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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Looking Past, Looking Forward: America's National Parks, Archaeology And Climate Change, Rachel Marie Blumhardt Jan 2019

Looking Past, Looking Forward: America's National Parks, Archaeology And Climate Change, Rachel Marie Blumhardt

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

America’s National Parks are rich with cultural history, flora, fauna and some of nature’s most impressive landscapes. As climate change continues to accelerate, these parks and their cultural and natural resources are being threatened. In this project, I will present a colorful, informational booklet that concentrates on 4 specific parks: Yellowstone National Park, National Park of American Samoa, Glacier Bay National Park and Mesa Verde National Park. I will focus on the archaeology and cultural significance of these parks, while also examining the ways that climate change is putting these, and other associated assets of the parks, at ...


Humans Thrived In South Africa Through The Toba Eruption About 74,000 Years Ago, Eugene I. Smith, Zenobia Jacobs, Racheal Johnsen, Minghua Ren, Erich C. Fisher, Simen Oestmo, Jayne Wilkins, Jacob A. Harris, Panagiotis Karkanas, Shelby Fitch, Amber Ciravolo, Deborah Keenan, Naomi Cleghorn, Christine S. Lane, Thalassa Matthews, Curtis W. Marean Mar 2018

Humans Thrived In South Africa Through The Toba Eruption About 74,000 Years Ago, Eugene I. Smith, Zenobia Jacobs, Racheal Johnsen, Minghua Ren, Erich C. Fisher, Simen Oestmo, Jayne Wilkins, Jacob A. Harris, Panagiotis Karkanas, Shelby Fitch, Amber Ciravolo, Deborah Keenan, Naomi Cleghorn, Christine S. Lane, Thalassa Matthews, Curtis W. Marean

Geoscience Faculty Publications

Approximately 74 thousand years ago (ka), the Toba caldera erupted in Sumatra. Since the magnitude of this eruption was first established, its effects on climate, environment and humans have been debated1. Here we describe the discovery of microscopic glass shards characteristic of the Youngest Toba Tuff—ashfall from the Toba eruption—in two archaeological sites on the south coast of South Africa, a region in which there is evidence for early human behavioural complexity. An independently derived dating model supports a date of approximately 74 ka for the sediments containing the Youngest Toba Tuff glass shards. By defining the input ...


Tracing Treasure Troves And Traditions, C. L. Weida, C. Bradbury Jan 2018

Tracing Treasure Troves And Traditions, C. L. Weida, C. Bradbury

Ruth S. Ammon School of Education Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Deviating From The Standard: The Relationship Between Archaeology And Public Education, Rhianna M. Bennett Jan 2018

Deviating From The Standard: The Relationship Between Archaeology And Public Education, Rhianna M. Bennett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies of the public perception of archaeology shows that while it is a popular and valued discipline, it is still greatly misunderstood. Over the last few decades, archaeologists have sought new and innovative ways to establish archaeological literacy, promote community engagement, and conduct outreach, with the K-12 classroom being one such avenue of focus. Archaeology’s mysterious and exciting reputation among the general public, along with its interdisciplinary applicability, allows educators to draw interest in students and teach a variety of lessons through the lens of archaeology. This thesis outlines survey results of educators and archaeologists on their method ...


A Pilot Study For Examining Population Movement During The Peri-Medieval Climatic Anomaly In The Nebraska Sand Hills, Nora C. Greiman May 2016

A Pilot Study For Examining Population Movement During The Peri-Medieval Climatic Anomaly In The Nebraska Sand Hills, Nora C. Greiman

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

The Sand Hills of Nebraska comprise a dynamic environment of sand dunes that has changed much over the millennia since their formation. Periods of dune reactivation have occurred throughout history, including one such period at approximately A.D. 900-1300 associated with the Medieval Climatic Anomaly (MCA). Much is known about the geologic activity during this period but little is known about how human populations responded to changing environments. I examine the chronology of three sites occupied during the peri-MCA and the change or stasis in population movements via chemical characterization of ceramic artifacts. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating was performed ...


Meeting Halfway: Collaborative Public Outreach And Lithic Material Sourcing In The High Plains Of Nebraska, Luke R. Hittner Apr 2016

Meeting Halfway: Collaborative Public Outreach And Lithic Material Sourcing In The High Plains Of Nebraska, Luke R. Hittner

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

This master’s thesis is comprised of one technical paper and two public archaeology initiatives that support the creation of a significant digital heritage product that utilizes citizen science to further the stewardship of archaeological and historical resources. The first chapter is comprised of a methodological use of the Video Spectral Comparator 6000 and ImageJ software. The methodology explores quantitative and qualitative aspects of lithic sourcing utilizing ultraviolet light treatments on two macroscopically similar lithic material sources, Knife River Flint and White River Group Silicates. The development of a non-destructive, non-invasive method to source lithic raw materials provides a tool ...


Spatial Distribution Of Debitage At A Chert Procurement Site And A Cultural History Assessment On Orange Lake In North Central Florida, Joseph Petererson Culen Jan 2015

Spatial Distribution Of Debitage At A Chert Procurement Site And A Cultural History Assessment On Orange Lake In North Central Florida, Joseph Petererson Culen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This project evaluated a 90 acre parcel of property located on the southern shore of Orange Lake in NCFL (North Central Florida). A cultural resource management style survey was conducted to determine what archeological evidence for prehistoric activity was present. In addition to this general assessment, this research was conducted in order to identify specific settlement patterns in the area and determine if they corresponded with the settlement strategies already identified for wetland environments within the area of north central Florida. Further, after a tool stone procurement zone was identified a study examining debitage size grade drop-off trends was conducted ...


Late Prehistoric Technology, Quartzite Procurement, And Land Use In The Upper Gunnison Basin, Colorado: View From Site 5gn1.2, Jonathan Mitchell Peart May 2013

Late Prehistoric Technology, Quartzite Procurement, And Land Use In The Upper Gunnison Basin, Colorado: View From Site 5gn1.2, Jonathan Mitchell Peart

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the results from archaeological test excavations at site 5GN1.2. The focus of this research is to evaluate Stiger's Late Prehistoric settlement-subsistence hypothesis. According to this hypothesis, post-3000 B.P. occupations of the Upper Gunnison Basin were limited to logistically organized big-game hunting forays originating from residential camps located outside of the basin. Since Stiger's model is based on Binford's forager-collector continuum model, archaeological test implications of his hypothesis include hunter-gatherer settlement mobility, site types, feature types, artifact assemblage characteristics, and the organization of lithic technology.

Test excavations at 5GN1.2 revealed intact archaeological ...


Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The objective of this article is to' test how some of the more sophisticated analytical capabilities of GIS can be applied to the data set of the Hector Backbone site in the Finger Lakes National Forest. In doing so it demonstrates how GIS can be used to model the spatial characteristics of the data compiled from the site.


Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle Dec 2012

Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This is a conclusion to the research compiled in this issue. Delle impresses the importance of GIS for this research as a burgeoning technology with much potential in this field of study.


Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg Dec 2012

Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the strategies used by communities of farmers when faced wih economic decline. This is accomplished by analyzing historic map data from 1850-1940 to recreate and interpret settlement changes.


The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle Dec 2012

The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the arifact assemblage from the Burnt Hill Study Area and reveals the utility of GIS databases for historical information available in the GIS database.


Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article discusses the importance of the examination of archival resources concerning the formerly existing farmsteads in the Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project.


Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle Dec 2012

Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article refines the analysis through a discussion of how arhcaeological data recovered from individual farmstead ites were incorporated into the GIS database.


Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

An introduction to the volume, which presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects. One, a survey


Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This volume presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects: the first a survey, inventory, and assessment of historic sites located within the boundaries of the Finger Lakes National Forest, a small national forest located in central New York; the second a pedagogical experiment conducted in the spring of 1998, the goal of which was to assess how a rather typical CRM project could be used to train graduate students in archaeology in manipulating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to control and interpret archaeological data. This convergence resulted in the construction of a GIS-based data management system for historic-period ...


Appendix: Creating A Gis Project In Arcview, Thomas W. Cuddy Nov 2012

Appendix: Creating A Gis Project In Arcview, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This appendix was designed to introduce the unfamiliar to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which the Finger Lakes Archaeological Project was designed in application for. This appendix provides the terminology and concepts surrounding the GID technology. It gives a condesnsed overview of the methods of GIS as well as some of the details of the application, ArcView, also used in the Finger Lakes Archaeological Project.


Whose Trash Is It, Anyway? A Stratigraphic And Ceramicanalysis Of The South Grove Midden (44fx762/17), Mountvernon, Virginia, Eleanor E. Breen Nov 2012

Whose Trash Is It, Anyway? A Stratigraphic And Ceramicanalysis Of The South Grove Midden (44fx762/17), Mountvernon, Virginia, Eleanor E. Breen

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Throughout the twenty-year history of professional archaeological excavations at George Washington's Mount Vernon, a single refuse feature represents the only deposit unearthed that can speak to the material manifestations of changes in the Washington households within a pre-Revolutionary War context. With the discovery of the large, oval-shaped feature that came to be known as the South Grove Midden (44FX762/17), Mount Vernon archaeologists realized they had uncovered a stratified deposit that could link the successive Washington households with their material culture. This paper asks: whose trash is it, anyway? To answer this question, I employ the methodology of increasingly ...


The Mississauga At The Head-Of-The-Lake: Examiningresponses To Cultural Upheaval At The Close Of The Fur Trade, John R. Triggs Nov 2012

The Mississauga At The Head-Of-The-Lake: Examiningresponses To Cultural Upheaval At The Close Of The Fur Trade, John R. Triggs

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Between 1780 and 1810 the Missis~auga, a member of the Algonquian speaking family of native groups in southern Ontario, experienced the disintegration of a 150 year old subsistence economy based on aseasonal round of hunting, gathering, fishing, and participation in the fur trade. Faced with a decreasing demand for furs and the loss of land through a series of surrenders to the Crown, the Mississauga were excluded from participation in the new agricultural economy, and within a period of two decades they bet;ame a marginalized people within Upper Canadian society. Excavations at the Beasley site, in Hamilton, Ontario ...


Excavations At The Thaddeus Stevens And Lydia Hamiltonsmith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidencefor The Underground Railroad, James A. Delle, Mary Ann Levine Nov 2012

Excavations At The Thaddeus Stevens And Lydia Hamiltonsmith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidencefor The Underground Railroad, James A. Delle, Mary Ann Levine

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article reports on archaeological investigations conducted at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The Stevens and Smith Site stands in the footprint of Ii proposed convention center and hotel complex, and will be partially destroyed by the construction. Stevens, a noted anti-slavery legislator, and Smith, his African American housekeeper and companion, are reputed to have been actively involved in the Underground Railroad during the 1850s. While little concrete evidence exists to corroborate the degree to which Stevens and Smith assisted fugitives escaping from enslavement, our excavations uncovered a modified cistern that may have been ...


The Rise Of The Industrial Rural Tenant Laborers And The Rise Of The Industrial Economy: Historical Ethnography Of The Heminitz Property ,Site (36lh267), Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County,Pennsylvania, Daniel N. Bailey, John W. Lawrence, Paul W. Schopp Nov 2012

The Rise Of The Industrial Rural Tenant Laborers And The Rise Of The Industrial Economy: Historical Ethnography Of The Heminitz Property ,Site (36lh267), Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County,Pennsylvania, Daniel N. Bailey, John W. Lawrence, Paul W. Schopp

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This paper presents the results of excavations at the Heminitz Property Site (36LH267), a rural domestic site in Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania; Excavation, .'of several spatially and temporally discrete features and midden deposits in yards surrounding the house produced 6,875 artifacts. Documentary research revealed that the ca. 1843 house was intended to house tenant families engaged in agricultural labor. Analysis of the archaeological and documentary records associated with this site and the region shows that inthe mid-1800s, agricultural laborers possessed similar material. culture to neighboring independent farmers, while subsisting at a lower level of consumption. The transiiionfromagricultural ...


Irritating Intimates: The Archaeoentomology Of Lice, Fleas, And Bedbugs, Allison Bain Nov 2012

Irritating Intimates: The Archaeoentomology Of Lice, Fleas, And Bedbugs, Allison Bain

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Ectoparasites, in the form of lice, fleas, and bedbugs, are often found in archaeological samples as indicated by archaeoentomological investigations in Europe, the Near East, Greenland, Iceland, and more recently in North America. Many historical texts, some dating as far back as the Classical Period, discuss ectoparasites, providing a lively repository of folk remedies. While archaeoentomological finds of ectoparasites are relatively new to the Northeast, these irritating intimates are found when care is taken to look for them.


What The Warners Wore: An Archaeological Investigation Ofvisual Appearance, Carolyn L. White Nov 2012

What The Warners Wore: An Archaeological Investigation Ofvisual Appearance, Carolyn L. White

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Clothing fasteners, jewelry, and several fragmentary accessories were recovered in 18th-century contexts during excavations at the Warner House in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. These artifacts provide insight into the clothing and accessories worn by members of the three households that resided in the Warner House during the 18th and early-19th centuries. The visual appearance of the residents communicates information about gender and class affiliations on an individual basis and also places the individuals as members of larger gender and class groupings.


"Ashes To Ashes And Dust To Dust": Observations On Humanskeletal Taphonomy At Two Historic Cemeteries In Northernrhode Island, Joseph N. Waller Jr. Nov 2012

"Ashes To Ashes And Dust To Dust": Observations On Humanskeletal Taphonomy At Two Historic Cemeteries In Northernrhode Island, Joseph N. Waller Jr.

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This paper reports on a study of human bone taphonomy at two historic period cemeteries in northern Rhode Island. The analyses demonstrate that various local factors contributed to the degradation of human bone at the two cemeteries under investigation. Factors investigated as part of this study include soil pH, soil texture, time elapsed since burial, and the age of the deceased at the time of death. The . study concludes that soil texture and soil permeability were more correlated with bone deterioration at the two historic cemeteries than soil acidity, which is commonly assumed to cause rapid bone deterioration in southern ...


Towards A Historical Archaeology Of The German-Canadiansof Markham's Berczy Settlement, Eva M. Macdonald Nov 2012

Towards A Historical Archaeology Of The German-Canadiansof Markham's Berczy Settlement, Eva M. Macdonald

Northeast Historical Archaeology

In his book In Small Things Forgotten, James Deetz (1977) challenged archaeologists to use material culture as a source of information about human actions that may not be represented widely in the written record. Consequently, studies of ethnic minority groups became popular in American historical archaeology from the 1970s onwards. Equally invisible, however, are immigrant groups who wish to blend in with-or whose character resembles that of-the charter group in a given region. This article presents a model that seeks to distinguish German and English ethnic identity through an analysis of ceramic vessels from five domestic sites occupied by some ...


The Social And Material Lives Of The Agricultural Elite: The18th-Century Tyngs Of Dunstable, Massachusetts, Christa M. Beranek Nov 2012

The Social And Material Lives Of The Agricultural Elite: The18th-Century Tyngs Of Dunstable, Massachusetts, Christa M. Beranek

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The Tyngs were a wealthy family in Dunstable (now Tyngsborough), Massachusetts in the late- 17th and 18th centuries. They were descended from a Boston merchant, and maintained many commercial connections. Some members of the family became rural storekeepers in Dunstable. Historical research and archaeological data from Eleazer Tyng's house site show the different ways in which the Tyngs related themselves to the urban coastal elite, and participated in the culture of gentility and refinement. Through architecture, social connections, and material goods such as tea wares, they lived as rural elites with connections to the coast. Rather than directly mimicking ...


Introduction, David B. Landon Nov 2012

Introduction, David B. Landon

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A brief overview of the publications in this volume. This includes the awards for excellence in service, the winners of the student paper ocmpetition, the paper topics of the volume including use of material culture from a 19th century laborer's home, archaebiology and urban salvage archaeology in downtown Lancaster, Pennsylvania.


Award For Excellence In Service, Sherene Baugher Nov 2012

Award For Excellence In Service, Sherene Baugher

Northeast Historical Archaeology

For the 20th anniversary of the Journal, the Award for Excellence in Service was awarded to Paul Huey and Lois Feister for their dedicated involvment to the Journal for a number of years.


An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Sources On Thearchaeology Of Old World Dutch Material Culture In The16th, 17th, And 18th Centuries, Paul R. Huey Nov 2012

An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Sources On Thearchaeology Of Old World Dutch Material Culture In The16th, 17th, And 18th Centuries, Paul R. Huey

Northeast Historical Archaeology

An annotated bibliography of sources used for the Archaeology of Old World Dutch and Material Culture in the 16-18th centuries.


The Archaeology Of 17th-Century New Netherland Since1985: An Update, Paul R. Huey Nov 2012

The Archaeology Of 17th-Century New Netherland Since1985: An Update, Paul R. Huey

Northeast Historical Archaeology

In 1985, a number of goals and research questions were proposed in relation to the archaeology of' pre-1664 sites in the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Significant Dutch sites were subsequently ~xcavated in Albany, Kingston, and other places from 1986 through 1988, while a series of useful publications continued to be produced after 1988. Excavations at historic period Indian sites also continued after 1988 . . Excavations in 17th-century sites from Maine to Maryland have revealed extensive trade contacts with New Netherland and the Dutch, while the Jamestown excavations have indicated the influence of the Dutch !n the early history of Virginia ...