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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Genetics And The Archaeology Of Ancient Israel, Aaron J. Brody, Roy J. King Dec 2013

Genetics And The Archaeology Of Ancient Israel, Aaron J. Brody, Roy J. King

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

This paper is a call for DNA testing on ancient skeletal materials from the southern Levant to begin to database genetic information of the inhabitants of this crossroads region. Archaeologists and biblical historians view the earliest presence in the region of a group that called itself Israel in the Iron I period, traditionally dated to ca. 1200-1000 BCE. These were in villages in the varied hill countries of the region, contemporary with urban settlements in the coastal plains, inland valleys, and central Hill Country attributed to varied indigenous groups collectively called Canaanite. The remnants of Egyptian imperial presence in the ...


Archaeological Database: A Method For Managing Cultural Resources, Daniel Ballester Dec 2013

Archaeological Database: A Method For Managing Cultural Resources, Daniel Ballester

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Geographic Information System (GIS) technology is spreading into all types of disciplines, including archaeology and anthropology. GIS technology is a valuable tool that can be used to manage large databases. CRM TECH recognizes a need for such a system to help it maintain the large amount of data that it has collected for cultural resources in California. This document outlines the procedures for using GIS to provide a solution for CRM TECH in managing its cultural resources. The solution involved producing a database that would be used by CRM TECH for project proposals, record searches, map creation, research before and ...


A Summary Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey Activities For 2013, Albert C. Goodyear Nov 2013

A Summary Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey Activities For 2013, Albert C. Goodyear

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Legacy - November 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Nov 2013

Legacy - November 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Fields of Conflict Battlefield Conference.....p. 1
Director's Note.....p. 2
Arkhaios Film Festival on Hilton Head Island.....p. 3
Recent Research at Fort Motte 2013.....p. 4
Camp Asylum Update.....p. 7
Summary of the Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey Activities for 2013.....p. 8
Underwater Archaeology on the Combahee River.....p. 10
The Search for the U.S. Revenue Cutter Gallatin.....p. 12
Charleston Harbor Stone Fleets Survey.....p. 15
The 2013 Black River Project.....p. 16
An Update on G.S. Lewis-West.....p. 18
Recent Investigations at Etowah Field School 2013.....p. 20
Exploring the Native American ...


Quarterly Reporter - October 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Oct 2013

Quarterly Reporter - October 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Sport Diver Newsletters

Contents:

2013 Field Training Course Part II..... p.1
October Quarterly Reports..... p.2
ASSC Fall Field Day..... p.2
Upcoming Events..... p.3
SDAMP News..... p.3
October Lecture Series..... p.4
August Artifact Identification Workshop..... p.5
The Arkhaios Cultural Heritage and Archaeology Film Festival..... p.5
3rd Annual Oyster Roast..... p.6
Hobby Diver of the Quarter..... p.6
2013 Black River Project..... p.7
Feature Hobby Diver Article..... p.8
A Week on the Black River..... p.8
Charleston Harbor Stone Fleet Survey..... p.8
Greetings from New SDAMP Intern!..... p.10
SDAMP Welcomes Jeremy Miller ...


Sharing The Past: Public Archaeology In South Carolina - 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Oct 2013

Sharing The Past: Public Archaeology In South Carolina - 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, October 2013.


The Life-Giving Stone: Ethnoarchaeology Of Maya Metates [Review], Jennifer P. Mathews Oct 2013

The Life-Giving Stone: Ethnoarchaeology Of Maya Metates [Review], Jennifer P. Mathews

Sociology & Anthropology Faculty Research

This volume attempts to get at the interpretations of the archaeological record from the back-end by studying the modern Maya metate life cycle, including procurement, production, acquisition, use and discard. The author spent two years in Guatemala conducting ethnographic research with metate producers and users in three Maya communities. It is through this rich research that he greatly expands our understanding of metates by providing background of their complexity through several avenues. For example, he documents contemporary gifting traditions, noting that families still give metates as wedding gifts to couples, even as their use decreases with the presence of electric ...


The Mayaarch3d Project: A 3d Webgis For Analyzing Ancient Architecture And Landscapes, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Giorgio Agugario, Gabrio Girardi Sep 2013

The Mayaarch3d Project: A 3d Webgis For Analyzing Ancient Architecture And Landscapes, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Giorgio Agugario, Gabrio Girardi

Anthropology Faculty Publications

There is a need in the humanities for a 3D WebGIS with analytical tools that allow researchers to analyze 3D models linked to spatially referenced data. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) allow for complex spatial analysis of 2.5D data. For example, they offer bird’s eye views of landscapes with extruded building footprints, but one cannot ‘get on the ground’ and interact with true 3D models from a pedestrian perspective. Meanwhile, 3D models and virtual environments visualize data in 3D space, but analytical tools are simple rotation or lighting effects. The MayaArch3D Project is developing a 3D WebGIS—called QueryArch3D ...


An Historical Archaeological Investigation Of The Indianola Prisoner Of War Camp In Southwestern Nebraska, Allison Marie Young Aug 2013

An Historical Archaeological Investigation Of The Indianola Prisoner Of War Camp In Southwestern Nebraska, Allison Marie Young

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

Second World War military operations resulted in the capture of thousands of prisoners of war. This led to the creation of internment facilities by both the Axis and the Allies. Archaeologists have begun to examine these facilities. The United States government established a POW program with numerous camps all over the country. This study provides the results of historical archaeological research at the Indianola prisoner of war camp in southwestern Nebraska. A goal of this research is to determine if the archaeological record reflects adherence to the Geneva Convention of 1929. The investigation included archival research and archaeological fieldwork with ...


2008 Field Excavation Final Report Acosta-Durst-Taylor House, Leslie G. Cecil Jul 2013

2008 Field Excavation Final Report Acosta-Durst-Taylor House, Leslie G. Cecil

Faculty Publications

The Acosta-Durst-Taylor site (now known as the Durst-Taylor House) is known as one of the earliest occupations in Nacogdoches, TX. The property fronts North Street and is just to the north of Hospital Street (Figure 1). Much of the history of this plot of land and accompanying house, out structures, and other buildings associated with this land is described thoroughly in the site’s National Register of Historic Places nomination form (United States Department of the Interior 2003). What follows is a brief synopsis of the changing landscape of site 41NA182.


Quarterly Reporter - July 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jul 2013

Quarterly Reporter - July 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Sport Diver Newsletters

Contents:

2013 Field Training Course Part I..... p.1
January Quarterly Reports..... p.2
The Archaeology Society of South Carolina..... p.2
Upcoming Events..... p.3
SDAMP News..... p.3
August Artifact Identifcation Workshop..... p.4
Hobby Diver of the Quarter..... p.4
Hampton Plantation Project..... p.5
Feature Hobby Diver Article..... p.6
Staying Positive in the South Santee..... p.6
The Rutledge Curse..... p.6
Observations on a Black Water Dive Adventure..... p.7
A Good Day on the Combahee..... p.8
Carl Naylor Retirement Celebration..... p.9
Diving Safety: Getting to the Heart of the Matter..... p ...


Research In The Graniteville Historic District, Keith Stephenson, George Wingard May 2013

Research In The Graniteville Historic District, Keith Stephenson, George Wingard

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Update On The 2012-2013 Activities Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey, Albert C. Goodyear May 2013

Update On The 2012-2013 Activities Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey, Albert C. Goodyear

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Legacy - May 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina May 2013

Legacy - May 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Health and Warfare in the Prehistoric Southeast.....p. 1
Director's Note.....p. 2
The Lord of Death on the Savannah River.....p. 4
On The Importance of Proper Curation of Collections.....p. 6
Two Special Announcements.....p. 9
Update on the 2012-2013 Activities of the Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey.....p. 10
A Visit with the Lost Battalion.....p. 13
Siege in the Argonne.....p. 15
Update on Mars Bluff Navy Yard/CSS Pee Dee Cannons Investigations.....p. 16
Recording the Beginnings of South Carolina River Diving.....p. 18
Archaeologist of the Year Awarded to Drew Ruddy.....p. 20
Artifact ...


An Examination Of Chipped Stone From Two Middle Holocene Archaeological Sites In The East Central Great Plains, Christine A. Nycz May 2013

An Examination Of Chipped Stone From Two Middle Holocene Archaeological Sites In The East Central Great Plains, Christine A. Nycz

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

This study examines aspects of movement and mobility of hunter-gatherer groups in the east central Great Plains during the Middle Holocene, between 8500 cal and 5000 cal B.P. Few published reports detail archaeological assemblages or address features of prehistoric mobility in this subregion of the Great Plains. Current research on the Great Plains emphasizes bison procurement and low regional bison mobility. This thesis presents interpretations of hunter-gatherer mobility based on examination of chipped stone assemblages from two Middle Holocene archaeological deposits (the Hill and Simonsen sites) in western Iowa. The resulting analysis demonstrates restricted hunter-gatherer mobility within this subregion ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Paleoindian And Terminal Archaic Lithic Assemblages From Southeastern Connecticut To Determine Diagnostic Debitage Attributes, Colleen Mcalister May 2013

A Comparative Analysis Of Paleoindian And Terminal Archaic Lithic Assemblages From Southeastern Connecticut To Determine Diagnostic Debitage Attributes, Colleen Mcalister

Honors Scholar Theses

The Paleoindian and Terminal Archaic periods can be differentiated on the basis of projectile point typology. This study was conducted to determine whether these two stone tool production periods could also be distinguished based solely on debitage, or the by-products of stone tool production. Goals included accurately analyzing and classifying stone tool flakes from an Early Paleoindian site, a Late Paleoindian site, and two Terminal Archaic sites, based on morphology, material, and possible geographical sources. The methods used here will help future researchers to classify sites as Paleoindian or Terminal Archaic in the initial site exploration phase.


Quarterly Reporter - April 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Apr 2013

Quarterly Reporter - April 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Sport Diver Newsletters

Contents:

The Search for the Gallatin..... p.1
January Quarterly Reports..... p.2
The Archaeology Society of South Carolina..... p.2
Upcoming Events..... p.3
SDAMP News..... p.3
2013 Field Training Course..... p.4
Hobby Diver of the Quarter..... p.4
Archaeologist of the Year Award..... p.5
Feature Hobby Diver Article..... p.5
Recording the Beginnings of South Carolina River Diving..... p.6
Wyboo Chert and Its Fossil Content: A Preliminary Note..... p.7
The Betsy Ross..... p.8
Slowing Down for the Little Guys..... p.9
What Is It?..... p.10
Site Assessments..... p.11
Are You ...


This Is Spot Dike J: An Analysis Of Archaeological Materials Recovered From A Multi-Component Site In Pierce County, Wi, Laura E. Holt Apr 2013

This Is Spot Dike J: An Analysis Of Archaeological Materials Recovered From A Multi-Component Site In Pierce County, Wi, Laura E. Holt

Anthropology Honors Projects

Spot Dike J (47PI559) is a multi-component archaeological site, located along the Mississippi River in Pierce County, WI. It was surveyed in 2003 by the USACE, and the recovered artifacts constituted the focus of this project. Through mapping material distribution across the site, as well as analysis of 47PI559 against comparable sites and the available literature, the original site classification as ‘campsite/village’ was determined to be accurate insofar as it is a sufficiently broad term. This project expanded knowledge regarding the timeframe for 47PI559’s occupation, the particulars of its use, and its role within the broader regional and ...


Leeds, Steven, B. 1968 (Sc 864), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2013

Leeds, Steven, B. 1968 (Sc 864), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 864. Letter written by Steven Leeds, Lantana, Florida, to Kentucky Library and Museum, Bowling Green, Kentucky, detailing the finding of Indian burial sites in or near Augusta (Bracken County), Kentucky, and giving other data about the burial sites.


Performing Place At Ancient Idalion, Cyprus: An Anthropological Perspective On The Lower City South Sanctuary Architecture, Rebecca M. Bartusewich Jan 2013

Performing Place At Ancient Idalion, Cyprus: An Anthropological Perspective On The Lower City South Sanctuary Architecture, Rebecca M. Bartusewich

CHESS Student Research Reports

The ancient site of the Lower City South sanctuary of Idalion is a site of place making and identity formation during the 1st millennium BCE of Cyprus. This archaeological site represents repetitive building patterns and persistent cultic activity that denote a cultural tradition that withstood the changes of administrative control in the Cypro-Classical and Hellenistic periods. Certain architectural elements, like altars and water features, are characteristic of a continued tradition at the ancient site and they are evidence of a recursive building practice that falls into templates of place making and identity formation as introduced by Bourdieu and Giddens. Identities ...


Quarterly Reporter - January 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jan 2013

Quarterly Reporter - January 2013, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Sport Diver Newsletters

Contents:

Farewell to Intern Mike Slot..... p.1
January Quarterly Reports..... p.2
2nd Annual SDAMP Oyster Roast..... p.2
Upcoming Events..... p.3
SDAMP News..... p.3
Artifact Identification Workshop..... p.4
The Archaeology Society of South Carolina..... p.4
Hobby Diver of the Quarter..... p.4
Feature Hobby Diver Article..... p.5
Cooper River Diving with Best Friends..... p.5
Saved by the Bell...Well, Horn..... p.6
Update on Mars Bluff Navy Yard/CSS Pee Dee Cannon Investigations..... p.6
Diver Safety - Be Prepared..... p.8
Conservation Corner - Conserving a Unique Set of Binonculars from the H ...


Geospatial Virtual Heritage: A Gesture-Based 3d Gis To Engage The Public With Ancient Maya Archaeology, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Jim Robertsson, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Giorgio Agugario, Fabio Remondino, Gabrio Girardi Jan 2013

Geospatial Virtual Heritage: A Gesture-Based 3d Gis To Engage The Public With Ancient Maya Archaeology, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Jim Robertsson, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Giorgio Agugario, Fabio Remondino, Gabrio Girardi

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper presents our research to develop a gesture-based 3D GIS system to engage the public in cultural heritage. It compares two types of interaction—device-based vs. natural interaction— and summarizes the beta-testing results of a 3D GIS tool for archaeology, called QueryArch3D, in which participants used device-based interaction (i.e. mouse and keyboard). It follows with a description of the gesture-based system—that we developed in response to these beta-tests. The system uses QueryArch3D and Microsoft’s Kinect to enable people use body movements (in lieu of keyboard or mouse) to navigate a virtual reality landscape, query 3D objects ...


The Archaeology Of The Caddo, Robert Z. Selden Jr. Jan 2013

The Archaeology Of The Caddo, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR: Archaeology

No abstract provided.


The Clements Site (41cs25): A Late 17th-To Early 18th-Century Nasoni Caddo Settlement And Cemetery, Robert Z. Selden Jr. Jan 2013

The Clements Site (41cs25): A Late 17th-To Early 18th-Century Nasoni Caddo Settlement And Cemetery, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR: Archaeology

No abstract provided.


Synthesis: What We Have Learned From The East Texas Radiocarbon Database, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

Synthesis: What We Have Learned From The East Texas Radiocarbon Database, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula

CRHR: Archaeology

This poster provides a short overview of what we have learned from the East Texas Radiocarbon Database since it became available on the Council of Texas Archeologists’ website in 2011. These successes are numerous and include the advancement of novel methodological approaches; an improvement in our comprehension of the temporal nuances within the East Texas Archaic; the division of the East Texas Woodland period into Early, Middle and Late; the refinement of Caddo temporal chronology – particularly from a geographic perspective -- and it has provided one line of evidence to use to argue for the fluorescence of corn-based agriculture during the ...


Ceramic Petrofacies: Modeling The Angelina River Basin In East Texas, Robert Z. Selden Jr. Jan 2013

Ceramic Petrofacies: Modeling The Angelina River Basin In East Texas, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR: Archaeology

Ceramic provenance studies remain the basis of worldwide archaeological research concerned with reconstructing exchange networks, tracing migrations, and informing upon ceramic economy. Unfortunately, Texas archaeologists have been plagued with an inability to trace ceramic production sources to the same extent as researchers within other regions. Ceramic petrofacies models have been employed successfully in archaeological contexts at the San Pedro Valley, Tonto basin, Tucson basin, Agua Fria, and Gila and Phoenix basins in Arizona, but have not yet been employed east of Arizona. Data resulting from the construction of an actualistic petrofacies model in the prehistoric coastal environment of East Texas ...


Spatial Dynamics Of U.S. Cultural Resource Law, Robert Z. Selden Jr., C. Britt Bousman Jan 2013

Spatial Dynamics Of U.S. Cultural Resource Law, Robert Z. Selden Jr., C. Britt Bousman

CRHR: Archaeology

The American Antiquities Act, Historic Sites Act, Archeological and Historic Preservation Act, National Historic Preservation Act, American Indian Religious Freedom Act, Archeological Resources Protection Act, Abandoned Shipwreck Act, and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act comprise the basis of our exploration of cultural resource legislation in the United States. Since the passage of the American Antiquities Act in 1906, 1086 cases have challenged these statutes in U.S. courts. We investigate temporal and regional patterns of the case law to establish whether these laws are uniformly prosecuted throughout the U.S. Our findings suggest that case law is ...


Epistemology And Synthesis: Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis And The Caddo Tradition, Robert Z. Selden Jr. Jan 2013

Epistemology And Synthesis: Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis And The Caddo Tradition, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR: Archaeology

The statistical groupings illustrated herein represent the current iteration of Caddo INAA compositional groups based upon the chemical composition of archaeologically-recovered ceramics. For some time, a number of Caddo archaeologists have thought these results to be lacking. This poster symbolizes the first step toward a new interpretation of chemical composition groups, and the initial instancce within which GIS has been employed as an analytical tool.


Radiocarbon Trends And The East Texas Caddo Tradition (Ca. A.D. 800-1680), Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2013

Radiocarbon Trends And The East Texas Caddo Tradition (Ca. A.D. 800-1680), Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula

CRHR: Archaeology

Through the employment of radiocarbon (14C) dates as data, we use the date combination process to refine site-specific summed probability distributions for 555 dates from Caddo sites (n = 19) in East Texas with 10 or more 14C dates. Summed probability distributions are then contrasted across river basins and natural regions with the remainder of the East Texas Caddo Radiocarbon Database (n = 338 dates from 132 other Caddo sites), highlighting the temporal and spatial character of Caddo archaeological sites throughout East Texas.


Consilience: Radiocarbon, Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis, And Litigation In The Ancestral Caddo Region, Robert Z. Selden Jr. Jan 2013

Consilience: Radiocarbon, Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis, And Litigation In The Ancestral Caddo Region, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR: Archaeology

Through the creation and analysis of databases for radiocarbon, instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), and law, macro-level trends are exposed that form the framework of a broader research program aimed at advancing ideas of craft specialization and archaeological theory in the ancestral Caddo region of Southwest Arkansas, Northwest Louisiana, Northeast Texas, and Southeast Oklahoma. The findings of this investigation illustrate the research potential that remains buried within the context of cultural resource management (CRM) reports and legal databases (Westlaw and LexisNexis) that is awaiting consumption within regional research designs aimed at exploring the nuances and trends that appear through synthetic ...