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Anthropology

2013

Series

Anthropology Senior Theses

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Behind The Gates: The Wagner Free Institute Of Science And Its Neighborhood, 1865-Today, Elizabeth C. Doi Jul 2013

Behind The Gates: The Wagner Free Institute Of Science And Its Neighborhood, 1865-Today, Elizabeth C. Doi

Anthropology Senior Theses

This paper explores the relationship between museums and the neighborhoods around them. It looks specifically at the Wagner Free Institute of Science in North Philadelphia. The research begins with the founding of the Wagner in 1855, then focuses on major changes in the institution and community through the 20th century, and ends with an observational analysis of the relationship today. The Wagner and its neighborhood had a close relationship through the 1950’s, when the neighborhood experienced a rapid demographic change and the Wagner simultaneously reduced its programs. This is a break from the founding ideals of the Wagner, which ...


Hiv Risk Perception In High-­‐Risk Populations: Drugs And Sex Work In North Philadelphia, Camille Heard Apr 2013

Hiv Risk Perception In High-­‐Risk Populations: Drugs And Sex Work In North Philadelphia, Camille Heard

Anthropology Senior Theses

In America, HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects groups that are socially, economically, and politically marginalized. This study investigates the concept of risk and HIV risk perception by at-­‐risk individuals, or socially, economically and politically marginalized peoples of North Philadelphia. The goal of this study is to understand how high-­‐risk individuals such as intravenous drug users and individuals who engage in sex work perceive their own risk to HIV infection and subsequently, how this self-­‐perception affects or complicates successful intervention and prevention strategies. This study suggests that high-­‐risk individuals are aware of the main modes of HIV transmission ...


The Barnes Foundation In Philadelphia, Laurel Caffee Apr 2013

The Barnes Foundation In Philadelphia, Laurel Caffee

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Barnes Foundation presents an example of a Museum art collection that—with its move from its original Lower Merion location to Center City Philadelphia on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway—has finally achieved its (stated) goal of becoming a more accessible and open institution. However, the relocation of a museum to a more accessible location does not create instant open/public accessibility. This is an examination of the history of the Barnes Foundation, its inception, along with Philadelphia’s yearning form an additional upscale elite clientele. My goal is to evaluate the new Barnes vis-à-vis its original mission as it ...


An Examination Of The Hbb Gene In Various African Populations, Charles Washington Iii Apr 2013

An Examination Of The Hbb Gene In Various African Populations, Charles Washington Iii

Anthropology Senior Theses

Malarial resistance serves as a prime example of how infectious disease and parasite loads have affected human evolutionary biology. Claiming over 1 million deaths worldwide every year, malaria's wide and severe effects on the human condition are undeniably strong. However, studies on populations existing in malaria endemic areas have revealed numerous biological adaptations that confer resistance against the disease. Major forms of genetic resistance to malaria are seen through variants involved in sickle cell disease, Duffy blood antigens, glycophorins, blood type groupings, and glucose-6-dehydrogenase deficiency. Of these the best studied are the genetic variants in the HBB gene, which ...


The Dog In Roman Peasant Life, Kyle Desandes-Moyer Apr 2013

The Dog In Roman Peasant Life, Kyle Desandes-Moyer

Anthropology Senior Theses

Dogs have been a part of civilization for thousands of years and have maintained one of the closest animal relationships with humans that exist today. The following research seeks to understand this connection during antiquity. This study answers the question of what roles the dog filled during antiquity and uses a case study focused on Roman peasant life. In order to answer the question of what role dogs had in antiquity, this study makes use of several different types of material, including a zooarchaeological assemblage from a Roman site in Tuscany, Italy. This original material comes from work on the ...


Labor Migration, Self-Reliance, And Neoliberal Government Policy: Paint Factory Workers In Shenzhen And Zhuhai, China, Mike Chen Apr 2013

Labor Migration, Self-Reliance, And Neoliberal Government Policy: Paint Factory Workers In Shenzhen And Zhuhai, China, Mike Chen

Anthropology Senior Theses

This paper examines the effects that changes in the Chinese government’s methods of labor control have had on rural migrant workers in the Guangdong province. The situation of rural migrant workers in China resembles that of foreign migrant workers in other countries, because institutional barriers such as the hukou (household registration) system prevent rural migrants from becoming permanent residents of cities and reduce them to second class citizens with limited benefits. By employing ethnographic data from anthropological field research among migrant workers in paint factories in the cities of Shenzhen and Zhuhai, this paper discusses how neoliberal labor control ...


The Site Of Quirigua Through Time: The Use Of Digital Reconstructions In The Context Of A Comarative Photographic Project, William Gilbert Apr 2013

The Site Of Quirigua Through Time: The Use Of Digital Reconstructions In The Context Of A Comarative Photographic Project, William Gilbert

Anthropology Senior Theses

Over two decades of technological and academic advances, numerous platforms and tools have been developed to help archaeologists visualize traditional data in new ways. The resulting products have ranged from realistic 3D models to virtual reality simulators to geographic information systems. In the field of digital archaeological visualization one of the main areas of development is to address the communication of the level of confidence and uncertainty in certain aspects of the visualizations. Quirigua is an ideal candidate to be used as the subject for the creation of a new digital visualization tool for archaeological sites that is designed to ...


Uncontacted Peoples Of The Javari Valley, Brazil, Alex Tickle Apr 2013

Uncontacted Peoples Of The Javari Valley, Brazil, Alex Tickle

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Javari Valley Indigenous Territory in Western Brazil has the greatest concentration of uncontacted human groups on Earth. A recent report by Brazil’s National Foundation for the Indian (FUNAI) reports 9 confirmed and 4 unconfirmed uncontacted groups in the Javari Valley alone. FUNAI defines isolated or uncontacted peoples as “the indigenous groups that have never established permanent contact with Brazilian national society, which distinguishes them from other indigenous groups that have already made permanent contact.” Since 1987 FUNAI has prohibited entry into the Javari Valley in the hopes of protecting its vulnerable uncontacted inhabitants from disease and conflict. Unfortunately ...


Eliminating Food Noise: Using Anthropological Perspectives In An Out-Of-The-Box Approach To Changing Schoolchildren’S Eating Choices, Grace Weaver Apr 2013

Eliminating Food Noise: Using Anthropological Perspectives In An Out-Of-The-Box Approach To Changing Schoolchildren’S Eating Choices, Grace Weaver

Anthropology Senior Theses

This undergraduate thesis will explore existing methods surrounding healthy-lifestyle school based interventions targeting elementary and lower-middle school children. Although some studies have reported school-based nutrition interventions to be successful, reports of positive outcomes have been variable. Using anthropological approaches to thinking about eating and food, this thesis offers a critique of intervention methods and examines how they can be made more effective. In the US, the nutrition components of many school-based inventions place great emphasis on a nutrient-focused view of healthy eating. The present analysis argues that such emphasis creates a decision-making environment overloaded with food noise. Food noise encompasses ...


The Genetic History Of The Otomi In The Central Mexican Valley, Haleigh Zillges Apr 2013

The Genetic History Of The Otomi In The Central Mexican Valley, Haleigh Zillges

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Otomí, or Hñäñhü, is an indigenous ethnic group in the Central Mexican Valley that has been historically marginalized since before Spanish colonization. To investigate the extent by which historical, geographic, linguistic, and cultural influences shaped biological ancestry, I analyzed the genetic variation of 224 Otomí individuals residing in thirteen Otomí villages. Results indicate that the majority of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes belong to the four major founding lineages, A2, B2, C1, and D1, reflecting an overwhelming lack of maternal admixture with Spanish colonizers. Results also indicate that at an intra-population level, neither geography nor linguistics played a prominent ...


Skeletal Study Of The Hominins From Hotu And Belt Caves, Iran An Example Of Conservation Gone Wrong, Jennifer Mcauley Apr 2013

Skeletal Study Of The Hominins From Hotu And Belt Caves, Iran An Example Of Conservation Gone Wrong, Jennifer Mcauley

Anthropology Senior Theses

Most anthropologists agree that Neandertals disappeared ca. 40,000—30,000 years BP* (Larsen, 2008). Recent genomic research has indicated that Neandertals may have interbred with modern humans (Durand et al., 2011). In the 1950s at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Mesolithic human (hereafter referred to as hominin) bones from Hotu and Belt Caves, Iran, were radiocarbon dated to approximately 8,000—11,000 years BP. However, these radiocarbon measurements were taken in the early 1950s before dating techniques had been refined and before the need for calibration curves had been realized. The scientist in charge ...


Migrant Farm Communities: Culture, Education, Nutrition And Health Consequences, Paula Nessler Apr 2013

Migrant Farm Communities: Culture, Education, Nutrition And Health Consequences, Paula Nessler

Anthropology Senior Theses

This study researches the healthcare disparities in migrant farm workers of NJ following a series of field observations within the local clinics and community settings of Hammonton , NJ. Through preliminary readings and research on past studies of the local migrant communities in NJ, specific health issues emerge which are unique within migrant groups, unseen in Mexicans who do not migrate, yet seldom noted in those who immigrate to the U.S. permanently. Cultural and language barriers present themselves within the recent health and education initiatives in this area of study. The link between the cultural and language barriers which exist ...


The Milk Relationship: The Evolution And Significance Of Wet-­‐Nurses, Natalie Rosen Apr 2013

The Milk Relationship: The Evolution And Significance Of Wet-­‐Nurses, Natalie Rosen

Anthropology Senior Theses

This paper explores the evolutionary and cross-­‐cultural significance of wet-­nursing, an ancient, cultural practice in which infants are breastfed by women other than their mothers. With reviews of literature, meta-­‐analyses, and fieldwork, this work explores the history and biology of wet-­nursing and concludes the three primary evolutionary advantages of the practice: optimization of lactational beneficiaries, logical resource provisioning, and increased community altruism.


In The Shadow Of Glory: Olympic Pageantry And The Disruption Of Rio’S Favelas, Elizabeth Jacobs Apr 2013

In The Shadow Of Glory: Olympic Pageantry And The Disruption Of Rio’S Favelas, Elizabeth Jacobs

Anthropology Senior Theses

This senior honors thesis explores the changing urban landscape of social inclusion in Rio de Janeiro as the city prepares itself for the 2016 Olympics. The study is driven by a simple question: who are the winners and losers in hosting the Games? The city is undergoing a number of infrastructure projects as it prepares for the Games, capitalizing on Olympic preparations but leaving significant populations of the city ignored. Combining economic development theory, tourism theory, and displacement theory, I focus on the specific case of Morro da Providência, Latin America’s oldest favela, to understand the eviction process that ...


Everyday Life In Kashmir: The Maintenance Of Normalcy Amidst Political Violence, Divya Mishra Apr 2013

Everyday Life In Kashmir: The Maintenance Of Normalcy Amidst Political Violence, Divya Mishra

Anthropology Senior Theses

No abstract provided.


Bones And Base Pairs: A Look Inside American G.I.’S Missing In Action, Matthew Finnegan Apr 2013

Bones And Base Pairs: A Look Inside American G.I.’S Missing In Action, Matthew Finnegan

Anthropology Senior Theses

Identification of remains of missing servicemen lost overseas is a very difficult task. Identification based on osteology supplemented by identification based on DNA analysis optimizes the chances of positively identifying a soldier. For this thesis project, I examined how both osteology and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can be employed in identifications. To learn more about the way that DNA can be employed in identification cases, I worked on a project that studied the genetic ancestry of an indigenous Mexican population known as the Popoluca. The Popoluca are a Totonocan speaking people which are divided into four social groups spread across 25 ...