington, H. Higgs, M. Hoffmann Dec 2006

Modelling Residential Water Demand In Queensland, Australia: A Comparative Analysis Of Pricing Structures And Estimation Techniques, A. C. Worthington, H. Higgs, M. Hoffmann

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper uses monthly data from eleven local governments to model residential water demand in Queensland, Australia from 1994 to 2004. In the sample, residential consumption is charged using a variety of structures including fixed charges without allowance, fixed charges with allowance and excess rates, two-part tariffs comprising an access charge and a flat consumption rate and multi-part tariffs with an access charge and two or more limits with increasing consumption rates. Water demand is specified as average monthly household water consumption and the demand characteristics include the marginal and average price of water and daily average maximum temperatures and ...


A State Of The Art Review Of Residential Water Demand Modelling, A. C. Worthington, M. Hoffmann Dec 2006

A State Of The Art Review Of Residential Water Demand Modelling, A. C. Worthington, M. Hoffmann

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The increased reliance on demand-side management policies as an urban water consumption management tool has stimulated considerable debate among economists, water utility managers, regulators, consumer interest groups and policymakers. In turn, this has fostered an increasing volume of literature aimed at providing best-practice estimates of price and income elasticities, quantifying the impact of non-price water restrictions and gauging the impact of nondiscretionary environmental factors affecting residential water demand. This paper provides a synoptic survey of empirical residential water demand analyses conducted in the last twenty-five years. Both model specification and estimation and the outcomes of the analyses are discussed.


Dolorous Songs And Blessing Of The Curses: Corporate Governance In Australia, Jane Andrew, K. Cooper, K. Islam Dec 2006

Dolorous Songs And Blessing Of The Curses: Corporate Governance In Australia, Jane Andrew, K. Cooper, K. Islam

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The spate of corporate collapses that have plagues the business community in the last few years has had both positive and negative impacts. These have implicated accounting in the scandals and the commonality in the nature of collapses has bought in a number of blessings by triggering global consciousness and consensus to root out the problems. We argue that regulatory changes, the emergence of corporate governance codes, mandatory compliance with accounting standards for greater transparency and the emergence of a new accounting order would not have been possible without such spectacular failures.


The Globalization Of Accounting Standards: The Case Of The United Arab Emirates, H. J. Irvine, N. Lucas Dec 2006

The Globalization Of Accounting Standards: The Case Of The United Arab Emirates, H. J. Irvine, N. Lucas

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a manifestation of globalization, with financial reports prepared under IFRS presenting an image consistent with that of multinational corporations and developed countries. Developing countries and emerging economies, in pursuing the global economic benefits offered by the adoption of IFRS, face challenges in adapting their regulatory infrastructure and culture to western-oriented accounting standards. Based on data gathered primarily from archival sources, this paper suggests that the UAE, in embracing globalization and adopting IFRS, will need to develop appropriate regulatory systems to overcome cultural issues relating to secrecy and fraud.


A Foucauldian Approach To Founder’S Influence In A Non-Profit Organization, A. Abraham, Hemant Deo Dec 2006

A Foucauldian Approach To Founder’S Influence In A Non-Profit Organization, A. Abraham, Hemant Deo

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Founder’s influence has been largely understudied in non-profit organizations (NPOs) both in terms of research and the organization itself (Ogbonna and Harris, 2001, Stevens, 2003). From, a historical perspective, the work of Foucault provides a lens for viewing such organizations in that it creates a pathway for understanding their development. In this paper, the Foucauldian framework incorporates the concepts of archaeological and genealogical underpinnings within a power and knowledge framework to explain the formation of one NPO, the Australian Girl Guides and the influence of its architect and founder Robert Baden-Powell.


Costing Schizophrenia, Ciorstan J. Smark Dec 2006

Costing Schizophrenia, Ciorstan J. Smark

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This article looks at a particular subset of mental illness in Australia: schizophrenia, and reflects on how the direct costs that fall within the parametres of the health budget are privileged (inscribed), compared to how indirect costs that fall outside this boundary fail to be inscribed appropriately. This article concludes that, from a social accounting point of view, this boundary is arbitrary and an example of poor accounting.