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Anthropology

2010

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Articles 721 - 750 of 760

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

On Conflicted Swedish Consumers, The Effort To “Stop Shopping” & Neoliberal Environmental Governance, Cindy Isenhour Dec 2009

On Conflicted Swedish Consumers, The Effort To “Stop Shopping” & Neoliberal Environmental Governance, Cindy Isenhour

Cindy Isenhour

No abstract provided.


Macusani Obsidian From Southern Peru: A Characterization Of Its Elemental Composition With A Demonstration Of Its Ancient Use, Nathan Craig, Robert J. Speakman, Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff, Mark S. Aldenderfer, Luis A. Flores, Margaret Brown, Michael D. Glascock, Charles Stanish Dec 2009

Macusani Obsidian From Southern Peru: A Characterization Of Its Elemental Composition With A Demonstration Of Its Ancient Use, Nathan Craig, Robert J. Speakman, Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff, Mark S. Aldenderfer, Luis A. Flores, Margaret Brown, Michael D. Glascock, Charles Stanish

Luis FLORES

Transparent obsidian artifacts have been reported for the northern Lake Titicaca Basin. Based on instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) of these artifacts a distinct chemical group was identified. Yet, the location of the source of transparent obsidian in the southern Andes remained unreported in the archaeological literature. This paper reports on the chemical composition and geographic location of a source of transparent obsidian from the Macusani region of Peru. Through the use of INAA and portable X-ray fluorescence (PXRF) we demonstrate that Macusani obsidian or macusanite comprises (at least) two chemical groups. One of these groups was used for making ...


Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer Dec 2009

Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The approximately two million gay and lesbian elders in the United States are an underserved and understudied population. At a time when gay men and lesbians enjoy an unprecedented degree of social acceptance and legal protection, many elders face the daily challenges of aging isolated from family, detached from the larger gay and lesbian community, and ignored by mainstream aging initiatives. Drawing on materials from law, history, and social theory, this book integrates practical proposals for reform with larger issues of sexuality and identity. Beginning with a summary of existing demographic data and offering a historical overview of pre-Stonewall views ...


Field Work In The Age Of Digital Reproduction: A Review Of The Potentials And Limitations Of Google Earth For Archaeologists, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Field Work In The Age Of Digital Reproduction: A Review Of The Potentials And Limitations Of Google Earth For Archaeologists, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Chat @ Tag In Context, Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Introduction: Chat @ Tag In Context, Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

Introduction to edited journal issue on the archaeology of the recent past. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1555-8622/6/1/


Camp Delta, Google Earth And The Ethics Of Remote Sensing In Archaeology, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Camp Delta, Google Earth And The Ethics Of Remote Sensing In Archaeology, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

With easy access to satellite imagery through free applications such as Google Earth, it is now financially feasible for archaeologists to undertake remote survey in areas that are difficult or impossible to access in person. But there are ethical concerns inherent in the use of remotely sensed images, as Google Earth might be seen as a panoptic viewing technology that leaves no voice to those being viewed. Through a virtual investigation of the Camp Delta prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, I discuss methodological and theoretical aspects of the use of Google Earth in archaeology.


Special Journal Issue: "Perspectives On The Recent Past", Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Special Journal Issue: "Perspectives On The Recent Past", Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Anna Andrzejewski, Building Power: Architecture And Surveillance In Victorian America, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Book Review Of Anna Andrzejewski, Building Power: Architecture And Surveillance In Victorian America, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

Historical Archaeology


Telling Time For The Electrified: An Introduction To Porcelain Insulators And The Electrification Of The American Home, Adrian Myers Dec 2009

Telling Time For The Electrified: An Introduction To Porcelain Insulators And The Electrification Of The American Home, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

As archaeologists increasingly survey and excavate at sites from the late 19th to the mid-20th centuries, they more commonly encounter artifacts that the standard guides do not consider. Included in this class of “too recent” artifacts are the material remnants of the early electrification of the American household. Particularly ubiquitous electrical artifacts are the small white porcelain knobs, tubes, and cleats used in “knob and tube” wiring systems. Meticulous research by insulator collectors, notably Jack Tod and Elton Gish, is a significant boon to the archaeologist, and their work shows that these artifacts can often be dated and provenanced. This ...


Differential Association Theory And Juvenile Delinquency In Ghana’S Capital City - Accra: The Case Of Ghana Borstal Institute, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh, Paul Kofi Andoh Dec 2009

Differential Association Theory And Juvenile Delinquency In Ghana’S Capital City - Accra: The Case Of Ghana Borstal Institute, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh, Paul Kofi Andoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Current sociological theories argue that, delinquency results from economic and family relational problems. Unable to have their parents meet their material needs, children turn to all sorts of activities, many of which eventually lead to delinquent acts. Other theories focus on the role of peer relationships in determining deviancy. Using Edwin Sutherland’s differential association theory, this study explores the notion that, delinquency in inmates of the Ghana borstal institute is a reflection of the peer groups/friendship relations they hanged out with. Data for the study were collected from the Ghana borstal institute, a correctional institution for reforming juvenile ...


State Policy, Depeasantisation And Agrarian Change: The Effects Of The Presidential Special Initiative (Psi) On Cassava-Starch On Peasant Farmers’ Socio-Economic Livelihood, Paul Kofi Andoh, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh Dec 2009

State Policy, Depeasantisation And Agrarian Change: The Effects Of The Presidential Special Initiative (Psi) On Cassava-Starch On Peasant Farmers’ Socio-Economic Livelihood, Paul Kofi Andoh, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

This study focuses on the interface between state policy initiatives, the process of depeasantisation and agrarian change, using the Presidential Special Initiative on Cassava-Starch as a case. Employing both quantitative and qualitative data gathering techniques, primary data were collected from six farming communities in the Awutu-Effutu-Senya and Atebubu-Amantin districts of the Central and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana. The analysis of primary data revealed that with the right policy initiatives by the state, it is possible to systematically incorporate peasant farmers into mainstream economy and to improve their socio-economic livelihoods. To this extent, the study recommends among others that given ...


Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh Dec 2009

Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Migrant associations are a worldwide phenomenon, featuring in much of the migration studies literature. However, much of these studies focus on migrant associations in theUSA mostly of Latino migrants from Central and Latin America. In Africa and more particularly Ghana, literature on migrant associations is paltry. The few that exist only explore their development impacts on the migration sending areas. In this paper, I explore three Nigerian migrant associations in Accra, Ghana. The leadership and membership structures of the Nigerian Women, Nigerian Committee of Brothers and the Edo State associations in Accra, Ghana are under the spotlight of this discourse ...


Locating Language In Identity, Barbara Johnstone Dec 2009

Locating Language In Identity, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


Indexing The Local, Barbara Johnstone Dec 2009

Indexing The Local, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


Language And Place, Barbara Johnstone Dec 2009

Language And Place, Barbara Johnstone

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


Skript Zur Vorlesung Rechtsanthropologie, Wolfgang Fikentscher Dec 2009

Skript Zur Vorlesung Rechtsanthropologie, Wolfgang Fikentscher

Wolfgang Fikentscher

No abstract provided.


Terminal Archaic Settlement Pattern And Land Cover Change In The Rio Ilave, Southwestern Lake Titicaca Basin, Perú, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby Dec 2009

Terminal Archaic Settlement Pattern And Land Cover Change In The Rio Ilave, Southwestern Lake Titicaca Basin, Perú, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby

Nathan M Craig

Researchers have argued the modern Altiplano land cover—one of bunch grasses and few indigenous tree species—is an anthropogenic artifact of land use practices initiated after the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century a.d. Recent paleoenvironmental studies of the Lake Titicaca Basin challenge this assertion. Archaeological survey and excavation data from the Rio Ilave drainage indicate that settlement aggregation and reduced residen¬tial mobility began in the Late Archaic Period about 3000 cal b.c. Terminal Archaic occupational intensity increased after 2000 cal b.c. and continued up until about 1300 cal b.c., which marks the ...


Comparing The Material Lives Of Asian Transmigrants Through The Lens Of Alcohol Consumption, Douglas Ross Dec 2009

Comparing The Material Lives Of Asian Transmigrants Through The Lens Of Alcohol Consumption, Douglas Ross

Douglas Ross

Historians commonly use the twin concepts of transnationalism and diaspora in exploring the lives of overseas Asian migrants, but such analyses are only just emerging among archaeologists. These concepts forefront processes of culture change and identity formation that consider simultaneously socio-economic and cultural influences from home and host countries. They also present an interpretive framework and common axes along which scholars can compare distinct groups of migrants. This study compares patterns of material consumption among Chinese and Japanese migrants at a salmon cannery in British Columbia through the lens of social drinking. Results indicate both groups consumed a range of ...


Reconstructing An Engineered Environment In The Central Andes: Landscape Geoarchaeology At Chavín De Huántar, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras Dec 2009

Reconstructing An Engineered Environment In The Central Andes: Landscape Geoarchaeology At Chavín De Huántar, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras

Daniel A. Contreras

Chavín de Huántar, a Formative Period ceremonial center in the Peruvian Central Andes, has been a focus of archaeological research for more than 70 years. Nevertheless, I argue, its extent and character remain incompletely understood. This is a result of a highly active geologic environment, which both influenced human–environment interactions in Chavín’s prehistory and created a substantial taphonomic challenge to archaeological interpretation. The integration of archaeological and geologic data in a site GIS has been used to reconstruct a pre-Chavín landscape and to estimate the scale of geomorphic and anthropogenic landscape change at Chavín. That reconstruction is used ...


Huaqueros And Remote Sensing Imagery: Assessing Looting Damage In The Virú Valley, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras Dec 2009

Huaqueros And Remote Sensing Imagery: Assessing Looting Damage In The Virú Valley, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras

Daniel A. Contreras

This article presents a new initiative in combating looting from the air, building on previous work in Iraq and Jordan. Looted sites in the Virú Valley, Peru, are visible as pit clusters on dated versions of Google Earth. Compare these with earlier air photographs and Gordon Willey's famous survey of the 1940s, and we have a dated chronicle of looting events. This makes it possible to demonstrate that modern looting is certainly taking place and linked to an upsurge in the antiquities trade. As well as being a new instrument for managing heritage, the author shows that the looting ...


Landscape And Environment: Insights From The Prehispanic Central Andes, Daniel A. Contreras Dec 2009

Landscape And Environment: Insights From The Prehispanic Central Andes, Daniel A. Contreras

Daniel A. Contreras

Attention to human–environment relationships in the central Andes has a long history. Although the area is not a neat microcosm of the globe, wholly representative of worldwide trends in the archaeology of human–environment interactions, it has been the site of both seminal investigations in archaeology and a substantial body of recent work that investigates themes of broad archaeological relevance. Specifically, central Andean environments have been variously conceived as structuring, modified, and sacred. These approaches to some extent reflect broad trends in archaeology, while also suggesting directions in which the archaeology of human–environment interactions is moving and highlighting ...


Big Brother Mouse Portraits Of Laos Dec 2009

Big Brother Mouse Portraits Of Laos

Joel M. Halpern

Historical photographs of Laos text in Laotian


La Época Posclásica In Morelos: Surgimiento De Los Tlahuica Y Xochimilca, Michael E. Smith Dec 2009

La Época Posclásica In Morelos: Surgimiento De Los Tlahuica Y Xochimilca, Michael E. Smith

Michael E Smith

No abstract provided.


The Changing Legal Landscape For Middle Eastern Archaeology In The Colonial Era, 1800-1930, Morag Kersel Dec 2009

The Changing Legal Landscape For Middle Eastern Archaeology In The Colonial Era, 1800-1930, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson Dec 2009

Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson

Siegfried Van Duffel

Ockham's theory may well be the most influential medieval predecessor of contemporary theories of human rights. We suggest that it was also in a better condition than its descendants.


A Mito-Style Structure At Chavín De Huántar: Dating And Implications, Daniel A. Contreras Dec 2009

A Mito-Style Structure At Chavín De Huántar: Dating And Implications, Daniel A. Contreras

Daniel A. Contreras

Excavations west of the monumental core at Chavín de Huántar, Peru in 2005 revealed a well- preserved plastered structure with a central circular hearth, in the style of the Mito Architectural Tradition. This find challenges standard definitions of both the Mito Tradition and Chavín itself. I discuss the material remains and associated radiocarbon dates from this feature, and use these new data to re- assess Chavín’s involvement in interregional networks and its relationship to earlier ceremonial centers in the Central Andean highlands. Excavaciones al oeste del núcleo monumental de Chavín de Huántar, Perú en 2005 expusieron ...


Discursive Constructions Of Global War And Terror, Adam Hodges Dec 2009

Discursive Constructions Of Global War And Terror, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

In this chapter, I examine the dialogic connections involved in the global interchange of ideas about terrorism and the ‘war on terror.’ Discourse moves across national boundaries in a manner that shapes global relations and actions, and reshapes the dialogue that takes place within local contexts. To explore these processes, I discuss three contexts in detail. In the first, I examine recent work by Zala Volcic and Karmen Erjavec on the appropriation of the Bush administration’s ‘war on terror’ discourse by Serbian intellectuals (Volcic and Erjavec 2007, Erjavec and Volcic 2007). These young Serbs incorporate this discourse into their ...


Review Of A. Hoskins And B. O’Loughlin’S (2007) Television And Terror: Conflicting Times And The Crisis Of News Discourse, Adam Hodges Dec 2009

Review Of A. Hoskins And B. O’Loughlin’S (2007) Television And Terror: Conflicting Times And The Crisis Of News Discourse, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

No abstract provided.


You Can’T Be Nonviolent Without Violence: The Rainbow Family’S Nonkilling Nomadic Utopia And Its Survival Of Persistent State Violence, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Dec 2009

You Can’T Be Nonviolent Without Violence: The Rainbow Family’S Nonkilling Nomadic Utopia And Its Survival Of Persistent State Violence, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

Since 1972, the Rainbow Family of Living Light, a nonhierarchical nomadic community, has been holding large temporary gatherings in remote forests around the world to pray for world peace and to create a model of a functioning utopian society. Wherever and whenever they gather, the temporary Rainbow city remains essentially unchanged, modeling what anarchist theorist Hakim Bey calls the Temporary Autonomous Zone (TAZ). Revolutions, Bey writes, seek permanent change and, in doing so, lead to violence and martyrdom. Revolutionaries aim to hold territory. The TAZ, by contrast, does not directly engage the state, but instead “liberates an area (of land ...


The Political Tsunami: Not All Death And Destruction Is Natural, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Dec 2009

The Political Tsunami: Not All Death And Destruction Is Natural, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

Unlike many disasters that befall the Third and Fourth Worlds, the 2004 Tsunami was both large and unique enough to dominate the western press. The stories in the mainstream media, however, were rather simplistic, sticking to a feel good script of nations uniting to offer aid to the tidal wave’s unfortunate victims. Meanwhile, without much media attention, the Indonesian government used the cover of the Tsunami and the ensuing relief efforts, to intensify its war against rebels in its break-away Ache province – which suffered from the brunt of the Tsunami. Also ignored by the western mass media, was the ...