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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Archaeological Database: A Method For Managing Cultural Resources, Daniel Ballester Dec 2013

Archaeological Database: A Method For Managing Cultural Resources, Daniel Ballester

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Geographic Information System (GIS) technology is spreading into all types of disciplines, including archaeology and anthropology. GIS technology is a valuable tool that can be used to manage large databases. CRM TECH recognizes a need for such a system to help it maintain the large amount of data that it has collected for cultural resources in California. This document outlines the procedures for using GIS to provide a solution for CRM TECH in managing its cultural resources. The solution involved producing a database that would be used by CRM TECH for project proposals, record searches, map creation, research before and ...


A Summary Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey Activities For 2013, Albert C. Goodyear Nov 2013

A Summary Of The Southeastern Paleoamerican Survey Activities For 2013, Albert C. Goodyear

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Qualitative Data Archiving In The Digital Age: Strategies For Data Preservation And Sharing, Lisa Cliggett Jun 2013

Qualitative Data Archiving In The Digital Age: Strategies For Data Preservation And Sharing, Lisa Cliggett

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Given the combination of recent mandates from funding agencies for data management plans and data sharing, and the explosion of data in digital form over the past two decades, it is time for the qualitative social science community to embrace digital archiving as an inherent component of research methodology. Archiving digital data ensures, at the least, that an individual scholar’s data is preserved and accessible to the user many decades into his or her career. Digital archiving also has the potential to preserve for the broader scholarly community, the full range of social science knowledge far beyond an individual ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Paleoindian And Terminal Archaic Lithic Assemblages From Southeastern Connecticut To Determine Diagnostic Debitage Attributes, Colleen Mcalister May 2013

A Comparative Analysis Of Paleoindian And Terminal Archaic Lithic Assemblages From Southeastern Connecticut To Determine Diagnostic Debitage Attributes, Colleen Mcalister

Honors Scholar Theses

The Paleoindian and Terminal Archaic periods can be differentiated on the basis of projectile point typology. This study was conducted to determine whether these two stone tool production periods could also be distinguished based solely on debitage, or the by-products of stone tool production. Goals included accurately analyzing and classifying stone tool flakes from an Early Paleoindian site, a Late Paleoindian site, and two Terminal Archaic sites, based on morphology, material, and possible geographical sources. The methods used here will help future researchers to classify sites as Paleoindian or Terminal Archaic in the initial site exploration phase.


Environmental Restoration In Amazon, Ecuador, Katherine Elizabeth Jones Apr 2013

Environmental Restoration In Amazon, Ecuador, Katherine Elizabeth Jones

Collection of Engaged Learning

In summer 2012, I worked for six weeks on an environmental conservation project in the Amazon Rainforest of Ecuador through UBELONG, an international volunteer organization. I was blessed with the opportunity to take what I had been reading in environmental economics textbooks and apply it to an experience far outside of my comfort zone. The site I worked on was a 6,200-acre reserve called Jatun Sacha, which was set aside by the Ecuadorian government in 1985. During these six weeks, I was able to immerse myself in an entirely new culture while helping further the efforts of Jatun Sacha ...


This Is Spot Dike J: An Analysis Of Archaeological Materials Recovered From A Multi-Component Site In Pierce County, Wi, Laura E. Holt Apr 2013

This Is Spot Dike J: An Analysis Of Archaeological Materials Recovered From A Multi-Component Site In Pierce County, Wi, Laura E. Holt

Anthropology Honors Projects

Spot Dike J (47PI559) is a multi-component archaeological site, located along the Mississippi River in Pierce County, WI. It was surveyed in 2003 by the USACE, and the recovered artifacts constituted the focus of this project. Through mapping material distribution across the site, as well as analysis of 47PI559 against comparable sites and the available literature, the original site classification as ‘campsite/village’ was determined to be accurate insofar as it is a sufficiently broad term. This project expanded knowledge regarding the timeframe for 47PI559’s occupation, the particulars of its use, and its role within the broader regional and ...


Tree Climbing And Human Evolution, Vivek V. Venkataraman, Thomas S. Kraft, Nathaniel J. Dominy Jan 2013

Tree Climbing And Human Evolution, Vivek V. Venkataraman, Thomas S. Kraft, Nathaniel J. Dominy

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Paleoanthropologists have long argued—often contentiously—about the climbing abilities of early hominins and whether a foot adapted to terrestrial bipedalism constrained regular access to trees. However, some modern humans climb tall trees routinely in pursuit of honey, fruit, and game, often without the aid of tools or support systems. Mortality and morbidity associated with facultative arboreality is expected to favor behaviors and anatomies that facilitate safe and efficient climbing. Here we show that Twa hunter–gatherers use extraordinary ankle dorsiflexion (>45°) during climbing, similar to the degree observed in wild chimpanzees. Although we did not detect a skeletal signature ...


'Deviant' Burials In Archaeology, Jesslyn E. Hodgson Jan 2013

'Deviant' Burials In Archaeology, Jesslyn E. Hodgson

Anthropology Publications

The term ‘deviant’ is used to describe burials that deviate from the normative burial rites of a given society, at a given point in time. The problem with applying such a term to the archaeological record rests predominantly in the fact that the term ‘deviant’ has a negative connotation. This negative connotation insinuates that the individual in the burial context may have been viewed by their society in a negative light, however, through analysis of case studies it is shown that many ‘deviant’ burials are not in fact burials of people viewed as deviant, but ‘different’ burials given to people ...


Evolution Of The Human Diet: What We Can Learn From Hunters And Gatherers, Kara Osborne, Alyssa Crittenden Jan 2013

Evolution Of The Human Diet: What We Can Learn From Hunters And Gatherers, Kara Osborne, Alyssa Crittenden

McNair Poster Presentations

The study of hunter-gatherer populations around the world can greatly inform our understanding of the evolution of the human diet. Ethnographic research of modern hunter-gatherers has been used to infer the possible food consump­tion and acquisition patterns of our ancestors. Hunter-gatherers provide the in­formation necessary for the understanding of the past human diet, due to these populations living similar lifestyles in similar environments, therefore procuring similar foods.

The Hadza, a group of nomadic hunters and gatherers living in Tanzania, East Africa, are one of the primary populations that nutritional anthropologists study to infer what possible foods our ancestors ...