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Anthropology

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1633

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ieee Istas13- People As Sensors: The Social Implications Of Living In A Smart World, Alexander Hayes, Katina Michael, Nick Rheinberger Jun 2015

Ieee Istas13- People As Sensors: The Social Implications Of Living In A Smart World, Alexander Hayes, Katina Michael, Nick Rheinberger

Alexander Hayes Mr.

What is the technological trajectory of people wearing sensors? What are the benefits, risks and costs? What is the vibe going to be like at ISTAS13 with people like Marvin Minsky and Ray Kurzweil attending? What do you hope to gain from the meeting? Can we foresee a time that all glasses will be embedded with sensors? What are the implications? E.g. in the higher education sector? What about the gathering of evidence by law enforcement? What is point of eye?


Concepts Of Illness Among The Swahili Of Lamu, Kenya, Rebecca Gearhart, Munib Abdulrehman Dec 2013

Concepts Of Illness Among The Swahili Of Lamu, Kenya, Rebecca Gearhart, Munib Abdulrehman

Rebecca Gearhart

The Swahili of Lamu, Kenya, understand illness as the result of a spiritual imbalance caused by personal transgression or an attack by harmful forces directed by an envious person. Another underlying component of the Swahili concept of illness is that each person’s physical body operates in conjunction with personal attributes that are fixed at birth and determine moral character, behavior, and predisposition to ailments. When physical symptoms occur, the Swahili focus on identifying the human or supernatural entity that caused the illness in consultation with a range of healers who specialize in a variety of curing strategies. Two case ...


Propiedad Y Organización Comunal En Las Comunidades Campesinas Del Perú. Un Análisis Crítico, Daniel Quiñonez Dec 2013

Propiedad Y Organización Comunal En Las Comunidades Campesinas Del Perú. Un Análisis Crítico, Daniel Quiñonez

Daniel Quiñonez Oré

El presente artículo analiza de manera crítica la regulación impuesta por el Estado Peruano con relación a la organización y propiedad comunal de las comunidades campesinas. Asimismo, se analiza el tratamiento que la antropología peruana le ha brindado a los derechos de propiedad y organización comunal de las comunidades campesinas en el Perú


Sistas On The Move: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Health And Friendship In Urban Space Among Black Women In New Orleans, Valerie A. Mcmillan Dec 2013

Sistas On The Move: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Health And Friendship In Urban Space Among Black Women In New Orleans, Valerie A. Mcmillan

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Black women are disproportionately affected by adverse health conditions, such as obesity and heart disease. For example, more black women currently die from complications associated with diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure than any other ethnic group in the United States (Gourdine 2011). There are however, increasing numbers of everyday black women who defy these statistics and are positive role models for all women. One such group of women is the New Orleans chapter of Sistas On The Move (SOTM), an all-female running group that emphasizes the importance of black women’s health and builds community around physical activity ...


The Origins Of Trade Silver Among The Lenape: Pewter Objects From Southeastern Pennsylvania As Possible Precursors, Marshall Joseph Becker Dec 2013

The Origins Of Trade Silver Among The Lenape: Pewter Objects From Southeastern Pennsylvania As Possible Precursors, Marshall Joseph Becker

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A reawakening of interest in material culture has stimulated the examination of some small pewter castings in use among northeastern Native American peoples during the 17th and early 18th centuries. Reports by 17thcentury explorers and colonists, ·who found Eastern Woodland natives to be disinterested in gold and silver artifacts, are now better understood. The period from 1720 to 1750 was critical to the Lenape and other peoples who had just become major players in the fur trade to the Allegheny and Ohio River areas. During this period various silver-colored white metal castings may have been the precursors of sterling-quality silver ...


Who Edits The Editors? Snake Hill And Archaeological Reports, Al B. Wesolowsky Dec 2013

Who Edits The Editors? Snake Hill And Archaeological Reports, Al B. Wesolowsky

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A review of Snake Hill: An Investigation of a Military Cemetery from the War of 1812, edited by Susan Pfeiffer and Ronald F. Williamson, provides a coign of vantage regarding two aspects of particular concern to historical archaeologists. One is the increasing number of historical cemeteries that, because of recent legislation and a broadening of research domains, are being investiagted by archaeologists. The other, closely related, aspect is the need for strong editorial oversight in preparing for the press reports that comprise the contributions of diverse specialists. Snake Hill was a good project that resulted in a report that, while ...


The General Hospital At Mount Independence: 18th-Century Health Care At A Revolutionary War Cantonment, David R. Starbuck Dec 2013

The General Hospital At Mount Independence: 18th-Century Health Care At A Revolutionary War Cantonment, David R. Starbuck

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The General Hospital at Mount Independence in Orwell, Vermont, has been examined in order to learn more about the configuration of an 18-century military hospital. Historical research combined with on-site excavation in 1990 exposed the foundation of a 250-foot-long building containing principally archicetural and kitchen debris. While physical remains did not reveal the layout of individual rooms, archaeological and historical evidence have nevertheless provided insights into the appearance and function of this important structure.


Building A Framework For Research: Delaware's Management Plan For Historical Archaeological Resources, Lu Ann De Cunzo, Wade P. Catts Dec 2013

Building A Framework For Research: Delaware's Management Plan For Historical Archaeological Resources, Lu Ann De Cunzo, Wade P. Catts

Northeast Historical Archaeology

In 1990 the authors completed a Management Plan for Delaware's Historical Archaeological Resources. This article outlines the Management Plan's objectives and components, and presents the core of the research program for historical archaeology developed in the Plan. The Delaware Plan may suggest ideas to histroical archaeologists developing plans for other states, provinces, counties, and even cities or other municipalities. At the same time, Delaware historical archaeology can benefit from the responses to this Plan offered by our colleagues across the Northeast and beyond.


Historical Archaeology At Saybrook Point, Connecticut: Excavation And Interpretation At An Archaeological And Historical Park, Harold D. Juli Dec 2013

Historical Archaeology At Saybrook Point, Connecticut: Excavation And Interpretation At An Archaeological And Historical Park, Harold D. Juli

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This paper discusses the discoveries resulting from a study of 350 years of occupation at Saybrook Point, in the town of Old Saybrook, Connecticut's earliest English coastal settlement (1635). Three seasons of archaeological research (1980-1982), along with documentary sources provided information for the construction of a detailed site history. Specifically, the paper focuses on the role of archaeology in understanding growth and change within the earliest area of settlement in a small Connecticut town, as well as the interpretation of these findings in the form of an archaeological and historical park, constructed within the excavation zone.


Bones And Burial Registers: Infant Mortality In A 19th-Century Cemetery From Upper Canada, Ann Herring, Shelley Saunders, Gerry Boyce Dec 2013

Bones And Burial Registers: Infant Mortality In A 19th-Century Cemetery From Upper Canada, Ann Herring, Shelley Saunders, Gerry Boyce

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The fortunate conjunction of a large skeletal sample (n=576) and reliable burial records (n=1,564) for St. Thomas' Anglican Church cemetery (1821-1874) makes it possible to make inferences about patterns of infant death in 19th-century Belleville, Ontario. Analysis of both sets of data indicates that males and females were equally likely to die during infancy and that environmental factors played an important role in Belleville's mortality profile. The parish records reveal elevated risks of infant death in the summer, probably from the weanling diarrhea complex, owing to unsanitary conditions and the presence of acute infectious diseases in ...


Death At Snake Hill: A Review Of The Popular Report, Edward L. Bell Dec 2013

Death At Snake Hill: A Review Of The Popular Report, Edward L. Bell

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The popular account of an archaeological investigation of a War of 1812 cemetery in Ontario offers a fine example of the need to relay research results to our interested constituents. Popular reports should emphasize not only the scientific and historical value of archaeological resources, but also encourage public support for adequate preservation planning. Like politics, popular archaeological accounts are highly effective when they appeal to local constituents' interests.


Thunder And Powder: May They Never Meet! Lightning Conductors At The Esplanade Powder Magazine, Quebec City, Pierre Drouin Dec 2013

Thunder And Powder: May They Never Meet! Lightning Conductors At The Esplanade Powder Magazine, Quebec City, Pierre Drouin

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Archaeological excavations carried out at the Esplanade powder magazine in Quebec City have revealed the remains of three successive lighting conductor systems. These 19th-century remains are closely examined in the light of contemporary literature and compared with the military instructions concerning the subject. Their presence highlights the efforts made by military engineers of the time to safeguard contents, buildings, and people from the hazards inherent to the storage of explosive materials in powder magazines.


The Orphanage At Schuyler Mansion, Lois Feister Dec 2013

The Orphanage At Schuyler Mansion, Lois Feister

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Doll parts, toy tea set fragments, and other toys were excavated from the late 19th-century through early 20th-century occupation layers at the Schuyler Mansion State Historic Site in Albany, New York. Their occurrence raised questions about the orphans hosed their during that time period. Archival research and archaeological analysis resulted in increased understanding of the care received by homeless children during that period.


A Retrospective On Archaeology At Fort William Henry, 1952-1993: Retelling The Tale Of The Last Of The Mohicans, David R. Starbuck Dec 2013

A Retrospective On Archaeology At Fort William Henry, 1952-1993: Retelling The Tale Of The Last Of The Mohicans, David R. Starbuck

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Fort William Henry was a British frontier fort constructed on the orders of Sir William Johnson in September of 1755 at the southern end of Lake George in upstate New York. After its destruction by a French army under the leadership of the Marquis de Montcalm in August of 1757, at which time many of its defenders were "massacred", the outline of the fort lay exposed until 1952 when archaeological excavations began to expose the charred ruins of the fort. Regrettably, while this was one of the largest excavations ever conducted on a site of the French and Indian War ...


Is Archaeology Destructive Or Are Archaeologists Self-Destructive, Pierre Beaudet, Monique Elie Dec 2013

Is Archaeology Destructive Or Are Archaeologists Self-Destructive, Pierre Beaudet, Monique Elie

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The conducting of archaeological excavations for the purpose of research without the justification of eminent destruction is often referred to, in cultural resource management literature and elsewhere, as a destructive practice- one to be avoided whenever possible. The following pages discuss the validity of a such deferral approach to archaeological research both in reference to resource conservation and to understanding the past.


"For A Future Tomorrow": The Figured Worlds Of Schoolgirls In Kono, Sierra Leone, Jordene Hale Dec 2013

"For A Future Tomorrow": The Figured Worlds Of Schoolgirls In Kono, Sierra Leone, Jordene Hale

Doctoral Dissertations

Current research in Sub-Sahara Africa suggests that young women face challenges in accessing and completing schooling, due among other things to gender related school based violence (Bruce & Hallman, 2008; Dunne, Humphreys, & Leach, 2006; Lloyd, Kaufman, & Hewett, 2000). These studies, while valuable in providing documentation on school enrollment and school leaving, do not explore the motivational framework where young women remain in school.

The purpose of this dissertation is to trace how schoolgirls’ identities or “figured worlds” (Gee, 2011) are co-constructed in particular contexts by the same cohort of schoolgirls, their teachers, households, and communities through an ethnographic case study conducted over a period of three years from 2010 to 2013 in Kono, Sierra Leone. The unit of analysis is the experience of the individual schoolgirls rendered in detailed portraits. The central research question addressed is: What are the ‘figured worlds’ that these schoolgirls inhabit that compels them, in the face of overwhelming odds, to commit to schooling? What is the role of “imagined communities” for these schoolgirls (Anderson, 1991; Kanno & Norton, 2003)? Further, how do the schoolgirls utilize the liminal space of schooling (Switzer, 2010)? Employing the portraiture methodology (Lawrence-Lightfoot & Hoffman Davis, 1997) this research focuses on three schoolgirls, their communities, and their relationships with the researcher. This research analyzes how for schoolgirls in sub-Sahara Africa, the figured worlds of schoolgirls, is an identity that despite the physical risk, economic loss, and unlikely career success, becomes compelling. This ...


Social Differentiation As Indicated By Archaeological Data From Late Moche Households At Galindo, Moche Valley, Peru, Gregory D. Lockard Dec 2013

Social Differentiation As Indicated By Archaeological Data From Late Moche Households At Galindo, Moche Valley, Peru, Gregory D. Lockard

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Betty Meggers: Her Later Years, William I. Woods Dec 2013

Betty Meggers: Her Later Years, William I. Woods

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Dating The Wari Remains At Espiritu Pampa (Vilcabamba, Cusco), Javier Fonseca Santa Cruz, Brian S. Bauer Dec 2013

Dating The Wari Remains At Espiritu Pampa (Vilcabamba, Cusco), Javier Fonseca Santa Cruz, Brian S. Bauer

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Betty Jane Meggers (December 5, 1921 - July 2, 2012), Monica Barnes Dec 2013

Betty Jane Meggers (December 5, 1921 - July 2, 2012), Monica Barnes

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Reminiscences Of A Stalwart Adversary, Robert L. Carneiro Dec 2013

Reminiscences Of A Stalwart Adversary, Robert L. Carneiro

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Bibliography Of Works By And About Betty Jane Meggers Dec 2013

Bibliography Of Works By And About Betty Jane Meggers

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Alberto Rex Gonzalez (November 16, 1918 - March 28, 2012), Luis Alberto Borrero Dec 2013

Alberto Rex Gonzalez (November 16, 1918 - March 28, 2012), Luis Alberto Borrero

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Daniel Edward Shea (November 5, 1941-June 19, 2012), Mario A. Rivera Dec 2013

Daniel Edward Shea (November 5, 1941-June 19, 2012), Mario A. Rivera

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


The Waywaka Gold: New Chronometric Evidence, Joel W. Grossman Dec 2013

The Waywaka Gold: New Chronometric Evidence, Joel W. Grossman

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


The Domestic Occupation Of Campanayuq Rumi: Implications For Understanding The Initial Period And Early Horizon Of The South-Central Andes Of Peru, Yuichi Matsumoto, Yuri Cavero Palomino, Roy Gutierrez Silva Dec 2013

The Domestic Occupation Of Campanayuq Rumi: Implications For Understanding The Initial Period And Early Horizon Of The South-Central Andes Of Peru, Yuichi Matsumoto, Yuri Cavero Palomino, Roy Gutierrez Silva

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Regionalism In Nasca Style History, Patrick Carmichael Dec 2013

Regionalism In Nasca Style History, Patrick Carmichael

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Environmental Catastrophe And The Archaeological Record: Complexities Of Volcanism, Floods, And Farming In South Coastal Peru, A.D. 1200-1700, Gregory Zaro, Kenneth C. Nystrom, David K. Keefer Dec 2013

Environmental Catastrophe And The Archaeological Record: Complexities Of Volcanism, Floods, And Farming In South Coastal Peru, A.D. 1200-1700, Gregory Zaro, Kenneth C. Nystrom, David K. Keefer

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Exchange And Ritual Funerary Consumption: Late Marine Hunter-Gatherers Of The Taltal Coast (Atacama Desert, Northern Chile), Nicole Fuenzalida B., Francisco Gallardo I. Dec 2013

Exchange And Ritual Funerary Consumption: Late Marine Hunter-Gatherers Of The Taltal Coast (Atacama Desert, Northern Chile), Nicole Fuenzalida B., Francisco Gallardo I.

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Reserch Reports On Andean Archaeology Andean Past 11, Joel W. Grossman, Monica Barnes, Javier J. Patane Dec 2013

Reserch Reports On Andean Archaeology Andean Past 11, Joel W. Grossman, Monica Barnes, Javier J. Patane

Andean Past

No abstract provided.